Category Archives: Small Looms

Small looms, rigid heddle, inkle, band weaving.

Double Hole Rigid Heddle: aa042009

We may be familiar with the standard rigid heddle loom consisting of a reed with slots and holes. In some parts of Scandinavia, a rigid heddle with an extra set of holes or slots is also used. The pattern weft is threaded through the additional top holes, making it easy to pick up the pattern. The standard holes and slots carry the ground warp.

FI – Pirtanauha

More about weaving with a Double slot weaving reed

Double Hole Rigid Heddle Weaving Instructions
Ingrid Hanssen provides detailed instructions on how to weave using a double hole rigid heddle.

Double Hole Tape Looms
Tropical Twister describes how she weaves patterns using a double hole weaving reed.

Double Hole Rigid Heddle Weaving
Grace Hatton describes how to weave pickup designs on a double hole weaving reed.

Double Hole Rigid Heddle Weaving Instructions
Ingrid Hanssen provides detailed instructions on how to weave using a double hole rigid heddle.

Sami Band Weaving

Saami Band Weaving

Rigid Heddle Band Weaving patterns

2 Hole Weaving Reeds
My new weaving loom.

Stoorstalka Weaving Reeds
A traditional Sami weaving reed made of modern materials.

Sami weaving loom
Background of the modern Sami Weaving Loom

Why not a good old loom made of reindeer horn?

Sami Band Weaving Books

Sue Foulkes has written a few books about Sami band weaving and using a Sunna heddle.

Norwegian Pick-Up Bandweaving
The Techniques of Tablet Weaving

Saami Music – Itunes

Binna Banna – Kikki Aikio
Áphi (Wide As Oceans) – Sofia Jannok
Ulda – Ulla Pirttijärvi & Ulda
The Kautokeino Rebellion (Music from the Movie) – Herman Rundberg, Mari Boine & Svein Schultz
Beaivi, Áhcázan (The Sun, My Father) – Nils-Aslak Valkeapää

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ANTIQUE SPINNING WHEEL / WALNUT / 33” HIGH

$179.95
End Date: Saturday Sep-7-2019 17:09:43 PDT
Buy It Now for only: $179.95
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Charkha book style spinning wheel

$130.00
End Date: Tuesday Sep-3-2019 18:56:25 PDT
Buy It Now for only: $130.00
Buy It Now | Add to watch list

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Book Store: Handweaving books

Handweaving Pattern books for the beginner and more advanced weaver.

countermarche

Intrecci
A photo gallery of handwoven textiles.

Weaving for Beginners: An Illustrated Guide (Peggy Osterkamp’s New Guide to Weaving Series)
Provides beginners with the information they need to weave in a clear and enjoyable step-by-step way.
UK: Weaving for Beginners

The Handweaver’s Pattern Directory
Introduction to the tools, equipment, fibers, and yarns used with four-shaft looms, this reference features patterns for 600 different weaves, including twill, zigzag, diamond, herringbone, and block
UK: Handweavers Pattern Directory

The Weaver’s Book of 8-Shaft Patterns
A thousand different patterns on more than 25 weave structures.
UK: 8 Shaft Patterns

The Weaver’s Companion (The Companion Series)
Information on looms, yarn, methods of warping, drafting, troubleshooting, planning, and fabric finishing.
UK: Weavers Companion

A Handweaver’s Pattern Book
A collection of 377 patterns for four-harness weaving, organized in groups of similar designs. This is one of the first weaving books I bought and it is still one of my favourites.
UK: Handweavers Pattern Book

The Magic of Handweaving
About the art of hand weaving, including the history and heritage of this timeless art, how looms work, what tools and equipment to use, the basics of good technique.
UK: Magic of Handweaving

The Big Book of Weaving: Handweaving in the Swedish Tradition: Techniques, Patterns, Designs and Materials
This book covers basic subjects such as warping a loom and making bobbins of weft, as well as more elaborate, highly decorative projects: baby blankets, shawls, table cloths, and linen hand towels.
UK: Big Book of Weaving

The Treasure Chest of Swedish Weaving
Complete pattern drafts for rugs, curtain, table cloths, towels, bedspreads.
UK: Treasure Chest of Swedish Weaving

