Tag Archives: tapestry

Rebuilder Tapestry

LouLou Morris, one of the regulars to our local Stitch and Bitch group that meets on Monday evenings at The Park Tavern in Chichester, is also a tapestry weaver. Recently she was commissioned to weave a tapestry for the Chichester Cathedral to celebrate the rebuilding of the cathedral spire.

Rebuilder Tapestry
Rebuilder Tapestry

Artist Statement
Loulou Morris
“Your people will rebuild the ancient ruins and restore the foundations of past generations. You will be called the Rebuilder of Broken Walls and the Restorer of Streets Where People live” Isaiah 58:12

Although the theme of my residency is linked to the collapse and subsequent rebuilding of the Cathedral spire, I have chosen to use the prophetic words to explore the idea of “rebuilding” in other ways – as I believe they were intended. There is much to celebrate in the reconstruction of a building; there is even more to celebrate in the regeneration of a people, the renewal of relationships or the healing of an individual. All these strands have been in my mind as I have chosen imagery and words to be included in the tapestry that I shall be weaving during the residency. The act of weaving – creating both imagery and surface at the same time – is wonderful to partake in, as spectator or maker. First there is emptiness, then warp as the foundation and then weft builds the structure and tells the story. Tapestry weaving is a slow and careful art in a fast world. There are no instant results.

Tapestry Artist Rebuilds New Spire
Halfunderstood Blogspot
How long will it take to complete? Loulou estimates about 4 months. So follow on to LouLou’s blogspot to watch the continued progress of this tapestry.

Tapestry on Pipe Loom
Tapestry on Pipe Loom

Rebuilder Tapestry
Rebuilder Tapestry

Rebuilder tapestry

Rebuilder Tapestry
Rebuilder Tapestry
Rebuilder Tapestry
Rebuilder Tapestry

Tapestry Weaving
Tapestry Pillow
Hemp Rya Tapestry
Cardboard Loom Tapestry
Twill Tapestry
Horse Song Tapestry

Tapestry Weaving Books
Tapestry Weaving (Search Press Classics)
Tapestry Weaving: A Comprehensive Study Guide
Tapestry Weaving: Design and Technique
Tapestry Weaving: A Comprehensive Study Guide

Vintage Box Tape Inkle Weaving Loom Table Top

$100.00 (0 Bids)
End Date: Wednesday Aug-28-2019 16:19:02 PDT
Bid now | Add to watch list

Electric bobbin winder, weaving loom

$148.00
End Date: Thursday Sep-5-2019 20:50:51 PDT
Buy It Now for only: $148.00
Buy It Now | Add to watch list

ANTIQUE Reed Company Little Dandy Loom -  Weaving Rug Loom

$500.00 (0 Bids)
End Date: Sunday Aug-25-2019 11:13:25 PDT
Bid now | Add to watch list

Spears loom

I found this lovely little loom on Ebay. It came in its original box, complete with instructions and weaving sticks. It is a Spears No 3 Weaving Loom made in the 1950’s. Spears looms were designed to be a child’s toy loom, but they are quite sturdy and well made. With the rigid heddle that lifts and lowers alternate warp threads, the looms are designed for weaving plain fabrics.

However I thought that I could also use this loom for weaving small tapestries. Rather than threading the reed using both the holes and slots, I threaded the warp through the holes only as I will not be using the reed to lift and lower the warp or to beat the weft in place. Instead I will lift and lower the warp threads by hand, as in tapestry. I use a fork to beat down the weft into place.
To test this loom I put on a narrow warp (about 4 inches in width)

[sc name=”adsense-in-ad”]

Yarn

Warp:
For this project I used 3 ply hemp yarn for the warp. 18 ends, 2 yards in length.
If you don’t have hemp, you can substitute with a linen or a strong cotton yarn.
Weft:
I am using single ply handspun wool for the weft that has been dyed with natural fungi and plant dyes.
Boletopsis Grisea – Greens
Cortinarious semisanguineous -Ppinks
Logwood – Blue/grey
I wind small amounts of yarn into butterflies.

