Category Archives: Hemp

About hemp yarns for weaving, knitting, crochet

Nettles Spinning: aa052502

The fibre from the Nettle plant has been used as clothing in many cultures. In Nepal, the Himalayan giant nettle was processed and used for both fine clothing and for sailcloth. The fibre from the inner part of the plant was removed. The bark is stripped and can be used for basketry. To soften the fibre, the inner bark was simmered overnight in a solution of water and wood ash. The nettle fiber is then beaten and rubbed with oil to make it easier to separate and tease for spinning. The fibre is dried in the sun and handspun with a hand spindle.


American Stinging Nettle
Brousseau Collection
© Br. Alfred Brousseau, Saint Mary’s College

Nettle Cultivation

An exploratory study was done by FAIR-CT98 to reintroduce the cultivation of stinging nettle Urtica Dioica. The nettles are planted on trial fields of 10 hectares and the fibres will be spun into yarn and woven into fabrics to determine different applications.

Grado Zero Espace
is researching the use of nettle as an environmentally friendly alternative textile. Nettle yarn was used in WW1 and WW2 as a substitute for cotton yarns. Stinging nettle has a hollow core making it a natural insulation. For warmer winter garments the yarn is spun with less twist so the hollow fibre can remain open. For summer wear the fibres are more tightly twisted, reducing the insulation . Nettles were also used as a natural dye. The leaves produce a green and the roots were boiled with salt or alum to yield a yellow dye.

Through the Eye of the Needle – You Tube

Nettle Books

Through the Eye of a Needle: The True Story of a Man Who Went Searching for Meaning – and Ended Up Making His Y-fronts
UK: Through the Eye of a Needle

101 Uses for Stinging Nettles
UK: 101 Uses for Stinging Nettles

From Sting to Spin
Gillian Edom writes about the historic use of nettles.

From Sting to Spin: A History of Nettle Fibre
UK: From Sting to Spin

Nepal Nettle Project

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Hemp Rya Tapestry

I’ve recently moved my weaving studio again – this time to Chichester, UK. The studio is now located in my new home and my loom now has its own lovely garden room, complete with Keri the cat.
Snikeri loom
The new house is over 3 floors (lots of stairs to climb to keep me in shape) There is a tall wall that is over 10 feet in height as you go up the staircase. I thought that this would be a perfect location for a rya rug.
I am planning the tapestry for this wall to be done in 2 long, narrow panels, each approx. 30 inches in width. One panel will be about 10 feet in length and the second one will be slightly shorter – 9 feet in length.
I have a supply of colourful hemp yarns that would be suitable for making rugs or a hemp tapestry.
Here is an initial sketch of the design that I am thinking of. The inspiration for this is a simple multi-colored warp and weft, intersecting and flowing from one panel to the other. The rya knots will be a mixture of single and 3 ply hemp yarns.The background will be woven using single ply black hemp rya knots.

This design may change once I begin to weave, as my projects tend to do, once I am at the loom.

Rya Rug Sketch
Rya Rug Sketch

The warp is a 3 ply natural hemp, sett at 10 epi.
5 rows of tabby are woven between each row of rya knots, using the same natural 3 ply hemp as the warp.

Rya Rug Weaving
Rya Rug Weaving
Rya Rug Weaving
Rya Rug Weaving

Rya Rug Video
How to make a rya rug on the loom.

And a close-up of how the rya knots are tied.

Rya Rugs
Paivatar Yarns Bespoke Rya Rugs Loom woven rya rugs made to order.
History of the Rya Rug
How to Repair a Rya Rug
Rya Rugs

Rya Tapestry Books

Hand-made C.U.M. Rya Rugs

Techniques of Rya Knotting

Hooked rugs & ryas;: Designing patterns and applying techniques

Crochet Water Bottle: cr-h20bottle

This crocheted water bottle holder uses dyed 2 ply Hemp. If you don’t have access to hemp yarn you can substitute with a linen yarn of a similar weight.

Crochet Large Water Bottle

This uses approximately 75 grams of hemp yarn.
crochet h20bag

Base of Water Bottle

Row 1: Chain 6, Join

Row 2: Ch1, SC in loop formed by chain (20x)

Row 3: Ch1, *SC in next stitch, 2 SC in next stitch,* Repeat to end, Join with Sl. st in first stitch(30 st)

Row 4: Ch1, *2 SC in next stitch, 1 SC, * Repeat to end, Join with Sl. st in first stitch(46 st)

The circumference should be approximately the size of the bottom of the water bottle.

