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Book Shop – Handspinning

Recommended Hand Spinning Books
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A Fine Fleece: Knitting with Handspun Yarns

Intertwined: The Art of Handspun Yarn, Modern Patterns, and Creative Spinning

All New Homespun Handknit: 25 Small Projects to Knit with Handspun Yarn

Homespun, Handknit

101 Designer One-Skein Wonders: A world of possibilities inspired by just one skein

Handspun Treasures from Rare Wools

Handspun Revolution

ANTIQUE UNIQUE WORKING SPINNING WHEEL SIGNED

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Ashford traveler spinning wheel single drive

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Antique American Little Saxony Spinning Wheel Beautiful & Complete Working!

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Spinning Wheel Info: wheelinfo

How Your Spinning Wheel Spins
How you can control the twist and tension on your wheel.

Ashford Wisdom Pages
From the Ashford-USA site, a collection of tips from Ashford wheel owners.

Build your own Spinning Wheel
Chris Jordan provides sources for people who want to make their own wheel and also has an FAQ page about wheels.

Selecting a Spinning Wheel
The Woolery gives an introduction to types of spinning wheels and what to look for. The site includes a good diagram of the parts of a spinning wheel.

What Finish to put on an Unfinished Ashford Kit?
Ashford owners share tips on how to finish your unfinished wheel.

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ANTIQUE UNIQUE WORKING SPINNING WHEEL SIGNED

$149.99
End Date: Saturday Dec-14-2019 16:44:57 PST
Buy It Now for only: $149.99
Buy It Now | Add to watch list

Ashford traveler spinning wheel single drive

$187.00 (0 Bids)
End Date: Sunday Nov-24-2019 17:00:01 PST
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Antique American Little Saxony Spinning Wheel Beautiful & Complete Working!

$350.00
End Date: Monday Dec-16-2019 20:43:41 PST
Buy It Now for only: $350.00
Buy It Now | Add to watch list

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Handspinning – Scotch Tension: aa030800b

Scotch Tension

Spinning wheels also have some sort of brake or tension mechanism for controlling the speed at which the yarn is drawn onto the bobbin. If you are a beginner spinner, and your wheel seems to be eating up your roving, before you have had a chance to draft it properly, you will want to slow your wheel down a bit. Most wheels only require very small adjustments to the brake.

Tighten the Brake

Move the Drive band back to the largest setting on the whorl. Treadle slowly and spin a few yards onto the bobbin.
Turn the scotch tension or brake on your wheel 1/4 turn to the right (or in the direction that tightens the brake of your wheel).

Treadle again and spin a few yards. Do you notice that the yarn is being drawn onto the bobbin more quickly?

Tighten the tension again another 1/4 turn and treadle.

Repeat the above step, tightening the tension 1/4 turn each time, until the wheel is drawing the yarn too quickly for you to handle.

Loosen the Brake

Turn the brake 1/4 turn to the left, loosening the tension slightly. Again, treadle and spin a few yards. Repeat the above steps, loosening the tension 1/4 turn each time, until the bobbin is no longer drawing the yarn in.

You should now be able to adjust the tension of the brake to a comfortable spinning speed for you. As the bobbin fills, slight adjustments to the brake will be necessary to keep the wheel spinning at the correct speed.

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Hand Spinning

Spinning Wheels
About Handspinning
Hand spinning Tools and Equipment

Handspinning Books: Spinning Exotic Yarns

The Intentional Spinner
Offering a blend of technical knowledge, history, and easy-to-use tips, this inspiring collection of spinning wisdom deftly explores the three fundamental areas of yarn production: understanding fibers, managing yarn structure, and making yarns that precisely meet the spinner’s needs.
UK: Intentional Spinner

Spin Control
Focusing at first on the spinning wheel, emphasis is placed on the importance of adjusting and customizing the wheel for best results.
UK: Spin Control

Intertwined: The Art of Handspun Yarn, Modern Patterns, and Creative Spinning (Handspun Revolution)
Experimental, handspun yarns, and includes recipes for handspun yarns, project ideas for knitters and crocheters, tips on how to use one-of-a-kind handspun yarns
UK: Intertwined
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How Your Spinning Wheel Spins: aa030800

Handspinning Twist and Tension
Learning to spin a fine yarn, with just the right amount of twist for the particular
fibre, is a delicate balance between drafting the correct amount of fibre, treadling your foot at the appropriate speed, and adjust the tension on your wheel.

To understand how your spinning wheel controls twist and tension, perform the following tests using 2 plied yarns.
I used 2 cotton yarns, in contrasting colours and tied the ends to the leader yarn that was threaded through the orifice of the wheel. For each experiment, I spun the wheel in the same direction, to the right(clockwise). I treadled slowly, trying to maintain an even treadling speed.

