Tag Archives: warp-weighted loom

Warp-weighted loom: blloom22

Warp-weighted looms have been found dating back to 5500 BC. The loom consists of a heavy frame with a roller beam on the top. The warp is attached to the top beam and the tension is held by weights at the bottom. The weaver usually stands and weaves from the top towards the bottom. The weft is beaten upwards.

Warp-Weighted Looms
Warp-weighted looms have been used since Egyptian times and have been used until this century in Iceland, Norway and Lapland.

Build a Warp Weighted Loom
Here are some instructions for making your own warp-weighted loom.


A sample of a warp-weighted loom at the Smith College Museum

warp-weighted loom

Weaving Looms

Backstrap loom
Warp weighted loom
Ground loom
Vertical beam loom

Museum for Textiles Exhibit

Weaving Books
The Weaver’s Companion (The Companion Series)
The Weaver’s Companion (The Companion Series)
Learning to Weave
The Big Book of Weaving: Handweaving in the Swedish Tradition: Techniques, Patterns, Designs and Materials

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Vintage Box Tape Inkle Weaving Loom Table Top

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Electric bobbin winder, weaving loom

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ANTIQUE Reed Company Little Dandy Loom -  Weaving Rug Loom

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Vertical Beam Loom: blloom12

The vertical beam loom was developed in Syria or the region of the Caucasian Mountains around 2400 BC. This type of loom is still used today for making rugs and tapestries.
Looms and Weaving Tools


A weaver using this type of loom sits and weaves from the bottom up. This loom can also be used as a tapestry frame. Other types of vertical looms that are warp-weighted are woven from the top down.

More warp-weighted looms

vertical beam loom

Warp Weighted Loom
Instructions for how to build a vertical loom

Weaving Looms

Backstrap loom
Warp weighted loom
Ground loom
Vertical beam loom
Museum for Textiles Exhibit

Weaving Books

Weaving for Beginners: An Illustrated Guide (Peggy Osterkamp’s New Guide to Weaving Series)
Provides beginners with the information they need to weave in a clear and enjoyable step-by-step way.
UK: Weaving for Beginners

Learning to Weave
Learn such basics as three methods for step-by-step warping, basic weaving techniques, project planning, reading and designing drafts, the basics of all the most common weave structures, and many more handy hints.
UK: Learning to Weave

The Handweaver’s Pattern Directory
Introduction to the tools, equipment, fibers, and yarns used with four-shaft looms, this reference features patterns for 600 different weaves, including twill, zigzag, diamond, herringbone, and block
UK: Handweavers Pattern Directory

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Vintage Box Tape Inkle Weaving Loom Table Top

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Electric bobbin winder, weaving loom

$148.00
End Date: Thursday Sep-5-2019 20:50:51 PDT
Buy It Now for only: $148.00
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ANTIQUE Reed Company Little Dandy Loom -  Weaving Rug Loom

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Weaving Looms: blloom

Looms have been made throughout the world, in all shapes and sizes. Here is a photo gallery of some that were displayed at the Museum of Textiles.
vertical beam loom
Vertical Beam Loom

ground loom
Ground Loom

warp weighted loom
Warp-weighted Loom

backstrap loom
Backstrap Loom

chinese foot loom
Chinese Foot Loom

Weaving Books

Learning to Weave
Learn such basics as three methods for step-by-step warping, basic weaving techniques, project planning, reading and designing drafts, the basics of all the most common weave structures, and many more handy hints.
UK: Learning to Weave

Weaving Made Easy: 17 Projects Using a Simple Loom
The small, portable rigid heddle loom can be used to easily produce loose, drape-friendly fabric as well as dense, sturdy material.
UK: Weaving Made Easy

The Weaver’s Idea Book: Creative Cloth on a Rigid Heddle Loom
Techniques include leno, Brooks bouquet, soumak, and embroidery on fabric.
UK: Weavers Idea Book

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Vintage Box Tape Inkle Weaving Loom Table Top

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Electric bobbin winder, weaving loom

$148.00
End Date: Thursday Sep-5-2019 20:50:51 PDT
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ANTIQUE Reed Company Little Dandy Loom -  Weaving Rug Loom

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Viking Textiles: aa042197

It is commonly thought that Viking clothing was rough “sack-cloth”. Not so. Viking textiles influenced and were influenced by the many countries in which they travelled. Viking Cloths have described as layers of simple but well fitted garments, using wool, linen, horsehair and dog hair.

