Tag Archives: Saami band loom

2 Hole Weaving Reed

From high-tech to low-tech weaving –
My latest handweaving obsession is studying more about the weaving of narrow bands, belts and braids done by my ancestors. After finding a unique double slot weaving reed during a trip to Sweden, I did some more research on these small and portable weaving reeds used by the Saami people of northern Scandinavia.
I had seen some photos of weaving reeds in museum collections that had 2 holes instead of one on a small rigid heddle. The additional hole is for the pattern warp thread and makes it easier to weave pickup patterns. The pattern warp thread is picked up to float above the ground weave or pushed down according to the pattern.
During my research I found a Sami loom maker Stoorstalka who makes traditional Sami style weaving reeds using modern materials. I contacted them about these looms and they very kindly designed a weaving reed to my specification.
I am delighted with the result and look forward to spending many delightful hours weaving these colorful and unique style of belts.

Beaivi Loom
You can now order your own Sami 2 hole weaving reed from my Paivatar Yarn shop on Etsy.

Beavi 2 Hole Weaving Reed
Beavi 2 Hole Weaving Reed

Beaivi Wikipedia
Beaivi (or Päivi in Finnish) is the Sami name for the Sun or Sun deity. In Sami myth, she travels with her daughter Beaivi-nieida through the sky in an enclosure covered by reindeer bones, bringing green plants back to the winter earth for the reindeer to eat. She was also called upon to restore the mental health of those who went insane because of the continual darkness of the long winter.

Weaving with a Sami Weaving Reed

Sami belt

This is my first attempt at weaving with this loom. I decided to keep the pattern very simple at this stage, and to concentrate on getting my tension right. I found this weaving reed very easy to use. It is lightweight, easy to thread and very pretty to look at. The threads do not snag, as they did on the earlier wooden version that I had.

The warp ends are tied similarly to when using weaving cards or tablets. One end of the warp is tied to a post – I tie the warp ends to the warping board that is attached to the back of the loom. The other end can be tied to a belt around your waist as in backstrap weaving. I found that clipping the warp threads to an art board that sits on my lap as I weave, an easier method to use, as my back doesn’t hurt while I am weaving, and it provides a surface to rest the weaving pattern and the weaving reed on as I work
.
Weaving with a Double Slot weaving reed.

How to Weave on a Double Hole Rigid Heddle Loom

When you push the heddle down, the pattern threads (Black) move into the middle of the heddle – the top warp threads of the ground warp are raised and the bottom warp threads are lowered.

Hold the weaving reed in this lower position and put your hand into the raised shed, separate the threads and run your hand down to open the shed and beat down the previous row.
The pattern threads (Black) are now in the center, in between the 2 ground warp threads.
Pick up the pattern threads (Black) that are used in this row of the pattern and push down the other (Black) pattern threads. Leave all the other (red) top ground threads in your hand – as this weaves the tabby ground warp.
Pass your weaving shuttle through this row.

Lift up the weaving reed to change the shed.

Put your hand into this shed and beat down the previous row and adjust the tension.

The pattern threads (Black) will now be above both of the ground warp threads.
While holding onto the raised ground warp and pattern warp threads, pick up the (Black) pattern threads according to the pattern draft, and allow the other (Black) pattern threads to drop – keeping all of the raised ground warp threads (Red) up, as this again weaves the tabby ground warp.
Pass the weaving shuttle through this row.

The Black pattern threads that you picked up will float above the warp. The Black pattern threads that you dropped will float on the underside of the warp, creating a mirror effect on the reverse of the cloth.

Change sheds by dropping or pushing down the weaving reed.

Again put your hand into the formed shed and beat down the previous row and adjust the tension.

Adding Beads to Weaving
I thought I would experiment with adding a few beads to this woven band. I used seed beads and strung them onto a length of yarn, similar to the yarn I was using for the weft. I threaded this yarn through on a weft row and positioned the seed bead in between the warp threads and beat the weft into place, and wove the next weft row with the regular weft yarn I had been using.
The loops of weft yarn will be sewn in and trimmed off during finishing.

Double Hole Rigid Heddle Loom

If you are looking for something new to add to your loom collection, why not add one of these from Stoorstalka?

Saami weaving loom


Background of the modern Sami Weaving Loom

Why not a good old loom made of reindeer horn?
More about Sami Weaving
How to Warp a Beaivi Weaving Loom

Saami Double Hole Rigid Heddle Looms

Saami Band Weaving

Sami Duodji
About Sami art and culture.

Braids and Bands
Why not join the Yahoo group to learn more about weaving braids and bands?

Saami Music – Itunes
Binna Banna – Kikki Aikio
Áphi (Wide As Oceans) – Sofia Jannok
Ulda – Ulla Pirttijärvi & Ulda
The Kautokeino Rebellion (Music from the Movie) – Herman Rundberg, Mari Boine & Svein Schultz
Beaivi, Áhcázan (The Sun, My Father) – Nils-Aslak Valkeapää

Saami Weaving Books
Sue Foulkes has written a few books about Sami band weaving and using a Sunna heddle.

