Tag Archives: hemp yarn

Tapestry pillow: aa041506

hemp tapestry pillows

These pillows were woven on the loom using a double width weaving technique. The centre of each pillow was also woven on the loom, with a variety of techniques: clasped weft, tapestry, and leno lace.

Warp length: 4 yd.

Warp: 3 ply bleached hemp

Sett: 16 epi

Width on Loom: 19 inches

# Ends: 304

Double Width Draft woven on 4 shafts
double width weaving draft

This weaving draft shows how to weave 2 layers on 4 shafts.
Shaft 1 & 2 (Orange) )weave one layer,

and Shafts 3 & 4 (Green) )weave the second layer.
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The above draft shows how to weave a tube.

  • Raising shaft 1 – weaves the top layer.
  • Raising shaft 2 – weaves the bottom layer.
  • Raising shaft 3 – weaves the top layer.
  • Raising shaft 4 – weaves the bottom layer.

 

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To weave the pillow

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The tapestry is centered onto the pillow front. Allow for approx. 2-3 inches for the outside edges of the pillow.

Weave the bottom section of the pillow first, as a tube.

  • Raising shaft 1 – weaves the top layer.
  • Raising shaft 3- weaves the bottom layer.
  • Raising shaft 2 – weaves the top layer.
  • Raising shaft 4 – weaves the bottom layer.

 

After you have woven the bottom edge of the pillow – approx. 3 inches, you will now weave the top sides and the back of the pillow, leaving the centre section unwoven.

  • Starting at the right side of the pillow, raise Shaft 1 to weave the top right side of the pillow.
  • Leaving the centre tapestry section of the pillow unwoven, pick up and weave the top right edge, throwing the shuttle from left to right.
  • Now lift shaft 2 and weave the bottom of the pillow, throwing the shuttle from right to left.
  • Raise shaft 1 and weave the top left edge of the pillow, throwing the shuttle from left to right.
  • Raise shaft 3 and weave the top left edge, throwing the shuttle from right to left.

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Once you have woven the sides of the pillow you can now weave the tapestry centre.

Clasped Weft

claspedweft019.jpg, 36480 bytes
In this example I used a clasped weft technique. Using 2 shuttles of different coloured wefts, throw one shuttle across the weft (Yellow) and return it, looping the weft around the second (Red) weft thread. Pull back gently on the first weft yarn (Yellow) to adjust the placement of the 2 wefts. Change sheds and beat. You may need to use a tapestry beater to beat the threads into place. Weave the next row again with the same clasped weft technique

Clasped Weft

Martha Rae Middleton has collected wonderful examples of this tapestry technique
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Tapestry Weaving

Tapestry Weaving: A Comprehensive Study Guide
Tapestry Weaving (Search Press Classics)
Tapestry Weaving: Design and Technique
Contemporary International Tapestry
The Complete Book of Tapestry Weaving

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Weaving Project – Twill Tabby Towels: aa032503

These colourful 8 shaft teatowels make a nice spring combo for your kitchen. The towels are woven with 6/3 white cotton and bordered with a 1/2″ edge of natural unbleached cotton. The weft uses a single ply dyed hemp yarn. You may substitute with a No. 10 or No. 12 single ply linen.

The towels are woven to a length of 26″ each. Weave the background twill for 16 picks, then weave the pattern tabby blocks for 12 picks. Add some variety to the towels by using different coloured weft yarns, in solids or stripes.

Finishing:

Remove the finished warp from the loom. Machine wash, dry and iron. Cut the towels to length. Using Twill tape, fold and sew a loop for hanging at the end of the towel and machine stitch the hems.

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Closeup of woven towels

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Weaving Draft
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No. Ends: 324 6/3 cotton yarn

Border: 16 ends Natural cotton

Centre: 308 ends White cotton
Sett: 16 epi
Width in Reed: 20 inches
Finished Width: 18 inches
Warp Length: 6 yards
Weft: Hemp Yarn – Single Ply

Substitute: No. 10 Linen Singles

Maurice Brassard – Leclerc Looms
Linen from Belgium

Weaving Patterns

Hemp Rep Placemats
Linen Towels
Hemp Towels
Hot Tub Towels

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Weaving Project – Hemp Towel: aa082502

This project uses 3 ply natural and 1/2 bleached hemp as warp (1500 ypp). The red coloured blocks are 22/2 cottolin. If you don’t have any hemp available, you can substitute with 22/2 cottolin for the complete warp. The weft is natural single ply hemp. Again, you may substitute with a singles linen.