Vikings used fibers and yarns that were readily available in their area. In England and Sweden they had access to linen. Silk was also used in the ninth century. In Scandinavia, very fine cloth with counts of 14×11 and 24×12 threads per cm. have been found. Viking fabrics were often made of worsted wool in twill patterns. It can be assumed that Vikings produced fine fulled cloth as fulling mills dating to the later Viking period are found in Britain.

Fabrics were woven on warp-weighted looms. These looms consisted of a roller beam on top of a heavy frame and shafts of heddles that raise and lower the warp threads. The warp was attached to the roller beam and held under tension by weights consisting of soapstone or Icelandic volcanic stones with natural holes. Stones were attached to the bundles of warp threads. As the cloth was woven, it was rolled up onto the beam. It was difficult to produce even edges in weaving because the weighted warp hung freely. The warp-weighted loom later was replaced by the more efficient horizontal loom, that had a shedding mechanism operated by foot pedals (similar to today’s floor looms).
warp weighted loom

Wool was spun using a drop spindle made of wood or bone, and weighted with a whorl of bone, wood, clay, stone or metal. After spinning, the yarn was dyed using natural dyestuffs. The more wealthy Viking could afford brighter and more colourful dyes. Black dye was produced by making a mixture of cochineal (red), woad (blue) and weld (yellow). White was obtained by bleaching the yarn with wood ash.

Tablet weaving was also popular during Viking times. The tablets are made of flat squares of wood or bone with holes in each corner. These are threaded with the warp with the warp yarn and held in the hands. By turning the cards forwards or backwards by half or quarter turns, the warp threads are raised or lowered. Gold wire and colourful threads were used in the weft, producing intricate patterns.

Tablet Woven Madder Root Belt
Tablet Woven Madder Root Belt

Look for plant dyed tablet woven belts in my Etsy Shop.
The Middle Ages in Finland were influenced by the Vikings and ancient outfits. Threads were spindle spun. A typical dress required 30 kilometres of single-ply thread. Strong colours were preferred. Birch leaves were used for yellow. Red came from the roots of northern bedstraw. Blue from dyer’s woad, and green’s from blood-coloured cortinarius and juniper berries. It is possible that mushroom dyes may also have been used for dyeing their clothing.
Naalbinding Hats
Naalbinding Hats Mittens

Blue Skirts Golden Belts
Finland’s Viking Age Textiles

Viking Ships
A visit to the Viking Museum, includes photos of Viking ships and warp-weighted looms.

Viking Museum at Borg

Female Viking Dress is reconstructed from remains found at Birka.

Nalbinding

Nalbinding Pattern for an Iphone bag

Paivatar Tablet Weaving Cards
Paivatar Tablet Weaving Cards

Please check my PaivatarYarn Shop on Etsy for my new tablet weaving cards.

Tablet Woven Pattern
Card Woven Edging
Fungi Dyes

Nalbinding Books
Nalbinding – What in the World Is That?
Nålbindning – The easiest clearest ever guide!
Nalbinding Made Easy
Viking: Dress Clothing Garment

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Vintage Box Tape Inkle Weaving Loom Table Top

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Electric bobbin winder, weaving loom

$148.00
End Date: Thursday Sep-5-2019 20:50:51 PDT
Buy It Now for only: $148.00
Buy It Now | Add to watch list

ANTIQUE Reed Company Little Dandy Loom -  Weaving Rug Loom

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