Tag Archives: natural dye recipe

Himalayan Rhubarb Plant Dye

Himalayan Rhubarb Dye Recipe for Linen, Cotton and Cellulose Fibres
Rheum Emodi

for 100 grams of fibre
20 grams Himalayan Rhubarb Dye Powder
Put Himalayan Rhubarb into dye pot.
Let simmer in dyepot for +1 hour at 50 deg.
Add pre-mordanted wool yarn and sample fabrics.
Let simmer in dyepot for +1 hour.
Remove the wool yarn. Let this cool and rinse thoroughly to remove the excess dye powder.
Turn the heat off the dyepot and leave the linen and cotton samples to soak overnight. More colour will continue to develop as the dyebath cools.

Himalayan Rhubarb Natural Dye
Himalayan Rhubarb Natural Dye

All cellulose fibres, yarns and fabrics must be scoured prior to mordanting or dyeing. Please see my previous article on how to do this.
How to Scour Linen

For these samples, I used several different linen and cotton fabrics as well as wool yarn.

Linen and Cotton Fabric Samples
Linen and Cotton Fabric Samples

Bleached Cotton
Unbleached Cotton
Bleached Linen
Linen/Cotton Blend
Natural Linen (light weight)
Natural Linen (heavy weight)

More about Plant Dyed Yarns
Madder Root Dye Recipe
Brazilwood Dye Recipe

Paivatar – Plant Dyed Wool Yarns
Look for some of my plant dyed yarns at my PaivatarYarn Shop on Etsy.

Natural Plant Dyed Wool Yarn
Natural Plant Dyed Wool Yarn

Natural Dyes

Anne Georges
Wild Colours
George Weil

Indigo from Seed to Dye

Indigo: Dye It, Make It: Techniques from plain and dip-dyeing to tie-dyeing and batik, in natural indigo blue

Wild Color, Revised and Updated Edition: The Complete Guide to Making and Using Natural Dyes

Natural Dyes

The Art and Craft of Natural Dyeing: Traditional Recipes for Modern Use

Dyes and Mordants on Ebay

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Fungi Dye: Hapolopilus Rutilans

Hapilopilus rutilans Mushroom Dye
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Hapalopilus rutilans
FI: Okrakaapa
SW: lysticka

Hapalopilus Rutilans Fungi Dyed Yarn
Hapalopilus Rutilans Fungi Dyed Yarn

Alum Mordant

3 litres water
25 grams alum
10 grams cream of Tartar
Bring to boil and then let cool
100 gram wool yarn tied in skein
Rinse the clean washed yarn in cool water
Add the yarn into the cool mordant bath and bring it to 80-90 C degrees
Simmer for 1 hour
Remove and let cool

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Fungi Dye Bath

Cut the mushroom into small pieces with a knife
50 grams dried mushrooms
5 litres wate
Bring to boil and simmer for 2-3 hours
Let dyebath cool
Strain the liquid and store the cooked mushrooms. They can be used again in an afterbath
Add mordanted yarn to strained dyebath liquid
Return to heat and simmer for 1 hour at 80-90 degrees Celsius
Remove the yarn from the dyebath
Add 50 ML ammonia to the dyebath
When using ammonia take precautions and wear protective gloves
Also avoid getting too close to the dyebath and breathing in the fumes

Test with litmus paper or a digital pH tester
The dyebath should be about 7 pH
Stir well
Add the yarn back into the dyebath
It should change colour to a violet or reddish shade
Let simmer for about another hour
In our sample dyebath we had problems keeping the pH level at around 7. So we had to remove the yarn a few times and add more ammonia
Remove from heat source and let cool
Rinse in water that is of similar temperature as dyebath to avoid shocking the yarn and causing felting to occur.

Mordants
How to Make an Alum Mordant
How to Scour and Mordant Cotton and Linen

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Natural Dyes – Madder: blmadder

Madder Root comes from the plant Rubia Tinctorium. The roots make a dye that gives a variety of shades of reds, oranges and rusty browns.
strong>Time Required:
12 hours

  • Use clean, premordanted wool or yarn.
  • Measure the Madder Root chips or sawdust (25% – 100% WOG) into a nylon stocking and into small dish.
  • Add water and allow to sit overnight.
  • Pour the stocking and the water into dyepot filled with hot water and simmer for 1 hour at no hotter than 50 degrees Celsius..
  • Add premordanted fibre or yarn into the dyepot and simmer for 1 hour.

    Boiling at higher temperatures +80 degrees Celsius gives browner colours.

  • Allow the dyepot to cool.
  • Remove the fibre or yarn from the dyepot, rinse and let dry.

Tips:

  • Try alum or tin premordants.
  • Try overdyeing the madder with other colours such as indigo or logwood to get shades of blue. 

 
Madder Root Dye Study

Naalbinding Yarn dyed with Madder Root
Naalbinding Yarn dyed with Madder Root

Look for natural dyed yarns in my PaivatarYarn shop on Etsy.

