Tag Archives: loom weaving

Rebuilder Tapestry

LouLou Morris, one of the regulars to our local Stitch and Bitch group that meets on Monday evenings at The Park Tavern in Chichester, is also a tapestry weaver. Recently she was commissioned to weave a tapestry for the Chichester Cathedral to celebrate the rebuilding of the cathedral spire.

Rebuilder Tapestry
Rebuilder Tapestry

Artist Statement
Loulou Morris
“Your people will rebuild the ancient ruins and restore the foundations of past generations. You will be called the Rebuilder of Broken Walls and the Restorer of Streets Where People live” Isaiah 58:12

Although the theme of my residency is linked to the collapse and subsequent rebuilding of the Cathedral spire, I have chosen to use the prophetic words to explore the idea of “rebuilding” in other ways – as I believe they were intended. There is much to celebrate in the reconstruction of a building; there is even more to celebrate in the regeneration of a people, the renewal of relationships or the healing of an individual. All these strands have been in my mind as I have chosen imagery and words to be included in the tapestry that I shall be weaving during the residency. The act of weaving – creating both imagery and surface at the same time – is wonderful to partake in, as spectator or maker. First there is emptiness, then warp as the foundation and then weft builds the structure and tells the story. Tapestry weaving is a slow and careful art in a fast world. There are no instant results.

Tapestry Artist Rebuilds New Spire
Halfunderstood Blogspot
How long will it take to complete? Loulou estimates about 4 months. So follow on to LouLou’s blogspot to watch the continued progress of this tapestry.

Tapestry on Pipe Loom
Tapestry on Pipe Loom

Rebuilder Tapestry
Rebuilder Tapestry

Rebuilder tapestry

Rebuilder Tapestry
Rebuilder Tapestry
Rebuilder Tapestry
Rebuilder Tapestry

Tapestry Weaving
Tapestry Pillow
Hemp Rya Tapestry
Cardboard Loom Tapestry
Twill Tapestry
Horse Song Tapestry

Tapestry Weaving Books
Tapestry Weaving (Search Press Classics)
Tapestry Weaving: A Comprehensive Study Guide
Tapestry Weaving: Design and Technique
Tapestry Weaving: A Comprehensive Study Guide

Handmade Adjustable Floor Rag Rug Twining Loom 48" x 27.5"

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Antique Vintage Nilus Leclerc Loom Tension Box Warp Weaving Wood

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Used Nilus LeClerc Table Loom Model MEDICO # S-22-4-73-00

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Cardboard Box Loom: aa041001

A Header is woven at the beginning of a project. This can be woven of any type of scrap yarn as usually the header is removed once the project is finished. Try to use a similar weight of yarn as what will be used in the actual piece. The Header helps to align the warp into place, allows you to check for threading errors and gives a good edge for beating the weft into place.

Weaving the Header

Tabby

Use a knitting needle or a small stick to pick up the warp threads. In Tabby or Plain weave, every other warp thread is picked up, so the weft travels over and under each thread.

Rest the knitting needle on the edge of the box to hold the raised threads in place, while you draw the weft thread through the open shed.

For the next row, pick up the alternate warp threads with the knitting needle and weave the weft thread across.

Weaving Tabby

Arc the Weft

Because the weft thread travels over and under the warp threads, it is necessary to make extra allowance for this when weaving in the weft thread. Otherwise, once the weft is beaten into place, it will cause the warp edges to draw in, and can result in broken warp threads on the edges of the woven piece. One way to avoid this, is to slightly arc the weft when weaving it across.

Arc the Weft

Beating the Weft

On a larger floor or table loom, you will have a reed and beater that will beat the weft into place. With Tapestry looms, the weft is usually beaten with a hand held beater. For this small cardboard box loom you can use a fork.

After each row of weft or pick, use the tines of the fork to beat or gently press the weft into place evenly across the loom.
cardboard loom

Beginner Weaving Looms

Cardboard Loom Project

Spears Loom
How to weave tapestry on a child’s Spears weaving loom.

Double Hole Rigid Heddle
Add beads to your weaving project.