This design works well as towels or as placemats. The blocks and stripes are very versatile and the design can be easily altered by increasing or decreasing the number of blocks or their size. This is a doubleweave structure where the warp threads create design blocks that are reversed on the back of the cloth.

hemp towel

REVERSE

Weaving Draft

towel weaving draft

 

Sett 24 epi
Width 20 inches
Takeup and shrinkage – 15%
Warp Length 4 yards
Warp Yarns Natural Hemp – 775 yards
Bleached Hemp – 775 yards
Red Cottolin – 368 yards
Weft Yarn Single Ply Hemp or Linen – 1600 yards
Threading
Border Edges 1.5 inches
Alternate Natural & 1/2 Bleached hemp
18 ends Natural Brown Hemp (D-Dark)
18 ends 1/2 Bleached Hemp(L-Light)
(Or substitute with a light & dark shade of cottolin)
The Dark Hemp is threaded on shafts 2 & 4
The lighter bleached hemp is threaded on shafts 1 & 3
This is a double weave structure. When woven the darker shade will show up on one side of the fabric and the lighter shade will be on the reverse.
Red Blocks Each Red Block is 1/2″ wide
12 Ends
separated by 8 ends of the natural/bleached hemp.
In this double weave structure, the 6 Red ends are threaded on shafts 5 & 7 and the natural hemp is threaded on shafts 6 & 8. This results in the red blocks showing up on one side of the fabric and the natural hemp on the reverse.
D-Dark Hemp
R-Red Cottolin
L-Light Hemp
R-Red Cottolin
D
R
L
R
D
R
L
RD
L
D
L
D
L
D
LRepeat this threading 3 times
for the 3 Blocks of Red
Total: 60 ends
Striped Centre Each Striped section is 1″ wide – 24 ends
with 20 ends of alternating Dark and Light Hemp
followed by 4 ends of Red Cottolin, creating a narrow pin stripe of red on the natural background.
To make wider towels, increase the number of pin stripes.
D
L
D
L
D
L
D
L
D
L
D
L
D
L
D
L
D
L
D
L
R
R
R
R
24 ends
Repeat this 11 times
for a width of 12″
288 ends
Repeat the threading for Red Blocks and Border in Reverse for the other side of the towel.
Border Edge 36 ends
Red Blocks 60 ends
Centre Stripes 288 ends
Red Blocks 60 ends
Border Edge 36 ends
Total 480 ends
Heddle Count 1 – 942 – 94
3 – 94
4 – 94
5 – 26
6 – 26
7 – 26
8 – 26

Weaving Patterns

Hemp Rep Placemats
Linen Towels
Hemp Towels
Hot Tub Towels

Weaving Books and Patterns

Linen from flax seed to woven cloth
Learn about flax cultivation, processing and spinning, natural and synthetic dyeing, and weaving and finishing linen cloth.
UK: Linen from flax seed..

Mastering Weave Structures
How to design threadings, channel the design power of the tie-up, and make the most of threading options, as well as understand fibers, setts, and color interactions.
UK: Mastering Weave Structures

The Big Book of Weaving: Handweaving in the Swedish Tradition: Techniques, Patterns, Designs and Materials
This book covers basic subjects such as warping a loom and making bobbins of weft, as well as more elaborate, highly decorative projects: baby blankets, shawls, table cloths, and linen hand towels.
UK: Big Book of Weaving

..More Weaving Books..

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Hemp Rya Tapestry

I’ve recently moved my weaving studio again – this time to Chichester, UK. The studio is now located in my new home and my loom now has its own lovely garden room, complete with Keri the cat.
Snikeri loom
The new house is over 3 floors (lots of stairs to climb to keep me in shape) There is a tall wall that is over 10 feet in height as you go up the staircase. I thought that this would be a perfect location for a rya rug.
I am planning the tapestry for this wall to be done in 2 long, narrow panels, each approx. 30 inches in width. One panel will be about 10 feet in length and the second one will be slightly shorter – 9 feet in length.
I have a supply of colourful hemp yarns that would be suitable for making rugs or a hemp tapestry.
Here is an initial sketch of the design that I am thinking of. The inspiration for this is a simple multi-colored warp and weft, intersecting and flowing from one panel to the other. The rya knots will be a mixture of single and 3 ply hemp yarns.The background will be woven using single ply black hemp rya knots.

