Tag Archives: Saami weaving

Raanu

A Raanu rug was traditionally a flat weave weft faced handwoven wall hanging that was sometimes also used as a bed covering. The warp is made of cotton rug yarn or sometimes linen yarn, and the weft is woven of multicoloured fine wool yarns, often a single ply. The weave structure is a repp weave and the weft is beaten down firmly so that the warp yarns are fully covered.

The earliest Raanu date back to the 1600’s. The Saami wove Raanu (Rátnu, Rádno, Grene) and used them as wall coverings in their tents and sod huts. The designs of the Raanu depicted the colours of the landscape scenes around them and brought some colour into their homes during the dark and long winter nights. Raanu were also woven in many parts of Finland. In the 1960-70’s Raanu again became popular and were displayed on the walls of many Finnish and Scandinavian homes.

I thought that I would weave a Raanu based on one of my favourite places in the UK, West Wittering Beach. The photo is by Robert Lane.

West Wittering Beach
West Wittering Beach

I am weaving this Raanu with yarns that I have dyed with natural dyes. The dyes I have used are:
Indigo, Logwood, Madder Root, Brazilwood, Alkanet Root, Indian Barberry, Flame of the Forest

Raanu Rug Weaving
Raanu Rug Weaving

Warp Yarn: Cotton Rug Warp 12/9 1900 m/kg
Weft Yarn: Sport Weight Wool 2600 m/kg
Sett: No. 30 Reed (approx 6 epi)
Width in Reed: 60 cm
PPI: 30 ppi
Weave Structure: Repp Weave

The weft yarns must be beaten firmly. Throw the shuttle. Beat. Change shed. Beat again before throwing the next weft.

West Wittering Beach Raanu
West Wittering Beach Raanu

Raanu Mallit
Raanu – Historical Weave Structures
Raanu or Ryijy
Raanu Minimalist Design
Peilikäs raanu as a mirror

Finnish Heritage Museum
Raanu Weaving

Weaving Books
The Weaver’s Companion (The Companion Series)
The Weaver’s Companion (The Companion Series)
Learning to Weave
The Big Book of Weaving: Handweaving in the Swedish Tradition: Techniques, Patterns, Designs and Materials

Weaving on Ebay

Tapestry Tabletop Weaving Loom Wide Warping Oak Frame Craft Long Short Warp Rods

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Glimakra Band Loom

The latest loom to enter my loom collection is a 2 shaft band loom made by Glimakra. I like to weave narrow bands using a small, hand held rigid hedddle, but I am hopeful that a band loom will make the band weaving process more efficient.

Finnish Band Loom
Finnish Band Loom

The Glimakra band loom arrived (Ikea style) in a box, as an assortment of wooden sticks and a one page diagram of how to put the bits together.
After a bit of pondering, I sorted the wooden bits into sections.

Band Loom Bits
Band Loom Bits

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Band Loom Heddles and Sticks
Band Loom Heddles and Sticks
Band Loom Pieces
Band Loom Pieces

Once I had all the pieces sorted, it was fairly easy to assemble the loom following the diagram provided.
I slid the 2 shaft sections into the 2 center pieces and attached them with the 2 screws provided.
Then I attached the front and back pieces to the side panels of the loom.

Band Loom Assembly
Band Loom Assembly
Glimakra Band Loom Assembly
Glimakra Band Loom Assembly

The foot pedals are attached to the 2 shafts with the texsolv that has been provided, and tied to the side panels with the leather strips.

Band Loom Foot Pedals
Band Loom Foot Pedals
Band Loom Foot Pedal
Band Loom Foot Pedal

My Glimakra Band Loom is ready to go!

Glimakra Band Loom
Glimakra Band Loom

My First Band Loom Warp
I wanted to weave some fine tape for sewing hanging loops for tea towels that I have been weaving.

Warp: 16/2 cotton
Warp length: 2.5 meters
Weft: 16/2 cotton

Red Tape Weaving Draft
Red Tape Weaving Draft
Weaving Red Tape
Weaving Red Tape on Band Loom
Woven Red Tape
Woven Red Tape
Tape and Tea Towels
Tape and Tea Towels

More Band Loom Samples

Christmas Sparkle Band
Christmas Sparkle Band
White and Black Woven Cotton Band
White and Black Cotton Band

Sami Shoe Band in Wool
Sami Shoe Band in Wool

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Band Weaving
Band Loom Pickup – Simplified
How to Warp a Band Loom
How to Weave Pickup Patterns on a Band Loom
Grene Band Weaving Finish
Beaivi Band Loom Weaving

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Handmade Adjustable Floor Rag Rug Twining Loom 48" x 27.5"

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Antique Vintage Nilus Leclerc Loom Tension Box Warp Weaving Wood

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Used Nilus LeClerc Table Loom Model MEDICO # S-22-4-73-00

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Rigid Heddle Band Weaving

2 Slot Weaving Reed Instructions
How to weave using a Saami style double slot weaving reed.

These bands or belts are woven using a rigid heddle loom.
The warp has 31 ends.

Use 2/12 wool yarn for the background warp and weft. (BLUE)
Use 2/5 wool yarn for the pattern weft. (YELLOW)

Thread the weaving reed according to the draft plan below.

Weave the pickup following the weaving pattern draft.

More about Sami Band Weaving

Rigid Heddle Pickup Patterns

Saami Bandweaving

Saami Double Hole Looms

Sami Weaving Drafts

How to Warp a Sami Loom

How to Weave on a Beaivi Sami loom

Bands Belts and Braids

Saami Weaving

Band Weaving Books

Sue Foulkes has written a few books about Sami band weaving and using a Sunna heddle.

Inkle Weaving
UK: Inkle Weaving

Card Weaving
With nothing more than colored yarn and simple cardboard squares, crafters can produce exquisitely patterned woven bands.
UK: Card Weaving

..more Braiding books..

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Ashford Spinning Wheel Traditional. VINTAGE! Single Treadle. Works Good, NICE!

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ANTIQUE UNIQUE WORKING SPINNING WHEEL SIGNED

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Ashford Kiwi-3 Spinning Wheel - Folding Treadle / Natural Finish - FREE Shipping

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