Spindle Whorl – Largest Groove

whorl

Spinning wheels generally have 2 or 3 different sized grooves on the spindle whorl. Start with the drive band on the largest groove. Holding the 2 yarns in your right hand, ply them together to the right. Maintain an slow even treadling and allow the spinning wheel to draw the yarns onto the bobbin. Notice that while spinning, the yarns are being drawn from your hand, through the orifice, and onto the bobbin. At the same time, they are being twisted together. After spinning a few yards, hold the yarns together with your thumb and forefinger (so they don’t untwist) and make note of the number of twists per inch in the plied yarn.

Spindle Whorl – Middle Groove

Slip the Drive band onto the middle groove of the spindle whorl. Begin to treadle again, at the same speed as previously. Note that the yarns are being twisted together more tightly, although the speed of the draw onto the bobbin remains the same. After spinning for a few yards, again pinch the yarns together between your thumb and index finger, and make note of the twists per inch of the plied yarn.

Spindle Whorl – Smallest Groove

Slip the Drive band onto the smallest groove of the spindle whorl. Repeat the step above, maintaining an even, slow treadling speed. Notice that the amount of twist has increased. Again, spin a few yards, and note the number of twists per inch of the plied yarn.

Hand Spinning

Spinning Wheels
About Handspinning
Hand spinning Tools and Equipment
Spinning Wheels
Spinning Tools

Learn to Spin Workshops

Learn to Spin The workshop for the beginner hand spinner.
Learn to Use a Drum Carder How to use a drum carder to create new colours and Yarns.
Plied and Cabled Yarns How to spin plied and cabled yarns.
Simply Sumptuous Spinning A surprise selection of different fibres to spin.

Handspinning Books: Spinning Exotic Yarns

The Intentional Spinner
Offering a blend of technical knowledge, history, and easy-to-use tips, this inspiring collection of spinning wisdom deftly explores the three fundamental areas of yarn production: understanding fibers, managing yarn structure, and making yarns that precisely meet the spinner’s needs.
UK: Intentional Spinner

Spin Control
Focusing at first on the spinning wheel, emphasis is placed on the importance of adjusting and customizing the wheel for best results.
UK: Spin Control

Intertwined: The Art of Handspun Yarn, Modern Patterns, and Creative Spinning (Handspun Revolution)
Experimental, handspun yarns, and includes recipes for handspun yarns, project ideas for knitters and crocheters, tips on how to use one-of-a-kind handspun yarns
UK: Intertwined

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ANTIQUE UNIQUE WORKING SPINNING WHEEL SIGNED

$149.99
End Date: Saturday Dec-14-2019 16:44:57 PST
Buy It Now for only: $149.99
Buy It Now | Add to watch list

Ashford traveler spinning wheel single drive

$187.00 (0 Bids)
End Date: Sunday Nov-24-2019 17:00:01 PST
Bid now | Add to watch list

Antique American Little Saxony Spinning Wheel Beautiful & Complete Working!

$350.00
End Date: Monday Dec-16-2019 20:43:41 PST
Buy It Now for only: $350.00
Buy It Now | Add to watch list

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Semi worsted spinning: blcoopworsted


Worsted Hand Spinning

In this video, I’m using a Worsted method of spinning. The yarn that will be produced will be worsted type of yarn. I am spinning a combed Shetland wool top.

The worsted method is also sometimes called “inch-worm” because your hand inches along down the wool bundle.

In this type of spinning, the twist happens between the wheel and the fingers of my right hand.
The spinning wheel is doing the work of twisting the yarn and of drawing it onto the bobbin. I’m lightly pinching the wool with my thumb and first fingers, just enough to keep the twist from going into the roving.

My right hand also controls how much wool is being picked up from the roving and what direction in the roving the wool is going. My right hand slides down the wool bundle an inch at a time. My left hand holds the wool bundle lightly.

You Tube – Spinning Shetland Wool Fiber

Hand Spinning

Woollen and Worsted Spinning
Crimp and Twist
How to Finish Handspun Yarn
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ANTIQUE UNIQUE WORKING SPINNING WHEEL SIGNED

$149.99
End Date: Saturday Dec-14-2019 16:44:57 PST
Buy It Now for only: $149.99
Buy It Now | Add to watch list

Ashford traveler spinning wheel single drive

$187.00 (0 Bids)
End Date: Sunday Nov-24-2019 17:00:01 PST
Bid now | Add to watch list

Antique American Little Saxony Spinning Wheel Beautiful & Complete Working!

$350.00
End Date: Monday Dec-16-2019 20:43:41 PST
Buy It Now for only: $350.00
Buy It Now | Add to watch list

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Handspinning – Twists Per Inch: blcooptwist

TPI and Wheel Ratios

Most spinning wheels have more than one whorl on the flyer. This allows you to spin at different twists per inch more easily. This is similar to the various reed sizes that are available to handweavers, allowing them better control of the sett of their cloth.

