Tag Archives: weaving pattern

Twill Weaving Draft

One of the basic weaving drafts is the twill draft. In a twill weave, one or two consecutive warp threads are raised and two are lowered. On the following pick the next 2 warp threads are raised and two are lowered, creating a diagonal slant to the fabric.

2/2 Twill
twill draft

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Twill and Tabby Towel Pattern
Hot Tub Towels Pattern
Weaving on a Cardboard Loom
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Tapestry pillow: aa041506

hemp tapestry pillows

These pillows were woven on the loom using a double width weaving technique. The centre of each pillow was also woven on the loom, with a variety of techniques: clasped weft, tapestry, and leno lace.

Warp length: 4 yd.

Warp: 3 ply bleached hemp

Sett: 16 epi

Width on Loom: 19 inches

# Ends: 304

Double Width Draft woven on 4 shafts
double width weaving draft

This weaving draft shows how to weave 2 layers on 4 shafts.
Shaft 1 & 2 (Orange) )weave one layer,

and Shafts 3 & 4 (Green) )weave the second layer.
tube.jpg, 15459 bytes

The above draft shows how to weave a tube.

  • Raising shaft 1 – weaves the top layer.
  • Raising shaft 2 – weaves the bottom layer.
  • Raising shaft 3 – weaves the top layer.
  • Raising shaft 4 – weaves the bottom layer.

 

tube.jpg, 15459 bytes

To weave the pillow

tap-pillow.jpg, 9145 bytes

The tapestry is centered onto the pillow front. Allow for approx. 2-3 inches for the outside edges of the pillow.

Weave the bottom section of the pillow first, as a tube.

  • Raising shaft 1 – weaves the top layer.
  • Raising shaft 3- weaves the bottom layer.
  • Raising shaft 2 – weaves the top layer.
  • Raising shaft 4 – weaves the bottom layer.

 

After you have woven the bottom edge of the pillow – approx. 3 inches, you will now weave the top sides and the back of the pillow, leaving the centre section unwoven.

  • Starting at the right side of the pillow, raise Shaft 1 to weave the top right side of the pillow.
  • Leaving the centre tapestry section of the pillow unwoven, pick up and weave the top right edge, throwing the shuttle from left to right.
  • Now lift shaft 2 and weave the bottom of the pillow, throwing the shuttle from right to left.
  • Raise shaft 1 and weave the top left edge of the pillow, throwing the shuttle from left to right.
  • Raise shaft 3 and weave the top left edge, throwing the shuttle from right to left.

tap-pillow-direction.jpg, 10981 bytes

Once you have woven the sides of the pillow you can now weave the tapestry centre.

Clasped Weft

claspedweft019.jpg, 36480 bytes
In this example I used a clasped weft technique. Using 2 shuttles of different coloured wefts, throw one shuttle across the weft (Yellow) and return it, looping the weft around the second (Red) weft thread. Pull back gently on the first weft yarn (Yellow) to adjust the placement of the 2 wefts. Change sheds and beat. You may need to use a tapestry beater to beat the threads into place. Weave the next row again with the same clasped weft technique

Clasped Weft

Martha Rae Middleton has collected wonderful examples of this tapestry technique
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Tapestry Weaving

Tapestry Weaving: A Comprehensive Study Guide
Tapestry Weaving (Search Press Classics)
Tapestry Weaving: Design and Technique
Contemporary International Tapestry
The Complete Book of Tapestry Weaving

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Weaving Pattern – hemp rep placemats: aa011202

Warp-face Rep weave (ripsmatta, ripsi) is a weave structure that uses 2 weights of weft yarn, a thick and a thin yarn, woven in tabby, to create a horizontal ribbed design. In a true warp-faced rep, the warp is sett very closely. When woven, the entire weft is covered.

Hemp placemat
In these hemp placemats, I have used a looser sett, allowing the thick weft to show through. This adds an additional design element to the placemats. The placemats are woven using 2 coloured yarns, alternating in the threading. When woven in tabby, this creates a reversible placemat of different colours.

rep weave

Warp

  • Colour 1: 100 grams 720 ypp 3 ply dyed hemp (Red)
  • Colour 2: 200 grams 720 ypp 3 ply dyed hemp (Burgundy)
  • Natural: 100 grams 1500 ypp 3 ply natural hempWarp Length: 4 ydNo. Ends: 150

    Sett: 10 epi

Border

The borders on the placemats are approx. 2 inches in width. Use Colour 1 & Colour 2 alternating in the threading.
rep weave

Threading:

Colour 1 – 10 ends (Red)

Colour 2 – 10 ends (Burgundy)

Center

The warp for the Center of the placemats uses Colour 2 and a natural hemp yarn.