Norwegian Pick-Up Bandweaving
The Weaver’s Inkle Pattern Directory: 400 Warp-Faced Weaves
Band. Vävda Band, Brickband, Flätade Band Och Pinnband Av Ull, Lin Och Bomull / Weaving Bands: Woven Bands / Table Bands / Plaited Bands / Insertion Bands [

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Double Slot Weaving Reed

Sami double slot weaving reed

I found this Sami weaving reed in a small craft shop in Sweden. It is used to weave traditional Sami style belts and bands. The reed is similar to a standard rigid heddle but has an extra set of slots that are designed to carry the pattern warp. The regular holes and slots carry the background warp threads. The background warp weaves a basket weave pattern and the pattern threads float on top of the warp threads.

Sami Rigid Heddle Band Weaving
Sami Rigid Heddle Band Weaving

As I was researching about how to weave pickup with this loom, it was recommended that the warp should be attached to a weaving belt tied around your waist (similar to a backstrap loom) or to a ‘weaving board’ where the front and back of the warp are tied to pegs attached to a long wooden board. Since I don’t have a handy DIY guy who could make such a weaving board for me, I found an art board at The Coln Gallery, my local art shop that I thought would work instead. I attached the front of the warp to the bottom edge of the board with a large paper clip. And I tied the back end of the warp to the warping board that is attached to my loom. As I weave, I advance the warp and tighten the tension on the paper clip. This method seems to work quite well.

Sami Band Weaving
Sami Band Weaving

When you raise or lower this weaving reed, the background warp threads lift or lower, creating a shed for weaving. The pattern warp threads remain in the center of the shed.
This makes it quite easy to pick up the pattern threads that you wish to raise according to the pattern.
So that I don’t get mixed up about when to raise or lower the reed, when I throw the shuttle from the left, I raise the reed. When I throw the shuttle from the right, I drop or lower the reed.
The weaving draft can be read from the top down or from the bottom up, according to your preference.

Sami Band Weaving
Sami Band Weaving

Weaving from the Left
Raise the reed. This raises the group of warp threads and creates a shed.
Pick up the pattern threads from the middle of the warp, according to the draft plan.
Hold these pattern threads up along with the warp threads that have been raised.

Throw the shuttle from the left to the right and gently pull the weft thread to adjust the tension.

Weaving from the Right
Allow the reed to drop, lowering the warp threads and raising the alternate warp threads.
Pick up the next row of pattern threads,.
In this example I have lifted #2,#6,#10 pattern threads along with the raised background warp threads.

Sami Band Weaving
Sami Band Weaving

Then beat the previous weft row into place using your finger and adjust the tension for an even beat.

Throw the shuttle from the right to the left and pull the weft thread into place, adjusting the tension.

Sami Band Weaving
Sami Band Weaving
Sami Band Weaving
Sami Band Weaving

In this example, throwing the shuttle from the left, I have raised pattern threads #1, #3, #9, #11

Sami Band Loom
Sami Band Loom

Felting and Finishing

When you weave this belt, the weave structure will be quite loose, similar to when you are weaving a wool blanket or other item. After weaving, it is best to lightly felt it, so that the weave structure will come together. The weave pattern has long floats. Once it has been felted these floats will work their way into the cloth.
I felted this belt by handwashing it quite vigorously in the sink – with a bit of dish soap and hot water. And rinsed in cold water to help shock the wool and make the felting process go more quickly.

Sami Band Woven Belt
Sami Band Woven Belt

More about Sami Band Weaving

Rigid Heddle Pickup Patterns

Saami Bandweaving

Saami Double Hole Looms

Sami Weaving Drafts

How to Warp a Sami Loom

How to Weave on a Beaivi Sami loom

Stoorstalka Weaving Reeds
A traditional Sami weaving reed made of modern materials. Stoorstalka now makes several designs of Sami Weaving reeds: standard, double slot ‘Sunna’ and double hole ‘Beaivi’ – and also a new Sami style weaving shuttle ‘Gehpa’. Wonderful!

You can now purchase them in my PaivatarYarn Etsy Shop

Beaivi Style Sami Weaving Reed
Beaivi Style Sami Weaving Reed

Wooden Weaving Shuttels
Wooden Weaving Shuttels


Background of the modern Sami Weaving Loom

Why not a good old loom made of reindeer horn?

2 Hole Weaving Reed
My New Weaving Loom.

Michael Williams Woodworking
A place to buy handmade wooden weaving reeds, shuttles and other weaving tools

Sami Weaving Books

Sue Foulkes has written a few books about Sami band weaving and using a Sunna heddle.

Saami Music – Itunes

Binna Banna – Kikki Aikio
Áphi (Wide As Oceans) – Sofia Jannok
Ulda – Ulla Pirttijärvi & Ulda
The Kautokeino Rebellion (Music from the Movie) – Herman Rundberg, Mari Boine & Svein Schultz
Beaivi, Áhcázan (The Sun, My Father) – Nils-Aslak Valkeapää

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Spinning wheel used

$100.00 (0 Bids)
End Date: Sunday Nov-17-2019 8:31:38 PST
Bid now | Add to watch list

Ashford Traveller Spinning Wheel

$550.00
End Date: Monday Dec-2-2019 10:42:53 PST
Buy It Now for only: $550.00
Buy It Now | Add to watch list

Book Charkha (Traditional) spinning wheel crafted in India New!

$129.00
End Date: Saturday Dec-7-2019 8:34:13 PST
Buy It Now for only: $129.00
Buy It Now | Add to watch list

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