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How to videos

Grene Braided Edge Finish

Grene rugs and blankets were a traditional style of blanket woven by the Saami on warp weighted looms. They were made of hand spun wool. The top edge of the blanket had a braid that was woven using a Saami weaving reed. The weft threads of the braid were the ends of the lengths of warp threads. This braided edge helped to provide the correct sett to the weaving and created a firm and stable border which was then tied to the top beam of the warp weighted loom.

Grene Blanket Edge
Grene Blanket Edge

I recently worked on a commission to weave a Grene veving style Saami blanket. Since I don’t own a warp-weighted loom I had to figure out how to weave such an edge onto the blanket. Some years ago when I was visiting a textile museum in Finland, I saw a demonstration of Karelian tablet weaving. Textile fragments from Viking age gravesites have been found that feature card woven edges on aprons, and clothing edges. I thought that this method of weaving the braid after the yardage has been woven would work. Rather than using tablet weaving I wove the braid with my Beaivi weaving reed.
Card Woven Braid Edging
Blue Skirts and Golden Belts

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Grene Veving

Grene Veving, Rátno goddin or branch weaving has been part of the Saami culture since 600 AD. The warp-weighted weaving loom was easily constructed and portable as it was comprised of a few logs or branches that could be easily set up and moved. Grene blankets and rugs were woven with linen and wool yarns. The wool was hand spun and patterns were generally woven weft faced in a twill fashion. The warp yarns were tighly spun as singles yarn. The weft was more loosely spun singles yarn, spun in the opposite direction. To create a dense weave that would withstand the weather, the weft was firmly beaten so the warp didn’t show, except at the fringed bottom of the blanket. The wools were mainly of natural white and grey colours and decorative striped patterns were woven into the design. Because dyes were a scarce resource, these dyed yarns were mainly used in the reed woven borders that trimmed the rugs.
Grene blankets and rugs had many uses such as bed blankets, sled coverings, and tent covers. Because they were woven of wool, the fabric was was both insulating and water resistant. Grena fabric became valuable tender and the local Saami could not afford to make Grene fabric soley for their own use. The blankets were woven for payment of taxes and also sold mainly to Norwegians and others in order to purchase other supplies and goods that were needed.
Greneveving is still being woven today and can be purchased from the online store at Manndalen Husflid.

Grene weaving – Wikipedia
Manndalsgrene – Rátnu
Grene Veving – Centre of Northern PeoplesThis website shows some wonderful videos of how the Saami braided edge is woven as the warp is being wound and how the blanket is woven on the branch loom. Well worth the time to view.
I would like to give thanks to Rita Lindvall, Museum Director for her assistance in my research on this subject. Samtidsmuseum- Senter for nordlige folk/
Contemporary museum- Senter of nothern people

Grene Blanket with Saami Braid Woven Edge

My version of a Grene style blanket. I wove this on my +100 year old Snickeri loom. The warp was mill spun wool. For the weft I used hand spun natural white and grey Blue Faced Leicester wools and wove this blanket in twill weave.
I threaded my Beaivi double hole weaving reed with dyed yarns in traditional Saami colours (Red, Yellow, Green, Blue, Black) As I was going to weave only a simple ground weave and not add a supplementary warp pattern, I used only the bottom set of holes and the slots. I left the top row of holes unthreaded. You can use a standard single hole weaving reed for this type of braid.

I tied the warp ends to the top beam of my double beam loom and wound the warp around the beam. You can of course tie the warp ends to just about anything – a clamp on the edge of a table, or any post that is of the correct height.
When I cut the blanket warp off the loom, I left about 5 inches of unwoven warp at the end of the blanket. This may vary depending on how wide you want the woven braid to be. I moved a table close to the warp and laid the blanket onto the table.

Grene Braid Warp
Grene Braid Warp

Using the same wool yarn as I used for the blanket, I first wove a few inches of plain weave for the braid, until I got the tension correct for the width of braid.
Using a large paper clip, I fastened the end of the woven braid onto a cutting mat or art board to help hold it securely while I weave. I placed the woven blanket close to the edge of the braid and fastened it in place with a few large paperclips clipped to the cutting mat.

STEP 1

I opened the next shed of the braid. Using the cut end of the warp threads I picked up the first 3 warp ends from the blanket.

