Tag Archives: linen

Doukhobor weaving: aa062198

>Living in the Kootenays in British Columbia, I am fortunate to have experienced some of the rich heritage that the Doukhobor community provides. The Doukhobors are a pacifist Christian sect originating in Russia in the 17th century. In 1899 about 7400 Doukhobors immigrated to Canada, settling in parts of Saskatchewan, the Northwest Territories and later moving to the Kootenay region of British Columbia.
They lived off the land, many still cultivating their farms and growing their own vegetables and fruits.

The Duokhobors grew flax and hemp, spinning the fiber and weaving their own cloth. Wonderful weaving treasures, old spinning wheels and looms can still be found in antique shops and the occasional garage sale.

There are several museums and cultural centres throughout the province, that have displays of Doukhobor handwork and craftsmanship.

skein winder

Kirilovka Doukhobor Village site The Doukhobor Collection is a great source of information, digital archives and images of the Doukhobor in Canada.

Be sure to visit the Doukhobor Village if you are in Castlegar. In the Grand Forks settlement as in other communities, they operated on a moneyless system, producing their own goods and trading as needed. A tannery, blacksmith shop, jam factory, sawmill and weaving all enabled them to be self sufficient.

Mabel Verigin Doukhobor Master Weaver

Traditional Doukhobor Weaving

Canadian Doukohobor Society

Tarasoff Collection – BC Archives
The Canadian Museum of Civilization
had an exhibit featuring the life of the Douhkobors called “The Spirit Wrestlers”.

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Schacht Wolf Pup Weaving Loom, Bench, Warping Board and Bobbin Winder

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Erica 25" Rigid Heddle Frame Weaving Loom Vintage Wood Frame Northfield

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Beginner Weaving – Table of Setts: blsetts

The sett of your cloth can vary, depending on your yarn and the desired drape of your fabric. Below is a table of recommended setts. To achieve the correct result, it is best to sample. Weave a small section, and wash your sample before continuing with your project.

bamboo reed

Weaving Setts for Cotton Yarns

COTTON (840) YPP Tabby – Loose – EPI Tabby – Firm – EPI Twill – EPI
3/2 1200 ypp 10 14 18
5/2 2100 ypp 12 16 18
8/2 3360 ypp 20 24 28
8/4 1680 ypp 14 16 18
10/2 4200 ypp 24 27 30
10/3 2800 ypp 20 22.5 24
16/2 6720 ypp 28 30 32
20/2 8400 ypp 30 32 36
20/3 5600 ypp 22 24 28
20/6 2800 ypp 20 22.5 24
24/2 10080 ypp 30 36 40
24/3 6720 ypp 28 30 32
30/3 8400 ypp 30 32 36

Interweave Books
Time to Weave Elegant Projects
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Weavers Companion
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Designing and Weaving with Blocks
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Weaving Setts for Linen Yarns

LINEN (300) YPP Tabby – Loose – EPI Tabby – Firm – EPI Twill – EPI
7/1 2100 ypp 20 22.5 25
10/1 3000 ypp 24 27 30
12/1 3600 ypp 25 28 32
12/2 1800 ypp 20 22 24
14/2 2100 ypp 20 22.5 25
18/2 2700 ypp 22.5 24 27
20/2 3000 ypp 24 26 30
30/2 4500 ypp 28 30 32
40/2 6000 ypp 32 36 45
50/3 5000 ypp 35 37.5 45
16/4 2420 ypp 8 12 12

Weaving Setts for Silk Yarns

SILK YPP Tabby – Loose – EPI Tabby – Firm – EPI Twill – EPI
20/10 950 ypp 7 8
20/6 1500 ypp 10 12 14
12/2 2950 ypp 18 20 22
20/2 5000 ypp 24 26 28
30/2 7500 ypp 30 32 34-36
60/2 15,000 ypp 60 64 66-70
120/2 30,000 ypp 120 124-128 132-140

Other Conversion Charts
Table of Setts

Crochet Hook Sizes
A table for conversion of crochet hook sizes: metric, US and UK.

Knitting Needles
A conversion table for UK, US and Metric knitting needles.

Reed Conversions
Table of metric and Imperial measurements for reed sizes.

Ravelry Discussions

Rigid Heddle Looms – Newbie Questions
Weaving Pattern Books

Learning to Weave

Weaving Within Reach: Beautiful Woven Projects by Hand or by Loom

Weaving Western Sakiori: A Modern Guide for Rag Weaving

The Big Book of Weaving: Handweaving in the Swedish Tradition: Techniques, Patterns, Designs and Materials
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Yarn Shops

Bodega Pastures Sheep
Bodega Pastures uses sustainable ranching practices and has organic wool from Churro, Columbia, Corriedale and Romney sheep.