Spears loom

The ‘warp beams’ have slots in them for tying the warp threads to. I found it quite fiddly and difficult to hold the warp in place in the grooves, so I used some cello tape to tape them down. Once the ends were secure I wound the warp onto the ‘back beam’ and put the holding pin (brake) into the small holes on the beam to hold it in place.

warp spears loom

Spears weaving loom

At the front end of the loom, I tied the warp ends over the warp beam, similarly to tying them on a floor loom.

In this sample, I am demonstrating a few common tapestry techniques.

Header

I begin the project by weaving in a header using 2 ply wool. Weave a tabby pattern (over/under warp threads) for about 1/2 inch to create a firm edge for the tapestry.

weave header

Slit Technique

In the Slit technique, each colour is woven back and forth, separately. This is generally used in small sections as a slit is created in the rug.

tapestry split technique

Warp Interlock

Two colours can also meet by wrapping around the same warp thread. The Warp Interlock creates a jagged edge and is used in diagonal joins.

tapestry interlock technique

Diagonal

Diagonal (or other) shapes are woven using a combination of interlocking techniques. The steepness of the diagonal determines when to change to the next colour.

tapestry diagonal technique

Weft Interlock

In the Weft Interlock, the two adjoining colours wrap around each other between two warp threads. It is used on long vertical joins.

Spears weaving loom

My Next Tapestry Project

Fish Hut tapestry
Fishing Hut Tapestry
.. work in progress..

Fishing Hut Tapestry
[sc name=”medianet300x250″]

More Spears Looms

Spears No 4 Loom
Spears No 3 Loom
Spears No 2 Loom

Tapestry Weaving Books

Small Loom & Freeform Weaving: Five Ways to Weave
Included are 30 projects, some of which can easily be completed in an evening or weekend. Step-by-step, diagrammed instructions for personal items, such as iPod and cell phone holders, scarves, purses, and jewelry, and home decor projects, such as pillows, table runners, wall hangings, and book covers.

Tapestry Handbook
The weaving process is explained step-by-step and illustrated with over 300 beautiful color photographs and diagrams of tapestry techniques.

Tapestry Weaving
Clear instructions on how to weave tapestry.

[sc name=”medianet300x250″]

ANTIQUE SPINNING WHEEL / WALNUT / 33” HIGH

$179.95
End Date: Saturday Sep-7-2019 17:09:43 PDT
Buy It Now for only: $179.95
Buy It Now | Add to watch list

Charkha book style spinning wheel

$130.00
End Date: Tuesday Sep-3-2019 18:56:25 PDT
Buy It Now for only: $130.00
Buy It Now | Add to watch list

[sc name=”Amazon-Bottom”]

Handweaving – Clasped Weft: blclaspweft1

In addition to using twill, tabby or other types of weave structures, an easy way to add interest to your weaving is to use different colored weft yarns. Clasped weft is a technique that uses 2 different colored weft threads in the same row of weaving.

Working from the right pass the weft yarn through the open shed, creating a loop on the left side of the warp.

Thread the second yarn color through the loop.

With your right hand, pull the weft yarn back through the open shed, pulling the second yarn with it.

Place the yarns in the location that you want them to be, and straighten out the weft ends.

Beat the weft into place.

Note that this does create 2 rows of weft yarn in the same shed.

How to Weave on a Cardboard Box Loom
Pin Weaving
Tapestry Weaving
Sami Weaving with a Double Hole Reed

Weaving Books

Key to Weaving: A Textbook of Hand-Weaving Techniques and Pattern Drafts for the Beginning Weaver
A definitive guide to handloom weaving: step-by-step instructions, intricacies of color, fiber and how to use them effectively.
UK: Key to Weaving

The Weaver’s Idea Book: Creative Cloth on a Rigid Heddle Loom
Techniques include leno, Brooks bouquet, soumak, and embroidery on fabric.
UK: Weavers Idea Book

The Woven Bag: 30+ Projects from Small Looms (Writers Digest Guides)
Each bag is created using small looms, such as potholder looms, frame looms and knotted mesh looms.
UK: The Woven Bag

[sc name=”medianet300x250″]
[sc name=”Amazon-Bottom”]

Weaving Twill Tapestry: bltwilltap

I had the good fortune to be able to take a workshop on Twill Tapestry with weaver and tapestry artist, Kaija Rautiainen a couple of years ago. The workshop was held at the Kootenay Gallery of Art, History and Science in Castlegar, BC.
Weaving Between the Lines
This was an exhibition of contemporary British Columbia tapestry sponsored by the B.C. Society of Tapestry Artists (B.C. STARS) and the Canadian Craft Museum. The exhibition was curated by veteran tapestry maker and art educator Jane Kidd. Weaving Between The Lines includes works by the artists Anne Clark, Marion Cragg, Gabriela Diaconu, Laura Ford, Barbara Heller, Alison Keenan, Lois Kennedy, Margaret Klajnart, Mieko Konaka, Karen Leitch, Anthea Mallison, Jane MacKenzie, Kaija Rautiainen, and Jane Kidd (Curator).