Grene Braid Weaving
Grene Braid Weaving Step 1

(You will need to experiment to see what is the correct number of warp threads to pick up to fit the sett of your woven piece. For this blanket I picked up 3 warp threads)

STEP 2
I passed these through the open shed to the left, to weave these through braid warp.
I changed sheds and pulled snugly on the 3 warp threads to pull the braid close to the edge of the blanket warp.

Grene Braid Weaving Step 2
Grene Braid Weaving Step 2

STEP 3

Holding the warp edges firmly to the edge of the blanket, I then wrapped and passed 2 of these warp threads back through the open warp (to the Right).

(I left the third warp thread on the left side of the braid so that I can sew this in later to help further secure the edge of the braid and to fix any possible skips etc. Thought you can weave this through at the same time if you wish)

Grene Braid Weaving Step 3
Grene Braid Weaving Step 3

STEP 4
I then picked up 3 new warp threads from the blanket edge and passed these through the same open shed (to the Left)
Then I changed sheds, tightened the warp ends and beat the weft into place with my fingers.

Grene Blanket Braid Weaving
Grene Blanket Braid Weaving Step 4

Continue weaving the rest of the braid to the blanket repeating the steps above.

  • Pickup up 3 warp ends
  • (To the Left) Weave these through the open shed.
  • Change shed and pull the warp ends to adjust the tension.
  • Drop one of the warp ends and weave the 2 remaining warp ends through the open shed. (to the Right)
  • Pick up 3 new warp ends from the blanket and weave these through the same open shed (to the Left)
  • Change shed and adjust tension.
  • Weave to the end of the blanket, and then using the same type of yarn as the blanket warp, weave another 2 of inches of braid.
    Cut the warp ends and sew the braid end to finish.

    Grene Blanket Braid
    Grene Blanket Braid

    FINISHING
    Trim off the woven edges of the warp close to the edge of the braid. Using a sewing needle weave the remaining warp ends (from the outside Left edge of the blanket back through the woven braid to further secure the braid to the blanket.

    How to Weave A Grene Saami Band onto a Woven Blanket Video

    Saami Band Weaving


    Double Hole Weaving Reed
    Beaivi Weaving Loom
    Stoorstalka – Beaivi Loom

    Saami Band Weaving Workshops

    Beginner Saami Pickup Band Weaving Learn the basics of how to weave pickup using a Beaivi double hole rigid heddle loom.
    Warp a Beaivi Loom Workshop Learn how to warp a Beaivi loom and how to weave pickup patterns.

    A5 Felt Journal Saami Laavu
    A5 Felt Journal Saami Laavu
    Sami Laavu A5 Felted Journal Cover on Etsy
    Paivatar Yarn on Etsy
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    Saami Band Weaving Books

    Band Weaving
    Simple finger-woven bands, soda-straw loom bands,hungarian-loom bands,twining-loom bands,rigid-heddle bands,band weaving on the american inkle loom,card-woven bands andweaving variations for special effects.

    Inkle Weaving
    Inkle weaving basics, how to get started and more.

    Band. Vävda Band, Brickband, Flätade Band Och Pinnband Av Ull, Lin Och Bomull / Weaving Bands: Woven Bands / Table Bands / Plaited Bands / Insertion Bands [
    Woven Bands – in Swedish.

    Väva I Bandgrind

    The Weaver’s Inkle Pattern Directory: 400 Warp-Faced Weaves
    An overview of inkle weaving’s history and traditions, instructions for loom set-up and simple techniques and 400 woven patterns.

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    Feltmaking – Wet Felted Hats: wet-felted-hats

    I got a hat block for Christmas – Lucky Me 🙂 This one is a cloche style of hat block made of styrofoam from Gillian Gladrag . These hat blocks come in 4 sizes:

    Metric Inches US UK Punti
    55/56 21 5/8 6 7/8 6 3/4 4
    57/58 22 1/2 7 1/8 7 5
    59/60 23 1/4 7 3/8 7 1/4 6
    61/62 24 7 5/8 7 1/2 7

    Hat Shapers
    Another good source for hat blocks.