Beginner Weaving Books

Weaving for Beginners: An Illustrated Guide (Peggy Osterkamp’s New Guide to Weaving Series)
Provides beginners with the information they need to weave in a clear and enjoyable step-by-step way.
UK: Weaving for Beginners

Learning to Weave
Learn such basics as three methods for step-by-step warping, basic weaving techniques, project planning, reading and designing drafts, the basics of all the most common weave structures, and many more handy hints.
UK: Learning to Weave

Weaving Made Easy: 17 Projects Using a Simple Loom
The small, portable rigid heddle loom can be used to easily produce loose, drape-friendly fabric as well as dense, sturdy material.
UK: Weaving Made Easy
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Handmade Adjustable Floor Rag Rug Twining Loom 48" x 27.5"

$100.00
End Date: Monday Dec-2-2019 4:30:45 PST
Buy It Now for only: $100.00
Buy It Now | Add to watch list

Antique Vintage Nilus Leclerc Loom Tension Box Warp Weaving Wood

$109.99
End Date: Saturday Dec-14-2019 5:45:28 PST
Buy It Now for only: $109.99
Buy It Now | Add to watch list

Used Nilus LeClerc Table Loom Model MEDICO # S-22-4-73-00

$325.00
End Date: Sunday Dec-15-2019 9:09:52 PST
Buy It Now for only: $325.00
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Cardboard Loom: aa040201

You don’t need expensive equipment to weave. A flat piece of cardboard or a cardboard box can easily turn into a loom that you can weave mug rugs, placemats or intricate tapestries on. This is a great project for kids or for teaching beginners to weave.

cardboard loom tapestry

To make a simple loom from a cardboard box, find a good sturdy box. (A shoebox might not be strong enough.)

With a sharp knife, cut the flaps off the top of the box. Then using a ruler mark off the
“sett” for the loom at the top edges of the box. If you are going to be using thicker yarns, you can mark use a sett of 4 epi (ends per inch). Make a mark each 1/4 inch along 2 For narrower setts you could use 5 or 6
epi.
With a sharp knife cut a 1/4″ – 1/2″ slit at each of the markings.
cardboard box loom

Use a sturdy cotton or linen yarn for the warp (the lengthwise threads of the woven piece). Secure the end of the warp thread to your cardboard loom with a piece of tape.
Begin to wrap the warp thread around the loom, placing a thread in each slit at the top of the box edge. Continue to wrap the warp around the box.

Tighten any loose threads to an even tension. Then secure the other end of the warp with another piece of tape.

Your warp of your cardboard loom is now threaded and you are ready to begin to weave.

How to weave on your Cardboard Loom

cardboard loom

A Header is woven at the beginning of a project. This can be woven of any type of scrap yarn as usually the header is removed once the project is finished. Try to use a similar weight of yarn as what will be used in the actual piece. The Header helps to align the warp into place, allows you to check for threading errors and gives a good edge for beating the weft into place.

cardboard box loom

Beating the Weft

On a larger floor or table loom, you will have a reed and beater that will beat the weft into place. With Tapestry looms, the weft is usually beaten with a hand held beater. For this small cardboard box loom you can use a fork.

After each row of weft or pick, use the tines of the fork to beat or gently press the weft into place evenly across the loom.

cardboard box loom

Weaving the Weft with Tabby

Use a knitting needle or a small stick to pick up the warp threads. In Tabby or Plain weave, every other warp thread is picked up, so the weft travels over and under each thread.

Rest the knitting needle on the edge of the box to hold the raised threads in place, while you draw the weft thread through the open shed.

For the next row, pick up the alternate warp threads with the knitting needle and weave the weft thread across.

cardboard box loom

On cardboard looms, or simple frame looms, the warp threads are hand manipulated. On larger looms with more harnesses, this task is more automated. The warp yarns are threaded through individual heddles in the harnesses. By raising a harness or shaft, this raises all the heddles that are on the shaft.

For example, on a 4-shaft table or floor loom, the warp yarn is threaded through the 4 shafts or harnesses. For this simple Tabby weave, the first warp thread goes through the first heddle of the first harness.
The 2nd warp thread goes through the first heddle of the second shaft.
The 3rd warp thread goes through the first heddle of the 3rd shaft.
The 4th warp thread goes through the first heddle of the 4th shaft. In a Draft Plan, the threading would look like this:

tabby weave draft

Weaving Weft in Twill

Another type of common pattern in weaving is Twill. The weft threads go over 2 and under 2 warp threads. On the following row, the next 2 threads are picked up and the following 2 warp threads are lowered. This results in a diagonal design running either to the right or left depending on the direction that you are weaving.