Hand Weaving Patterns From Finland
UK: Handweaving Patterns from Finland

Keep Me Warm One Night: Early Handweaving in Eastern Canada
Coverlets & other items, including clothing, primarily of the 19th Century.
UK: Keep Me Warm

Manual Of Swedish Handweaving
A comprehensive book on handweaving in general which draws on the Swedish handweaving tradition, looms, charts, diagrams, weave composition patterns, technical drawings.
UK: Manual Of Swedish Handweaving

Swedish Handweaving
180 handweaving patterns for pillows, curtains, blankets, rugs: 4 harness twills, honeycomb, lace, rosepath, extended point twills, damask.
UK: Swedish Handweaving

The Weaver’s Book: Fundamentals of Handweaving
UK: Fundamentals of Handweaving

Key to Weaving: A Textbook of Hand-Weaving Techniques and Pattern Drafts for the Beginning Weaver
A definitive guide to handloom weaving: step-by-step instructions, intricacies of color, fiber and how to use them effectively.
UK: Key to Weaving

Weaving For Worship Handweaving for Churches and Synagogues
UK: Weaving for Worship

Jacquard’s Web: How a Hand-Loom Led to the Birth of the Information Age
From the Industrial Age to the Information Age, connecting the loom to thefirst proper computer.
UK: Jacquards Web

Women’s Work: The First 20,000 Years: Women, Cloth, and Society in Early Times
New discoveries about the textile arts reveal women’s unexpectedly influential role in ancient societies.
Twenty thousand years ago, women were making and wearing the first clothing created from spun fibers. In fact, right up to the Industrial Revolution the fiber arts were an enormous economic force, belonging primarily to women.

Mastering Weave Structures
How to design threadings, channel the design power of the tie-up, and make the most of threading options, as well as understand fibers, setts, and color interactions.
UK: Mastering Weave Structures

Favorite Scandinavian Projects to Weave: 45 Stylish Designs for the Modern Home
A collection of 45 different furnishing textiles: colorful blankets, fanciful table runners, classic curtains, and embroidered hand towels.
UK: Favorite Scandinavian Projects to Weave

Rug Weaving Techniques: Beyond the Basics
Concise instructions and explanatory diagrams techniques for plain weave, twill and block weaves.
UK: Rug Weaving Techniques

Weaving Made Easy: 17 Projects Using a Simple Loom
The small, portable rigid heddle loom can be used to easily produce loose, drape-friendly fabric as well as dense, sturdy material.
UK: Weaving Made Easy

The Weaver’s Idea Book: Creative Cloth on a Rigid Heddle Loom
Techniques include leno, Brooks bouquet, soumak, and embroidery on fabric.
UK: Weavers Idea Book

Collapse Weave: Creating Three-Dimensional Cloth
Collapse cloth when removed from the loom and washed, takes on an entirely different appearance as the threads draw up and create puckers.
UK: Collapse Weave

The Weaver’s Studio: Doubleweave
How to weave a tube, and a tube within a tube.
UK: Doubleweave

Hands on Rigid Heddle Weaving
Wonderful projects and plain-weave variations, this user-friendly guide covers choosing, setting up, and weaving on a rigid heddle loom.
UK: Hands on Rigid Heddle

The Woven Bag: 30+ Projects from Small Looms (Writers Digest Guides)
Each bag is created using small looms, such as potholder looms, frame looms and knotted mesh looms.
UK: The Woven Bag

Linen Weaving

Linen from flax seed to woven cloth
Learn about flax cultivation, processing and spinning, natural and synthetic dyeing, and weaving and finishing linen cloth.
UK: Linen from flax seed..

How to weave linens
UK: How to Weave Linens

Reflections From A Flaxen Past : For Love of Lithuanian Weaving
Flax tools and faces from archival photographs; textile images and patterns.
UK: Reflections from a Flaxen Past

Rug Weaving Books

Making Rag Rugs: 15 Step-by-Step Projects
Step-by-step instructions for 15 rugs that are hooked, prodded, clipped, or braided.
UK: Making Rag Rugs

The Rag Rug Handbook
Rag rugs from basic information to drafts for 20 traditional two- and four-shaft patterns.
UK:Rag Rug Handbook