    Head and Hat Sizing

    If you are not sure of your hat or head size, using a tape measure, measure around the circumference of your head. Place the tape measure across the widest part of your forehead, just above your eyebrows, around the tips of your ears and across the back of your head. Take the measurement with the tape measure snugly but comfortably around your head – not too tight, unless you like a very tight fitting hat. You may need a friend to help you with this.

    The Punti measurement is half the circumference of the head, down one side – from the top of the ear to the centre of the head.

    I am having fun experimenting with different methods of wet felting hats.
    Merino Alpaca Felted Hat
    Wet Felted hat made with merino wool and alpaca.
    Merino Silk Felted Hat
    Wet Felted hat made with merino wool and silk.

    Here are some links for how-to instructions on making wet felted hats.

    Wet Felted Vessel
    Here are some detailed instructions for making a wet felted hat using a balloon as a hat form.

    Hat Shapers
    Instructions for how to felt a hat from Hat Shapers.

    Fordan Designs
    How to felt a hat using both needle and wet felting methods.

    How to Wet Felt a Beret


    Blue Felt Hat
    Blue Felt Hat

    Wool Felted Hats on Etsy

    Felt Making

    Felted Slippers
    Wet Felted Cat Bed
    Felt Pillow
    Felted Posey Pot
    Felted Easter Eggs
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    Prym sock loom heel

    In an earlier article I described how to knit in the round on a Prym sock loom. I find the instructions that come with the knitting loom a bit difficult to understand, so I have adapted the method slightly. I hope that you will find this a bit easier to follow. Please let me know if anything is not clear or you need additional help.

    Prym sock heel

    For this sock I used Regia 4 ply sock yarn – which is quite fine so I have used a double set of loops as I cast on. For heavier weight yarns you would only use 1 loop around the pegs. I am using an E wrap stitch for knitting this sock.

    Regia Sock Yarn Prints – Clown Rings

    The Prym sock loom is conveniently marked with the start and end positions for turning the heel. In the centre of the knitting loom you will see labels 1R, 1L and 16R, 16L (for the Medium size loom)
    Once you have knit the length of the leg of the sock and you are ready to start the heel, you will be working on only 1 half of the stitches to complete the heel. So knitting from 1R to 16R and reversing back, knitting from 16R to 1 R. The remaining stitches 1L to 16L stay on the hooks, untouched until you complete the heel.

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    Decreasing the Heel

    Heel Row 1: To knit the first row of the heel, starting at 1R, knit as usual, wrap the yarn around the pegs from 1R to 16R and cast off.
    Heel Row 2: At 16R reverse the direction working your way back to 1R, wrap the yarn around the pegs and cast off that row.
    Heel Row 3: When you are back to 1R, then work your way back, this time starting at 2R. Wrap the pegs from 2R to 15R and cast off the row.
    Heel Row 4: Reverse the direction, knitting your way back to 2R.
    Heel Row 5: Starting at 3R, wrap the pegs to 14R and cast off the row.
    Heel Row 6: Reverse the direction and wrap the pegs from 14R to 3R and cast off the row.
    Heel Row 7: Starting at 4R, wrap the pegs to 13R and cast off the row.
    Heel Row 8: Reverse the direction and wrap the pegs from 13R to 4R and cast off the row.
    Heel Row 9: Starting at 5R, wrap the pegs to 12R and cast off the row.
    Heel Row 10: Reverse the direction and wrap the pegs from 12R to 5R and cast off the row.
    Heel Row 11: Starting at 6R, wrap the pegs to 11R and cast off the row.
    Heel Row 12: Reverse the direction and wrap the pegs from 11R to 6R and cast off the row.

    Prym sock loom diagram

    The instructions that come with the Prym loom suggest that for the Left sock, work your way from 1L to 16L in the same fashion, but in my opinion this doesn’t really matter as usually socks for left and right feet are the same, unless you are knitting a pattern into each sock that is only on one side.

    Once you have knit the heel back and forth to pegs 6R – 11R the heel will have a V-shape.

    Prym Sock Heel

    You will now do the reverse of the knitting as you did above, but increasing a stitch on either side, working your way from 6R back to 1R.

