Tag Archives: school crafts

Felting Project – Felt Necklace

This easy felting project makes a felted necklace with a bit of handspun yarn, crochet and wool roving.

I had a bit of leftover handspun single spun merino wool yarn that I crocheted for the base of the necklace. Using a 4.5 mm crochet hook, crochet a chain of approx. 100 stitches ( 36 inches). Join. Using a slip stitch work the ends into the chain for about an inch or two.

Wet Felted Necklace
Wet Felted Necklace

How to Crochet a Chain Stitch

If you are new to crochet, here are some instructions to get you started.

chain crochet
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I used a similar method to felt the wool balls into the crochet chain, as I used when I made the hand felted Easter eggs.
You will need:
1 bowl of cold tap water.
1 bowl of hot tap water.
Add a bit of dish detergent to the bowl of hot water.
Small bits of dyed merino wool roving.

Begin by felting the crochet necklace base. Dip it in the hot soapy water and rub the necklace vigorously between the plam of your hands until it begins to felt.

Take a small piece of dyed wool roving and wrap it around the crochet necklace, forming a small ball.
Dip the ball of wool into the bowl of hot soapy tap water.
Rub the wool roving in the palm of your hand, forming a ball or bead shape.
Continue to rub it vigorously and continue to dip it in the hot soapy water.
The wool will start to harden and form a ball shape.
When it starts to harden, dip it in the cold water and continue to roll it between the palms of your hands.
Alternate between dipping the wool ball in the hot water and cold water, squeezing out excess water.
When the wool ball has become quite hard (about 3-4 minutes of rolling)
Pinch and shape the ball into a around ball or egg shape.

felt necklace

Continue to roll in your hands and dip into the cold and hot water
until you are happy with the consistency of the hardened felt.

If you wish to make larger ‘beads’ wrap a bit more roving around the partially felted ball and continue the felting process. Dip it into hot water and continue to rub between your hands as above. Alternate between hot and cold water and rubbing.

felted necklace

Then continue making more felt balls working your way around the necklace. Use different colours of wool roving and have fun!

If you try this project, I hope you will post a picture on our Facebook page.

Felting Projects

Wet Felted Easter Eggs
How to Make Felted Easter Eggs

More about Feltmaking

Felted Posey Pot

How to Make Handmade Felt
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Felting Books

Hand Felted Jewelry and Beads: 25 Artful Designs
Quick & Clever Felting
Felt Frenzy: 26 Projects for All Forms of Felting
Heartfelt: 25 Projects for Stitched and Felted Accessories

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50 Colors Wool Fibre Roving DIY Needles Felting Starter Kit Handcraft Mat Tools

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36 Colors Pure Wool Roving Needle Felting Sewing Trimming Cute Fun DIY Craft US

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Wet Felted Easter Eggs

How to wet felt Easter eggs in 5 minutes – This project makes small quail size felted eggs. Good for a beginner felters of all ages.

felted quail eggs

    Time required: 5 minutes

    Supplies needed:

    Small quantities of wool roving, both natural white and dyed colours
    (Merino wool top works best)
    Small bits of wool yarn
    1 bowl of hot water
    Dish detergent
    1 bowl of cold water

Fill a bowl with hot tap water and a bit of dish detergent.
Fill a second bowl with cold tap water.
Take a small piece of white wool roving and form it into a ball shape.
Take another bit of coloured wool roving or wool yarn and wrap it around the formed ball.
Dip the ball of wool into the bowl of hot soapy tap water.
Rub the wool roving in the palm of your hand, forming a ball shape.
Continue to rub it vigorously and continue to dip it in the hot soapy water.
The wool will start to harden and form a ball shape.
When it starts to harden, dip it in the cold water and continue to roll it between the palms of your hands.
Alternate between dipping the wool ball in the hot water and cold water, squeezing out excess water.
When the wool ball has become quite hard (about 3-4 minutes of rolling)
Pinch and shape the ball into an egg shape.
Continue to roll in your hands and dip into the cold and hot water
until you are happy with the consistency of the hardened felt.

How to Make Felted Easter Eggs

The music for this video was kindly supplied by Moby
MobyGratis.com

Sony HDR-CX190 High Definition Handycam 5.3 MP Camcorder with 25x Optical Zoom (2012 Model)

Serif MoviePlus X5

Feltd Egg Shells
Feltd Egg Shells

Feltmaking
Wet Felting at Waldorf
Making handmade felt is part of the curriculum at Waldorf schools.

rainbow birds
Etsy: Rainbow Birds
Folksy: Rainbow Birds

Felted Necklace
Felted Posey Pot
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Feltmaking Books
Felting – The Complete Guide
Combine painting and sculpture, wrap it up in the delightful texture of wool, and you have felting.
UK: Felting

Little Felted Animals: Create 16 Irresistible Creatures with Simple Needle-Felting Techniques
How to make the cutest little miniature animals, using just a few simple tools and some wool roving.
UK: Little Felted Animals