Borgs Weaving Yarn
Swedish Borgs weaving yarns come in over 1000 colours, from cotton, rugwarp, linen, cottolin, wool and paper.

Bullens Wullens
Bullens Wullens has ready to spin, combed wool top: merino, Targhee, Corriedale and Finn in many lovely colours.

Camilla Valley Farm
Camilla Valley Farm, located north of Toronto, Ont, provides quality supplies for weavers, including cotton, linen and locally produced Philosopher’s Wool.

Caroline’s Yarns
Caroline produces handspun custom yarns from hand picked fleece for knitters and weavers.

Colinette Textile Alchemy
Colinette has an extraordinary selection of hand-dyed yarns: wools, silk, mohair, cottons.

Cotton Clouds
Cotton Clouds stocks over 21 different lines of cotton blend yarns.

Crescent Moon Fiber Mill
Qiviut and other luxury and exotic yarns, washing, picking, carding and spinning services.

Curl Yarns
Curl Bros. has high quality 2/8, 4/8, 8/8 and Perle mercerized cotton yarns in 43 vibrant colours.

Earthguild
Earthguild carries a wide range of supplies to serve the needs of the craft community: rugmaking, weaving, spinning, basketry, dyes.

Fibreholics Homepage
Agnes Hauptli is a true fibreholic with a great selection of fibres to choose from: silks, wools, cottolins and even possum.

Foxfibre Naturally Coloured Cotton
Sally Fox’s naturally coloured Foxfibre cotton yarns and spinning fibre.

Halcyon Yarn
Halcyon Yarn provides a mail-order service for handknitting, machine knitting and weaving yarns and spinning fibres. They carry over 100 varieties of yarn from silk to rug wools.

Harrisville Yarn
Harrisville wool tweed and Shetland yarns. Available on cones for machine knitting or weaving and washed skeins for handknitting.

Hemp Textiles Int.
Hemp Textiles Int. is a wholesale supplier of hemp spinning fibres and yarns.

Homestead Sheep and Fiber Products
Both handspun and millspun yarns are offered at this site, Jacob, lambswool and mohair blends.

In Sheep’s Clothing
In Sheep’s Clothing offers unique yarns and fibres, for weavers, knitters, spinners and basket makers.

J J’s Wool and Craft
A delightful New Zealand site to visit featuring luscious hand-dyed wool yarns for knitters and mohair/silk slivers for handspinners. They can also process your special fibre blends.

Kreinik Threads
Silk and metallic threads are perfect for embellishment of your handwovens as well as downloadable freebies.

Lamb’s Ear Farm
Lamb’s Ear Farm has Beka looms, yarns, wheels, fibres, dyes and other goodies for the weaver and handspinner.

Lana Knits Hemp Kits
Lana Knits has Get to Know Hemp kits, for making washcloths, mitts and sweaters.

Langley Yarns
Spinning wheels and fiber, looms, weaving yarns, and weaving lessons by Barbara Braaten.

Lankapalvelu
Lankapalvelu is a Finnish site that has a good selection of cotton and specialty yarns, including Poppana, cotton chenille, mop yarn. See Muutkodonta-materiaalit.

Louet
Louet is a wholesale supplier of exotic yarns, fibers, natural and chemical dyes, spinning wheels and looms.

Luxurious Fibers From Around the World
This site has a large selection of luxury fibers: alpaca, angora, mohair, camel, silk, handpainted yarns, cottons.

MacAusland’s Woollen Mills Ltd.
MacAusland’s has been producing yarn since 1932. This family run business supplies custom spinning and weaving yarns and their own pure wool blankets.

Margaret Peel’s Fibre Supplies
Margaret Peel’s in Australia, carries a wide range of ready to spin blended fibres and handspun yarns. Washing and dyeing is all done by hand, and carded by machine.

Mountain Spun Farm
Mountain Spun Farm has a bit of something for everyone. Triangle looms, spinning tools, Shetland and Romney sheep, Angora and Cashmere goats, angora bunnies and other fibre and fleece.

Nordic Studio
Nordic Studio has Bockens Line Linen in 16/1, 16/2, 28/2, tow, linen rug warp, bobbin lace as well as other wools and yarns imported from Sweden and Norway.

Odyssey Llama’s Fiber Corner
Looking for a source for llama fibre? Odyssey has raw and washed fleece and roving in a multitude of natural shades.