Threading:

Colour 2 – 54 ends

Natural – 54 ends
rep weave

Weft

For the thick weft, you can use a thick cotton mop yarn. Or you can combine several 8/2 cotton or cotton chenille yarns together. These can all be the same colour, or for different colour effects, try mixing several different colours. For the thin weft, use either 1 strand of 8/2 cotton or 20/2 cottolin.

Weave in Tabby with 2 shuttles, alternating between thick and thin wefts, to create a ribbed weave effect.

Finishing

Cut the finished warp from the loom and zig-zag stitch the ends to prevent fraying. Wash in warm water and machine dry.

Iron the warp and then cut the placemats to 18″ lengths. Sew bias tape to finish the edges.
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Weaving Patterns

Twill Tabby Towels
Hot Tub Towels
Paper Wallhanging
Wool Roving Rug

Handweaving Pattern Books

The Weaver’s Book: Fundamentals of Handweaving
UK: Fundamentals of Handweaving

Favorite Scandinavian Projects to Weave: 45 Stylish Designs for the Modern Home
A collection of 45 different furnishing textiles: colorful blankets, fanciful table runners, classic curtains, and embroidered hand towels.

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Weaving Project – Hemp Towel: aa082502

This project uses 3 ply natural and 1/2 bleached hemp as warp (1500 ypp). The red coloured blocks are 22/2 cottolin. If you don’t have any hemp available, you can substitute with 22/2 cottolin for the complete warp. The weft is natural single ply hemp. Again, you may substitute with a singles linen.

This design works well as towels or as placemats. The blocks and stripes are very versatile and the design can be easily altered by increasing or decreasing the number of blocks or their size. This is a doubleweave structure where the warp threads create design blocks that are reversed on the back of the cloth.

hemp towel

REVERSE

Weaving Draft

towel weaving draft

 

Sett 24 epi
Width 20 inches
Takeup and shrinkage – 15%
Warp Length 4 yards
Warp Yarns Natural Hemp – 775 yards
Bleached Hemp – 775 yards
Red Cottolin – 368 yards
Weft Yarn Single Ply Hemp or Linen – 1600 yards
Threading
Border Edges 1.5 inches
Alternate Natural & 1/2 Bleached hemp
18 ends Natural Brown Hemp (D-Dark)
18 ends 1/2 Bleached Hemp(L-Light)
(Or substitute with a light & dark shade of cottolin)
The Dark Hemp is threaded on shafts 2 & 4
The lighter bleached hemp is threaded on shafts 1 & 3
This is a double weave structure. When woven the darker shade will show up on one side of the fabric and the lighter shade will be on the reverse.
Red Blocks Each Red Block is 1/2″ wide
12 Ends
separated by 8 ends of the natural/bleached hemp.
In this double weave structure, the 6 Red ends are threaded on shafts 5 & 7 and the natural hemp is threaded on shafts 6 & 8. This results in the red blocks showing up on one side of the fabric and the natural hemp on the reverse.
D-Dark Hemp
R-Red Cottolin
L-Light Hemp
R-Red Cottolin
D
R
L
R
D
R
L
RD
L
D
L
D
L
D
LRepeat this threading 3 times
for the 3 Blocks of Red
Total: 60 ends
Striped Centre Each Striped section is 1″ wide – 24 ends
with 20 ends of alternating Dark and Light Hemp
followed by 4 ends of Red Cottolin, creating a narrow pin stripe of red on the natural background.
To make wider towels, increase the number of pin stripes.
D
L
D
L
D
L
D
L
D
L
D
L
D
L
D
L
D
L
D
L
R
R
R
R
24 ends
Repeat this 11 times
for a width of 12″
288 ends
Repeat the threading for Red Blocks and Border in Reverse for the other side of the towel.
Border Edge 36 ends
Red Blocks 60 ends
Centre Stripes 288 ends
Red Blocks 60 ends
Border Edge 36 ends
Total 480 ends
Heddle Count 1 – 942 – 94
3 – 94
4 – 94
5 – 26
6 – 26
7 – 26
8 – 26

Weaving Patterns

Hemp Rep Placemats
Linen Towels
Hemp Towels
Hot Tub Towels

Weaving Books and Patterns

Linen from flax seed to woven cloth
Learn about flax cultivation, processing and spinning, natural and synthetic dyeing, and weaving and finishing linen cloth.
UK: Linen from flax seed..

Mastering Weave Structures
How to design threadings, channel the design power of the tie-up, and make the most of threading options, as well as understand fibers, setts, and color interactions.
UK: Mastering Weave Structures

The Big Book of Weaving: Handweaving in the Swedish Tradition: Techniques, Patterns, Designs and Materials
This book covers basic subjects such as warping a loom and making bobbins of weft, as well as more elaborate, highly decorative projects: baby blankets, shawls, table cloths, and linen hand towels.
UK: Big Book of Weaving

..More Weaving Books..