    Increasing the Heel

    Because you have increased rows over part of the sock, there will be a gap or hole left at the end of each row of the heel. In order to avoid this gap from forming, you will need to also pick up or carry a stitch from the next peg as you knit the next row. This is similar to passing over a slip stitch in traditional knitting.
    To do this, as you work each row back and forth, pick up a stitch from the previous peg and lift it to the peg you are starting and ending on.
    I find it easier to use a small 2.25 mm crochet hook to do this, rather than the pickup stick that comes with the Prym loom.
    Crochet Hook Size Chart

    Prym sock knitting

    Heel Row 13:
    Working on peg 6R, Pick up the loop from the back of the previous peg 5R and lift it onto 6R. There will now be 3 loops on peg 6R.
    Do the same on the opposite side. Pick up the loop from the back of peg 12R and lift it onto peg 11R. Peg 11R will now have 3 stitches.
    Prym Sock loom heel
    Wrap the loops from 6R to 11R and cast off the row.
    (As you wrap the loop around the first peg (6R) this will now have 4 stitches on it. Cast these off until you have 2 stitches remaining. Continue to knit around to 11R – where you will have 4 stitches on the peg, knit these off back to 2 stitches)
    Heel Row 14: Knitting in reverse, wrap the loops from 11R to 6R and cast off the stitches.

    Heel Row 15:
    Pick up the loop from the back of the previous peg 4R and lift it to 5R.
    On the other side of the sock, Pick up the loop from back of 13R and lift it to 12R.
    Wrap the loops starting with peg 5R to 12R and cast off the stitches.
    Heel Row 16: Knitting in reverse, wrap the pegs from 12R to 5R and cast off the stitches.

    Heel Row 17:
    Pick up the loop from the back of the previous peg 3R and lift it to 4R.
    On the other side of the sock, Pick up the loop from back of 14R and lift it to 13R.
    Wrap the loops starting with peg 4R to 13R and cast off the stitches.
    Heel Row 18: Knitting in reverse, wrap the pegs from 13R to 4R and cast off the stitches.

    Heel Row 19:
    Pick up the loop from the back of the previous peg 2R and lift it to 3R.
    On the other side of the sock, Pick up the loop from back of 15R and lift it to 14R.
    Wrap the loops starting with peg 3R to 14R and cast off the stitches.
    Heel Row 20: Knitting in reverse, wrap the pegs from 14R to 3R and cast off the stitches.

    Heel Row 21:
    Pick up the loop from the back of the previous peg 1R and lift it to 2R.
    On the other side of the sock, Pick up the loop from back of 16R and lift it to 15R.
    Wrap the loops starting with peg 2R to 15R and cast off the stitches.
    Heel Row 22: Knitting in reverse, wrap the pegs from 15R to 2R and cast off the stitches.

    Heel Row 23:
    Pick up the loop from the back of the previous peg 1L and lift it to 1R.
    On the other side of the sock, Pick up the loop from back of 16L and lift it to 16R.
    Wrap the loops starting with peg 1R to 16R and cast off the stitches.
    Heel Row 24: Knitting in reverse, wrap the pegs from 16R to 1R and cast off the stitches.

    Prym sock heel diagram

    You have now completed knitting the heel and you can resume knitting the foot of the sock in the round, as you did for the leg of the sock.

    Prym Sock Loom: How to Knit the Heel – You Tube Video

    COMING NEXT:
    How to knit the toe of the sock.

    Prym Sock Knitting Loom

    The Prym knitting loom is currently available for sale in the UK. You can purchase it on
    Amazon UK

    Prym Knitting Sock Loom
    Prym sock loom

    Canada
    Karp Styles
    UK
    Here a few other vendors in the UK who sell the Prym knitting looms. Perhaps they are also willing to ship worldwide.
    Knit and Sew
    Purple Linda Crafts
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    Loom Knitting Books
    Loom Knitting Socks: A Beginner’s Guide to Knitting Socks on a Loom with Over 50 Fun Projects (No-Needle Knits)

    Big Book of Loom Knitting: Learn to Loom Knit

    Loom Knit Stitch Dictionary | Knitting | Leisure Arts (75566)
    Loom Knitting Primer (Second Edition): A Beginner’s Guide to Knitting on a Loom with Over 35 Fun Projects (No-Needle Knits)
    I Can’t Believe I’m Loom Knitting (Leisure Arts 5250)

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    Prym sock loom

    I purchased a Prym sock loom today. I have read mixed reviews of them but thought I would give it a try. This knitting loom is similar to the round knitting looms but it is oval in shape. It has a rubberized base and the metal pegs look like bent paper clips. With the unique paper clip shape to the pegs, there is plenty of space to pick up or hook the stitch as you are knitting the loops. There are no rough edges and I find that it is quite easy to hold in your hand, and compact and portable to toss into my purse or knitting bag to take with me. The Prym knitting loom comes with a pickup stick that looks similar to a knitting needle. I use this for picking up the stitches but have also found it handy to also have a small crochet hook for picking up different weights of yarn.

