Tag Archives: loom

Counterbalance Loom Setup: aa101800

Yes, you can get a good shed on a counterbalance loom. It is just a matter of balance. The main thing to remember, is if the loom tie-ups are not centered, then weight of the shafts are not balanced, and you will not be able to get an even shed.

You can even weave 3/1 patterns successfully. Your shed will be a bit smaller, but wide enough for a shuttle to pass through.

It is easiest to fine tune and balance your loom, once a warp is threaded. Here’s how I do it.

counterbalance loom

counterbalance loom

  • Start at the top of the loom and locate the centre.
  • This Glimakra loom is 60″ wide, so the centre is at 30″.
  • Now locate the centre point from both edges to the centre. This is where the upper pulleys for the shafts should be placed.
  • The pulley is 1″ wide, so I place it at 14.5″ from the edge of the loom.


It is important that the tie-up to the shafts is perpendicular and centered and that each tie-up yarn is of equal length.
I use texsolv cord, as it is easy to check that each cord is the same length, by counting the number of loops in the cord.

  • The distance between the notches on the horses is 6″.
  • To check that the tie-ups to the shafts are also perpendicular, they should also be 6″ apart, and the texsolv cords should be at right angles to the upper shafts.
  • The distance from the edge of the shaft to the outer tie-up cord is 13″.

  • With your loom threaded, check on the side of the loom to see that the warp is running through at the centre of the heddles.
  • If necessary, adjust the height of the cords that run from the upper pulleys to the horses.
  • On this loom, this distance is 12″.

Interweave Books and Videos
Counterbalance Loom
icon
Tie-Ups and Marguerite Davison
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Counterbalance Loom Setup: aa101800

Under the Loom

Once you have balanced the top of the loom, you can now set up the treadles.

To hold the pedals in place while doing the tie-up, I prop them up on a rod.
A broom handle and a couple of boxes work fine for this.

I use Texsolv cord for the pedal tie-up as well.

Each cord is the same length, to ensure that the lamms are balanced.

They should be tied so that they are parallel and level.

Locate the center point of the first shaft, and tie a cord from the shaft to the first lamm, at its centre.

The first shaft is tied to the first lamm, the second shaft is tied to the second lamm, and so on. Repeat for each shaft and lamm.

Now you can tie the lamms to the pedals, depending on your peg plan.

In this photo, the tie-up is for a tabby, so the first pedal is tied to lamms 1 & 3 and the second pedal is tied to lamms 2 & 4.

Make sure that the ties are taut – no slack.
Once you begin to weave, the cords may stretch slightly, especially if they are new, so this may require some adjustment.

That’s it!

Remember to remove the broom handle you used for a pedal support, and any other rods or sticks you might have used for support during the tie-up.

With a good shed, the horses should create an almost 90″ angle when a pedal is fully depressed.

Note: I have placed a rod through the small holes at the ends of the shafts, to help hold them in place while setting up the loom.

Weaving Looms

Counterbalance Loom Tie-up Diagram

How to Tie up a Countermarche Loom

Countermarche Loom Diagrams
Weaving Books
The Weaver’s Companion (The Companion Series)
The Weaver’s Companion (The Companion Series)
Learning to Weave
The Big Book of Weaving: Handweaving in the Swedish Tradition: Techniques, Patterns, Designs and Materials

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Handweaving Information: weaveinfo

Cardboard Looms
How to make a loom with a cardboard box

Baby Blankets
Weaving patterns and ideas for handwoven baby blankets.

Clasped Weft
How to weave using Clasped weft weaving technique.

Computers and Looms
Did you know that that computers and looms are related?

Counterbalance Looms
How to get a good shed.

Countermarche Looms
Countermarche loom tie-up diagrams – Type A.

Countermarche Loom – Type B

Pattern Tie-up Diagrams

Craft Shows
If you weave, at some point you will think about attending a craft show.

DoubleWeave Pickup
Tantrika shows how she does double weave pickup.

Finishing Yardage
When your yardage comes off the loom, the process is not yet complete.

Fulled Cloth
How to full a woollen blanket.

Guild Pillow Project
Take some random warp yarns and a creative guild and you have a unique handwoven pillow.

The Guild of Canadian Weavers
The Guild of Canadian Weavers has done much to promote hand weaving in Canada.

How to Fix a Threading Mistake
Have you ever made a huge threading error, or even a small one, and don’t want to undo it all and rethread? A replacement heddle might be the answer.

Improve Your Edges
One of the biggest challenges for the beginner weaver is to produce clean selvages.

Ladder HemStitch
Instructions for how to make a ladder hem stitch finish on your handwoven items.

Lace Weaving Workshop
Sandra’s guild held a workshop on weaving lace.’

Looms
Looms have been used for centuries to create the cloth that we wear.