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Dimity: aa061201

Dimity Cord is an interesting weave structure that produces lines of cord and crepe, depending on the width of the pattern blocks. The vertical stripes alternate between a 1:2 twill wave and an imperfect tabby.

I used the dimity cord draft to weave silk scarves. Each pattern block was 1/2 inch in width. You can adjust the width of the stripes to suit your taste.
dimity scarf

This project makes 2 scarves, each with a finished length of approx. 72″ plus fringe.

Warp 30/2 Silk
Warp length 6 yd
# Ends 260
Sett: 30 epi
Weft: 30/2 Silk
PPI: 30
Width in Reed: 8.5″
Finished Width: 6.5″

Treadling

Allow for an 6″ fringe before beginning your scarf. Weave for 72″ following the treadling plan, using 30/2 silk weft, or another yarn of similar weight.Leave an allowance of 12″ for fringe between the first and second scarf.

After weaving the second scarf allow another 6 inches for fringe.

Leftover Warp

If you have some warp left, weave this off following the treadling plan, in either the same yarn as the weft, or a slightly heavier weight. This can be of silk, cotton, or linen.In the next project, I will give instructions on making a small handbag, using the leftover warp.

Dimity Cord Closeup

Finishing

Finish the edges by making a Twisted Fringe. Wash both scarves and dry. Iron.

Weaving Draft

Dimity Cord Draft
Rosepath
Birdseye
Whig Rose
Summer Winter

Handwoven Scarf Books

Collapse Weave: Creating Three-Dimensional Cloth
Collapse cloth—cloth that, when removed from the loom and washed, takes on an entirely different appearance as the threads draw up and create puckers.
UK: Collapse Weave

Handwoven Scarves
From light silk to chunky chenille, from subtle white-on-white jacquard to bold magenta and goldenrod plaid, from four-inch-wide neck wraps to three-foot-wide body wraps, there is a scarf here to delight and encourage every handweaver.
UK: Handwoven Scarves

Devore: For Weavers & Knitters
UK: Devore

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Weaving Project – Mirror Warp: aa021201

Mirror warping and overdyeing is a great way to use up leftover yarns to weave a scarf or a throw.

For this throw project, you can search through your yarn stash for all your odd colours of yarns, that you don’t know what to do with. Try to use yarns of similar weights and fibre types. Such as all wools, or cottons. The colours don’t have to be co-ordinated, because you will be overdyeing them, so colour clashes are great for this project.

 

Mirror Warp Throw

Mirror Warp

When weaving a mirror warp, your warp should be twice as long and half as wide as a normal warp and you will need to put a Cross at BOTH ENDS of the warp. When threading the warp to the loom, you will fold the warp in half and thread both ends of the warp onto the loom, creating a mirror image of the warp.
mirror warp diagram

Mirror Warp Throw Pattern

To weave a standard wool throw, I use the following measurements:

Warp Yarn: 2 ply fine wool
(Briggs & Little)

Sett: 8 epi

Width in Reed: 45″

No. Ends: 8 x 45 = 360 Ends

Warp length: 3 yards

To convert this to a Mirror Warp:

Sett: 8 epi

Width in Reed: 45″

No. Ends: 360/2 = 180 Ends

Warp Length: 3 x 2 = 6 yards

Wind all of the warp on the warping board or mill.

Overdyed Warp

If you are overdyeing the warp, Tie the crosses loosely but securely. Also add additional ties to the warp chains at one yard intervals. Remember to put crosses at both ends of the warp. You will be overdyeing the whole warp, so make sure that the ties are secure but loose.
Once the dyed warp has dried, you can now thread your loom.

Weaving Projects and Techniques

Tapestry Pillows
Double Width Weaving
Finnweave
Leno Lace Pickup
Doubleweave Pickup
Clasped Weft

Weaving Books: Patterns and Projects

The Big Book of Weaving: Handweaving in the Swedish Tradition: Techniques, Patterns, Designs and Materials
This book covers basic subjects such as warping a loom and making bobbins of weft, as well as more elaborate, highly decorative projects: baby blankets, shawls, table cloths, and linen hand towels.
UK: Big Book of Weaving

The Treasure Chest of Swedish Weaving
Complete pattern drafts for rugs, curtain, table cloths, towels, bedspreads.
UK: Treasure Chest of Swedish Weaving

Key to Weaving: A Textbook of Hand-Weaving Techniques and Pattern Drafts for the Beginning Weaver
A definitive guide to handloom weaving: step-by-step instructions, intricacies of color, fiber and how to use them effectively.
UK: Key to Weaving

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Quilt Block baby blanket: blma-baby

The draft was in the November 1990 issue of Handwoven. They had kitchen curtains and dishtowels in white and blue. I guess the draft is from an old one of Mary Atwater’s. The main trick in this pattern is to make sure the blocks square off with 10 picks or it will become unbalanced. You can’t add a couple of extra picks like you can with overshot, because then the triangles will be off. The pattern thread must be twice as thick as the tabby thread. I used the 8/2s doubled for the pattern.