If not, add another row increasing 1 SC every other stitch.

Dr Who Crochet Doll
Crochet Doll Kits

Sides of Water Bottle

Row 5: Ch2, *1 DC in each stitch.* Repeat to end, Join with Sl. st in first stitch

Row 6: Ch2, 1DC in next stitch, *Ch 1, skip 1 stitch, DC in next stitch, * Repeat to end, Join with Sl. st in first stitch

Row 7: Ch2, 1DC in next stitch, * Ch1, DC in next loop formed by previous chain stitch. * Repeat to end, Join with Sl. st in first stitch

Repeat Row 7 10 times or to the height of the water bottle.

Top Edge of Water Bottle

Ch 2, *1 DC in next stitch, 1 DC in chain loop,* Repeat to end, Join with Sl. st in first stitch

Ch1, 1 SC in each stitch to end. Join with Sl. st in first stitch

Strap

Ch 1, *SC 5 times,* Turn

Ch 1, * SC 5 times, * Turn

Repeat until strap measures 33 inches or desired length.

Join to other side of the bag with a row of SC.

Cut yarn and sew in the ends.

Crochet Small Water Bottle

This uses approximately 50 grams of hemp yarn.

Base of Water Bottle

Row 1: Chain 5, Join

Row 2: Ch1, SC in loop formed by chain (14x)

Row 3: Ch1, *SC in next 2 stitches, 2 SC in next stitch,* Repeat to end, Join with Sl. st in first stitch(18 st)

Row 4: Ch1, *2 SC in next stitch, 1 SC, * Repeat to end, Join with Sl. st in first stitch(25 st)

The circumference should be approximately the size of the bottom of the water bottle.

If not, add another row increasing 1 SC every other stitch.

Sides of Water Bottle

Row 5: Ch2, *1 DC in each stitch.* Repeat to end, Join with Sl. st in first stitch

Row 6: Ch2, 1DC in next stitch, *Ch 1, skip 1 stitch, DC in next stitch, * Repeat to end, Join with Sl. st in first stitch

Row 7: Ch2, 1DC in next stitch, * Ch1, DC in next loop formed by previous chain stitch. * Repeat to end, Join with Sl. st in first stitch

Repeat Row 7 10 times or to the height of the water bottle.

Top Edge of Water Bottle

Ch 2, *1 DC in next stitch, 1 DC in chain loop,* Repeat to end, Join with Sl. st in first stitch

Ch1, 1 SC in each stitch to end. Join with Sl. st in first stitch

Strap

Ch 1, *SC 4 times,* Turn

Ch 1, * SC 4 times, * Turn

Repeat until strap measures 33 inches or desired length.

Join to other side of the bag with a row of SC.

Cut yarn and sew in the ends.

Crochet Toys
Crochet Hats
Crochet Bags
Afghan Crochet Patterns

Crochet Books: Beginner Crochet

The Crochet Answer Book (Answer Book (Storey))
Kindle Version
Crochet questions, answers, and topics ranging from equipment to resources, line illustrations and charts and specific techniques (stitches, borders, and buttonholes)
UK: Crochet Answer Book

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Hemp hammock: aa051600

I wanted to design a hammock using hemp yarns, that I could hang out on my deck, and enjoy a restful summer afternoon. I chose hemp because of its strength and also its mildew resistance. I wanted the hammock to be quite light and airy looking, but still able to weather the outdoors. I had some 3 ply hemp yarn on hand that I had used for rug warp previously, so knew that it would be fairly strong.

leno lace

I used a 10 dent reed and sett it using a “cram and space” threading. I sett it at 12 epi, threaded the yarn at 2 ends per dent – twice and then skipped a dent. (2, 2, skip) Each group of 4 threads made it fairly easy to do a leno lace pickup.