    The Prym Sock Loom comes in 3 sizes ranging from small to wide feet:

    SIZE # PEGS CIRCUMFERENCE UK EU US
    Small 28 pegs 26 cm 3.5-12.5 20-31 4-13
    Medium 32 pegs 29.5 cm 0-5 32-38 2-7
    Large 36 pegs 33 cm 6-11 39-46 7.5-13

    Sock Size Knitting Chart

    You can make the socks any length you like, regardless of which size of knitting loom you purchased.
    This chart gives the length for foot of the sock for different shoe sizes.

    EU UK US Foot length
    39-40 5.5-6.5 7.5-8.5 16 cm
    41-42 7-8 9-10 17 cm
    43-44 8.5-9.5 10.5-11.5 18 cm
    45-46 10-11.5 12-13 19 cm

    Knitting with this type of sock loom is very similar to spool or cork knitting.
    How to Use a Corker

    Prym sock mill

    The instructions that came with the knitting loom are a bit difficult to follow as they are written in several languages.
    I have rewritten the instructions to make this easier to understand.

    To knit on this loom, each loop round is followed by a cast off round. Together this makes a knitted row.
    To start, For thicker yarns, loop the yarn around each peg in 2 rounds, followed by a cast off round.
    For finer yarns, loop the yarn around each peg in 3 rounds, followed by a cast off round.

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    I am using Regia 4 ply sock yarn for this pair of socks. Because I am using a fine yarn, I am using the Triple loop method, looping 3 rounds onto the pegs before casting off.

    Looping Round
    1. Place the yarn from back to front onto starting position 0, leaving a length of 15 cm hanging from the back.

    2. Loop the yarn counter-clockwise around the peg 1L, then around peg 1R, 2R, 3R and so on, working your way clock-wise around the loom.
    Prym sock knitting
    3. The first looping round is finished when peg 1L has been looped twice.

    4. Loop the second round in the same way on top of the first round.
    The round is finished when peg 1L has been looped 3 times.
    Prym sock knitting mill

    Cast off round
    Use the cast-off needle to cast off.
    To do this, pick up the bottom loop on the peg and lift it up and over the peg.
    After each cast off, push the stitches down the peg to adjust the tension.
    Continue to cast off working your way around the loom.

    To cast off Double loops, Lift the bottom stitch over the top stitch and over the peg. The peg now has one stitch left.

    To cast off Triple loops, Lift the bottom stitch over the 2 upper stitches and over the peg. The peg now has 2 stitches left.

    Continue working around the sock knitter, alternating between Looping and Casting off rows.
    The knitting develops behind the pegs. After about 5-10 rows (depending on the thickness of your yarn) you will begin to see the knitted rows below the knitting loom. I found it much easier to control the tension once the sock had some length as I could gently tug on the bottom of the sock to keep the yarn from slipping off the pegs.

    sock loom knitting

    Continue knitting around until you reach the desired length for the cuff of your sock.

    U-Tube: How to Knit on a Prym Sock Loom

    Knitting with the E-stitch

    NEXT:
    How to turn the heel
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    Prym Sock Knitting Loom

    The Prym knitting loom is currently available for sale in the UK. You can purchase it on
    Amazon UK

    Prym Knitting Sock Loom
    Prym sock loom

    I am not sure if the Prym knitting loom is for sale yet in the US. If it is, could you please let me know so that I can add links for where to purchase one.
    Canada
    Karp Styles
    UK
    Here a few other vendors in the UK who sell the Prym knitting looms. Perhaps they are also willing to ship worldwide.
    Knit and Sew
    Purple Linda Crafts

    Loom Knitting Books
    Loom Knitting Socks: A Beginner’s Guide to Knitting Socks on a Loom with Over 50 Fun Projects (No-Needle Knits)