Craft Association of BC
If you ever have the chance to take a workshop with Kaija, I highly recommend it. Also, be sure to drop by her studio if you are visiting in Vancouver, BC. You can find Kaija and Barbara Heller in their studio on Granville Island.

Twill Tapestry Technique

Kaija Rautiainen developed this technique based on a Finnish style of double cloth, only she uses a tapestry design on one side of the cloth.

Place a cartoon design behind the warp, as you do in regular tapestry.

Warp

Use 4/8 cotton, seine twine or linen # 4 or 6

Sett: 10 epi

Use a dark coloured warp, because the warp shows through the tapestry and becomes part of the design element.

Design Weft

The design weft is hand manipulated.
Design weft should be about 1/2 or 2/3 thickness of the background weft.

Wind the design weft into small butterflies

Background Weft

The background weft is wound onto bobbins on a regular shuttle.

Alternate between the background weft and the design weft.
In the Draft shown above, Shaft 4 – weaves the Inlay.

Shafts 1,2,3 – Background

Shaft 3 – Inlay

Shafts 1,2,4 – Background

Shaft 2 – Inlay

Shafts 1,3,4 – Background

Shaft 1 – Inlay

Shafts 2,3,4 – Background
This creates a double layer of cloth. On the back all you see is the Twill cloth. The Inlay design weaves on top of the background.

Weaving Drafts

Rosepath
Birds Eye Weaving Draft
Dimity Cord
Summer Winter Draft
Krokbragd
Huck Lace
Log Cabin
Broken Twill Weave
Tapestry on a Child’s Spears Weaving Loom

[sc name=”medianet300x250″]

Vintage Box Tape Inkle Weaving Loom Table Top

$100.00 (0 Bids)
End Date: Wednesday Aug-28-2019 16:19:02 PDT
Bid now | Add to watch list

Electric bobbin winder, weaving loom

$148.00
End Date: Thursday Sep-5-2019 20:50:51 PDT
Buy It Now for only: $148.00
Buy It Now | Add to watch list

ANTIQUE Reed Company Little Dandy Loom -  Weaving Rug Loom

$500.00 (0 Bids)
End Date: Sunday Aug-25-2019 11:13:25 PDT
Bid now | Add to watch list

[sc name=”Amazon-Bottom”]

Easter Tapestry: tapestry-easter

Free designs and patterns for tapestry weaving with and Easter craft theme.

Easter Lily Pattern
A free Easter lily pattern designed for stained glass, but could be used for tapestry.

Easter Cross Tapestry

rabbit11.jpg, 4529 bytes

Easter Crafts and Patterns:

Easter Beadwork
Easter Knitting Patterns
Easter Crochet Patterns
Easter Cross Stitch and Needlework Patterns
Easter Clipart
Easter Weaving, Dyeing and Spinning Crafts
Natural Easter Egg Dyes
Easter Basketry

Tapestry Handbook: The Next Generation (Schiffer Books)The process is explained step-by-step and illustrated with over 300 beautiful color photographs and diagrams of tapestry techniques.

Tapestry 101
This book is a beginning course for the person interested in learning how to do woven tapestry. There are plans for a simple, but competent loom, information on the equipment and materials you’ll need for weaving, and instructions on doing the basic techniques that you need to know to complete your own tapestry.

Tapestry Weaving: A Comprehensive Study Guide
The art and method of tapestry weaving from construction of a basic frame loom, to cartoon design, to finishing techniques.

Tapestry Weaving
This book contains everything you need to know about the materials you need to get started, how to start and how to create wonderful patterns, landscapes and images.