The Braided Rug Book: Creating Your Own American Folk Art
The classic guide to an enduring American craft – Beginners will learn about wools and other materials, how to care for finished rugs, and how to recognize a quality rug.
UK: Braided Rug Book

Twined Rag Rugs: Tradition in the Making
Twining done with rag strips is an effective technique for making sturdy objects like rugs, bath mats, baskets, and bags.
UK: Twined Rag Rugs

Weaving Videos

Warping the Loom Back to Front – A DVD Workshop with Peggy Osterkamp
This workshop thoroughly explores the process of dressing a loom by yourself, from back to front.
UK: Warping the Loom

Weaving Lace

Huck Lace: The Best of Weaver’s (Best of Weaver’s series)
A variety of drafts for weaving huck lace.

LACE AND LACEY WEAVES: A compilation of 86 Lace & Lacey Weave projects with complete worksheets. Revised.

Handwoven Laces
Hand weavers can use a loom to quickly produce lovely lacy fabrics. The loom-controlled textures depend upon groups of threads that work together and do not reveal their full effect until the cloth comes off the loom.

A Joy Forever: Latvian Weaving: Traditional and Modified Uses
Historic Latvian household textiles along with contemporary projects that adapt traditional weave structures to the creation of linens, coverlets, and rugs

Silk Textile Books

The Silk Weavers of Kyoto: Family and Work in a Changing Traditional Industry
The makers of obi, the elegant and costly sash worn over kimono in Japan, belong to an endangered species. Tamara Hareven integrates historical research with intensive life history interviews to reveal the relationships among family, work, and community in this highly specialized occupation.
UK: Silk Weavers of Kyoto

Silk Paper: A Guide To Making It And Using It In Textile Art
the basic methods for creating silk paper in step-by-step detail to create flat and 3D designs, from framed pieces to jewelry.
UK: Silk Paper

The Book of Silk
Following the Silk Road from China and Japan through Asia into Europe, the story is as variegated as the rich colors, weaves, and embroideries that were used for the ceremonial or everyday accoutrements of the wealthy and powerful.
UK:Book of Silk

Weaving and Dye Books

Woven Shibori (The Weaver’s Studio series)
Unlike traditional shibori, which uses stitches placed by needle on commercial cloth in the dyeing process, the “stitches” used in this new process are woven directly into the cloth, thus becoming part of the cloth’s construction.
UK: Woven Shibori

Weaving Books: Kindle

Small Loom & Freeform Weaving
Kindle version
Included are 30 small weaving projects, some of which can easily be completed in an evening or weekend.
UK: Small Loom and Freeform Weaving
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Saami: aa092401

The Saami
The Saami (Lapps) are known as the people of the sun and the wind. They are a nomadic people of northern Scandinavia and are reindeer herders. Saami ethnic heritage, language, traditional clothing, and handicrafts are distinct from other cultures in Norway, Sweden, Finland or Russia.
Saami Art
The Saami traditionally decorated their tools, clothing and other items of daily life. Clothing was made of reindeer skins and felted wool. Clothing edges were decorated with colorful bandweaving and woven belts.

Photo of a Saami woman wearing traditional dress.

My Saami Heritage
My grandmother was a Norwegian Saami. Here are some photos that I have of her and my father.

Sami of the Kola Peninsula

Saami Traditional Arts
Program notes are available on-line for a presentation made by Artist Anna-Stina Svakko, visiting the Bay Area from Porjus, a traditional Saami village in northern Sweden.
Varanger Saami Museum

A Norwegian museum exhibits Saami Duojdi handicrafts.
Arctic Norway
A cultural excursion to Norway to visit Saami ‘grene’ weavers. folk museums and travel by riverboats past scenic waterfalls and fjords.
Saami History
Archaeologists have linked the oldest Scandinavian stone age culture, the Komsa to the ancestors of the Saami. Ghengis Khan wrote that the Saami were a nation he would not try to fight again. They didn’t believe in war but were peaceful retreaters and disappeared in times of conflict. They moved their homes and reindeer and adapted to their new natural surroundings.

Saami Crafts

Saami Blog
A great blog with photos of Skolt Saami weaving – grene.

Saami Weaving – You Tube

First the edge is woven on a rigid heddle loom and then the warp is attached to an upright warp weighted loom.