Lord of the Rings
Weavers played an important part in the making of the costumes for this movie.

McMorran Balance
Using a McMorran balance to calculate how much yarn you have left.

Product Labeling
Some things you need to know when labeling your handwovens for sale.

Table of Setts
A handy table of recommended setts for cottons and linen yarns.

10 Steps of Warping
You can learn to warp your loom, in 10 easy steps.

Finnish Lace Block Throw
A pattern for a throw woven in organic Foxfibre cotton.

Finnish Textiles
Poppana, doubleweave pickup, Takana, Finnweave, Raanu, Rya.

Advancing Twill Scarf
An advanced twill scarf woven by Sandra

Twill and Tabby Towels
Tea towels woven with hemp and cotton yarns

The Horse Song
A Navajo rug woven by Roy Kady.

V-Neck Shaping
I tried to shape a V-neck on the loom, based on a sample I found at the British Museum. Here’s how.’

Water Jug Warping
How to warp a loom by yourself using weighted water jugs

Weaving Drafts
A collection of weaving drafts.

Weaving with Rags
Sakiori, poppana, Catalogne.

Weaving Rag Rugs
Marianne shows her rag rug woven in doubleweave.

Wool Roving Rug

Weaving: Where to Begin
The Net is a great place to begin to learn about weaving.

Weaving: Where to Begin, Part 2
Join a local weavers guild for support.

Weavers Podcasts

Teaching Others
A podcast on Teaching others to Weave and an Interview with Judith MacKenzie

Ashenhurst’s Formula
A precise formula for determining the correct sett.

Collectors Guide to the Art of New Mexico
Mary Hunt Kahlenberg, a former museum curator, gives tips on collecting, displaying and cleaning textiles.

Conversion Tool
From FiberLinks, an on-line tool for converting ounces to grams.

Counterbalance, Jack, Countermarche
Leclerc gives some technical info comparing counterbalance, countermarche and jack loom systems.

History and Definitions List
Definitions of some Persian carpet weaving terms, by a collector of oriental rugs.

Halfway Tree Loom Construction
Halfway Tree has lots of information on building your own floor or table loom with references to books and building plans.

How to Build a Frame Loom
Easy to follow diagrams for building your own simple frame loom.

Loom-Shaped Clothing
Clothing can be designed directly on the loom. The shapes are woven and then assembled into a finished garment.

Right From the Start
Marcy Petrini provides some handy tables on project sizes, take-up and shrinkage and warp calculations.

Sectional Warping – J-comp
Sectional warping of the Jcomp loom is demonstrated with photos.

Sett Chart
Treenway has a reference chart of recommended setts for silk and other great information about weaving with silk yarns.

Spinning with a Top- Whorl Drop Spindle
Carol Cassidy-Fayer describes in excellent detail spinning with a drop spindle and warns of possible habit-forming and obsessive behaviours such as hoarding fibre.

Taquete
Lillian Whipple shows how she uses taquete to weave small motifs for note cards.

Textile Dictionary
Not sure what the word for hemp is in Italian? Check this on-line dictionary for English, German, French and Italian translations.

Weavers Friend
Janet Meany has an excellent resource library of manuals for historic looms.

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Handweaving – Sectional Warp : aa120399

A sectional warp beam is great to have for long warps. In sectional warping, the warp is wound onto the back beam in sections, usually 1 – 2 inch widths at a time. The warp runs through a tension box, that helps to maintain even tension while winding.

However, for shorter warps, I find that using the sectional beam/tension box can be a bit cumbersome. Instead, I prefer to use the Front-to-Back method of beaming illustrated in a previous feature. As there is no apron rod to tie the warp threads to on a sectional beam, I use the following work-around.

For each section of the warp beam, I have cut a length of cotton seine twine (any sturdy cotton or linen yarn will do) that is twice the distance from the back beam to the harnesses of the loom. Fold this piece of yarn in half and tie a knot. Then loop it around the metal rod that is attached to the back beam.

As I thread the heddles, I group the ends together in 1 inch sections with an overhand knot (as my sectional beam is in 1 inch sections) For example, if the sett is 20 epi then I tie together 20 ends.

This group of warp ends is then fastened to the length of yarn from the sectional beam with a snitch knot.

I use a lease stick to cover the knots as the warp is wound onto the back beam. You will also need to make sure that the warp winds on evenly into the sections to avoid tension problems. Using this method reduces a considerable amount of loom waste as you will be able to weave almost to the end of your warp.
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Beginner Weaving – Wind Warp: aa100999

From the previous example, or from your project plan calculations, you will have
determined that you will need to prepare a warp of 390 ends, each 3.5 yards in length.
Special tools have been created that will help you to do this – Warping Boards and Warping Mills. If you don’t have
access to a warping board or mill, you can thread your yarn by wrapping it around
anything that is the correct distance apart, such as the backs of 2 chairs, making sure
that you create a cross in the yarn with each revolution.