P C’s Pets
Pam Chapman raises Angora rabbits. She has fibre for sale as well as excellent advice for caring for your rabbit.

Paradise Fibers
Paradise Fibers has a wide selection of wools and mohairs, spinning fibres, and knitting/weaving yarns.

Fibreholics Homepage
Agnes Hauptli is a true fibreholic with a great selection of fibres to choose from: silks, wools, cottolins and even possum.

Foxfibre Naturally Coloured Cotton
Sally Fox’s naturally coloured Foxfibre cotton yarns and spinning fibre.

R and M Yarns
R & M has a varied selection of mill-end wool, cotton, rayon and acrylic yarns, suitable for machine knitting and weaving.

Red Barn Farm
Red Barn Farm has Targhee, Border Leicester wools from their own flock as well as spinning and weaving supplies.

Red Meadow
Red Meadow is an on-line store for weavers, spinners and other fibre artists.

Robin and Russ Handweavers Inc.
Robin and Russ is always a great source for weaving yarns. Their yarn catalog is worth ordering.

Rogue Icelandic Farm
Yvonne & David McDonald raise Icelandic sheep and Pygora goats in Oregon.

Savillehill Farm
An on-line studio catalog shop featuring equipment and supplies for both the beginner and experience fibre artist.

Snow Drift Farm
Take a llama trek in Cape Breton, NS and try out some mohair or llama fibre as well.

Spring Creek Organic Farm
Award winning natural coloured and white Romney sheep are organically raised. Each fleece is hand skirted to assure a clean fleece, free of vegetation.

Sugar Bush Hollow
Sugar Bush Hollow is a mother and daughter cottage industry that caters to all fiber enthusiasts. You can get Angora wool, Cormo fleece, and llama fiber or if you don’t spin yourself, they can spin it for you.

Sun Bench Fibres
Sun Bench Fibres began their business raising sheep and angora goats, carding the wool for handspinners. They have now expanded to carry an assortment of spinning fibres, weaving yarns, and Ashford, Lendrum and Leclerc equipment.

Treenway Silks
Treenway designs their own special blends of luxurious silks and colours. Who can resist?

Wales MacKinlay
Wales MacKinlay is an industrial supplier of yarns and fibre for knitters and weavers in New Zealand.

Weavers Loft
Weavers Loft in Indiana, carries looms, spinning wheels, books and suppliers for the weaver and handspinner.

Webs Yarn Merchant
Webs offers a wide selection of specialty yarns ranging from rayon chenille, to mohair and wool blends designed for weavers and hand knitters.

Woolhouse Tools

Woolhouse Tools in Armstrong, British Columbia makes beautiful table and floor looms, shuttles, ball-winders and other weaving accessories.

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Ashford Joy Portable Spinning Wheel with Carrying Case and Paperwork

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Spinning Fibre Information: fibreinfo

Fiber Characteristics
FabricLink lists characteristics and end uses of natural and synthetic fibres such as: acetates, cotton, lyocell, linen, mohair and microfibres.

Electron Microsopic Images
Images of wool, linen, cotton, silk and rayon as seen through an electron microscope.

Fiber Identification using Burning Behavior
A table of how fibre behaves in an open flame.

Flammability of Textile Fibers
Which fibres are quick to ignite, self-extinguish or melt? Good to know, when you are planning your project.

Identification of the Fiber
Burn tests, chemical tests, and fibre precautions, from Core Company — a company specializing in carpet care.

Manufacturing Process for Spun Yarns
The Texguide site shows the conversion process of changing fibre in yarn.

A Prickly Question
Mike Safley discusses the “prickle factor” in determining whether a garment will be itchy.

The Spinster, the Weaver, the Whole Wooly World
This site describes fibre preparation and spinning by Mormon pioneers.

Suggestions for National Spinning and Weaving Week
The HGA, offers suggestions to make spinning more visible in your community.

Yarn Sizes
Esther Bozak has compiled a useful table of common yarn sizes.

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Schacht Wolf Pup Weaving Loom, Bench, Warping Board and Bobbin Winder

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Erica 25" Rigid Heddle Frame Weaving Loom Vintage Wood Frame Northfield

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KINGFISHER II TAPESTRY LOOM

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Weaving Project – Linen Table Runners: aa082797

I like to use linen in my weaving. I like its crispness and precision. It can be a challenging fiber to work with. It is not forgiving as wool is. All your mistakes show up. However, a well woven project is something to be proud of.

For this project, I used a 2 ply bleached tow linen. I found it a bit tricky to work with as the loose bits of tow were sticky while I was winding the warp onto the loom. Once wound on, it behaved quite well. I kept a spray bottle of water handy, giving the warp a few sprays as I advanced the warp.

