Category Archives: Weaving Patterns

Handweaving patterns and projects

Greek Flokati Rugs

A few years ago on a wonderful holiday to Corfu, Greece I purchased a beautiful sample of a Greek Flokati rug. It had been woven by my friend, Agathi the weaver, in Kassiopi, Corfu. She very kindly explained to me how these wonderful rugs are woven. The shaggy weft wool pile was made of handspun wool from local sheep. Her sister had done the handspinning and Agathi woven this fluffy rug that now sits on my rocking chair.

Corfu Flokati Rug
Corfu Flokati Rug
Agathi and Flokati Rug
Agathi and Flokati Rug

The warp and ground weft is a 2-3 ply wool yarn woven in tabby weave. The handspun wool is cut into 15-20 cm lengths and then laid in between weft sheds, going under 3 raised warp threads. A shot of weft yarn is thrown across, change shed, and then the weft pile is woven back through 2 warp ends. This locks the cut pile firmly in place. Then 3 shots of ground weft are woven in tabby, before another row of handspun cut pile is laid across.

Flokati Rug Closeup
Flokati Rug Closeup

Flokati or Floccata rugs have a long history in Greece dating back some 1500-2000 years to villages in the northern mountainous regions of Greece. Sheepskins were used for warmth and the long shaggy pile of sheepskin was duplicated by weavers who inserted the wool locks into their woven rugs. These shaggy pile rugs are somewhat similar to the early rya pile rugs of Scandinavia, but the method of knotting the pile differs. IN a Flokati the cut pile is laid across the weft. In a Rya rug, the cut pile is wrapped and looped around the warp threads.

The definition of Flokati: “A Hand-woven shaggy 100% wool rug made in Greece.”
In 1966 the Greek government set standards for the Flokati rug industry. The law specified that for a rug to be classified as a “Flokati, it must be hand woven in Greece and must be made of 100% wool (warp, weft, and pile). Total weight of the rug must be at least 1800 grams of wool per square meter. The Flokati must be subjected to the water friction process for the pile to unravel and fluff out.

Flokati Rugs in Greece
Flokati Rugs in Greece
Spindle Spinning
Spindle Spinning

In the 1960’s Trikkala was the centre of the flokati rug industry and the wool market was held there in May and handweavers came from surrounding villages to buy their fleece, weaving tools and cotton yarns. There was a factory headquaraters in the centre of town where wool was carded and spun by machine. Weavers wovek the rugs in their homes, workig on narrow looms, threaded with singles yarn. The tufts were inserted without knotting at irrgular intervals. Because the looms were small and the woven rugs were thick, they had to be cut off the front roller of the loom frequently. The pieces were stitched together to create the larger rugs.

Trikkala Wool Market
Trikkala Wool Market

After weaving, the rug was heavily felted by heavy beating and immersion into pools or waterfalls. The flokati rugs were woven in natural white or alternating striped natural colours of browns, greys and creams. Natural dyes were also used on some of the rugs.
Flokati Rug Sample
I had about a meter left of wool warp on my loom after I wove a number of handspun blankets, so I thought I would try to weave a bit of Flokati.

Using the same wool yarn as was used for the warp, I wove several shots of tabby weave.

Cut the handspun yarn into 15-20 cm lengths. I cut a piece of cardboard into a width of 10 cm and wrapped the handspun around it. Then cut the lengths of pile.

Cutting Flokati Pile
Cutting Flokati Pile

With an open shed in tabby weave, lay the cut pile ends across the weft, passing each thread under 3 raised warp ends. Repeat this across the width of the warp.

Flokati Rug Weaving
Flokati Rug Weaving

With the same shed still open, weave across a shot of the wool ground weft.
Change the shed.

I like to work from the right to the left, so I pick up the right side of the cut warp pile, and feed it back through 2 warp ends to the left. Repeat this across all of the handspun cut pile.

Laying Flokati Pile Across Warp
Laying Flokati Pile Across Warp

With the same shed still open, weave across a shot of the wool ground weft.
This locks the flocati pile firmly into place.

Weaving in Flokati Pile
Weaving in Flokati Pile

Weave another 2 shots of ground weft in tabby.
There will now be 3 shots of tabby weave between the row of pile.

Lay in another row of cut pile across the width of the warp as above. Each row of pile should be about 1 cm apart, with 3 rows of ground tabby.

Flokati Rug on the Loom
Flokati Rug on the Loom

I will be weaving this Flokati rug sample with different types of handspun wool, to see what works best.

When it is complete, the rug will be fulled by washing and beating in the bathtub, to fluff out the pile.