Weaving Twill

weave twill

If you number the warp threads: 1,2,3,4 (repeat)

Row 1

Pick up threads 1 and 2, skip over threads 3 and 4, pick up 1 and 2, skip 3, 4 (repeat).

Pass the weft yarn through the open shed.

Row 2

On the 2nd row, move over 1 warp thread from the previous row, and pick up the next 2 threads and lower the following 2.
Skip warp thread 1

Pick up warp threads 2 and 3

Skip threads 4 and 1

Pick up threads 2 and 3

Skip threads 4 and 1Repeat to the end, and pass the weft thread through the open shed.

Row 3

Skip warp threads 1 and 2

Pick up threads 3 and 4

Repeat to the end of the row and pass the weft thread through the open shed.

Row 4

Pick up warp thread 1

Skip threads 2 and 3

Pick up threads 4 and 1

Skip threads 2 and 3

Pick up threads 4 and 1

Repeat this sequence to the end of the row and pass the weft thread through the open shed.

Twill Variations

Twill is a very versatile weave structure, and you will find many variations in twill design. By changing the direction of the pickup, the diagonals will change to the right or to the left. Twills are also woven by varying the number of warp threads that are picked up or lowered.

twill

Twill Draft

Weaving Clasped Weft

In addition to using twill, tabby or other types of weave structures, an easy way to add interest to your weaving is to use different colored weft yarns. Clasped weft is a technique that uses 2 different colored weft threads in the same row of weaving.

Although this technique is being shown on a cardboard loom, the clasped weft technique can be done on larger looms as well, using 2 shuttles.

Clasp Weft Technique

Advancing the Warp

Are you getting near the end of the box and don’t have room to weave anymore? You don’t have to quit yet, as you still have lots of warp left, wrapped around the box.

box loom weaving

box loom

Slide a knitting needle or other stick under the warp threads at the beginning of your woven piece.

  • Lift up gently on the needle and remove the warp threads from the notches of the box.
  • Gently pull on the warp threads and slide the project forward on the loom, leaving the top end of the warp threads in the other notches.
  • Adjust the tension on the warp threads if necessary, securing them with tape.
  • You are now ready to continue weaving.

Weave a Circle

Although I haven’t done so in this sample project that I wove, you could keep weaving all around the box, creating a complete circle.

Finishing

box loom tapestry

Once you have woven the length of project that you wish to have, cut the warp off the loom, leaving a 2 – 3 inch length of warp at each end for the fringe.

Group 2 or 3 warp ends together and secure with an overhand knot.

Here are some other ideas for weaving with cardboard looms.
2nd Grade Cardboard Loom
These kids in Grade 2 made looms from a flat piece of cardboard and wove some very colorful pieces.
Yarn Weaving
7th Graders wove circular tapestries on paper plates.
Simple Loom Weaving
A lesson plan for weaving on a cardboard loom and learning about the Hispanic and Navajo traditions of weaving in New Mexico.
Childs Elementary School
An inspiring gallery of woven works done by students using different colors and textures of yarns.
Photo Album
Grade 7 and 8 students of Page Middle School wove some pouches on their cardboard looms.
5th Grade Art
5th graders are studying about the arts and crafts of various cultures. They have woven medicine bags on cardboard looms, made ceramic whistles and Aboriginal dot paintings.

Spears Loom
How to weave tapestry on a child’s Spears weaving loom.

Double Hole Rigid Heddle
Add beads to your weaving project.

Beginner Weaving Books

Weaving Made Easy: 17 Projects Using a Simple Loom
The small, portable rigid heddle loom can be used to easily produce loose, drape-friendly fabric as well as dense, sturdy material.
UK: Weaving Made Easy

Hands on Rigid Heddle Weaving
Wonderful projects and plain-weave variations, this user-friendly guide covers choosing, setting up, and weaving on a rigid heddle loom.
UK: Hands on Rigid Heddle

The Woven Bag: 30+ Projects from Small Looms (Writers Digest Guides)
Each bag is created using small looms, such as potholder looms, frame looms and knotted mesh looms.
UK: The Woven Bag

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Weaving Draft – Summer Winter: aa032701

Summer and Winter is a very versatile draft. This project uses 8/2 cotton yarn for making reversible placemats.

summer winter placemat

Summer Winter Placemat Pattern

Warp 8/2 Cotton Length 3 yd Sett 18 epi No. Ends 256 Finished Width 12″ Finished Length
Including Fringe 19″

Threading

The Summer/Winter draft was threaded in Blocks as shown below.