This design may change once I begin to weave, as my projects tend to do, once I am at the loom.

Rya Rug Sketch
Rya Rug Sketch

The warp is a 3 ply natural hemp, sett at 10 epi.
5 rows of tabby are woven between each row of rya knots, using the same natural 3 ply hemp as the warp.

Rya Rug Weaving
Rya Rug Weaving
Rya Rug Weaving
Rya Rug Weaving

Rya Rug Video
How to make a rya rug on the loom.

And a close-up of how the rya knots are tied.

Rya Rugs
Paivatar Yarns Bespoke Rya Rugs Loom woven rya rugs made to order.
History of the Rya Rug
How to Repair a Rya Rug
Rya Rugs

Rya Tapestry Books

Hand-made C.U.M. Rya Rugs

Techniques of Rya Knotting

Hooked rugs & ryas;: Designing patterns and applying techniques

Novelty Yarns

Colinette Textile Alchemy
Colinette has an extraordinary selection of hand-dyed yarns: chenilles, wools, cottons, silks in unique colours.

Cotton Clouds
Cotton Clouds has over 1500 colours of cotton yarns to choose from, in chenille,textured, boucle, for weavers, knitters and crocheters.

hemp yarn

Halcyon Yarn
Nearly a hundred varieties of fancy yarn, silks, heavy rug wools, spun and dyed in a rich colour palette.

R & M Yarns
R & M’s selection of yarns is ever-changing. They supply mill-end wool, cotton, rayon and acrylic yarns, suitable for machine knitting and weaving.

Robin & Russ Handweavers Inc.
Robin and Russ is always a great source for weaving yarns. Their catalog includes wools, cottons, linens, alpaca, metallics in various weights and textures.

Webs Yarn Merchant
Webs has their own selection of specialty yarns ranging from rayon chenille, to mohair and wool blends as well as yarns from leading distributors.

Yarn Barn
The Yarn Barn has thousands of pounds of wool, rug yarns, cottons and linens in addition to their weaving equipment.

Yarns And…
Yarns And… carries yarns and threads from over 100 yarn manufacturers: acrylics, cottons, embroidery, and wools suitable for hand and machine knitting as well as weaving.

Svalan
A Swedish site that has woven items as well as Poppana and other yarns. An email address is supplied, so you can write to them in English, requesting information on their yarns.

Yarns

Chenille Yarns
Sari Silk Yarn
Hemp Yarns
Ramie
Paper Yarn
Nettle Yarn
Spider Silk

Handspinning Books

Teach Yourself Visually Handspinning (Teach Yourself Visually Consumer)
This visual guide shows you the basics, beginning with the tools and fibers, and takes you through spinning, plying, making novelty yarns, using exotic fibers, dyeing, and more.
UK: Teach Yourself Visually Handspinning
Kindle Version:
Teach Yourself VISUALLY Handspinning
UK Kindle: Teach Yourself Visually Handspinning

The Intentional Spinner
Offering a blend of technical knowledge, history, and easy-to-use tips, this inspiring collection of spinning wisdom deftly explores the three fundamental areas of yarn production: understanding fibers, managing yarn structure, and making yarns that precisely meet the spinner’s needs.
UK: Intentional Spinner

..more Handspinning books..
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Crochet Water Bottle: cr-h20bottle

This crocheted water bottle holder uses dyed 2 ply Hemp. If you don’t have access to hemp yarn you can substitute with a linen yarn of a similar weight.

Crochet Large Water Bottle

This uses approximately 75 grams of hemp yarn.
crochet h20bag

Base of Water Bottle

Row 1: Chain 6, Join

Row 2: Ch1, SC in loop formed by chain (20x)

Row 3: Ch1, *SC in next stitch, 2 SC in next stitch,* Repeat to end, Join with Sl. st in first stitch(30 st)

Row 4: Ch1, *2 SC in next stitch, 1 SC, * Repeat to end, Join with Sl. st in first stitch(46 st)

The circumference should be approximately the size of the bottom of the water bottle.

If not, add another row increasing 1 SC every other stitch.

Dr Who Crochet Doll
Crochet Doll Kits

Sides of Water Bottle

Row 5: Ch2, *1 DC in each stitch.* Repeat to end, Join with Sl. st in first stitch

Row 6: Ch2, 1DC in next stitch, *Ch 1, skip 1 stitch, DC in next stitch, * Repeat to end, Join with Sl. st in first stitch

Row 7: Ch2, 1DC in next stitch, * Ch1, DC in next loop formed by previous chain stitch. * Repeat to end, Join with Sl. st in first stitch

Repeat Row 7 10 times or to the height of the water bottle.