References:
CIBA Review 1969/2 Greek Contemporary Handweaving

Where the Greek Flokati Rug is King Chicago Tribune, Apr 4, 1976

Agathis
Agathi, a wonderful and talented weaver I met in Kassiopi, Corfu

Corfu Spindle
Learning to spin on a Corfu style drop spindle.

NEWCOMB WEAVERS DELIGHT WEAVING LOOM/ DAVENPORT IOWA

$600.00 (0 Bids)
End Date: Saturday Sep-21-2019 16:00:21 PDT
Bid now | Add to watch list

Erica 25" Rigid Heddle Frame Weaving Loom Vintage Wood Frame Northfield

$100.00
End Date: Sunday Oct-13-2019 10:09:51 PDT
Buy It Now for only: $100.00
Buy It Now | Add to watch list

Handmade Adjustable Floor Rag Rug Twining Loom

$102.50 (29 Bids)
End Date: Wednesday Sep-18-2019 18:26:09 PDT
Bid now | Add to watch list

Table Mat Rigid Heddle Weaving Project

I recently purchased a rigid heddle loom to add my loom collection (one loom just isn’t enough). I have always woven on floor looms so to return to weaving on a small table loom is a bit of a learning curve. Although the rigid heddle is a simple design, it can produce some wonderful and creative fabrics. Over the coming weeks, I will be posting some weaving projects and patterns as I weave on this loom.

Ashford Table Looms
Ashford Table Looms

The Ashford 60 cm loom came equipped with a 10 dpi/No. 40 reed. I have ordered an additional reed (15 dpi/No. 60) so that I will be able to use finer yarns. I also ordered 4 pickup sticks so that I will be able to do more than plain tabby weave on this loom.
[sc name=”adsense-in-ad”]

For my first project, I decided to put on a 3 meter linen warp so that I can weave multiple sample projects. The 10 dent reed is quite a wide sett so it is suitable for thicker yarns such as handspun or knitting wool yarns.
I purchased my linen yarn for the warp from Finland, but you can substitute with another yarn of a similar weight or thickness or cotton yarn such as seine twine.

Handspun Wool Table Mat Project

Warp Yarn: Linen Yarn Nel 8/2 (Tex 200×2)
Warp Length: 3 Meters
Warp Width: 16 inch, 40 cm
Sett: 10 dpi/No. 40

Weft: Linen Yarn Nel 8/2
Handspun Wool

Project Length: 70 cm

Rigid Heddle Weaving Project
Rigid Heddle Weaving Project

I wove this table mat in a simple tabby weave, using alternating shots of the linen yarn and my handspun wool, creating a thick and thin woven effect. I cut the warp from the loom, hem stitched the edges and cut a 1 inch trim.
Then I fulled the woven piece by washing it in hot water with a bit of dish soap until the wool started to shrink a bit. I rinsed the table mat in cold water and hung to dry.

Handspun Wool and Linen Table Runner
Handspun Wool and Linen Table Runner

Yarn Sources
Lankava Finland

[sc name=”medianet300x250″]

Rigid Heddle Weaving Books and Supplies

Rigid Heddles for Rigid Heddle Loms 32 Inch By Ashford (10)

Inventive Weaving on a Little Loom: Discover the Full Potential of the Rigid-Heddle Loom, for Beginners and Beyond

Inventive Weaving on a Little Loom: Discover the Full Potential of the Rigid-Heddle Loom, for Beginners and Beyond

The Weaver’s Idea Book: Creative Cloth on a Rigid Heddle Loom

Weaving Made Easy Revised and Updated: 17 Projects Using a Rigid-Heddle Loom

[sc name=”medianet300x250″]

NEWCOMB WEAVERS DELIGHT WEAVING LOOM/ DAVENPORT IOWA

$600.00 (0 Bids)
End Date: Saturday Sep-21-2019 16:00:21 PDT
Bid now | Add to watch list

Erica 25" Rigid Heddle Frame Weaving Loom Vintage Wood Frame Northfield

$100.00
End Date: Sunday Oct-13-2019 10:09:51 PDT
Buy It Now for only: $100.00
Buy It Now | Add to watch list

Handmade Adjustable Floor Rag Rug Twining Loom

$102.50 (29 Bids)
End Date: Wednesday Sep-18-2019 18:26:09 PDT
Bid now | Add to watch list

[sc name=”Amazon-Bottom”]

Paper Yarn Placemats

This pattern is woven in tabby but use different types of yarns giving an interesting effect. The placemats and table runner are woven using 22/2 cottolin for warp. This is woven in a thick/thin rep weave, using paper yarn and hemp single ply tow yarn as the weft. You can substitute the hemp with a single ply linen yarn, a cotton yarn or the same type of cottolin that you used in the warp.