Saami Belts and Braids

Saami flag
Saami Double Heddle Loom
The colourful Saami bands are woven on a rigid heddle that has an extra hole for the colored yarn.

Stoorstalka Weaving Reeds
A traditional Sami weaving reed made of modern materials.
Buy the Loom

Band Weaving Patterns
Bands or belt patterns woven on a rigid heddle loom.

Sami Weaving Books

Sue Foulkes has written a few books about Sami band weaving and using a Sunna heddle.

Sami Music

Binna Banna – Kikki Aikio
Áphi (Wide As Oceans) – Sofia Jannok
Ulda – Ulla Pirttijärvi & Ulda
The Kautokeino Rebellion (Music from the Movie) – Herman Rundberg, Mari Boine & Svein Schultz
Beaivi, Áhcázan (The Sun, My Father) – Nils-Aslak Valkeapää

Saami Books and Music

Lapps and Labyrinths: Saami Prehistory, Colonization, and Cultural Resilience
Saami prehistory from 5000 BC to AD 1500.

God Wears Many Skins: Myth And Folklore Of The Sami People
This poem records the creation story of the Sami, a nomadic people of Northern Europe, and then retells several Scandinavian folk-tales derived from their playfully animistic world view.
UK: God Wears Many Skins

..More Saami Books…

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Rigid Heddle Weaving: aa052401b

I had the pleasure of meeting Kat Walton, an accomplished drop spindler and weaver. Here are some samples she wove using a rigid heddle loom.

rigid heddle sample

rigid heddle sample

rigid heddle sample

rigid heddle sample

rigid heddle sample

Rigid Heddle Weaving

Rigid Heddle Looms
Beaivi Rigid Heddle Loom
Rigid Heddle Band Weaving

Part 1: Drop Spindles

Weaving Books: Rigid Heddle

Hands on Rigid Heddle Weaving
Wonderful projects and plain-weave variations, this user-friendly guide covers choosing, setting up, and weaving on a rigid heddle loom.
UK: Hands on Rigid Heddle

The Woven Bag: 30+ Projects from Small Looms (Writers Digest Guides)
Each bag is created using small looms, such as potholder looms, frame looms and knotted mesh looms.
UK: The Woven Bag

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ANTIQUE SPINNING WHEEL / WALNUT / 33” HIGH

$179.95
End Date: Saturday Sep-7-2019 17:09:43 PDT
Buy It Now for only: $179.95
Buy It Now | Add to watch list

Charkha book style spinning wheel

$130.00
End Date: Tuesday Sep-3-2019 18:56:25 PDT
Buy It Now for only: $130.00
Buy It Now | Add to watch list

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backstrap loom: blloom26

>This backstrap loom is an example of huipil fabric, woven by Quiche speaking Mayan people, in Nahaula Guatemala. Backstrap looms are often fastened to a tree or post. The other end of the loom wraps around the weaver’s waist and the weaver adjusts the tension by leaning back on the loom.

Backstrap Loom of Jacaltenango, Guatemala
This site gives a good explanation of how to weave on a backstrap loom.

Weaving with a Backstrap Loom

Here are some great pictures of backstrap weaving in Indonesia.

Weaving Workshops & Tours
If you are planning to travel to Mexico, you can take a weaving workshop to learn traditional Mayan backstrap weaving.
backstrap loom

Weaving Looms

Chinese Foot loom
Warp weighted loom
Ground loom
Vertical beam loom

Museum for Textiles Exhibit

Weaving Books: Beginner Weaving

Weaving for Beginners: An Illustrated Guide (Peggy Osterkamp’s New Guide to Weaving Series)
Provides beginners with the information they need to weave in a clear and enjoyable step-by-step way.
UK: Weaving for Beginners

Learning to Weave
Learn such basics as three methods for step-by-step warping, basic weaving techniques, project planning, reading and designing drafts, the basics of all the most common weave structures, and many more handy hints.
UK: Learning to Weave

Weaving Made Easy: 17 Projects Using a Simple Loom
The small, portable rigid heddle loom can be used to easily produce loose, drape-friendly fabric as well as dense, sturdy material.
UK: Weaving Made Easy

Beginners Guide to Home Weaving and Spinning
Kindle edition
UK: Beginner Guide to Home Weaving