This project made 8 table runners, each 28 inches long with a 4 inch allowance between each runner for fringe.

linen draft

Warp:

2 ply bleached tow linen (4400 ypp)
Length: 8 yards
Sett:: 24 e.p.i.
Width in Reed: 15 inches
No. Ends: 360

woven linen

Weft:

The weaving draft is a braided twill. The threading produces diagonal lines that weave in and out on each other.

By using the same yarn in the weft, the interlacing effect was very subtle. A darker tow linen gave a more noticeable braided appearance.

Linen Yarns

Weaving Pattern books

Linen from flax seed to woven cloth
Learn about flax cultivation, processing and spinning, natural and synthetic dyeing, and weaving and finishing linen cloth.
UK: Linen from flax seed..

How to weave linens
UK: How to Weave Linens

Reflections From A Flaxen Past : For Love of Lithuanian Weaving
Flax tools and faces from archival photographs; textile images and patterns.
UK: Reflections from a Flaxen Past

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Schacht Wolf Pup Weaving Loom, Bench, Warping Board and Bobbin Winder

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Erica 25" Rigid Heddle Frame Weaving Loom Vintage Wood Frame Northfield

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Tables of Metric Conversions: aa050597

Metric Conversion Tables

English Metric
1 in. 2.54 cm
.39 in 1 cm
1 ft. 30.48 cm
1 yd. (3 ft.) .91 m.
39.4 in. 1 m.
1 oz. 28 gr.
1 lb. 454 gr.
2.2 lb. 1 kg.

Worsted Wool Yarn Conversions

Size/Ply =(560 x size)/ply YPP
1s (560 x 1)/1 560
16s (560 x 16)/1 8960
16s2 (560 x 16)/2 4480

Cotton Yarn Conversions

Cotton Count
Size/Ply =(840 x size)/ply YPP
1 (840 x 1)/1 840
6/2 (840 x 6)/2 2520
8/2 (840 x 8)/2 3360
10/2 (840 x 10)/2 4200
12/2 (840 x 12)/2 5040
6/3 (840 x 6)/3 1680
8/4 (840 x 8)/4 1680
8/6 (840 x 8)/6 1120

Linen Yarn Conversion

Lea (Nel) =(300 x lea)/ply YPP Nm Tex
meters/gram gram wt. per 1000 m.
No. 1 Lea (300 x 1)/1 300 .6 nm 1659 Tex
No. 4 (300 x 4)/1 1200 2.4 nm 420 Tex
No. 8 (300 x 8/1 2400 4.8 nm 165 Tex
No. 10 (300 x 10)/1 3000 6 nm 165 Tex
No.12 (300 x 12)/1 3600 7.2 nm 138 Tex
No. 16 (300 x 16)/1 4800 9.6 nm 103 Tex
No. 20 (300 x 20)/1 6000 12 nm 83 Tex

bamboo reed

Other Conversion Charts

Table of Setts

Crochet Hook Sizes
A table for conversion of crochet hook sizes: metric, US and UK.

Knitting Needles
A conversion table for UK, US and Metric knitting needles.

Reed Conversions
Table of metric and Imperial measurements for reed sizes.

Weaving Pattern Books

Rug Weaving Techniques: Beyond the Basics
Concise instructions and explanatory diagrams techniques for plain weave, twill and block weaves.
UK: Rug Weaving Techniques

The Woven Bag: 30+ Projects from Small Looms (Writers Digest Guides)
Each bag is created using small looms, such as potholder looms, frame looms and knotted mesh looms.
UK: The Woven Bag

Handwoven Laces
Hand weavers can use a loom to quickly produce lovely lacy fabrics. The loom-controlled textures depend upon groups of threads that work together and do not reveal their full effect until the cloth comes off the loom.


Hand weaving pattern books

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Schacht Wolf Pup Weaving Loom, Bench, Warping Board and Bobbin Winder

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Flax and Linen: flaxlinen

Borgs Weaving Yarn
Borgs Vavgarner in Sweden has a varied selection of weaving yarns, including tow and line linen yarns from 4/1 to 60/2 weights.

C. L. Blomqvist
Beautiful cottolins and tow and wet-spun linen yarns directly from Sweden.

Camilla Valley Farm
Camilla Valley Farm, located north of Toronto, Ont, has Belgian and Irish linen and cotton blends.

Eurolinens West
Flax is an extraordinary fibre, simple, exclusive, comfortable and environmentally safe. This page explains the processing of flax from growing, harvesting, and spinning to the care of your finished garment.