Top Edge of Water Bottle

Ch 2, *1 DC in next stitch, 1 DC in chain loop,* Repeat to end, Join with Sl. st in first stitch

Ch1, 1 SC in each stitch to end. Join with Sl. st in first stitch

Strap

Ch 1, *SC 5 times,* Turn

Ch 1, * SC 5 times, * Turn

Repeat until strap measures 33 inches or desired length.

Join to other side of the bag with a row of SC.

Cut yarn and sew in the ends.

Crochet Small Water Bottle

This uses approximately 50 grams of hemp yarn.

Base of Water Bottle

Row 1: Chain 5, Join

Row 2: Ch1, SC in loop formed by chain (14x)

Row 3: Ch1, *SC in next 2 stitches, 2 SC in next stitch,* Repeat to end, Join with Sl. st in first stitch(18 st)

Row 4: Ch1, *2 SC in next stitch, 1 SC, * Repeat to end, Join with Sl. st in first stitch(25 st)

The circumference should be approximately the size of the bottom of the water bottle.

If not, add another row increasing 1 SC every other stitch.

Sides of Water Bottle

Row 5: Ch2, *1 DC in each stitch.* Repeat to end, Join with Sl. st in first stitch

Row 6: Ch2, 1DC in next stitch, *Ch 1, skip 1 stitch, DC in next stitch, * Repeat to end, Join with Sl. st in first stitch

Row 7: Ch2, 1DC in next stitch, * Ch1, DC in next loop formed by previous chain stitch. * Repeat to end, Join with Sl. st in first stitch

Repeat Row 7 10 times or to the height of the water bottle.

Top Edge of Water Bottle

Ch 2, *1 DC in next stitch, 1 DC in chain loop,* Repeat to end, Join with Sl. st in first stitch

Ch1, 1 SC in each stitch to end. Join with Sl. st in first stitch

Strap

Ch 1, *SC 4 times,* Turn

Ch 1, * SC 4 times, * Turn

Repeat until strap measures 33 inches or desired length.

Join to other side of the bag with a row of SC.

Cut yarn and sew in the ends.

Crochet Toys
Crochet Hats
Crochet Bags
Afghan Crochet Patterns

Crochet Books: Beginner Crochet

The Crochet Answer Book (Answer Book (Storey))
Kindle Version
Crochet questions, answers, and topics ranging from equipment to resources, line illustrations and charts and specific techniques (stitches, borders, and buttonholes)
UK: Crochet Answer Book

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Hemp hammock: aa051600

I wanted to design a hammock using hemp yarns, that I could hang out on my deck, and enjoy a restful summer afternoon. I chose hemp because of its strength and also its mildew resistance. I wanted the hammock to be quite light and airy looking, but still able to weather the outdoors. I had some 3 ply hemp yarn on hand that I had used for rug warp previously, so knew that it would be fairly strong.

leno lace

I used a 10 dent reed and sett it using a “cram and space” threading. I sett it at 12 epi, threaded the yarn at 2 ends per dent – twice and then skipped a dent. (2, 2, skip) Each group of 4 threads made it fairly easy to do a leno lace pickup.

For added interest, I also used a huck lace threading, making 2 inch square huck lace blocks, alternating with plain tabby threading.

huck draft

Huck Lace and Pick-up Leno Lace

  • Warp Yarn: 3 Ply Hemp 1500 ypp
  • Substitute yarn: Linen yarn of a similar weight can be used
  • Length: 4 yards
  • Sett: 12 epi
  • Using 10 Dent Reed – Thread through reed at 2 per dent , 2, skip
  • Width in Reed: 40″
  • No. Ends: 480
  • Total Warp: 1920 yards
  • Weft: 10/3 Hemp
  • 10 p.p.i.

Weave huck lace block (2″)

Weave tabby 1″

Weave leno lace pickup – 1 row

Weave tabby 1″

Repeat

Finishing

Cut off the loom and hemstitch the ends. Fold each end over to form a tube wide enough to put a metal rod through and hang.

An alternate method of hanging would be to leave about a yard of warp unwoven at each end. Braid the warp ends and use them for hanging the hammock. You will need to add additional warp for this.