The Woven Bag: 30+ Projects from Small Looms (Writers Digest Guides)
Each bag is created using small looms, such as potholder looms, frame looms and knotted mesh looms.
UK: The Woven Bag

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ANTIQUE Reed Company Little Dandy Loom -  Weaving Rug Loom

$500.00 (0 Bids)
End Date: Sunday Aug-25-2019 11:13:25 PDT
Bid now | Add to watch list

Electric bobbin winder, weaving loom

$148.00
End Date: Thursday Sep-5-2019 20:50:51 PDT
Buy It Now for only: $148.00
Buy It Now | Add to watch list

KINGFISHER II TAPESTRY LOOM

$215.00
End Date: Tuesday Sep-10-2019 6:25:50 PDT
Buy It Now for only: $215.00
Buy It Now | Add to watch list

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Weaving Looms: blloom

Looms have been made throughout the world, in all shapes and sizes. Here is a photo gallery of some that were displayed at the Museum of Textiles.
vertical beam loom
Vertical Beam Loom

ground loom
Ground Loom

warp weighted loom
Warp-weighted Loom

backstrap loom
Backstrap Loom

chinese foot loom
Chinese Foot Loom

Weaving Books

Learning to Weave
Learn such basics as three methods for step-by-step warping, basic weaving techniques, project planning, reading and designing drafts, the basics of all the most common weave structures, and many more handy hints.
UK: Learning to Weave

Weaving Made Easy: 17 Projects Using a Simple Loom
The small, portable rigid heddle loom can be used to easily produce loose, drape-friendly fabric as well as dense, sturdy material.
UK: Weaving Made Easy

The Weaver’s Idea Book: Creative Cloth on a Rigid Heddle Loom
Techniques include leno, Brooks bouquet, soumak, and embroidery on fabric.
UK: Weavers Idea Book

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ANTIQUE Reed Company Little Dandy Loom -  Weaving Rug Loom

$500.00 (0 Bids)
End Date: Sunday Aug-25-2019 11:13:25 PDT
Bid now | Add to watch list

Electric bobbin winder, weaving loom

$148.00
End Date: Thursday Sep-5-2019 20:50:51 PDT
Buy It Now for only: $148.00
Buy It Now | Add to watch list

KINGFISHER II TAPESTRY LOOM

$215.00
End Date: Tuesday Sep-10-2019 6:25:50 PDT
Buy It Now for only: $215.00
Buy It Now | Add to watch list

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Cardboard Box Loom: aa041001

A Header is woven at the beginning of a project. This can be woven of any type of scrap yarn as usually the header is removed once the project is finished. Try to use a similar weight of yarn as what will be used in the actual piece. The Header helps to align the warp into place, allows you to check for threading errors and gives a good edge for beating the weft into place.

Weaving the Header

Tabby

Use a knitting needle or a small stick to pick up the warp threads. In Tabby or Plain weave, every other warp thread is picked up, so the weft travels over and under each thread.

Rest the knitting needle on the edge of the box to hold the raised threads in place, while you draw the weft thread through the open shed.

For the next row, pick up the alternate warp threads with the knitting needle and weave the weft thread across.

Weaving Tabby

Arc the Weft

Because the weft thread travels over and under the warp threads, it is necessary to make extra allowance for this when weaving in the weft thread. Otherwise, once the weft is beaten into place, it will cause the warp edges to draw in, and can result in broken warp threads on the edges of the woven piece. One way to avoid this, is to slightly arc the weft when weaving it across.

Arc the Weft

Beating the Weft

On a larger floor or table loom, you will have a reed and beater that will beat the weft into place. With Tapestry looms, the weft is usually beaten with a hand held beater. For this small cardboard box loom you can use a fork.

After each row of weft or pick, use the tines of the fork to beat or gently press the weft into place evenly across the loom.
cardboard loom

Beginner Weaving Looms

Cardboard Loom Project

Spears Loom
How to weave tapestry on a child’s Spears weaving loom.

Double Hole Rigid Heddle
Add beads to your weaving project.