Flax Craft
Virginia Handy, Log Cabin Crafts has written a new book that covers the growing and processing of the plant for linen and the use of the fiber in spinning, weaving, and related crafts.

Mangling
Kerstin Froberg demonstrates how linens are mangled in Sweden.

R and M Yarns
R & M Yarns has a wide selection of mill-end wool, cotton, rayon and linen and acrylic yarns, suitable for machine knitting and weaving.

Rauma Lace
An excellent and detailed historical article about linen lace-making in Rauma, Finland.

Robin and Russ
Robin and Russ is always a great source for weaving yarns including linen. Their site is being worked on, but a catalog of their products can be ordered.

Yarn Barn
The Yarn Barn has lots of wool, rug yarns, cottons and linens in addition to their weaving equipment.

Weaving Books: Handwoven Lace and Linen

Linen from flax seed to woven cloth
Learn about flax cultivation, processing and spinning, natural and synthetic dyeing, and weaving and finishing linen cloth.
UK: Linen from flax seed..

How to weave linens
UK: How to Weave Linens

Reflections From A Flaxen Past : For Love of Lithuanian Weaving
Flax tools and faces from archival photographs; textile images and patterns.
UK: Reflections from a Flaxen Past

Handwoven Laces
Hand weavers can use a loom to quickly produce lovely lacy fabrics.

A Joy Forever: Latvian Weaving
Historic Latvian household textiles along with contemporary projects.

Huck Lace
All about Huck lace weave structure.

Lace and Lacey Weaves
86 Lace & Lacey Weave projects.
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Ashford Joy Portable Spinning Wheel with Carrying Case and Paperwork

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Flax Weaving: aa041497

Of all natural fibers available, I think flax qualifies as truly a miracle fiber. It is environmentally friendly and is a renewable resource. All of the plant can be used. The seeds can be eaten or used to produce linseed oil. The fiber is processed into yarn and woven into cloth. The term “linen” is used for products that have been made from flax fiber such as linen fabric or tablecloths.

flax
Flax or linen fiber is strong, absorbs moisture, has no allergenic properties and softens with continued use. It has a wide variety of applications. It is used in clothing, furnishings, household fabrics, water buckets, yarn and rope.

Flax has been grown and used for cloth since 8000 B.C. Textiles found with the Dead Sea scrolls were identified as being linen (flax). The linen textiles found in the Qumran Cave 1 in 1949 were used as scroll wrappers, protective covers for jars and linen cord.

Flax growing was an important industry in Flanders for many centuries until the cotton industry and mechanization provided competition.
Flax is still grown in many parts of the world, such as Ireland, western Europe and Russia.

Textiles: Qumran Caves

Photos of linen cloth found in the Qumran Caves, that are thought to be wrappers for some of the Dead Sea scrolls.

From Flower to Textile
The Libeco site describes the process of turning the flax plant into linen fabric.

Irish Linen
Irish spinners and weavers create delicately woven cloth in intricate designs.

Flax Council of Canada
The Flax Council of Canada presents some interesting uses for flax.

Part 2 – Growing and Processing Flax
After harvesting, the flax fiber must go through several processes before it is transformed into the cloth that graces your dinner table.

Here are a few photos of some fabulous linen towels that were recently sent to me by Maureen.

Linen Sauna Towel
Woven by an elderly Swedish woman.

Grace’s Towel – Linen Sampler

Woven by Grace Tonseth, a 14 year-old girl living and being homeschooled on a farm in eastern Washington. She also raises sheep, sheers them, cards, spins and weaves the wool and sews her own clothes!

Linen Weaving

Linen from flax seed to woven cloth
Learn about flax cultivation, processing and spinning, natural and synthetic dyeing, and weaving and finishing linen cloth.
UK: Linen from flax seed..

How to weave linens
UK: How to Weave Linens

Reflections From A Flaxen Past : For Love of Lithuanian Weaving
Flax tools and faces from archival photographs; textile images and patterns.
UK: Reflections from a Flaxen Past

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Schacht Wolf Pup Weaving Loom, Bench, Warping Board and Bobbin Winder

$1,700.00 (0 Bids)
End Date: Saturday Sep-21-2019 8:00:01 PDT
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Erica 25" Rigid Heddle Frame Weaving Loom Vintage Wood Frame Northfield

$100.00
End Date: Sunday Oct-13-2019 10:09:51 PDT
Buy It Now for only: $100.00
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KINGFISHER II TAPESTRY LOOM

$215.00
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