I am spinning this semi-worsted yarn on my old Lendrum spinning wheel. The whorl size that I’m using spins at a ratio of 8:1. This means that every time the big wheel makes one revolution, the smaller whorl goes around 8 times.

In order to spin at 8 twists per inch (TPI), every time I treadle, the larger wheel goes around once. With the worsted spinning method that I am using, I advance my right hand down 1 inch. This allows the wheel to put 8 twists into that 1 inch of yarn. By maintaining an even treadling, and moving my hand at a consistent rate of 1 inch, the finished yarn will be spun at 8 TPI.

You can check this at any time, by stopping the wheel. Draw a bit of yarn out of the bobbin and let it spin back onto itself. Count the number of twists in the yarn. It should be at 8 TPI.

If I wish to spin at a lower TPI,
e.g. 4 TPI

then I can advance my hand down at a faster rate.

Sliding my hand down 2 inches for each treadle, will produce a yarn of 4 TPI.

You could conceivably spin just about any twist or thickness of yarn using only 1 whorl size, but it is easier to select the whorl ratio that is closest to your desired yarn. If you wish to spin a high twist yarn of 18 TPI, then choosing a high ratio whorl would make your spinning much more effortless.

Crimp and Twist

You Tube – Spinning Worsted Yarn


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ANTIQUE UNIQUE WORKING SPINNING WHEEL SIGNED

$149.99
End Date: Saturday Dec-14-2019 16:44:57 PST
Buy It Now for only: $149.99
Buy It Now | Add to watch list

Ashford traveler spinning wheel single drive

$187.00 (0 Bids)
End Date: Sunday Nov-24-2019 17:00:01 PST
Bid now | Add to watch list

Antique American Little Saxony Spinning Wheel Beautiful & Complete Working!

$350.00
End Date: Monday Dec-16-2019 20:43:41 PST
Buy It Now for only: $350.00
Buy It Now | Add to watch list

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Handweaving Beginner basics: blbasics

Guilds
Do you want to learn how to spin or weave, and don’t know where to find lessons? Check with a guild near you and see if they offer classes. Weavers and spinners are very friendly and always welcome newcomers.

How Your Spinning Wheel Spins
Learn to control the twist and tension on your wheel.

Spinning Information
How to join a yarn, spinning woollen and worsted yarns, TPI and wheel ratios, spinning cabled yarns and other handspinning techniques.

Countermarche Looms
Instructions for settting up a countermarche loom.

Looms
Do you want to buy a loom? Or would like to build one? Here is a list of loom suppliers and information about different types of looms. Be sure to check out the Used Equipment pages, too.

10 Steps to Warping
You have your loom, but now what? “How do you string the thing?”
Dressing your loom is explained in easy to follow steps – with pictures.

Table of Setts
Would you like to plan your own project, but aren’t sure what sett to use? Here is a table of recommended setts for cotton, linen and silk yarns. Be sure to weave a small sample, to be sure that the sett is what you intended for your project.

McMorran Balance
Do you have an unidentified cone of yarn and don’t know what yardage it is? A McMorran Balance will help you figure out how much you have.

Improving Your Edges
Are you have problems weaving a clean edge? Here are some tips to weaving better.

Butterflys
What is a butterfly? and How do I Wind one?.

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How to Spin a Cabled Yarn: how_spin_cabled_yarn

Making a cabled yarn can add variety to your spinning. If the yarn you have is too thin for your project you can double the thickness by using this cabling technique.

 

Difficulty Level:

Average

Time Required:

90 minutes

Here’s How:

     

  1. Start with a yarn that has been plied already and attach it to the leader of your spinning wheel. The plied yarn can be your handspun or any commercially spun yarn.
  2. Note the direction of the spin of the original plied yarn. You will be spinning in the same direction as the original ply. The yarn will be very overtwisted.
  3. Spin a second bobbin of the same yarn (or another type of yarn) adding the same amount of twist to it as the first bobbin. (same direction as the first – over twisted)
  4. Remove the second bobbin from the wheel. Now ply both bobbins of yarn together, spinning in the opposite direction.
  5. Plying in the opposite direction, you should get a balanced, cabled yarn.

Tips:

  • Spinning a cabled yarn is similar to making a twisted fringe on a handwoven item.
  • Make sure that you add enough twist into the first spinning in Steps 2 & 3.
  • Cabling creates a smoother surfaced yarn for knitting.
  • Cabled yarns are stronger than plied yarns and are great for knitted socks.
  • You can create interesting effects by cabling mohairs, silks, wools, cottons, different colours, etc. 
  • How To

    How Long does it take to knit
    How to Make an Alum Mordant
    How to Mordant Cotton and Linen Yarns
    How to Sew Handwoven Fabric
    How to Spin a Cabled Yarn
    How to Make a Tin Mordant
    How to Make a Twisted Fringe
    How to Use a Corker
    How to Wash Fleece
    How to Felt
    How to Use a McMorran Balance

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