Summer Winter Weaving Draft

Summer/Winter Pattern Draft

Block # Repeats # Ends
A 6 24
B 5 20
A 8 32
B 8 32
A 10 40
B 8 32
A 8 32
B 5 20
A 6 24
Total 256

Treadling

I wove these placemats as a sampler, varying the treadling between Singles and Pairs.

Finishing

Each placemat was woven to a length of 18″ on the loom. Handfinishing was done on the loom using Hemstitch finish. Between each placemat, the warp was advanced 2 inches, to allow a fringe.

After weaving, I cut the warp from the loom, and put it through a wash and dry
cycle in my washer. After washing, I ironed the placemats and trimmed the fringes.

Variation: Chenille Towels

handwoven chenille towels

Instead of using 8/2 cotton for the weft, you can also try using cotton chenille. In this sample I wove 1450 ypp cotton chenille for the pattern shots of the draft alternating with 8/2 cotton for the tabby shots. I think that this combination would be nice for bath towels.

Summer/Winter Draft

Weaving Patterns

Hemp Rep Weave Placemats
Twill Tabby Towels

Hand Weaving Books: Weaving Projects

Mastering Weave Structures
How to design threadings, channel the design power of the tie-up, and make the most of threading options, as well as understand fibers, setts, and color interactions.
UK: Mastering Weave Structures

Favorite Scandinavian Projects to Weave: 45 Stylish Designs for the Modern Home
A collection of 45 different furnishing textiles: colorful blankets, fanciful table runners, classic curtains, and embroidered hand towels.
UK: Favorite Scandinavian Projects to Weave

The Treasure Chest of Swedish Weaving
Complete pattern drafts for rugs, curtain, table cloths, towels, bedspreads.
UK: Treasure Chest of Swedish Weaving

The Big Book of Weaving: Handweaving in the Swedish Tradition: Techniques, Patterns, Designs and Materials
This book covers basic subjects such as warping a loom and making bobbins of weft, as well as more elaborate, highly decorative projects: baby blankets, shawls, table cloths, and linen hand towels.
UK: Big Book of Weaving

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Cardboard Box Loom: blheader2

Use a knitting needle or a small stick to pick up the warp threads. In Tabby or Plain weave, every other warp thread is picked up, so the weft travels over and under each thread.

Rest the knitting needle on the edge of the box to hold the raised threads in place, while you draw the weft thread through the open shed.

For the next row, pick up the alternate warp threads with the knitting needle and weave the weft thread across.

cardboard box loom

On cardboard looms, or simple frame looms, the warp threads are hand manipulated. On larger looms with more harnesses, this task is more automated. The warp yarns are threaded through individual heddles in the harnesses. By raising a harness or shaft, this raises all the heddles that are on the shaft.

For example, on a 4-shaft table or floor loom, the warp yarn is threaded through the 4 shafts or harnesses. For this simple Tabby weave, the first warp thread goes through the first heddle of the first harness.
The 2nd warp thread goes through the first heddle of the second shaft.
The 3rd warp thread goes through the first heddle of the 3rd shaft.
The 4th warp thread goes through the first heddle of the 4th shaft. In a Draft Plan, the threading would look like this:

Cardboard Box Weaving Loom

Cardboard Loom Project

Spears Loom
How to weave tapestry on a child’s Spears weaving loom.

Double Hole Rigid Heddle
Add beads to your weaving project.

Rigid Heddle Weaving Books

Weaving Made Easy: 17 Projects Using a Simple Loom
The small, portable rigid heddle loom can be used to easily produce loose, drape-friendly fabric as well as dense, sturdy material.
UK: Weaving Made Easy

The Weaver’s Idea Book: Creative Cloth on a Rigid Heddle Loom
Techniques include leno, Brooks bouquet, soumak, and embroidery on fabric.
UK: Weavers Idea Book

more Weaving pattern books

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Handmade Adjustable Floor Rag Rug Twining Loom 48" x 27.5"

$100.00
End Date: Monday Dec-2-2019 4:30:45 PST
Buy It Now for only: $100.00
Buy It Now | Add to watch list

Antique Vintage Nilus Leclerc Loom Tension Box Warp Weaving Wood

$109.99
End Date: Saturday Dec-14-2019 5:45:28 PST
Buy It Now for only: $109.99
Buy It Now | Add to watch list

Used Nilus LeClerc Table Loom Model MEDICO # S-22-4-73-00

$325.00
End Date: Sunday Dec-15-2019 9:09:52 PST
Buy It Now for only: $325.00
Buy It Now | Add to watch list

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Free Weaving Drafts and Patterns

weaving draft

Blankets
Hand weaving patterns for making blankets and throws.