Beginner Weaving Books

Weaving for Beginners: An Illustrated Guide (Peggy Osterkamp’s New Guide to Weaving Series)
Provides beginners with the information they need to weave in a clear and enjoyable step-by-step way.
UK: Weaving for Beginners

Learning to Weave
Learn such basics as three methods for step-by-step warping, basic weaving techniques, project planning, reading and designing drafts, the basics of all the most common weave structures, and many more handy hints.
UK: Learning to Weave

Weaving Made Easy: 17 Projects Using a Simple Loom
The small, portable rigid heddle loom can be used to easily produce loose, drape-friendly fabric as well as dense, sturdy material.
UK: Weaving Made Easy
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ANTIQUE Reed Company Little Dandy Loom -  Weaving Rug Loom

$500.00 (0 Bids)
End Date: Sunday Aug-25-2019 11:13:25 PDT
Bid now | Add to watch list

Electric bobbin winder, weaving loom

$148.00
End Date: Thursday Sep-5-2019 20:50:51 PDT
Buy It Now for only: $148.00
Buy It Now | Add to watch list

KINGFISHER II TAPESTRY LOOM

$215.00
End Date: Tuesday Sep-10-2019 6:25:50 PDT
Buy It Now for only: $215.00
Buy It Now | Add to watch list

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Cardboard Loom: aa040201

You don’t need expensive equipment to weave. A flat piece of cardboard or a cardboard box can easily turn into a loom that you can weave mug rugs, placemats or intricate tapestries on. This is a great project for kids or for teaching beginners to weave.

cardboard loom tapestry

To make a simple loom from a cardboard box, find a good sturdy box. (A shoebox might not be strong enough.)

With a sharp knife, cut the flaps off the top of the box. Then using a ruler mark off the
“sett” for the loom at the top edges of the box. If you are going to be using thicker yarns, you can mark use a sett of 4 epi (ends per inch). Make a mark each 1/4 inch along 2 For narrower setts you could use 5 or 6
epi.
With a sharp knife cut a 1/4″ – 1/2″ slit at each of the markings.
cardboard box loom

Use a sturdy cotton or linen yarn for the warp (the lengthwise threads of the woven piece). Secure the end of the warp thread to your cardboard loom with a piece of tape.
Begin to wrap the warp thread around the loom, placing a thread in each slit at the top of the box edge. Continue to wrap the warp around the box.

Tighten any loose threads to an even tension. Then secure the other end of the warp with another piece of tape.

Your warp of your cardboard loom is now threaded and you are ready to begin to weave.

How to weave on your Cardboard Loom

cardboard loom

A Header is woven at the beginning of a project. This can be woven of any type of scrap yarn as usually the header is removed once the project is finished. Try to use a similar weight of yarn as what will be used in the actual piece. The Header helps to align the warp into place, allows you to check for threading errors and gives a good edge for beating the weft into place.

cardboard box loom

Beating the Weft

On a larger floor or table loom, you will have a reed and beater that will beat the weft into place. With Tapestry looms, the weft is usually beaten with a hand held beater. For this small cardboard box loom you can use a fork.

After each row of weft or pick, use the tines of the fork to beat or gently press the weft into place evenly across the loom.

cardboard box loom

Weaving the Weft with Tabby

Use a knitting needle or a small stick to pick up the warp threads. In Tabby or Plain weave, every other warp thread is picked up, so the weft travels over and under each thread.

Rest the knitting needle on the edge of the box to hold the raised threads in place, while you draw the weft thread through the open shed.

For the next row, pick up the alternate warp threads with the knitting needle and weave the weft thread across.

cardboard box loom

On cardboard looms, or simple frame looms, the warp threads are hand manipulated. On larger looms with more harnesses, this task is more automated. The warp yarns are threaded through individual heddles in the harnesses. By raising a harness or shaft, this raises all the heddles that are on the shaft.

For example, on a 4-shaft table or floor loom, the warp yarn is threaded through the 4 shafts or harnesses. For this simple Tabby weave, the first warp thread goes through the first heddle of the first harness.
The 2nd warp thread goes through the first heddle of the second shaft.
The 3rd warp thread goes through the first heddle of the 3rd shaft.
The 4th warp thread goes through the first heddle of the 4th shaft. In a Draft Plan, the threading would look like this:

tabby weave draft

Weaving Weft in Twill

Another type of common pattern in weaving is Twill. The weft threads go over 2 and under 2 warp threads. On the following row, the next 2 threads are picked up and the following 2 warp threads are lowered. This results in a diagonal design running either to the right or left depending on the direction that you are weaving.