For added interest, I also used a huck lace threading, making 2 inch square huck lace blocks, alternating with plain tabby threading.

huck draft

Huck Lace and Pick-up Leno Lace

  • Warp Yarn: 3 Ply Hemp 1500 ypp
  • Substitute yarn: Linen yarn of a similar weight can be used
  • Length: 4 yards
  • Sett: 12 epi
  • Using 10 Dent Reed – Thread through reed at 2 per dent , 2, skip
  • Width in Reed: 40″
  • No. Ends: 480
  • Total Warp: 1920 yards
  • Weft: 10/3 Hemp
  • 10 p.p.i.

Weave huck lace block (2″)

Weave tabby 1″

Weave leno lace pickup – 1 row

Weave tabby 1″

Repeat

Finishing

Cut off the loom and hemstitch the ends. Fold each end over to form a tube wide enough to put a metal rod through and hang.

An alternate method of hanging would be to leave about a yard of warp unwoven at each end. Braid the warp ends and use them for hanging the hammock. You will need to add additional warp for this.

Hemp yarns can be a bit difficult to find sometimes. Some hemp yarn sources are listed in our library. If you are unable to find hemp, you can substitute with a linen yarn of a similar weight.

Lace Trade in Bohemia

A study of textiles show that lacemaking and complex weaves date back to the 5th century and have similarities to netting, crochet and knitting.

Huck Lace Drafts
Do you want to try weaving huck lace? Here are some draft variations for this lovely weave structure.

Weaving Leno Lace
Step-by-step instructions for weaving leno lace pickup.

Weaving with Hemp
Hemp is making a comeback with weavers and knitters.

Hemp Suppliers
Are you thinking of trying out this new and exciting yarn? Here are some places you can find hemp yarns.

Weaving Books: Handwoven Lace

Huck Lace: The Best of Weaver’s (Best of Weaver’s series)
A variety of drafts for weaving huck lace.

LACE AND LACEY WEAVES: A compilation of 86 Lace & Lacey Weave projects with complete worksheets. Revised.

Handwoven Laces
Hand weavers can use a loom to quickly produce lovely lacy fabrics. The loom-controlled textures depend upon groups of threads that work together and do not reveal their full effect until the cloth comes off the loom.

A Joy Forever: Latvian Weaving: Traditional and Modified Uses
Historic Latvian household textiles along with contemporary projects that adapt traditional weave structures to the creation of linens, coverlets, and rugs

The Handweaver’s Pattern Directory
Introduction to the tools, equipment, fibers, and yarns used with four-shaft looms, this reference features patterns for 600 different weaves, including twill, zigzag, diamond, herringbone, and block
UK: Handweavers Pattern Directory

The Weaver’s Book of 8-Shaft Patterns
A thousand different patterns on more than 25 weave structures.

Swedish Handweaving
180 handweaving patterns for pillows, curtains, blankets, rugs: 4 harness twills, honeycomb, lace, rosepath, extended point twills, damask.
UK: Swedish Handweaving

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Early Antique Spinning Wheel

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Rare Vintage Made In Holland Louet S10 Wooden Spinning Wheel Clothing Spool

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Fiber Wool Combs Carders Spinning Wheel

$110.00
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Hemp Farm: aa103098

Growing Hemp in the Kootenays

Hemp used to be a crop that was grown in the Kootenay region of British Columbia. The Douhkobors and other settlers grew both hemp and flax and processed it for their clothing.
In a previous article, I have mentioned that in Canada, hemp is again legal to grow for commercial purposes. Recently, I was fortunate to have the opportunity to visit one of the new hemp farms in Grand Forks, BC. As farmers have not grown this crop for several decades, they are going through a learning curve, to know how best to grow and process this crop. With their combined efforts, it is hoped that we, as weavers, will soon be able to benefit and use their fiber crops. I visited with Lonnie Sagal as he showed me around his 30 acre crop of hemp. Unfortunately, I had technical difficulties with my camera, so don’t have photos of the field available.

The first crop was not as successful as hoped, due to a number of reasons. The Canadian government delayed in issuing the planting permits, causing the seed to be planted 3 weeks later than planned. Insufficient fertilizer was used and the seed was not sown closely enough for the stalks to grow as they should. The crop was grown for seed and the seed had been harvested when I visited in October. The cut stalks were laying on the ground, retting. I was fortunate in being able to obtain a handful of hemp stalk, to sample with. Thank you, Lonnie!