Warping Board

Warping Boards are generally used for projects up to 13 yards in length. Longer warps
require a Warping Mill. On a Warping board, the distance between each peg is generally 1
yard. If your project is shorter than 12 yards, it is usually easier to thread your warp
using the full length of the board.

warping board

This photo shows a 5 yard warp length.

The example given above required a 3.5 yard warp length. I usually round up 1/2 yards to
the nearest yard (if I have sufficient yarn) i.e. 4 yards. To begin warping, I tie the
yarn to the first peg on the top Right side of the warping board. Going Left, I run the
yarn Over the first peg and Under the following peg, then Over the far Left peg and
reverse direction. Then to the next peg on the Right side of the board, reverse direction
and on to the next peg on the Left side of the board and so on until there is a length of
4 yards on the warping board.

Then reverse direction and work your way back up to the top of the warping board. At the
top, go over the Left peg, Over the next one, Under the following and back to the Far
Right peg. This creates a Cross in the warp
chain. The Cross is very important, as it keeps the warp yarns in the order that you
threaded them.

warp cross

Warp Chains

In the above example, you would repeat this procedure until you have 390 ends. A warping
board doesn’t generally hold 390 ends, so you will need make several warp chains. I
usually do chains of 50 – 100 ends depending on the thickness of the yarn.

Counter Thread

counter thread

To keep track of the number of ends that I have wound onto the board, I use a counting
thread; a contrasting piece of yarn and lace the ends in groups of 10.

Keep Even Tension

As you are winding the warp, you might find that the tension on the warp may tend to get
tighter. If this is occurring, you will notice that the pegs are drawing in. For this
reason, many warping boards do not have the pegs glued in. If the warp is tightening too
much, the pegs will come loose rather than breaking on you. Try to keep an even tension
while winding on. Otherwise, as the tension increases, each successive warp end is
shortening and you will end up with a warp of different lengths.

Warping Board Plans
How to make a warping board.

Step 1. Choose your project and yarns.

Step 2. Determine the sett of your cloth, or how many threads per inch the fabric will be.

Step 3. Choose the correct Reed

Step 4. Calculate the Yarn requirements.

Step 5. Wind the Warp using a warping board or warping mill.

Step 6. Remove the warp chains and place them on the loom.

Step 7. Sley the Reed.

Step 8. Thread the heddles, following the draft plan.

Step 9. Wind the warp onto the back beam

Step 10. Tie the warp ends to the front beam.

Congratulations! Now you a ready to Weave!

Weaving Books
The Weaver’s Companion (The Companion Series)
The Weaver’s Companion (The Companion Series)
Learning to Weave
The Big Book of Weaving: Handweaving in the Swedish Tradition: Techniques, Patterns, Designs and Materials

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$100.00 (1 Bid)
End Date: Tuesday Nov-26-2019 12:58:01 PST
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End Date: Tuesday Dec-17-2019 6:40:13 PST
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Vintage Little Loomhouse 4 Harness Weaving Loom & 4 Treadle Table Stand BIN

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Weavers Guilds: aa092998

If you are a beginner weaver, you may have already purchased a book or two on learning to weave. Someone may have given you a small table loom, or perhaps you have jumped right in and purchased a larger floor loom. You have some lovely yarns and an image of what type of projects you would like to make.

Now you may be looking at this equipment and those diagrams of how to warp and are a bit confused by the complexity of it all. What is a reed, a heddle, sett, warp, weft? You are learning a new language and finding you have to develop new motor skills. The best thing to do is to find another weaver to help you with your first few warps.

Warping a loom isn’t that difficult, once you have done it a few times. But it is helpful to have someone available to guide you through the process. Check with your local yarn store. They may know who the weavers are in your area. It is also a good idea to join your local weavers guild. There is quite a good weavers guild system in Canada and the U.S. with members meeting on a regular basis, usually monthly.

The Handweavers Guild of America (HGA) can direct you to a guild in your area. Some guilds have websites as well, and are listed in our  library, arranged by geogaphic location. I have found that weavers are a very supportive group and would be happy to assist you in getting started. If you are having trouble locating someone in your area, please let me know.

The guilds have training programs, weaving exchanges, and newsletters to keep members informed of special events and projects. Guilds sponsor annual conferences, offering workshops with high quality instructors, vendor booths, and providing opportunities for weavers to meet.

