Category Archives: Rug Weaving

Information, supplies and how-to for rug weavers.

Hemp Rya Tapestry

I’ve recently moved my weaving studio again – this time to Chichester, UK. The studio is now located in my new home and my loom now has its own lovely garden room, complete with Keri the cat.
Snikeri loom
The new house is over 3 floors (lots of stairs to climb to keep me in shape) There is a tall wall that is over 10 feet in height as you go up the staircase. I thought that this would be a perfect location for a rya rug.
I am planning the tapestry for this wall to be done in 2 long, narrow panels, each approx. 30 inches in width. One panel will be about 10 feet in length and the second one will be slightly shorter – 9 feet in length.
I have a supply of colourful hemp yarns that would be suitable for making rugs or a hemp tapestry.
Here is an initial sketch of the design that I am thinking of. The inspiration for this is a simple multi-colored warp and weft, intersecting and flowing from one panel to the other. The rya knots will be a mixture of single and 3 ply hemp yarns.The background will be woven using single ply black hemp rya knots.

This design may change once I begin to weave, as my projects tend to do, once I am at the loom.

Rya Rug Sketch
Rya Rug Sketch

The warp is a 3 ply natural hemp, sett at 10 epi.
5 rows of tabby are woven between each row of rya knots, using the same natural 3 ply hemp as the warp.

Rya Rug Weaving
Rya Rug Weaving
Rya Rug Weaving
Rya Rug Weaving

Rya Rug Video
How to make a rya rug on the loom.

And a close-up of how the rya knots are tied.

Rya Rugs
Paivatar Yarns Bespoke Rya Rugs Loom woven rya rugs made to order.
History of the Rya Rug
How to Repair a Rya Rug
Rya Rugs

Rya Tapestry Books

Hand-made C.U.M. Rya Rugs

Techniques of Rya Knotting

Hooked rugs & ryas;: Designing patterns and applying techniques

Rug Yarns

kuvikas

Borgs Weaving Yarn
Sweden’s Borgs is a good source for weaving yarns, including linens, wools, rug warp and rug weft.

Crescent Moon Fibers Mill and Shop
In addition to their fiber processing services, Crescent Moon also carries yarns suitable for rug warp, such as Scottish Blackface.

Halcyon Yarn
Halcyon is a mail-order supplier of handknitting, machine knitting and weaving yarns. Spinning fibres, rug wools and rug-hooking kits are also available.

Hemp Textiles Int.
Hemp Textiles Int. is a wholesale supplier of hemp spinning fibres and yarns.

MacAusland’s Woollen Mills Ltd.
This family-owned spinning mill produces wool yarns in several weights: 2, 3, 4, 5 and 6 ply.

R and M Yarns
R & M has an ever changing selection of mill-end wool, cotton, rayon and acrylic yarns, suitable for machine knitting and weaving.

Robin and Russ Handweavers Inc.
Robin & Russ has been in the handweaving business since the end of WWII. They carry a wide selection of interesting weaving yarns too numerous to list fully on their website.

Yarn Barn
The Yarn Barn has lots of wool, rug yarns, warp, cottons and linens in addition to their weaving equipment.

Webs Yarn Merchant
Webs has a wide selection of specialty yarns designed for the handweaver, ranging from rayon chenille, to mohair and wool blends.

Handwoven Rugs

Catalogne Rugs

Wagon Wheel Rugs

Doubleweave Rugs

Rug Patterns

Weaving Books: Rag Rugs

Making Rag Rugs: 15 Step-by-Step Projects
Step-by-step instructions for 15 rugs that are hooked, prodded, clipped, or braided.
UK: Making Rag Rugs

The Rag Rug Handbook
Rag rugs from basic information to drafts for 20 traditional two- and four-shaft patterns.
UK:Rag Rug Handbook

The Braided Rug Book: Creating Your Own American Folk Art
The classic guide to an enduring American craft – Beginners will learn about wools and other materials, how to care for finished rugs, and how to recognize a quality rug.
UK: Braided Rug Book

..more Handweaving books..

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Rughooking

Rug Hooking
Gysinge hooked rug

Encompassing Designs
Hooked rug patterns by feature designers.

Deanne Fitzpatrick
Rug hooking kits, supplies and how-to.

Hooked Rugs – HGTV
Fiber artist Gloria Crouse demonstrates the basics of making hooked rugs and pillows.

Moondance Color
Hand-dyed felted wool, rug kits and supplies for latch hooking.

Past & Present Rug Shop
Rug hooking supplies, patterns, Puritan lap frames, OTT lights and other useful information for rug hookers.