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50 Colors Wool Fibre Roving DIY Needles Felting Starter Kit Handcraft Mat Tools

$15.97
End Date: Saturday Dec-14-2019 1:43:03 PST
Buy It Now for only: $15.97
Buy It Now | Add to watch list

36 Colors Pure Wool Roving Needle Felting Sewing Trimming Cute Fun DIY Craft US

$8.82
End Date: Wednesday Nov-27-2019 19:28:27 PST
Buy It Now for only: $8.82
Buy It Now | Add to watch list

Cardboard Loom: aa040201

You don’t need expensive equipment to weave. A flat piece of cardboard or a cardboard box can easily turn into a loom that you can weave mug rugs, placemats or intricate tapestries on. This is a great project for kids or for teaching beginners to weave.

cardboard loom tapestry

To make a simple loom from a cardboard box, find a good sturdy box. (A shoebox might not be strong enough.)

With a sharp knife, cut the flaps off the top of the box. Then using a ruler mark off the
“sett” for the loom at the top edges of the box. If you are going to be using thicker yarns, you can mark use a sett of 4 epi (ends per inch). Make a mark each 1/4 inch along 2 For narrower setts you could use 5 or 6
epi.
With a sharp knife cut a 1/4″ – 1/2″ slit at each of the markings.
cardboard box loom

Use a sturdy cotton or linen yarn for the warp (the lengthwise threads of the woven piece). Secure the end of the warp thread to your cardboard loom with a piece of tape.
Begin to wrap the warp thread around the loom, placing a thread in each slit at the top of the box edge. Continue to wrap the warp around the box.

Tighten any loose threads to an even tension. Then secure the other end of the warp with another piece of tape.

Your warp of your cardboard loom is now threaded and you are ready to begin to weave.

How to weave on your Cardboard Loom

cardboard loom

A Header is woven at the beginning of a project. This can be woven of any type of scrap yarn as usually the header is removed once the project is finished. Try to use a similar weight of yarn as what will be used in the actual piece. The Header helps to align the warp into place, allows you to check for threading errors and gives a good edge for beating the weft into place.

cardboard box loom

Beating the Weft

On a larger floor or table loom, you will have a reed and beater that will beat the weft into place. With Tapestry looms, the weft is usually beaten with a hand held beater. For this small cardboard box loom you can use a fork.

After each row of weft or pick, use the tines of the fork to beat or gently press the weft into place evenly across the loom.

cardboard box loom

Weaving the Weft with Tabby

Use a knitting needle or a small stick to pick up the warp threads. In Tabby or Plain weave, every other warp thread is picked up, so the weft travels over and under each thread.

Rest the knitting needle on the edge of the box to hold the raised threads in place, while you draw the weft thread through the open shed.

For the next row, pick up the alternate warp threads with the knitting needle and weave the weft thread across.

cardboard box loom

On cardboard looms, or simple frame looms, the warp threads are hand manipulated. On larger looms with more harnesses, this task is more automated. The warp yarns are threaded through individual heddles in the harnesses. By raising a harness or shaft, this raises all the heddles that are on the shaft.

For example, on a 4-shaft table or floor loom, the warp yarn is threaded through the 4 shafts or harnesses. For this simple Tabby weave, the first warp thread goes through the first heddle of the first harness.
The 2nd warp thread goes through the first heddle of the second shaft.
The 3rd warp thread goes through the first heddle of the 3rd shaft.
The 4th warp thread goes through the first heddle of the 4th shaft. In a Draft Plan, the threading would look like this:

tabby weave draft

Weaving Weft in Twill

Another type of common pattern in weaving is Twill. The weft threads go over 2 and under 2 warp threads. On the following row, the next 2 threads are picked up and the following 2 warp threads are lowered. This results in a diagonal design running either to the right or left depending on the direction that you are weaving.

Weaving Twill

weave twill

If you number the warp threads: 1,2,3,4 (repeat)

Row 1

Pick up threads 1 and 2, skip over threads 3 and 4, pick up 1 and 2, skip 3, 4 (repeat).

Pass the weft yarn through the open shed.

Row 2

On the 2nd row, move over 1 warp thread from the previous row, and pick up the next 2 threads and lower the following 2.
Skip warp thread 1

Pick up warp threads 2 and 3

Skip threads 4 and 1

Pick up threads 2 and 3

Skip threads 4 and 1Repeat to the end, and pass the weft thread through the open shed.

Row 3

Skip warp threads 1 and 2

Pick up threads 3 and 4

Repeat to the end of the row and pass the weft thread through the open shed.

Row 4

Pick up warp thread 1

Skip threads 2 and 3

Pick up threads 4 and 1

Skip threads 2 and 3

Pick up threads 4 and 1

Repeat this sequence to the end of the row and pass the weft thread through the open shed.

