A weaving draft for making a traditional Saami belt.
This type of weaving pattern was traditionally woven on a small rigid heddle type of loom. Some of the Saami heddle reeds also had an additional hole in them, that was for the pattern warp threads, so that they could be picked up easily from the warp. 2 Hole Heddle Weaving Reed
You don’t need a loom or other expensive equipment to try weaving. Pin weaving offers both versatility and portability for a woven project. The “loom” can be a piece of foam core or cardboard. The warp threads are held in place with straight pins. Weaving can be done in any direction, using thread, yarn, fabric strips, beads, feathers or other fibers. Pin weaving can offer kids a good introduction to the creativity of weaving.
Pin Weaving Mesh lets you create pin weaving creations without a board. It is a flexible backing into which you can weave yarn, ribbons and other materials.
Linda Twohill of Sew What’s New has examples of pin weaving that incorporates various yarns, cords and beads to create an innovative vest design. Kits containing over 100 yards of coordinated boutique yarns will get you started on your own creative project.
Lili Pintea-Reed has directions for making a Pin Woven Vest using yarns and ribbons.
P Tamers at the Craft Connection site gives a pin weaving lesson for making a vest using strips of fabric. Basic techniques of using tubes, bias strips and fabric strips are explained.
An episode of the Carol Duvall Show demonstrates pin weaving using fusible webbing, cotton fabric strips and bias tape to make a fabric that can be cut into any shape.
Another episode is for a pin-woven Christmas stocking using metallic ribbon and gold fabric.
Lynn Smythe is a bead artist who creates both on loom and off-loom beadwoven projects. She has made an interesting pin-woven necklace of linen, beads and various other yarns.
Looms of one type or another have been used for centuries to make cloth. They come in all sorts of shapes and sizes and can be used to make simple edgings or braids or can be computerized to create complex designs. As early as 2000 BC, backstrap and horizontal looms were used in the Andes. Native Americans also used a similar “Pacific” loom. The warp threads were tied to a post and held in place by a backstrap. The threads were spaced apart by a single hand-operated heddle.
The warp-weighted loom was used until the Middle Ages. It was comprised of a frame, with a roller beam on top. The warp, (vertical threads of the loom), went through the heddles, (loops of string). The warp threads were held under tension by attaching weights at the bottom of the loom. The heddles raised or lowered the warp threads to make a shed or space so that the weft (the horizontal threads) could be woven across. As each weft thread was woven, it was beaten down into place with a comb, piece of bone or wooden sword.
Looms today still work under the same principles. The warp threads are attached to the front and back beams, and are held under tension. Each warp thread passes through a heddle which can be a knotted string, a texsolv heddle or a metal heddle, that raises or lowers the thread, allowing the weft to be woven through the warp threads. Each heddle rests on a shaft or harness.
With tapestry looms, the threads are manipulated by hand. The weft is finger woven through the warp and the design is created through the use of various colors of thread. Some tapestry looms have 2 shafts that are attached to foot pedals. When the pedal is depressed, the shafts are raised allowing the weft to be passed through more easily. Looms can also have multiple shafts, that allow for more complex pattern designs.
With a Jack loom, the sheds are raised up when a pedal is depressed. Jack looms can be a bit noisy to operate, as when your foot is removed from the pedal, the shed falls back into place with a bang.
A Counterbalance loom operates on the principle of counterweighting. When some shafts are lowered, the others are raised. This results in a smoother, and quieter weaving action.
The countermarche loom is most popular in Scandinavia and Europe and in my opinion gives the best shed. Due to the pulley action, the warp threads are pulled both up and down, resulting in less stress upon each individual thread. In hand or foot powered looms, the treadling sequence is done from memory. This can result in treadling errors.
To aid in complex treadling sequences, the dobby loom was invented where the raising of the pattern shafts is controlled by a peg system. This system was further enhanced with a computerized version. The Woodpecker
This tapestry was woven by apprentices of William Morris, in 1878.
Follow these links to sunnier climates and wonderful weaving sites. Nilda lives in the mountains of Peru. She has tended sheep since she was small. She demonstrates the preparation of her sheep and llama wool for spinning and uses Nuchu flowers to create a red dye.
Nilda and her sisters, Antonia and Flora weave with backstrap looms and make small belts to sell at market and larger textile pieces called Mantas.
The Center for Traditional Textiles of Cusco is dedicated to keep traditional weaving practices alive. They document different weaving designs and provide a venue for weavers throughout Peru to demonstrate and teach their art. They ask for donations to assist them in their efforts.
An image collection of Peruvian textiles. Ancient Andean Textiles
Traditional textiles were made of finely spun alpaca yarn and culturally more viable than gold or silver. Unfortunately, today, these beautiful heirlooms are often sold and cut up to decorate handbags and wallets.
Peruvian Weaving Video
A continuous warp for 500 years – Dr. Junius Bird of the American Museum of Natural History demonstrates his technique of reconstructing the patterns on backstrap and 4 stake looms.
Eddie Sulca is a master weaver specializing in 3 dimensional Peruvian weaving, learned from traditional Wari weavers. His tapestries are made with natural dyes, gathered from local berries, leaves, branches, roots and insects and handspun sheep wool.
Puchka Peru offers a variety of cultural tours and learning workshops for artisans and others interested in working with Peruvian masters and folk artists. Travel to Peru
Did you know that you can find discount flights through our affiliation with TravelNow?
Patterns and project ideas that you can make on a beadloom.
Cardboard Box Loom Project
You don’t need expensive equipment to weave. A flat piece of cardboard or a cardboard box can easily turn into a loom that you can weave mug rugs, placemats or intricate tapestries on.
An ever growing list of resources for inkle loom weaving.
Basic Tablet Weaving
Sarah provides excellent instructions on how to do tablet weaving using an old set of playing cards.
C. Cactus Flower Miniature Looms
C. Cactus Flower Miniature Looms are designed specifically for weaving Navajo style rugs in miniature. Available in two sizes-the mini and the maxi-they have a unique tensioning system plus enable you to warp up right on the loom.
Birch ribbon reeds, rigid heddles, flat shuttles, wood and paper tablet weaving supplies from Sweden. Eloomanation
Eloomanation has a great source of free downloadable vintage patterns for small looms, Weavit, Loomette.
Halcyon Yarns cardweaving kit is suitable for children and beginners. It contains 24 cardweaving cards, a shuttle and yarn.
Weaving in narrow strips or bands has been done for many centuries and in many cultures. Tablet weaving with cards is traceable to the early Iron Age. The warp yarn is threaded through flat squares of wood that control the direction of the lift. Various patterns are created by the direction of the turn of the tablet or square.
The Northwest Journal has instructions on how to do a Chevron design braid using finger weaving techniques.