Rughooking Books

Pictorial Hooked Rugs
How to design, color plan, and display rugs with step-by-step techniques for hooking multiple pictorial elements .
UK: Pictorial Hooked Rugs

Rug Hooker’s Bible, The: The Best From 30 Years of Jane Olson’s Rugger’s Roundtable
Learn the best techniques of hooking a rug from beginning to end.
UK: Rug Hookers Bible

Prodded Hooking for a Three-Dimensional Effect
Techniques for different prodding methods and describes other forms of three-dimensional rug hooking.
UK: Prodded Hooking

Rug Hooking Learn at Home DVD: Vol. 1
Getting started and how to pull loops, Loop height and skipping holes, Loop direction, Straight and diagonal lines, Staggering ends, Hooking shapes, Hooking squares, Points and triangles, Hooking circles
UK: Rug Hooking Learn at Home

Hooking Mats and Rugs: 33 New Designs From An Old Tradition
Kindle Version
Whimsical designs for welcome mats, area rugs, chair pads, and other decorative household items. Inspired by the seascape, the people, and the long rug-making traditions of the communities of the Atlantic coast
UK: Hooking Mats and Rugs

..more Rughooking books..

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Weaving Project – Roving Rug

Wool Roving Rug Weaving Pattern
Warm your toes on this quick and easy-to-weave rug, that uses wool roving as weft.

Wool Roving Rug
Wool Roving Rug
Finished Size 24″ x 39″
Warp 500 yds – 4/12 linen rug warp

You could also use cotton rug warp.

Sett 6 epi
# Ends 250 ends
Length Fringe: 12″

Rug length: 24″

Loom Waste: 28″

Shrinkage: 6″ (10%)

Total Length: 70″ (2 yards)

Weft: 4 oz. 2 ply wool, 900 ypp

1.5 lbs Pure wool roving

Woven in Tabby

Weave a 2 inch header using 2 ply wool for the edge of the rug.

Wool Roving Rug Weaving
Wool Roving Rug Weaving
  • Pull a small section of the roving apart, the length of the staple. Give this a slight twist, open the shed and lay the wool into the shed. Beat it into place.
  • Pull another small section of roving, and lay it in place, slightly overlapping the previous piece. Continue this along the length of the shed.
  • Change sheds, and beat the row firmly into place.
  • Weave in another row of wool roving following the same procedure
  • Using the 2 ply wool, weave 2 rows.

Continue this for the length of the rug, alternating between 2 rows of roving and 2 rows of 2 ply wool. Experiment with colour blending, using different colours of roving. Colours can be easily mixed by hand carding, or simply laying the colours in place by hand, similar to tapestry weaving. For variation, you could also use twill treadlings. This would create a more weft-faced rug, making it thicker and firmer as well.

Finish edges with a knotted fringe.

Rug Weaving
Navajo Rugs
Wagon Wheel Rugs
Doubleweave Rugs
T-shirt Rugs
Rag Weaving
Catalogne Rugs

Rug Weaving Books

Weaving Rag Rugs

The Rag Rug Handbook

Weaving Contemporary Rag Rugs: New Designs, Traditional Techniques

Weaving Western Sakiori: A Modern Guide for Rag Weaving

Favorite Rag Rugs

Finnish Rya Rugs

Finnish Textiles – Rya Rugs
Here are a few examples of rya rugs. The pile for a rya rug or tapestry is woven or sewn onto a wool backing. A rya is traditionally hung on a wall as a tapestry and not used on the floor as it is not durable for floor use.
The sett of the warp and number of weft rows and knots per inch can vary in a rya, depending on the level of detail of the design.

Finnish Rya Rug
Finnish Rya Rug

45″ x 65″

Warp: linen

Sett: 6 epi

Weft: 2 ply wool

horizontal – 3 knots per inch

vertical – 3 knots per inch

6 rows Tabby between each row of knots

Pile length – 1.5 inches

Finnish Rya Rug - "Hopea Pajukuja"

Finnish Rya Rug – “Hopea Pajukuja”

Silver Willow Lane

Warp: linen

Sett: 10 epi

Weft: 2 ply wool

Horizontal: 5 knots/inch

Vertical: 3 knots/inch

3 strands yarn per knot

Pile length: 1 inch

More about Rya rugs
< History of the Rya Rug
How to Fix a Rya Rug
Hemp Rya Tapestry
How to Weave a Rya Rug

More Finnish Textiles:
Poppana

Doubleweave Pickup

Wall Hangings, Raanu
Rya Rug Books
Hooked rugs & ryas; designing patterns and applying techniques
Techniques of Rya Knotting
Rugs: Braided, hooked, rya (Pm-832)
Handgenoopte C.U.M. Rya Tapijten

Sakiori Rag Weaving

Sakiori is a traditional Japanese technique of rag weaving.
In Japan, rag weaving is known as Sakiori and has been used to weave traditional kimono.
The rag strips are cut quite finely and woven into a tweed-like fabric.

Sakiori in Nishinomiya
Gramma Ashiwa tears vintage cotton cloth into strips and weaves them into beautiful sakiori
fabric.
Sakiori and Sashiko
Sakiori is woven from strips of old fabric and is commonly used for work clothing.

Sakiori Cloth
Sakiori Cloth

Saki means rag and oru means to weave. This site describes the warp as being a fairly
heavy weight yarn. The cloth strips are cut in a zig-zag fashion, about 1/2 inch wide,
starting from the selvage edge, to within 1/2″ of the next selvage, creating a long,
narrow strip. The strip is rolled and used as weft.