Twill Variations

Twill is a very versatile weave structure, and you will find many variations in twill design. By changing the direction of the pickup, the diagonals will change to the right or to the left. Twills are also woven by varying the number of warp threads that are picked up or lowered.

twill

Twill Draft

Weaving Clasped Weft

In addition to using twill, tabby or other types of weave structures, an easy way to add interest to your weaving is to use different colored weft yarns. Clasped weft is a technique that uses 2 different colored weft threads in the same row of weaving.

Although this technique is being shown on a cardboard loom, the clasped weft technique can be done on larger looms as well, using 2 shuttles.

Clasp Weft Technique

Advancing the Warp

Are you getting near the end of the box and don’t have room to weave anymore? You don’t have to quit yet, as you still have lots of warp left, wrapped around the box.

box loom weaving

box loom

Slide a knitting needle or other stick under the warp threads at the beginning of your woven piece.

  • Lift up gently on the needle and remove the warp threads from the notches of the box.
  • Gently pull on the warp threads and slide the project forward on the loom, leaving the top end of the warp threads in the other notches.
  • Adjust the tension on the warp threads if necessary, securing them with tape.
  • You are now ready to continue weaving.

Weave a Circle

Although I haven’t done so in this sample project that I wove, you could keep weaving all around the box, creating a complete circle.

Finishing

box loom tapestry

Once you have woven the length of project that you wish to have, cut the warp off the loom, leaving a 2 – 3 inch length of warp at each end for the fringe.

Group 2 or 3 warp ends together and secure with an overhand knot.

Here are some other ideas for weaving with cardboard looms.
2nd Grade Cardboard Loom
These kids in Grade 2 made looms from a flat piece of cardboard and wove some very colorful pieces.
Yarn Weaving
7th Graders wove circular tapestries on paper plates.
Simple Loom Weaving
A lesson plan for weaving on a cardboard loom and learning about the Hispanic and Navajo traditions of weaving in New Mexico.
Childs Elementary School
An inspiring gallery of woven works done by students using different colors and textures of yarns.
Photo Album
Grade 7 and 8 students of Page Middle School wove some pouches on their cardboard looms.
5th Grade Art
5th graders are studying about the arts and crafts of various cultures. They have woven medicine bags on cardboard looms, made ceramic whistles and Aboriginal dot paintings.

Spears Loom
How to weave tapestry on a child’s Spears weaving loom.

Double Hole Rigid Heddle
Add beads to your weaving project.

Beginner Weaving Books

Weaving Made Easy: 17 Projects Using a Simple Loom
The small, portable rigid heddle loom can be used to easily produce loose, drape-friendly fabric as well as dense, sturdy material.
UK: Weaving Made Easy

Hands on Rigid Heddle Weaving
Wonderful projects and plain-weave variations, this user-friendly guide covers choosing, setting up, and weaving on a rigid heddle loom.
UK: Hands on Rigid Heddle

The Woven Bag: 30+ Projects from Small Looms (Writers Digest Guides)
Each bag is created using small looms, such as potholder looms, frame looms and knotted mesh looms.
UK: The Woven Bag

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Family Fun Crafts: familyfun

Spears Loom
How to weave a small tapestry on a Spears childs loom.

Felt Necklace
How to make a felted necklace.

Felted Eggs
How to make felted Easter eggs.

Cardboard Box Loom Project
You don’t need expensive equipment to weave. A flat piece of cardboard or a cardboard box can easily turn into a loom that you can weave mug rugs, placemats or intricate tapestries on.

Coiled Wool Baskets
An easy basket to make from Fantti wool yarn using a coiled basket technique.

Fairy Tales
Fairy tales often feature weavers and spinners who possess powers of wisdom and ingenuity.

felted elf

Felted Placemat
Your kids will have fun making their own felt placemat. Here’s how.

Felting
Patterns, instructions, and other ideas for making your own felt projects.

Hand Spindles
Even the younger ones can learn to spin yarn using a drop spindle.

Kool-Aid Colours
Kool-Aid dyeing is an interesting way to add colour to yarn.

Naturally Dyed Easter Eggs
Have fun making dyes using foods found in your kitchen.

Papermaking
Instructions and projects for making your own handmade paper.

Paper Wall Hanging
Don’t throw out your gift wrap. Save it for weaving a wall hanging or a placemat.

Pop Goes the Weasel
What is this song about? Is it a spinning song?

Small Looms
Here is a collection of articles and places to find small looms for weaving with beads, making belts and other small items.

Trivia: Mad as a Hatter
What does “Mad as a Hatter” mean?

Weaving and Spinning Stories
Links to tales, poetry and stories about weaving and spinning.

Weaving Demonstration
I had the privilege to give a weaving demonstration to some children and let them try their hand at weaving at Mudchute Farm in central London.
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Handmade Adjustable Floor Rag Rug Twining Loom 48" x 27.5"

$100.00
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Antique Vintage Nilus Leclerc Loom Tension Box Warp Weaving Wood

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Used Nilus LeClerc Table Loom Model MEDICO # S-22-4-73-00

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