I learned that hemp that is grown for fiber use, should be picked in mid August, before the seed develops. The fiber is finer and more pliable. The samples I received are coarser and more suitable for rope than for fine weaving yarns. The retted stalks have now dried. The hemp fiber can be peeled off the stalks quite easily. I spun some of this fiber, and found it to be too coarse to use for fine weaving. I think it would be suitable for weaving baskets or mats, though. Next summer, I also hope to visit this farm a bit earlier in the season, and try again with finer quality hemp. For more info and places you can find hemp to spin or weave with, please check in our Library.

hemp placemat.jpg, 23138 bytes
Hemp Placemat

Warp: Hemp Yarn

Weft: I used the rough hemp hurds that I received from the Hemp farm that I visited.

Hemp Rya Rug
Hemp Tapestry Pillow
Hemp Rep Placemats
Hemp Towel
Hemp Crochet Water Bottle

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Early Antique Spinning Wheel

$125.00 (1 Bid)
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Rare Vintage Made In Holland Louet S10 Wooden Spinning Wheel Clothing Spool

$299.99
End Date: Sunday Mar-22-2020 8:28:00 PDT
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Fiber Wool Combs Carders Spinning Wheel

$110.00
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Hemp in Canada: aa042998

On February 26, 1998, Canada’s Health Minister, Allan Rock announced that hemp could be grown commercially in Canada for the first time in 60 years.
Because of hemp’s versatility of use, there is a quickly growing market for the product with farmers anxious to apply for licensing. For example, In Grand Forks, B.C. about 75 potential growers have expressed interest since this announcement.
Commercial Production of Industrial Hemp

FAQ – Industrial Hemp

The Government of Canada site lists the current licensees of hemp producers and provides information on licensing requirements. In Ontario, hemp has been grown experimentally for the past couple of years.

Kenex is a privately owned Canadian company actively working on research and processing of industrial hemp. Several other hemp cooperatives and associations throughout Canada are involved and are working on developing new processing and market opportunities for this fiber.

It is still not legal to grow hemp in the U.S. but it is a fiber that is of interest to textile producers.

If you’ve tried weaving or spinning hemp, or have other news about uses of industrial hemp in your area, we’d love to hear about them.

hemp Rya tapestry

Weaving with Hemp

A Visit to a Canadian Hemp Farm

Hemp Yarns

Paivatar
Handwovens using Hemp yarns.

Lanaknits
Hemp yarns and kits for knitters.

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Table Loom

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Large four harness table top weaving loom - used

$120.00
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Vintage Wood Rug Weaving Loom W/ Attached Bench

$350.00
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Hemp

hempbasket.gif, 6432 bytes

Hemp, is making a comeback in Canada.
Hemp and Leno Lace
A project using hemp yarns, woven in leno and huck lace.

Hemp Rep Weave
A free weaving pattern for making rep weave placemats with hemp and cotton chenille.

Hemp Tea Towels
Hemp tea towels woven with natural and bleached hemp.
Twill and Tabby Towels
A weaving project for tea towels using cotton warp and hemp weft.

Visit to a Hemp Farm
I was fortunate to be able to visit one of the first hemp crops grown in Canada.

Hemp Tapestry Pillows

CryptoMeria: Time & Devotion Korean Women & The Sacred Hemp
– You Tube

Bioregional Development Group – Hemp Textiles
Experimental growing of hemp for use as a textile fibre in the UK.

Canadian Hemp Corp
CHC is part of a consortium of hemp growers and manufacturers who are committed to promoting the education and use of this important textile resource.

Golden Troll
Hemp yarns and twine for weaving, macrame, jewellery making, knitting or crochet.

Hemp Active
Hemp Active is an Australian wholesale supplier of hemp yarns, fibres and fabrics.

Hemp in Cumbria
A history of flax and hemp in Cumbria.

Hempline
Hempline has 60/40 hemp/polyester and 40/40/20 hemp/wool/polyester blends or yarn suitable for upholstery weaving.

Hemp Textiles Int.
Hemp Textiles Int. is a wholesale supplier of hemp spinning fibres and yarns. They have recently developed a 50% hemp/50% wool blend of yarn.

Lanaknits
Lanaknits has some wonderful knitting kits using hemp yarns.

Paivatar

Hemp and cotton blend handwovens.

Hemp Traders
Hemp Traders provides the public with information pertaining to hemp textiles, including properties of hemp and wash and care instructions.