This pattern will make 4 placemats and 1 table runner.

[sc name=”adsense-in-ad”]

Warp

Warp: 22/2 cottolin, 3160 ypp
>Warp Length: 6 yards
Black – 40 ends
Navy – 180 ends
Black – 40 ends
Sett: 20 epi
Width in Reed: 13 inches
placemat weaving draft

Weft

For the edges of each placemat, weave 2 inches of tabby using the 22/2 cottolin yarn.
The placemat is woven in tabby using 2 shuttles alternating shots of:
Paper yarn – 430 ypp (White)
6/1 Hemp – 1800 ypp (various colours)
Weft: 16 ppi
To weave with paper yarn, the yarn must be damp. Wind the yarn onto a bobbin. Fill a bowl of water and soak the bobbin for a few minutes to wet the yarn. Wipe the bobbin with a dry wash cloth to remove the excess water.

Placemat Pattern length: 16 inches
For these placemats, I used a different colour of hemp weft for each placemat, so that each one is slightly different, but complementary.

Table Runner Pattern length:

30 inches
The table runner was woven with varied stripes of colour: red, green, blue, yellow.

Finishing

Cut the hem between each placemat, and sew.

Care and Washing

It is best not to wash paper placemats in the washing machine. Rather, they can be wiped clean with a damp cloth, or can be gently handwashed.

Yarn Sources

Borgs VavgarnerA great source for linen and paper yarns from Sweden.

[sc name=”medianet300x250″]

NEWCOMB WEAVERS DELIGHT WEAVING LOOM/ DAVENPORT IOWA

$600.00 (0 Bids)
End Date: Saturday Sep-21-2019 16:00:21 PDT
Bid now | Add to watch list

Erica 25" Rigid Heddle Frame Weaving Loom Vintage Wood Frame Northfield

$100.00
End Date: Sunday Oct-13-2019 10:09:51 PDT
Buy It Now for only: $100.00
Buy It Now | Add to watch list

Handmade Adjustable Floor Rag Rug Twining Loom

$102.50 (29 Bids)
End Date: Wednesday Sep-18-2019 18:26:09 PDT
Bid now | Add to watch list

[sc name=”Amazon-Bottom”]

Weaving Drafts: rosepath

rosepath draft

Swedish rosepath draft

[sc name=”adsense-in-ad”]

Weaving Drafts

Weaving Drafts
Birds Eye
Finnweave
Log Cabin
Krokbragd

Handweaving Pattern Books

Weaving for Beginners: An Illustrated Guide (Peggy Osterkamp’s New Guide to Weaving Series)
Provides beginners with the information they need to weave in a clear and enjoyable step-by-step way.
UK: Weaving for Beginners

The Handweaver’s Pattern Directory
Introduction to the tools, equipment, fibers, and yarns used with four-shaft looms, this reference features patterns for 600 different weaves, including twill, zigzag, diamond, herringbone, and block
UK: Handweavers Pattern Directory

A Handweaver’s Pattern Book
A collection of 377 patterns for four-harness weaving, organized in groups of similar designs. This is one of the first weaving books I bought and it is still one of my favourites.
UK: Handweavers Pattern Book

[sc name=”medianet300x250″]

NEWCOMB WEAVERS DELIGHT WEAVING LOOM/ DAVENPORT IOWA

$600.00 (0 Bids)
End Date: Saturday Sep-21-2019 16:00:21 PDT
Bid now | Add to watch list

Erica 25" Rigid Heddle Frame Weaving Loom Vintage Wood Frame Northfield

$100.00
End Date: Sunday Oct-13-2019 10:09:51 PDT
Buy It Now for only: $100.00
Buy It Now | Add to watch list

Handmade Adjustable Floor Rag Rug Twining Loom

$102.50 (29 Bids)
End Date: Wednesday Sep-18-2019 18:26:09 PDT
Bid now | Add to watch list

[sc name=”Amazon-Bottom”]

Weaving Draft: Birdseye

Bird’s Eye drafts are one of my favourite types of drafts. There are several variations of threading and treadling that you can choose from. Bird’s Eye can be woven with very fine cotton and linen yarns for placemats or tablecloths or thicker wool for cozy blankets.