More Organic Dye Recipes

Madder Root Natural Dye
How to Make an Alum Mordant
How to Make a Tin Mordant
How to Mordant Cotton and Linen
Sandalwood
Osage Orange
Logwood
Mushroom Dyes

Medieval Dyes: Madder

Madder and Medieval Dyes
Samples were taken of various textiles from medieval sites dating from 12th to 15th century around London and subjected to dye analysis. Chromatography was used to identify the presence of alizarin and purpurin, the main components of madder. Some samples had been overdyed with blue to give blacks or yellow for brown or orange stripes.

Madder Dye
Nancy McKenna tested dye samples of madder using different mordants, dye times and pH levels. The dye substance that madder produces is alizerin (dihydroscyanthraquinone). Many natural dyes are heat sensitive. Alizerine attaches itself to fiber at temperatures around 50 deg C. At higher temperatures > 80 deg C, purpurin (yellow) becomes the predominant dye color.

Eagles and Ravens Natural Dyeing
Woad (Isatis tinctoria), Weld (Reseda lutea) and Madder (Rubia tinctorum) were the 3 principal dye plants used in Europe.

Natural Dye Books
Harvesting Color: How to Find Plants and Make Natural Dyes
Harvesting Color: How to Find Plants and Make Natural Dyes
Natural Dyes
Botanical Colour at your Fingertips
A Weaver’s Garden: Growing Plants for Natural Dyes and Fibers
Eco Colour: Botanical Dyes for Beautiful Textiles
Wild Color, Revised and Updated Edition: The Complete Guide to Making and Using Natural Dyes

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Sandalwood Natural Dye Recipe: blsandalwood

Sandalwood Dye

Red Sandalwood
Pterocarpus antalinus
Red Sandalwood comes for a tree native to India and Indonesia. The dyestuff is from the heartwood and yields oranges, browns and auburn shades of colour.

Time Required:
3 hours

  • Use clean, premordanted wool or yarn.
  • Measure the sandalwood (200% WOG) into a small dish.
  • Add alcohol to cover and let stand for 30 minutes.
  • Put treated Sandalwood into a nylon stocking and add into dyepot filled with hot water and simmer for 1 hour.
  • Add premordanted fibre or yarn into the dyepot and simmer for 1 hour.
  • Allow the dyepot to cool.
  • Remove the fibre or yarn from the dyepot, rinse and let dry.

Tips:
Try alum or tin premordants and/or ammonia afterbaths for different colours.

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More Organic Dye Recipes

Sandalwood
Osage Orange
Logwood
Mushroom Dyes
Tin Mordant
Alum Mordant
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Natural Dye Books
Harvesting Color: How to Find Plants and Make Natural Dyes
Harvesting Color: How to Find Plants and Make Natural Dyes
Natural Dyes
Botanical Colour at your Fingertips
A Weaver’s Garden: Growing Plants for Natural Dyes and Fibers
Eco Colour: Botanical Dyes for Beautiful Textiles
Wild Color, Revised and Updated Edition: The Complete Guide to Making and Using Natural Dyes

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Natural Dyes Osage Orange: blosage

Osage dye

Osage Orange Natural Dye
Maclura pomifera
Osage Orange comes from a tree native to Arkansas and Texas. Its wood makes a clear lemon yellow dye.Time Required:
12 hours

  • Use clean, premordanted wool or yarn.
  • Measure the Osage Orange chips or sawdust (25% – 100% WOG) into a nylon stocking and into small dish.
  • Add water and allow to sit overnight.
  • Pour the stocking and the water into dyepot filled with hot water and simmer for 1 hour.
  • Add premordanted fibre or yarn into the dyepot and simmer for 1 hour.
  • Allow the dyepot to cool.
  • Remove the fibre or yarn from the dyepot, rinse and let dry.

osage orange yarn

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Tips:

  • Try alum or tin premordants.
  • Try overdyeing the osage orange with other colours such as indigo or logwood. 

More Organic Dye Recipes

Sandalwood
Osage Orange
Logwood
Mushroom Dyes
Tin Mordant
Alum Mordant
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Natural Dye Books
Harvesting Color: How to Find Plants and Make Natural Dyes
Harvesting Color: How to Find Plants and Make Natural Dyes
Natural Dyes
Botanical Colour at your Fingertips
A Weaver’s Garden: Growing Plants for Natural Dyes and Fibers
Eco Colour: Botanical Dyes for Beautiful Textiles
Wild Color, Revised and Updated Edition: The Complete Guide to Making and Using Natural Dyes

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Natural Dyes Logwood: bllogwood

Logwood Natural Dye
Haematoxylum campechianum
Logwood comes from a tree native to the West Indies and the Yucatan Peninsula. The heartwood yields a dye that gives pinks, blues, purples and greens depending on the mordants.
logwood dye
Time Required:
12 hours

Logwood Dyed Crochet Cotton Yarn
Logwood Dyed Crochet Cotton Yarn
  • Use clean, premordanted wool or yarn.
  • Measure the Logwood chips or sawdust (25% – 50% WOG) into a nylon stocking and into small dish.
  • Add water and allow to sit overnight.
  • The dyebath should be purplish-red. If it is brown, add washing soda, a teaspoon at a time, until the dyebath turns purple-red.
  • Pour the stocking and the water into dyepot filled with hot water and simmer for 1 hour.
  • Add premordanted fibre or yarn into the dyepot and simmer for 1 hour.
  • Allow the dyepot to cool.Remove the fibre or yarn from the dyepot, rinse and let dry.
  • Remove the fibre or yarn from the dyepot, rinse and let dry.