Louet
Louet has a selection of bast fibres for handspinning, water or dew-retted flax, ramie and Chinese hemp.

The Mannings
The Mannings has hemp in 2 ply: fine at 1200 ypp and medium at 2400 ypp.

Mendel’s Hemp
Mendel’s believes in the greatness of hemp and have a selection of hemp products including dyed yarns and twine.

Textiles from Hemp Fibers
The growing of hemp was legalized in Germany in 1996. This article explains the state of hemp textiles at the current time stating that “the weaving of hemp textiles still is more an art than a science.”

Textura Trading
Textura Trading has a light honey-coloured hemp imported from Europe.

Weaving Books: Handwoven Lace

Handwoven Laces
Hand weavers can use a loom to quickly produce lovely lacy fabrics.

A Joy Forever: Latvian Weaving
Historic Latvian household textiles along with contemporary projects.

Huck Lace
All about Huck lace weave structure.

Lace and Lacey Weaves
86 Lace & Lacey Weave projects.

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Table Loom

$160.00
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Large four harness table top weaving loom - used

$120.00
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Vintage Wood Rug Weaving Loom W/ Attached Bench

$350.00
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Weaving with Hemp: aa041798

hemp Rya tapestry

From rope to fine tablecloths, hemp has been used by industry and for textiles for many centuries. The earliest uses of hemp date back to the Chinese, in the 28th Century B.C. Shortly after the War of Independence, farmers could pay their taxes with hemp. Hemp could easily be grown in most fields and was usually rotated with crops of corn. An issue of Popular Mechanics ’38 describes hemp as being a billion dollar crop.
The development of the decorticator made it possible to easily extract fiber from the core of the plant. Hemp is making a resurgence in the textile industry as well as pulp and paper production. Hemp is being used in high fashion by designers such as Calvin Klein.
In the U.K. hemp cloth was woven for the first time in a century by the Chelsea College of Art and Design in London. The first fiber was sent to a mill in Ireland and wetspun into a coarse yarn. A second sample was sent to Belgium, where it was scrutched, yielding a finer product.
In 1995, hemp was grown in Canada on a few experimental farms in Ontario. Recently, the growing of industrial hemp was legalized in Canada. Hopefully, this will mean that we will have the opportunity to experience weaving with this traditional fiber. It is exciting to see that hemp is making a comeback – and in Canada, too. Right now, farmers are growing the seed variety for food and as an alternative to the wood pulp industry. The hemp growers in Canada have not yet explored the textile market for this crop.
As I think about weaving with hemp, it amazes me how quickly our knowledge of a fiber and its processing can be lost. As the use of hemp was banned, and spinning mills destroyed, this unique resource is now virtually unknown to us.

As the demand for hemp products has grown, the quality of yarn has improved significantly. There is still quite a variance in the quality of hemp yarns on the market. Partly this is due to the quality of the hemp crop, weather and growing conditions, and partly due to the various processing techniques used. We, as handweavers, can make an important contribution to the development of this fiber. The processors of hemp yarns can use our input to develop their products. As we begin to again weave with this fiber, we can rediscover the many uses that hemp can provide. By weaving with hemp and displaying our woven products, others will gain an understanding and appreciation for this almost forgotten fiber.
Hemp, like flax (linen) is one of the bast fibers. When weaving with hemp yarns, you can treat it like a linen yarn, using similar setts. It improves and softens with age. Hemp is also mildew resistant, making it an excellent yarn for towels, bath linens and carpet warp as well as in fine table linens and clothing.
I hope that you will give it a try.

A Visit to a Canadian Hemp Farm

Hemp Yarns

Rya Rug in Hemp

Hemp Rep Placemats

Twill Tabby Towels

Crochet Water Bottle

Hemp Hammock

Paivatar
Handwoven items made with Hemp yarns

Lanaknits
Hemp yarns and kits for knitters.

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Table Loom

$160.00
End Date: Thursday Mar-26-2020 15:35:22 PDT
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Large four harness table top weaving loom - used

$120.00
End Date: Saturday Feb-29-2020 18:30:49 PST
Buy It Now for only: $120.00
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Vintage Wood Rug Weaving Loom W/ Attached Bench

$350.00
End Date: Tuesday Mar-3-2020 10:02:50 PST
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