I used 8/2s unmercerized cotton. I doubled 8/2s colored cotton for the pattern – I actually threw the shuttle twice for each pattern pick. That way they threads lie side by side and don’t cross over. I sett it at16 epi, warp width: 34.25″, total warps – 548 plus 2 floating selvages.

… instead of winding my pattern bobbin with two threads (double) I wound it with a single thread and as I was weaving, for each pattern pick (thread) I’d thow the shuttle once, beat, go around the floating selvage and throw the pattern shuttle again in the same shed. So, my “doubled” pattern threads would lie nicely side by side. To wind two yarns doubled on a bobbin has some problems: as you weave, one of the threads becomes longer than the other, and needs adjusting constantly. There are some little tricks to avoid that while winding the bobbin.

Some weavers use a shuttle with two bobbins. I tried that, but it slows me down too. So I prefer to have one thread on one shuttle and throw it twice. Floating selvages are essential to keeping the thread caught at the edges.

This pattern takes 6 harnesses, but there are many other really lovely patterns for 4 harness looms. Marguerite Davison’s book, A Handweaver’s Pattern Book, is a good source for 4h patterns. You can usually find it in guild libraries and it’s available in many weaving shops. It has been a trusty companion to many weavers for many, many years.

By the way, if your table loom is too narrow for a baby blanket, there’s no reason why you can’t weave half width and then join two pieces down the center. Colonial coverlets were always woven on narrower looms and then two or three pieces were joined for width.

quilt block baby blanket

Baby Blankets

Huck Lace Baby blanket Draft
Huck Lace Blanket
Adriennes Rainbow Blanket

Weaving Books: Beginner Weaving

A Handweaver’s Pattern Book
A collection of 377 patterns for four-harness weaving, organized in groups of similar designs. This is one of the first weaving books I bought and it is still one of my favourites.
UK: Handweavers Pattern Book

Weaving Made Easy: 17 Projects Using a Simple Loom
The small, portable rigid heddle loom can be used to easily produce loose, drape-friendly fabric as well as dense, sturdy material.
UK: Weaving Made Easy

The Woven Bag: 30+ Projects from Small Looms (Writers Digest Guides)
Each bag is created using small looms, such as potholder looms, frame looms and knotted mesh looms.
UK: The Woven Bag

Favorite Scandinavian Projects to Weave: 45 Stylish Designs for the Modern Home
A collection of 45 different furnishing textiles: colorful blankets, fanciful table runners, classic curtains, and embroidered hand towels.
UK: Favorite Scandinavian Projects to Weave

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End Date: Tuesday Sep-10-2019 6:25:50 PDT
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Weaving Project – Huck Lace Blanket: bl-beny

A beginner weaver, Beny has been “baking” Baby Blankets in Huck Lace For my second “real” piece, I decided to weave a baby blanket for a friend with a “bun” in her oven. They following day, I learned that 6 more friends were baking up new additions, and one had doubled up! Off to The Mannings I went! Returning home with more than I intended to purchase, I came up with ten baby blankets. Sent the extra two to a cousin for her baking friends.


I used a 10-dent reed, double-sleyed.

All three yarns are mill ends from The Mannings in Pennsylvania.

The blue and pink are 6/2 cotton. The cream actually has tiny pink, blue, yellow, and green slubs. It is also 6/2 cotton, but feels a bit bigger and has a little more spring.

I threaded a 2″ selvedge on each side and threaded alternating pink and blue groups of seven as 1-2-3-2-3-2-1, alternating with a group of three cream threaded as 4-1-4. I also wove a 2″ selvedge on each end.

I beat pretty hard to get 10 ends per inch each way. After mitering the corners and sewing rolled hem edges (no fringe because they are babies) the finished dimensions are 38″ x 44.”

The best part is that they are done – hooray! I had fun doing them, but now it’s time to move on.

By Beny

Huck Lace Weaving Draft

Baby Blankets

Huck Lace Baby blanket Draft
Huck Lace Blanket
Adriennes Rainbow Blanket

Weaving Books: Beginner Weaving

Weaving for Beginners: An Illustrated Guide (Peggy Osterkamp’s New Guide to Weaving Series)
Provides beginners with the information they need to weave in a clear and enjoyable step-by-step way.
UK: Weaving for Beginners

Key to Weaving: A Textbook of Hand-Weaving Techniques and Pattern Drafts for the Beginning Weaver
A definitive guide to handloom weaving: step-by-step instructions, intricacies of color, fiber and how to use them effectively.
UK: Key to Weaving

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