    Big Book of Loom Knitting: Learn to Loom Knit

    Loom Knit Stitch Dictionary | Knitting | Leisure Arts (75566)
    Loom Knitting Primer (Second Edition): A Beginner’s Guide to Knitting on a Loom with Over 35 Fun Projects (No-Needle Knits)
    I Can’t Believe I’m Loom Knitting (Leisure Arts 5250)

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    Kromski Symphony Clear Spinning Wheel. Used.  Excellent condition. Only $575

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    rya rug video

    How to Weave a Rya Rug on a floor loom. This rya rug is made of 100% hemp warp and weft. The video demonstrates how to cut the rya pile, tie the rya knots and weave the rug.

    The backing for the rug is woven in a tabby weave. The pile for the rya knots is cut to a length of about 3 inches. To prepare the cut pile, wrap the rya yarn around a folded piece of cardboard and cut. After the rug has been woven, trim the rya knots to an even length. Weave about an inch of tabby between each row of rya knots.

    Hemp Rya Rug
    Hemp Rya Rug

    Rya Rugs

    Rya Rugs
    How to Fix a Rya Rug
    Hemp Rya Tapestry
    History of the Rya Rug
    3 to 120 Rya
    Rothko Rya Rug Kits
    How to Weave a Rya Rug

    How To Tie a Rya Knot

    Rya Rug Books
    Hooked rugs & ryas; designing patterns and applying techniques
    Techniques of Rya Knotting
    Rugs: Braided, hooked, rya (Pm-832)
    Handgenoopte C.U.M. Rya Tapijten

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    Rya Rug Repair

    Someone recently sent me pictures of a beautiful wool rya rug they had woven. Unfortunately due to wear and tear, the rya has a few holes in it, so they asked me to how repair the rya.

    Nordiska Rya Rug Repair
    Rya Rug Repair
    Rya Repair

    In my opinion, rya rugs should not be used on the floor, rather they should be considered to be works of art and hung as a tapestry on the wall. The weave structure is not strong enough in a rya to withstand floor use and often results in holes in the rug caused by abrasion of table legs or chairs. If you are unfortunate enough to have a rya that has developed a hole, here is how to repair it.

    How To Repair a Hole in the Center of a Rya Rug
    For the hole in the centre of the rug –
    use a strong linen yarn. You may not be able to find an exact match but something similar will work just as well.
    Rya rug hole
    Do not trim any of the broken warp threads until you have finished weaving the repair into place – as you will need these for a guide of where to place the repair warp.
    Start by sewing the linen warp yarn into the back of the canvas a couple of inches away from the hole
    Weave/sew the linen yarn across the width of the rug – weftwise for about an inch or two
    then following the first row of warp yarn that is damaged
    weave the linen yarn along the warp thread down, weaving in and out between the weft threads, following beside the exisiting warp thread.
    This will be like the top of a Z shape. Weaving across the weft first, before weaving down, helps to secure the warp yarn in place so that it doesn’t pull out.
    This warp yarn should not show on the surface – except in the section where the hole is.
    Then Continue to weave past the hole for another 2 – 3 inches.
    Then weave in the second warp row, moving back up and again following the next existing warp yarn.
    Continue weaving up and down, following each warp yarn until the hole has been repaired.
    Alternate the placement of where you change direction, to avoid creating a bump in the rug.

    Once you have rewoven all the warp yarn,
    again weave the warp yarn in a horizontal – weftwise direction for a few inches, to lock the yarn into place.
    This should be almost invisible from the surface of the rug as the rya shag will cover up the repair.

    Repair A Rya Rug Diagram

    Now very carefully trim back any bits of broken warp yarn ends that are sticking out. Leave the original warp yarn that has not been damaged in place.

    The wool weft backing can now be woven into place.
    From the photo, it looks like there are about 8-10 rows of wool weft woven in each section.
    Again, if you don’t have any of the original yarn, a good quality wool yarn of a similar weight will work as well.
    Following along the existing weft yarn, weave the wool into place, over and under the new warp threads.
    Again alternate the beginning and end of the weft yarns so that there isn’t an obvious bump in the repair.