Weaving Twill

weave twill

If you number the warp threads: 1,2,3,4 (repeat)

Row 1

Pick up threads 1 and 2, skip over threads 3 and 4, pick up 1 and 2, skip 3, 4 (repeat).

Pass the weft yarn through the open shed.

Row 2

On the 2nd row, move over 1 warp thread from the previous row, and pick up the next 2 threads and lower the following 2.
Skip warp thread 1

Pick up warp threads 2 and 3

Skip threads 4 and 1

Pick up threads 2 and 3

Skip threads 4 and 1Repeat to the end, and pass the weft thread through the open shed.

Row 3

Skip warp threads 1 and 2

Pick up threads 3 and 4

Repeat to the end of the row and pass the weft thread through the open shed.

Row 4

Pick up warp thread 1

Skip threads 2 and 3

Pick up threads 4 and 1

Skip threads 2 and 3

Pick up threads 4 and 1

Repeat this sequence to the end of the row and pass the weft thread through the open shed.

Twill Variations

Twill is a very versatile weave structure, and you will find many variations in twill design. By changing the direction of the pickup, the diagonals will change to the right or to the left. Twills are also woven by varying the number of warp threads that are picked up or lowered.

twill

Twill Draft

Weaving Clasped Weft

In addition to using twill, tabby or other types of weave structures, an easy way to add interest to your weaving is to use different colored weft yarns. Clasped weft is a technique that uses 2 different colored weft threads in the same row of weaving.

Although this technique is being shown on a cardboard loom, the clasped weft technique can be done on larger looms as well, using 2 shuttles.

Clasp Weft Technique

Advancing the Warp

Are you getting near the end of the box and don’t have room to weave anymore? You don’t have to quit yet, as you still have lots of warp left, wrapped around the box.

box loom weaving

box loom

Slide a knitting needle or other stick under the warp threads at the beginning of your woven piece.

  • Lift up gently on the needle and remove the warp threads from the notches of the box.
  • Gently pull on the warp threads and slide the project forward on the loom, leaving the top end of the warp threads in the other notches.
  • Adjust the tension on the warp threads if necessary, securing them with tape.
  • You are now ready to continue weaving.

Weave a Circle

Although I haven’t done so in this sample project that I wove, you could keep weaving all around the box, creating a complete circle.

Finishing

box loom tapestry

Once you have woven the length of project that you wish to have, cut the warp off the loom, leaving a 2 – 3 inch length of warp at each end for the fringe.

Group 2 or 3 warp ends together and secure with an overhand knot.

Here are some other ideas for weaving with cardboard looms.
2nd Grade Cardboard Loom
These kids in Grade 2 made looms from a flat piece of cardboard and wove some very colorful pieces.
Yarn Weaving
7th Graders wove circular tapestries on paper plates.
Simple Loom Weaving
A lesson plan for weaving on a cardboard loom and learning about the Hispanic and Navajo traditions of weaving in New Mexico.
Childs Elementary School
An inspiring gallery of woven works done by students using different colors and textures of yarns.
Photo Album
Grade 7 and 8 students of Page Middle School wove some pouches on their cardboard looms.
5th Grade Art
5th graders are studying about the arts and crafts of various cultures. They have woven medicine bags on cardboard looms, made ceramic whistles and Aboriginal dot paintings.

Spears Loom
How to weave tapestry on a child’s Spears weaving loom.

Double Hole Rigid Heddle
Add beads to your weaving project.

Beginner Weaving Books

Weaving Made Easy: 17 Projects Using a Simple Loom
The small, portable rigid heddle loom can be used to easily produce loose, drape-friendly fabric as well as dense, sturdy material.
UK: Weaving Made Easy

Hands on Rigid Heddle Weaving
Wonderful projects and plain-weave variations, this user-friendly guide covers choosing, setting up, and weaving on a rigid heddle loom.
UK: Hands on Rigid Heddle

The Woven Bag: 30+ Projects from Small Looms (Writers Digest Guides)
Each bag is created using small looms, such as potholder looms, frame looms and knotted mesh looms.
UK: The Woven Bag

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