Sakiori Cutting Strips
Sakiori Cutting Strips

Weaving with Rags
Rag Weaving
Wagon Wheel Rugs
T Shirt Rugs
Poppana
Catalogne Rugs

Kimono and Sakiori Pattern Books

Weaving Western Sakiori: A Modern Guide for Rag Weaving

Sakiori no hon

Riches from Rags: Saki-ori & Other Recycling Traditions In Japanese Rural Clothing

Sakiori to sakiami : Furugi ga suteki ni yomigaeru

Making Kimono and Japanese Clothes

Textiles of Japan

Catalogne Rug Weaving

“Someone asked me what a Catalogne is. Here is the information I sent: a catalogne has its origins in Europe, L’encyclopédie de l’artisnat :Bois et Textiles, 1975, says that it would hold its name from Sieur de Catalan who lived in the 17th century. At this time the catalogne was a carpet. It has been brought here in Quebec as a carpet (most of our ancestors are French) but it was turned into a bed blanket in the area around Quebec city. A traditional catalogne is made out of old clothes while the commercial one are of new material. It is woven at 24 threads of coton 2/8 an inch.

This is my work, I wove it with an experienced women only four months after I started weaving! The design is my own creation, no experience except for some calculations to make it fit. You probably can figure out that I love weaving.

The weft is strips of fabric of 3/4 to 1cm wide. My aunty uses even smaller but does not use cotton weft threads between the fabric as I did. She says it is not the traditional way of making catalogne. She bases her comment on my great grand-mother and grand-mother’s way of working. I guess this is a really godly source to call something ‘traditional’. I did not know that when I wove mine.”

Catalogne Bed Cover
Catalogne Bed Cover

This message was originally posted to our Discussion forum by Caroline –

Rug Weaving
How to Weave a Rya Rug Video
Navajo Rug Weaving
Double Weave Rug
T Shirt Rugs
Wagon Wheel Rugs
Wool Roving Rug
History of the Rya Rug
Hooked Rugs

Rug Weaving Books

Weaving Rag Rugs

The Rag Rug Handbook

Weaving Contemporary Rag Rugs: New Designs, Traditional Techniques

Weaving Western Sakiori: A Modern Guide for Rag Weaving

Favorite Rag Rugs

The Horse Song Tapestry: aa-kady

I was inspired to weave this tapestry piece after hearing the stories and songs
of the scared Horse of my people. The inspiration came to me while
herding my sheep in the Carrizo Mtn, this past summer. A lot of wild
horses roam in the area and the songs and stories of the horse came
back to me. The Horse Song was taught to me by my grand father Kady
Gonna Begay. My mother still tells me stories of our horses of about a
100, and how she’d help her father tame them. My older sisters would go
out every morning to give offerings to the horses so they too can walk
in beauty.

Navajo Weaving Loom

FROM THE NAVAJO WAR GOD’S HORSE SONG I am the Turqoise Woman’s son.

On top of Belted Mountain,

Beautiful horse–slim like a weasel.

My horse has a hoof like striped agate;

His fetlock is like a fine eagle plume;

His legs are like quick lightning.

My horse’s body is like an eagle-plumed arrow;

My horse has a tail like a trailing black cloud.

I put flexible goods on my horse’s back;

The Little Holy Wind blows through his hair.

His mane is made of short rainbows.

My horse’s ears are made of round corn.

My horse’s eyes are made of big stars.

My horse’s head is made of mixed waters–

From the holy waters–he never knows thirst.

My horse’s teeth are made of white shell.

The long rainbow is in his mouth for a bridle,

and with it I guide him.

When my horse neighs, different-colored horses follow.

When my horse neighs, different-colored sheep follow.

I am wealthy, because of him.

Before me peaceful,

Behind me peaceful,

Under me peaceful,

Over me peaceful,

All around me peaceful–

Peaceful voice when he neighs.

I am Everlasting and Peaceful.

I stand for my horse.

NAVAJO HORSE SONG (Blessing Way)
How joyous his neigh!

Lo, the Turquoise Horse of Johano-ai,

How joyous his neigh,

There on precious hides outspread, standeth he;

How joyous his neigh,

There of mingled waters holy, drinketh he;

How joyous his neigh,

There in mist of sacred pollen hidden, all hidden he;

How joyous his neigh,

These his offspring may grow and thrive forevermore;

How joyous his neigh!

Horse song tapestry

Horse song Navajo rug
This beautiful textile is for sale, and if you are interested in
purchasing it, the textile measures 25 1/2″ (W) X 35 1/1″ (L), the wool are all natural colors, hand-spun by my grand mother Elizabeth Kady
Begay and Shima.

Please call me or email me back, may you all walk in beauty.


Roy Kady

P.O. Box 209

Teec Nos Pos, AZ., 86514

928-656-3498

Ethnic Textiles
Weaving Information
Weaving Drafts, projects, patterns.

Tapestry Weaving Books
Tapestry Weaving (Search Press Classics)
Tapestry Weaving: A Comprehensive Study Guide
Tapestry Weaving: Design and Technique
Tapestry Weaving: A Comprehensive Study Guide