Tag Archives: reed

Beginner Weaving – Reed: aa092599

A reed is usually made of metal and sits in the beater. It looks much like a comb with small teeth.It’s purpose is to keep the warp threads spread across the web, at an even distance, and is used to beat the weft threads into place while weaving.

bamboo weaving reed

Reeds come in several standard sizes such as 6, 8, 10 or 12 epi. Metric size reeds are also popular. This table gives some of the more common Inch and Metric size reeds.

Dents per Inch Dents per Centimetre
4 1.5
5 2
6 2.5
8 3
10 4
12 5
15 6
18 7
20 8

Once you have decided on the sett of your project, you will need to choose an appropriate reed. Choose the reed that best distributes your yarn to the appropriate sett.

For example, if your sett is 8 epi then use an 8 dent reed, threading one end into each dent. If your sett is 20 epi, choose a 10 dent reed, threading 2 ends into each dent. If you do not have a selection of reeds to choose from, try to space your yarn evenly in the reed that you have, by doubling up ends into the same dent if necessary.

reed

Step 1. Choose your project and yarns.

Step 2. Determine the sett of your cloth, or how many threads per inch the fabric will be.
Step 3. Choose the correct Reed

Step 4. Calculate the Yarn requirements.

Step 5. Wind the Warp using a warping board or warping mill.

Step 6. Remove the warp chains and place them on the loom.

Step 7. Sley the Reed.

Step 8. Thread the heddles, following the draft plan.

Step 9. Wind the warp onto the back beam

Step 10. Tie the warp ends to the front beam.

Congratulations! Now you a ready to Weave!

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Beginner Weaving – Sett: aa092499

Once you have chosen your yarns, you will also need to determine the sett of your cloth, or how many threads per inch the fabric will be. If your pattern does not give you this information, or you are using an alternate yarn or are creating your own design, wrap the yarn around a ruler, so that each wrap of the yarn is just touching. Wrap the yarn over a space of 1 inch. Then count the number of wraps. This will give you an approximate sett.

yarn sett

In this example, this hemp yarn is best sett at 20 ends per inch (epi).

The sett may be adjusted up or down depending on the type of cloth that you are making, the yarn, the pattern structure and the desired drape of the fabric. The table below shows some suggested setts for Cottons and Linen yarns.

COTTON (840) YPP Tabby – Loose – EPI Tabby – Firm – EPI Twill – EPI
8/2 3360 ypp 20 24 28
8/4 1680 ypp 14 16 18
10/2 4200 ypp 24 27 30
10/3 2800 ypp 20 22.5 24
16/2 6720 ypp 28 30 32
20/2 8400 ypp 30 32 36
20/3 5600 ypp 22 24 28
20/6 2800 ypp 20 22.5 24
24/2 10080 ypp 30 36 40
24/3 6720 ypp 28 30 32
30/3 8400 ypp 30 32 36
LINEN (300) YPP Tabby – Loose – EPI Tabby – Firm – EPI Twill – EPI
7/1 2100 ypp 20 22.5 25
10/1 3000 ypp 24 27 30
12/1 3600 ypp 25 28 32
12/2 1800 ypp 20 22 24
14/2 2100 ypp 20 22.5 25
18/2 2700 ypp 22.5 24 27
20/2 3000 ypp 24 26 30
30/2 4500 ypp 28 30 32
40/2 6000 ypp 32 36 45
50/3 5000 ypp 35 37.5 45

Step 1. Choose your project and yarns.

Step 2. Determine the sett of your cloth, or how many threads per inch the fabric will be.

Step 3. Choose the correct Reed

Step 4. Calculate the Yarn requirements.

Step 5. Wind the Warp using a warping board or warping mill.

Step 6. Remove the warp chains and place them on the loom.

Step 7. Sley the Reed.

Step 8. Thread the heddles, following the draft plan.

Step 9. Wind the warp onto the back beam

Step 10. Tie the warp ends to the front beam.

Congratulations! Now you a ready to Weave!

Weaving Books: Beginner Weaving

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Beginner Weaving – Correct Sett: aa081398

Determining the correct sett for your project can be a bit of a challenge. If the same yarn is used in both warp and weft, the following formula should result in a balanced weave structure.
W = Wrap the yarn around a ruler, with the yarn just touching, to determine the number of wraps per inch.

I = Study the weave structure of the pattern you wish to use, and determine the number of intersections in the pattern repeat. Each time the weft travels from the front to the back of the fabric, passing between warp threads, this is counted as an intersection.

i.e. in a tabby weave there are 2 intersections in any given 2 warp threads.

in a twill weave there are 2 intersections in any 4 threads.

R = Determine the number of warp and weft threads in one repeat of the pattern.

Sett = W – ((I * W) / (I+R))

Example:

Yarn: 10/2 Cotton

W = 35

Tabby Weave

I = 2

R = 2

Sett = 35 – ((2 * 35) / (2 + 2))

Sett = 18

Twill Weave

I = 2

R = 4

Sett = 35 – ((2 * 35)/ (2 + 4))

Sett = 23.4

The result can be rounded up to a sett of 24 epi. It is best to weave a small sample, and wash or wet finish it. As each weaver has a different ‘hand’ or weaves with a slightly different tension, the resulting fabric may yield a product. The sett will have to be adjusted to obtain the desired result. Also, depending on the drape or use of the fabric, the sett may be changed from 10% – 30 %. For a looser weave structure such as lacey curtains, the sett would be reduced. For tight weaves, such as upholstery, increase the sett.

Table of Setts
How to Weave a Mirror Warp
How to Use a McMorran Balance
Double Width Weaving

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End Date: Tuesday Dec-17-2019 6:40:13 PST
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