Hemp yarns can be a bit difficult to find sometimes. Some hemp yarn sources are listed in our library. If you are unable to find hemp, you can substitute with a linen yarn of a similar weight.

Lace Trade in Bohemia

A study of textiles show that lacemaking and complex weaves date back to the 5th century and have similarities to netting, crochet and knitting.

Huck Lace Drafts
Do you want to try weaving huck lace? Here are some draft variations for this lovely weave structure.

Weaving Leno Lace
Step-by-step instructions for weaving leno lace pickup.

Weaving with Hemp
Hemp is making a comeback with weavers and knitters.

Hemp Suppliers
Are you thinking of trying out this new and exciting yarn? Here are some places you can find hemp yarns.

Weaving Books: Handwoven Lace

Huck Lace: The Best of Weaver’s (Best of Weaver’s series)
A variety of drafts for weaving huck lace.

LACE AND LACEY WEAVES: A compilation of 86 Lace & Lacey Weave projects with complete worksheets. Revised.

Handwoven Laces
Hand weavers can use a loom to quickly produce lovely lacy fabrics. The loom-controlled textures depend upon groups of threads that work together and do not reveal their full effect until the cloth comes off the loom.

A Joy Forever: Latvian Weaving: Traditional and Modified Uses
Historic Latvian household textiles along with contemporary projects that adapt traditional weave structures to the creation of linens, coverlets, and rugs

The Handweaver’s Pattern Directory
Introduction to the tools, equipment, fibers, and yarns used with four-shaft looms, this reference features patterns for 600 different weaves, including twill, zigzag, diamond, herringbone, and block
UK: Handweavers Pattern Directory

The Weaver’s Book of 8-Shaft Patterns
A thousand different patterns on more than 25 weave structures.

Swedish Handweaving
180 handweaving patterns for pillows, curtains, blankets, rugs: 4 harness twills, honeycomb, lace, rosepath, extended point twills, damask.
UK: Swedish Handweaving

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Spinning Wheel

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Hemp Farm: aa103098

Growing Hemp in the Kootenays

Hemp used to be a crop that was grown in the Kootenay region of British Columbia. The Douhkobors and other settlers grew both hemp and flax and processed it for their clothing.
In a previous article, I have mentioned that in Canada, hemp is again legal to grow for commercial purposes. Recently, I was fortunate to have the opportunity to visit one of the new hemp farms in Grand Forks, BC. As farmers have not grown this crop for several decades, they are going through a learning curve, to know how best to grow and process this crop. With their combined efforts, it is hoped that we, as weavers, will soon be able to benefit and use their fiber crops. I visited with Lonnie Sagal as he showed me around his 30 acre crop of hemp. Unfortunately, I had technical difficulties with my camera, so don’t have photos of the field available.

The first crop was not as successful as hoped, due to a number of reasons. The Canadian government delayed in issuing the planting permits, causing the seed to be planted 3 weeks later than planned. Insufficient fertilizer was used and the seed was not sown closely enough for the stalks to grow as they should. The crop was grown for seed and the seed had been harvested when I visited in October. The cut stalks were laying on the ground, retting. I was fortunate in being able to obtain a handful of hemp stalk, to sample with. Thank you, Lonnie!

I learned that hemp that is grown for fiber use, should be picked in mid August, before the seed develops. The fiber is finer and more pliable. The samples I received are coarser and more suitable for rope than for fine weaving yarns. The retted stalks have now dried. The hemp fiber can be peeled off the stalks quite easily. I spun some of this fiber, and found it to be too coarse to use for fine weaving. I think it would be suitable for weaving baskets or mats, though. Next summer, I also hope to visit this farm a bit earlier in the season, and try again with finer quality hemp. For more info and places you can find hemp to spin or weave with, please check in our Library.

hemp placemat.jpg, 23138 bytes
Hemp Placemat

Warp: Hemp Yarn

Weft: I used the rough hemp hurds that I received from the Hemp farm that I visited.

Hemp Rya Rug
Hemp Tapestry Pillow
Hemp Rep Placemats
Hemp Towel
Hemp Crochet Water Bottle

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Vespera E-Spinner. Electric Spinning wheel with foot pedal & 3 bobbins

$153.73 (17 Bids)
End Date: Monday Oct-21-2019 12:12:59 PDT
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Rappard Spinning Wheel

$227.50 (8 Bids)
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Spinning Wheel

$200.00
End Date: Wednesday Nov-6-2019 9:29:56 PST
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