Clothing
Patterns and instructions for sewing clothing using hand woven cloth.

Rugs
Patterns and how to information about making handwoven rugs and mats, rag rugs, wall hangings.

Table Linens
Free weaving patterns for making table linens, table cloths, runners, placemats, napkins.

Towels
Weaving patterns for making tea towels, bath towels, face cloths.

Weaving Drafts
A selection of weaving drafts: 4 shaft, 8 shaft looms and more.

Broken Twill
Broken twill and skip twill weaving drafts.

Cat’s Paw and Snail’s Trail Draft
A traditional overshot pattern of cat’s stepping over a snail’s trail.

Basket Weave Draft
Both 4 and 6 shaft versions of basket weave.

Corduroy Trees
Christmas tree ornaments using an easy corduroy draft.

Crackle
Crackle weave using Foxfibre cottons.

Finnish Lace Block Throw
A pattern for a throw woven in organic Foxfibre cotton.

Dimity
Dimity Cord weaving draft.

Name Drafting
How to design a name draft on 8 shafts.

Krokbragd
Norwegian Krokbragd weaving draft.

Young Lovers Knot Draft
A popular Colonial overshot draft treadled as drawn-in

Double Width Weaving
How to weave a project, twice the width of your loom.

Finnweave Technique
A weaving draft on Finnweave pickup.

Hemp, Huck and Leno Lace
A hammock woven with hemp yarn and huck lace design.

Huck Lace
Huckaback and Huck Lace drafts.

Mirror Warp Throw
How to weave a mirror warp.

Saami Belt
A traditional Saami belt design.

8 Shaft Stars
Here is an 8 shaft draft of a star motif.

Star of David
A few versions of drafts for weaving a Star of David design.

Summer and Winter
The 4 shaft version of summer/winter gives 2 blocks of colour. Treadling in pairs yields a
birds-eye background, while treadling as singles gives an effect similar to dukagang or
overshot.

Summer Winter Placemats

Swedish Lace
A weaving draft using Swedish Lace.

Twill Tapestry
Tapestry artist, Kaija Rautiainen developed this Twill Tapestry technique based on a Finnish
style of double cloth.

Whig Rose Draft
A Colonial overshot pattern woven rose fashion.

Advancing Twill
Sandra designed these stunning 8 shaft advancing twill scarves using 30/2 silk and ramie blend
yarns.

Huck and Basket Weave Draft
Marina likes to use an 8 shaft huck and basket weave draft to create a thermal type of baby
blanket.

Bubble Draft
Marina O’Connor shows how to make “shrinky dink” fabrics and other 3 dimensional effects.

Valentine Hearts
Valentine heart weaving draft.

Handweaving Drafts
An incredible archive of over 50,000 weaving drafts.

Eva’s Weaving Drafts
A nice collection of weaving drafts: shadow weave, Moorman technique Inlay, summer winter, huck lace, twills.

Japanese Weaving Patterns
This is a Japanese yarn company website with links to weaving patterns and drafts in pdf format.

Woolery Weaving Patterns
The Woolery has a selection of free weaving patterns for rigid heddle, 4 harness and inkle looms.

Interweave Books
Handwoven Home
icon

Weaving Books
The Weaver’s Companion (The Companion Series)
The Weaver’s Companion (The Companion Series)
Learning to Weave
The Big Book of Weaving: Handweaving in the Swedish Tradition: Techniques, Patterns, Designs and Materials

Handmade Adjustable Floor Rag Rug Twining Loom 48" x 27.5"

$100.00
End Date: Monday Dec-2-2019 4:30:45 PST
Buy It Now for only: $100.00
Buy It Now | Add to watch list

Antique Vintage Nilus Leclerc Loom Tension Box Warp Weaving Wood

$109.99
End Date: Saturday Dec-14-2019 5:45:28 PST
Buy It Now for only: $109.99
Buy It Now | Add to watch list

Used Nilus LeClerc Table Loom Model MEDICO # S-22-4-73-00

$325.00
End Date: Sunday Dec-15-2019 9:09:52 PST
Buy It Now for only: $325.00
Buy It Now | Add to watch list