I have posted a series of articles that will guide you through the steps of warping a loom. These are illustrated with clear photos. Some weaving projects are also listed in our library.
10 Steps to Warping a Loom

Table of Setts

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Beginner Weaving – Reed Conversion Chart: blreedconversion

Reeds come in 2 measurement systems, Imperial or inches and in metric. Here is a chart to help you figure out which is which.

bamboo reed

Dents per Inch Dents per Centimetre
4 1.5
5 2
6 2.5
8 3
10 4
12 5
15 6
18 7
20 8

Other Conversion Charts

Table of Setts

Crochet Hook Sizes
A table for conversion of crochet hook sizes: metric, US and UK.

Knitting Needles
A conversion table for UK, US and Metric knitting needles.

Reed Conversions
Table of metric and Imperial measurements for reed sizes.

Weaving Pattern Books

Key to Weaving: A Textbook of Hand-Weaving Techniques and Pattern Drafts for the Beginning Weaver
A definitive guide to handloom weaving: step-by-step instructions, intricacies of color, fiber and how to use them effectively.
UK: Key to Weaving

Favorite Scandinavian Projects to Weave: 45 Stylish Designs for the Modern Home
A collection of 45 different furnishing textiles: colorful blankets, fanciful table runners, classic curtains, and embroidered hand towels.
UK: Favorite Scandinavian Projects to Weave

Rug Weaving Techniques: Beyond the Basics
Concise instructions and explanatory diagrams techniques for plain weave, twill and block weaves.
UK: Rug Weaving Techniques

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End Date: Tuesday Dec-17-2019 6:40:13 PST
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Beginner Weaving – Table of Setts: blsetts

The sett of your cloth can vary, depending on your yarn and the desired drape of your fabric. Below is a table of recommended setts. To achieve the correct result, it is best to sample. Weave a small section, and wash your sample before continuing with your project.

bamboo reed

Weaving Setts for Cotton Yarns

COTTON (840) YPP Tabby – Loose – EPI Tabby – Firm – EPI Twill – EPI
3/2 1200 ypp 10 14 18
5/2 2100 ypp 12 16 18
8/2 3360 ypp 20 24 28
8/4 1680 ypp 14 16 18
10/2 4200 ypp 24 27 30
10/3 2800 ypp 20 22.5 24
16/2 6720 ypp 28 30 32
20/2 8400 ypp 30 32 36
20/3 5600 ypp 22 24 28
20/6 2800 ypp 20 22.5 24
24/2 10080 ypp 30 36 40
24/3 6720 ypp 28 30 32
30/3 8400 ypp 30 32 36

Interweave Books
Time to Weave Elegant Projects
icon
Weavers Companion
icon
Designing and Weaving with Blocks
icon

Weaving Setts for Linen Yarns

LINEN (300) YPP Tabby – Loose – EPI Tabby – Firm – EPI Twill – EPI
7/1 2100 ypp 20 22.5 25
10/1 3000 ypp 24 27 30
12/1 3600 ypp 25 28 32
12/2 1800 ypp 20 22 24
14/2 2100 ypp 20 22.5 25
18/2 2700 ypp 22.5 24 27
20/2 3000 ypp 24 26 30
30/2 4500 ypp 28 30 32
40/2 6000 ypp 32 36 45
50/3 5000 ypp 35 37.5 45
16/4 2420 ypp 8 12 12

Weaving Setts for Silk Yarns

SILK YPP Tabby – Loose – EPI Tabby – Firm – EPI Twill – EPI
20/10 950 ypp 7 8
20/6 1500 ypp 10 12 14
12/2 2950 ypp 18 20 22
20/2 5000 ypp 24 26 28
30/2 7500 ypp 30 32 34-36
60/2 15,000 ypp 60 64 66-70
120/2 30,000 ypp 120 124-128 132-140

Other Conversion Charts
Table of Setts

Crochet Hook Sizes
A table for conversion of crochet hook sizes: metric, US and UK.

Knitting Needles
A conversion table for UK, US and Metric knitting needles.

Reed Conversions
Table of metric and Imperial measurements for reed sizes.

Ravelry Discussions

Rigid Heddle Looms – Newbie Questions
Weaving Pattern Books

Learning to Weave

Weaving Within Reach: Beautiful Woven Projects by Hand or by Loom

Weaving Western Sakiori: A Modern Guide for Rag Weaving

The Big Book of Weaving: Handweaving in the Swedish Tradition: Techniques, Patterns, Designs and Materials
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Weavette Looms Buxton Brook Complete Small Loom Kit

$100.00 (1 Bid)
End Date: Tuesday Nov-26-2019 12:58:01 PST
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Kromski Rigid Heddle Loom 24 Inch

$325.00
End Date: Tuesday Dec-17-2019 6:40:13 PST
Buy It Now for only: $325.00
Buy It Now | Add to watch list

Vintage Little Loomhouse 4 Harness Weaving Loom & 4 Treadle Table Stand BIN

$245.00
End Date: Monday Dec-9-2019 17:36:28 PST
Buy It Now for only: $245.00
Buy It Now | Add to watch list

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