[sc name=”medianet300x250″]

Vintage Box Tape Inkle Weaving Loom Table Top

$100.00 (0 Bids)
End Date: Wednesday Aug-28-2019 16:19:02 PDT
Bid now | Add to watch list

Electric bobbin winder, weaving loom

$148.00
End Date: Thursday Sep-5-2019 20:50:51 PDT
Buy It Now for only: $148.00
Buy It Now | Add to watch list

ANTIQUE Reed Company Little Dandy Loom -  Weaving Rug Loom

$500.00 (0 Bids)
End Date: Sunday Aug-25-2019 11:13:25 PDT
Bid now | Add to watch list

[sc name=”Amazon-Bottom”]

Navajo Rugs: aa031097

Native American Navajo rugs were influenced by the Pueblo Indians and by the Spanish explorers.

Navajo rugs are handwoven on an upright loom. The wool is handspun and dyed using natural dyestuffs. Black or grey came from the natural colours of the sheep. Yellow was made from turnip roots or sage. Senna gave a rust colour and walnut was used for brown.

Navajo rugs are hand manipulated. Each thread is woven by passing it by hand over and under the warp threads. A few of the techniques, that are also common to other tapestries are described.
slit
In the Slit technique, each colour is woven back and forth, separately. This is generally used in small sections as a slit is created in the rug.
warp interlock
Two colours can also meet by wrapping around the same warp thread. The Warp Interlock creates a jagged edge and is used in diagonal joins.
weft interlocka
In the Weft Interlock, the two adjoining colours wrap around each other between two warp threads. It is used on long vertical joins.


Diagonal (or other) shapes are woven using a combination of interlocking techniques. The steepness of the diagonal determines when to change to the next colour.

D. Y. Begay described the process of weaving a Navajo rug. How the sheep are shorn, the wool is carded and spun on a Navajo spindle and dyed using natural dyes such as mistletoe fungus found on juniper trees, yellow from Chamizo stems and flowers, and rose colours from the prickly pear cactus fruit. She also uses black beans, walnuts, cedar bark, blood roots, onion skins and cochineal for her rich palette of colours.
[http://www.amug.org/%7Edybegay/weavprp.htm]

Navajo weavers today such asLena Ateneare teaching their craft to their children, hoping to pass their knowledge on before it is lost forever. She describes her life as a weaver and her respect for the loom.
[http://www.math.utah.edu/~clemens/Stories/Lena.html]

Fleecing Navajo Weavers
The popularity of Navajo rug designs has allowed some fair trade businesses to thrive while Navajo weavers suffer. Thousands of Diné (Navajo) weavers face formidable competition as their historic patterns, increasingly reproduced abroad, are imported and sold via sophisticated marketing schemes, including hundreds of websites on the internet.

Navajo Women Artists in Resistance are members of the sovereign Dineh Nation. Their website describes their desire to protect their traditonal lands, language and culture of weaving, silversmithing and agriculture.

Sadie Curtis Navajo Weaver

Navajo Weaving Books

The Goat in the Rug
Geraldine is a goat, and Glenmae, a Navajo weaver. One day, Glenmae decides to weave Geraldine into a rug.

Blanket Weaving in the Southwest
A masterful classification scheme for southwestern textiles—and a book that establishes an essential baseline for understanding craft production.

One Hundred Years of Navajo Rugs
Designed for the general reader, museum goer, or collector, it offers a guide to identifying and dating rugs by means of weaving materials. Wool quality, the author explains, is the single most important clue to the date of a rug’s manufacture. Rodee also provides historical background on the great Navajo weavers and especially on the traders who bought rugs from the Navajo.

[sc name=”medianet300x250″]

Vintage Box Tape Inkle Weaving Loom Table Top

$100.00 (0 Bids)
End Date: Wednesday Aug-28-2019 16:19:02 PDT
Bid now | Add to watch list

Electric bobbin winder, weaving loom

$148.00
End Date: Thursday Sep-5-2019 20:50:51 PDT
Buy It Now for only: $148.00
Buy It Now | Add to watch list

ANTIQUE Reed Company Little Dandy Loom -  Weaving Rug Loom

$500.00 (0 Bids)
End Date: Sunday Aug-25-2019 11:13:25 PDT
Bid now | Add to watch list

[sc name=”Amazon-Bottom”]