    Once the repair has been made, you can add the rya knots into the repaired section. If you don’t have any extra rya yarn left, you can undo a few of the rya knots that use similar colours and remove one of the rya threads from each knot and use these to fix the broken area.
    A rya generally uses a lot of yarn so a few knots that are missing a thread or two will go unnoticed.
    Hole in Binding of Rya Rug

    Rya rug repair

    To fix this, it’s a bit like darning a sock.
    Using matching wool yarn weave both warp and weft to cover the existing hole.

    Rya Rugs
    Paivatar Yarns Rya Rugs Bespoke Rya Rugs made to order.
    3 to 120 Rya
    Hemp Rya Tapestry
    History of the Rya Rug

    Rya Rugs – You Tube

    Rya Tapestry Books

    Hand-made C.U.M. Rya Rugs

    Techniques of Rya Knotting

    Hooked rugs & ryas;: Designing patterns and applying techniques

    Felting Project – Felt Necklace

    This easy felting project makes a felted necklace with a bit of handspun yarn, crochet and wool roving.

    I had a bit of leftover handspun single spun merino wool yarn that I crocheted for the base of the necklace. Using a 4.5 mm crochet hook, crochet a chain of approx. 100 stitches ( 36 inches). Join. Using a slip stitch work the ends into the chain for about an inch or two.

    Wet Felted Necklace
    Wet Felted Necklace

    How to Crochet a Chain Stitch

    If you are new to crochet, here are some instructions to get you started.

    chain crochet
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    I used a similar method to felt the wool balls into the crochet chain, as I used when I made the hand felted Easter eggs.
    You will need:
    1 bowl of cold tap water.
    1 bowl of hot tap water.
    Add a bit of dish detergent to the bowl of hot water.
    Small bits of dyed merino wool roving.

    Begin by felting the crochet necklace base. Dip it in the hot soapy water and rub the necklace vigorously between the plam of your hands until it begins to felt.

    Take a small piece of dyed wool roving and wrap it around the crochet necklace, forming a small ball.
    Dip the ball of wool into the bowl of hot soapy tap water.
    Rub the wool roving in the palm of your hand, forming a ball or bead shape.
    Continue to rub it vigorously and continue to dip it in the hot soapy water.
    The wool will start to harden and form a ball shape.
    When it starts to harden, dip it in the cold water and continue to roll it between the palms of your hands.
    Alternate between dipping the wool ball in the hot water and cold water, squeezing out excess water.
    When the wool ball has become quite hard (about 3-4 minutes of rolling)
    Pinch and shape the ball into a around ball or egg shape.

    felt necklace

    Continue to roll in your hands and dip into the cold and hot water
    until you are happy with the consistency of the hardened felt.

    If you wish to make larger ‘beads’ wrap a bit more roving around the partially felted ball and continue the felting process. Dip it into hot water and continue to rub between your hands as above. Alternate between hot and cold water and rubbing.

    felted necklace

    Then continue making more felt balls working your way around the necklace. Use different colours of wool roving and have fun!

    If you try this project, I hope you will post a picture on our Facebook page.

    Felting Projects

    Wet Felted Easter Eggs
    How to Make Felted Easter Eggs

    More about Feltmaking

    Felted Posey Pot

    How to Make Handmade Felt
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    Felting Books

    Hand Felted Jewelry and Beads: 25 Artful Designs
    Quick & Clever Felting
    Felt Frenzy: 26 Projects for All Forms of Felting
    Heartfelt: 25 Projects for Stitched and Felted Accessories

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    Beautiful purple/multi color wool roving, 6.3 oz, 5" fiber length

    $6.35 (1 Bid)
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    50 Colors Wool Fibre Roving DIY Needles Felting Starter Kit Handcraft Mat Tools

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    50 Colors Wool Fibre Roving DIY Needles Felting Starter Kit Handcraft Mat Tools

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    Shetland square charts

    Here are the knitting charts for my Shetland squares knitted afghan.

    Cable wobble knit chart
    Cable Wobble

    Holey lace knit chart
    Holey Lace

    Rib Twist knitting chart
    Rib Twist

    Rib lines knitting chart
    Rib Lines

    Hand spinning Shetland Wool

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    ANTIQUE SPINNING WHEEL / WALNUT / 33” HIGH

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    Charkha book style spinning wheel

    $130.00
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    Kromski Symphony Clear Spinning Wheel. Used.  Excellent condition. Only $575

    $575.00
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