Birds Eye Weaving Draft

birds eye draft

[sc name=”adsense-in-ad”]

Weaving Drafts

Rosepath
Sami Weaving Drafts
Summer Winter
Huck Draft
Monks Cloth

[sc name=”medianet300x250″]

Handweaving Pattern Books

Weaving for Beginners: An Illustrated Guide (Peggy Osterkamp’s New Guide to Weaving Series)
Provides beginners with the information they need to weave in a clear and enjoyable step-by-step way.
UK: Weaving for Beginners

The Handweaver’s Pattern Directory
Introduction to the tools, equipment, fibers, and yarns used with four-shaft looms, this reference features patterns for 600 different weaves, including twill, zigzag, diamond, herringbone, and block
UK: Handweavers Pattern Directory

A Handweaver’s Pattern Book
A collection of 377 patterns for four-harness weaving, organized in groups of similar designs. This is one of the first weaving books I bought and it is still one of my favourites.
UK: Handweavers Pattern Book

NEWCOMB WEAVERS DELIGHT WEAVING LOOM/ DAVENPORT IOWA

$600.00 (0 Bids)
End Date: Saturday Sep-21-2019 16:00:21 PDT
Bid now | Add to watch list

Erica 25" Rigid Heddle Frame Weaving Loom Vintage Wood Frame Northfield

$100.00
End Date: Sunday Oct-13-2019 10:09:51 PDT
Buy It Now for only: $100.00
Buy It Now | Add to watch list

Handmade Adjustable Floor Rag Rug Twining Loom

$102.50 (29 Bids)
End Date: Wednesday Sep-18-2019 18:26:09 PDT
Bid now | Add to watch list

[sc name=”Amazon-Bottom”]

Fantti coiled basket: aa012905

Fantti yarn is a new type of yarn from Finland. Fantti yarn is wool pencil roving that has been slightly felted. It can be used for making baskets, woven as weft for flat or tufted rugs, tapestries or other creative textile projects.

fantti-3.jpg, 25513 bytes

fantti-4.jpg, 30729 bytes

  • Cut 6 strands of 12 ply hemp (white) each 24 inches long
  • Cut 6 strands of 12 ply hemp (natural)each 24 inches long
  • (Substitute strong linen or cotton yarn)
  • Weave (interlace) them together to form the base for the basket
  • If you find them a bit tricky to weave together you can use tape to secure the yarn ends to a table while you are weaving them.

fantti-6.jpg, 99709 bytes

  • Using the Fantti yarn begin to weave the yarn in a circular fashion around the woven square base of the basket, leaving an end of approx. 2 inches. This end will be woven into the base of the basket after you have finished.
  • Each alternate “warp” hemp thread goes under the Fantti “weft” thread, loops around and back under around the Fantti “weft” thread. This forms a loop around the Fantti yarn The alternate “warp” thread is simply looped over the Fantti yarn.
  • On the next row of the alternate warp thread is looped around the Fantti weft thread.
  • Once you have worked around a couple of rows, pull and tighten the hemp “warp” threads.
  • Continue weaving in this fashion to complete the basket.

fantti-8.jpg, 28880 bytes

  • Weave the basket until you have approx. 1 inch of warp threads remaining. Wrap these around the top row of the basket.
  • Weave the end of the warp thread to the inside rim of the basket and trim. I used a small crochet hook to tuck the ends in.

[sc name=”medianet300x250″]

Fantti Yarn

Fanttilanka
Where to find Fantti yarn.
Fantti Yarn Rug
An example of a rug woven with Fantti wool yarn.

Finnish Weaving Techniques

Raanu
Rya rugs
Takana
Poppana
Handiscola

Basketry Weaving

Pine Needle Basketry: From Forest Floor to Finished Project

[sc name=”Amazon-Bottom”]

Tapestry pillow: aa041506

hemp tapestry pillows

These pillows were woven on the loom using a double width weaving technique. The centre of each pillow was also woven on the loom, with a variety of techniques: clasped weft, tapestry, and leno lace.

Warp length: 4 yd.

Warp: 3 ply bleached hemp

Sett: 16 epi

Width on Loom: 19 inches

# Ends: 304

Double Width Draft woven on 4 shafts
double width weaving draft

This weaving draft shows how to weave 2 layers on 4 shafts.
Shaft 1 & 2 (Orange) )weave one layer,

and Shafts 3 & 4 (Green) )weave the second layer.
tube.jpg, 15459 bytes

The above draft shows how to weave a tube.

  • Raising shaft 1 – weaves the top layer.
  • Raising shaft 2 – weaves the bottom layer.
  • Raising shaft 3 – weaves the top layer.
  • Raising shaft 4 – weaves the bottom layer.