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Tips:

  • Try alum or tin premordants.
  • You can reuse the exhaust dyebaths to create other colours.
  • Try overdyeing with Osage Orange for greens, or with Saxon blue Indigo for dark blues.

Logwood Dyed Tote Bag
Logwood Dyed Tote Bag

Look for naturally dyed tote bags in my SpinFlora shop on Etsy.

More Natural Dye Recipes
Sandalwood
Osage Orange
Logwood
Cochineal
Mushroom Dyes
Tin Mordant
Alum Mordant
More Natural Dye Recipes

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Natural Dye Books
Harvesting Color: How to Find Plants and Make Natural Dyes
Harvesting Color: How to Find Plants and Make Natural Dyes
Natural Dyes
Botanical Colour at your Fingertips
A Weaver’s Garden: Growing Plants for Natural Dyes and Fibers
Eco Colour: Botanical Dyes for Beautiful Textiles
Wild Color, Revised and Updated Edition: The Complete Guide to Making and Using Natural Dyes

Handmade Adjustable Floor Rag Rug Twining Loom 48" x 27.5"

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Used Nilus LeClerc Table Loom Model MEDICO # S-22-4-73-00

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Natural Dyes – Cochineal: blcochineal

Cochineal is a natural dye substance that comes from the crushed bodies of insects, Dactylopius coccus, found on prickly pear cacti. Cochineal can be used with or without mordants and produces reds, pinks and purples.

Time Required:

12 hours

  • Weigh out the amount of cochineal that you need.
  • Crush and grind the cochineal into a fine powder. (You can use an old coffee grinder.)
  • Place the ground cochineal into a small glass jar and cover with water.
  • Add tartaric acid to the cochineal/water mixture to release more of the colour.
  • Let the cochineal mixture sit overnight.
  • The following day, fill a dyepot with hot water, sufficient to cover the fibre completely.
  • Bring the water to a boil and add the cochineal mixture.
  • Boil for 15 minutes, and skim off the froth and cochineal that has risen to the surface.
  • The cochineal can be dried and reused.
  • Add the clean, wet fibre or yarn to the dyebath.
  • Let the dyebath simmer for 35 – 40 minutes.
  • Remove the fibre/yarn, rinse in warm water and dry. 
  • Tips:

  • Cochineal with no mordant gives pinks/magenta.
  • Cochineal with tin mordant yields reds/oranges.
  • An ammonia afterbath will result in purples.

    Wool dyed with Cochineal
    Alum Mordant

  • Peruvian Women Demonstrate Cochineal Dyeing – You Tube

    Natural Dye Recipes

    Madder Dye Recipe
    Sandalwood Dye
    Osage Orange Dye
    Logwood Dye
    Mushroom Dyes
    Brazilwood dye
    tin Mordant
    Rhubarb Leaf Mordant
    Alum Mordant

    Where to Buy Cochineal

    Agrofarma Peru
    A wholesale supplier of cochineal.
    Natural Dye Books
    Harvesting Color: How to Find Plants and Make Natural Dyes
    Harvesting Color: How to Find Plants and Make Natural Dyes
    Natural Dyes
    Botanical Colour at your Fingertips
    A Weaver’s Garden: Growing Plants for Natural Dyes and Fibers
    Eco Colour: Botanical Dyes for Beautiful Textiles
    Wild Color, Revised and Updated Edition: The Complete Guide to Making and Using Natural Dyes

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    Natural Dyes – Brazilwood: how_dye_brazilwood

    Brazilwood natural dye gives crimsons, purples and pinks on premordanted yarns.

    Difficulty Level:

    Average

    Time Required:

    4-5 hours

    brazilwood chips

    Here’s How:

       

    1. Use clean, premordanted wool or yarn.
    2. Measure the Brazilwood chips (100% – 200% WOG) into a small dish.
    3. Add alcohol to cover, and let stand for 2 hours.
    4. Put treated Brazilwood into a nylon stocking and add into a heated dyepot for an hour.
    5. Add the premordanted fibre or yarn into the dyepot and simmer for 1 hour.
    6. Allow the dyepot to cool.
    7. Remove the fibre or yarn from the dyepot, rinse and let dry.

    Tips:

  • You can re-use the Brazilwood chips in a later dyebath, though they will release less colour.
  • Try alum or tin mordants for different shades of colour.
  • Try ammonia or tin afterbaths. 
    Brazilwood Dye
    How To Make an Alum Mordant
    How To Make a Tin Mordant
    Natural Dyes and Mordant Recipes
    MSDS – Aluminum Potassium Sulfate

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