Ruthanne designed these plans for making your own warping board.
This board will hold a 16 yard warp.
Eliminate the posts marked with an X and it will hold a 14 yard warp.
4 1×4 red oak boards 4 feet long
4 1 inch hardwood dowels – 3 feet long
8 1 1/4 inch wood screws
polyurethane varnish – satin finish
2- 40 1/4 inch
2 – 28 inch
4 – 16 3/4 inch – marked A
17 – 6 inch or 15 – 6 inch
Holes for the posts are drilled through the frame boards
Glued and screwed together from the back
(we had to grind down a 1 inch spade bit to fit the dowels)
Boards are overlapped with the short boards in front
and glued and screwed together from the back
with countersunk wood screws
Posts are bevelled at one end and glued in place.
Everything is sanded and given one coat of satin polyurethane finish
R and M Yarns
R & M has an ever changing selection of mill-end wool, cotton, rayon and acrylic yarns, suitable for machine knitting and weaving.
Robin and Russ Handweavers Inc.
Robin & Russ has been in the handweaving business since the end of WWII. They carry a wide selection of interesting weaving yarns too numerous to list fully on their website.
The Yarn Barn has lots of wool, rug yarns, warp, cottons and linens in addition to their weaving equipment.
Webs Yarn Merchant
Webs has a wide selection of specialty yarns designed for the handweaver, ranging from rayon chenille, to mohair and wool blends.
Treenway has a reference chart of recommended setts for silk and other great information about weaving with silk yarns.
Spinning with a Top- Whorl Drop Spindle
Carol Cassidy-Fayer describes in excellent detail spinning with a drop spindle and warns of possible habit-forming and obsessive behaviours such as hoarding fibre.
Lillian Whipple shows how she uses taquete to weave small motifs for note cards.
Not sure what the word for hemp is in Italian? Check this on-line dictionary for English, German, French and Italian translations.
Janet Meany has an excellent resource library of manuals for historic looms.
Determining the correct sett for your project can be a bit of a challenge. If the same yarn is used in both warp and weft, the following formula should result in a balanced weave structure. W = Wrap the yarn around a ruler, with the yarn just touching, to determine the number of wraps per inch.
I = Study the weave structure of the pattern you wish to use, and determine the number of intersections in the pattern repeat. Each time the weft travels from the front to the back of the fabric, passing between warp threads, this is counted as an intersection.
i.e. in a tabby weave there are 2 intersections in any given 2 warp threads.
in a twill weave there are 2 intersections in any 4 threads.
R = Determine the number of warp and weft threads in one repeat of the pattern.
Sett = W – ((I * W) / (I+R))
Yarn: 10/2 Cotton
W = 35
I = 2
R = 2
Sett = 35 – ((2 * 35) / (2 + 2))
Sett = 18
I = 2
R = 4
Sett = 35 – ((2 * 35)/ (2 + 4))
Sett = 23.4
The result can be rounded up to a sett of 24 epi. It is best to weave a small sample, and wash or wet finish it. As each weaver has a different ‘hand’ or weaves with a slightly different tension, the resulting fabric may yield a product. The sett will have to be adjusted to obtain the desired result. Also, depending on the drape or use of the fabric, the sett may be changed from 10% – 30 %. For a looser weave structure such as lacey curtains, the sett would be reduced. For tight weaves, such as upholstery, increase the sett.