 

tube.jpg, 15459 bytes

To weave the pillow

tap-pillow.jpg, 9145 bytes

The tapestry is centered onto the pillow front. Allow for approx. 2-3 inches for the outside edges of the pillow.

Weave the bottom section of the pillow first, as a tube.

  • Raising shaft 1 – weaves the top layer.
  • Raising shaft 3- weaves the bottom layer.
  • Raising shaft 2 – weaves the top layer.
  • Raising shaft 4 – weaves the bottom layer.

 

After you have woven the bottom edge of the pillow – approx. 3 inches, you will now weave the top sides and the back of the pillow, leaving the centre section unwoven.

  • Starting at the right side of the pillow, raise Shaft 1 to weave the top right side of the pillow.
  • Leaving the centre tapestry section of the pillow unwoven, pick up and weave the top right edge, throwing the shuttle from left to right.
  • Now lift shaft 2 and weave the bottom of the pillow, throwing the shuttle from right to left.
  • Raise shaft 1 and weave the top left edge of the pillow, throwing the shuttle from left to right.
  • Raise shaft 3 and weave the top left edge, throwing the shuttle from right to left.

tap-pillow-direction.jpg, 10981 bytes

Once you have woven the sides of the pillow you can now weave the tapestry centre.

Clasped Weft

claspedweft019.jpg, 36480 bytes
In this example I used a clasped weft technique. Using 2 shuttles of different coloured wefts, throw one shuttle across the weft (Yellow) and return it, looping the weft around the second (Red) weft thread. Pull back gently on the first weft yarn (Yellow) to adjust the placement of the 2 wefts. Change sheds and beat. You may need to use a tapestry beater to beat the threads into place. Weave the next row again with the same clasped weft technique

Clasped Weft

Martha Rae Middleton has collected wonderful examples of this tapestry technique
[sc name=”medianet300x250″]

Tapestry Weaving

Tapestry Weaving: A Comprehensive Study Guide
Tapestry Weaving (Search Press Classics)
Tapestry Weaving: Design and Technique
Contemporary International Tapestry
The Complete Book of Tapestry Weaving

[sc name=”Amazon-Bottom”]

Weaving Pattern – hemp rep placemats: aa011202

Warp-face Rep weave (ripsmatta, ripsi) is a weave structure that uses 2 weights of weft yarn, a thick and a thin yarn, woven in tabby, to create a horizontal ribbed design. In a true warp-faced rep, the warp is sett very closely. When woven, the entire weft is covered.

Hemp placemat
In these hemp placemats, I have used a looser sett, allowing the thick weft to show through. This adds an additional design element to the placemats. The placemats are woven using 2 coloured yarns, alternating in the threading. When woven in tabby, this creates a reversible placemat of different colours.

rep weave

Warp

  • Colour 1: 100 grams 720 ypp 3 ply dyed hemp (Red)
  • Colour 2: 200 grams 720 ypp 3 ply dyed hemp (Burgundy)
  • Natural: 100 grams 1500 ypp 3 ply natural hempWarp Length: 4 ydNo. Ends: 150

    Sett: 10 epi

Border

The borders on the placemats are approx. 2 inches in width. Use Colour 1 & Colour 2 alternating in the threading.
rep weave

Threading:

Colour 1 – 10 ends (Red)

Colour 2 – 10 ends (Burgundy)

Center

The warp for the Center of the placemats uses Colour 2 and a natural hemp yarn.

Threading:

Colour 2 – 54 ends

Natural – 54 ends
rep weave

Weft

For the thick weft, you can use a thick cotton mop yarn. Or you can combine several 8/2 cotton or cotton chenille yarns together. These can all be the same colour, or for different colour effects, try mixing several different colours. For the thin weft, use either 1 strand of 8/2 cotton or 20/2 cottolin.

Weave in Tabby with 2 shuttles, alternating between thick and thin wefts, to create a ribbed weave effect.

Finishing

Cut the finished warp from the loom and zig-zag stitch the ends to prevent fraying. Wash in warm water and machine dry.

Iron the warp and then cut the placemats to 18″ lengths. Sew bias tape to finish the edges.
[sc name=”medianet300x250″]

Weaving Patterns

Twill Tabby Towels
Hot Tub Towels
Paper Wallhanging
Wool Roving Rug

Handweaving Pattern Books

The Weaver’s Book: Fundamentals of Handweaving
UK: Fundamentals of Handweaving

Favorite Scandinavian Projects to Weave: 45 Stylish Designs for the Modern Home
A collection of 45 different furnishing textiles: colorful blankets, fanciful table runners, classic curtains, and embroidered hand towels.

[sc name=”Amazon-Bottom”]