Tag Archives: hand spinning

Kromski Polonaise Spinning Wheel: aa072310

I bought a new spinning wheel recently-

A Kromski Polonaise from Wingham Woolwork.
This is a Ferrari of spinning wheels.

Kromski polonaise wheel

In order to give this new wheel a true test of what it can do, I then went to London’s local weaving centre – located in North London – Handweavers Studio and Gallery where they have a sumptious selection of handspinning fibres.There I discovered milk protein fibre top. I had heard of it but had never had the opportunity to test it out. What fun!Innovative fibres such as milk casein and soya fibre were developed during the early 40’s as a substitute for wool, which was needed by the men on the front line. These virtually faded from existence as other synthetic yarns such as nylon were developed. Some of these fibres are now making a comeback as there is more emphasis on environmentally safe products and eco-friendly textiles.Milk casein fibre is made by separating the oils and fats from the protein. The curd is rinsed, dried and dissolved to form a ‘dope’ that is pushed through spinnerets into an acid bath that forms the fibre. The fibre goes through further salt and formaldehyde processing to soften and improve the quality.Because milk casein is a protein fiber it can be dyed with CIBA acid dyes.I did find the milk fibre very soft and silky to spin.

milk casein
 
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This spun up very quickly. I used the smallest whorl on my Kromski Polonaise wheel, using the 20:1 ratio. When using the smaller whorl on the Kromski wheel, don’t forget to turn the bobbin around so that you are using the smaller end of the bobbin

kromski

The Kromski Polonaise also has two adjustment screws on either side of the wheel. These can be turned to adjust the alignment of the wheel to the bobbin whorl. This needs to be adjusted whenever you change the whorl size.

spinning milk casein

I am going to leave this yarn as a single spun because I think it would be quite nice to use it as weft in a future silk scarf project.
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Handspinning

Spinning Wheel Pictures
How Your Spinning Wheel Spins
Angora Rabbits

Learn to Spin Workshops

Learn to Spin The workshop for the beginner hand spinner.
Learn to Use a Drum Carder How to use a drum carder to create new colours and Yarns.
Plied and Cabled Yarns How to spin plied and cabled yarns.
Simply Sumptuous Spinning A surprise selection of different fibres to spin.

Hand Spinning Books

Teach Yourself Visually Handspinning (Teach Yourself Visually Consumer)
The Complete Guide to Spinning Yarn: Techniques, Projects, and Recipes
Start Spinning: Everything You Need to Know to Make Great Yarn

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Ashford Joy Portable Spinning Wheel with Carrying Case and Paperwork

$201.50 (49 Bids)
End Date: Friday Sep-20-2019 12:06:52 PDT
Bid now | Add to watch list

Ashford Traveler spinning wheel, double treadle/single drive, lacquer finish

$650.00
End Date: Tuesday Oct-15-2019 17:57:07 PDT
Buy It Now for only: $650.00
Buy It Now | Add to watch list

ANTIQUE SPINNING WHEEL / WALNUT / 33” HIGH

$159.95
End Date: Monday Oct-7-2019 17:09:43 PDT
Buy It Now for only: $159.95
Buy It Now | Add to watch list

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Paivatar yarns

As many of you may know, I have been a handweaver and spinner for many years. In addition to managing this website, I also have another website through which I market and sell my own handspun and handwoven products. I like to work with natural fibres and eco-friendly dyes.

Some time ago, I moved to Chichester, which is located on the south coast of England, in the county of West Sussex. I retired from work recently so now have more time to devote to spinning yarn and making pretty things.

The local Council of Chichester operates a bi-weekly farmers market providing local farmers a venue to sell their farm products. I have applied for permission to operate a market stall where I hope to sell my hanspun wools and wares. Part of their criteria for operating a market stall is that at least 30 % of the products are obtained locally – within a 30 mile radius of the city of Chichester. I agree with the council’s strict criteria and am happy to support the local farming community.

This has now led me on a search for locally grown fleece. Previously I was purchasing wool roving from the UK mills and weaving shops. However, the mills are often not able to identify which sheep farm the wool came from.
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Over the last few weeks I have met some wonderful farmers and visited their farms and pastures where the sheep and alpaca graze.
I am still waiting to hear whether my application will be successful – fingers crossed.
If not – I have enjoyed the adventure and it has led me to some lovely countryside adventures as well as new sources for fibre.

I have also had some difficulties in sourcing suitable fleece. I visited a sheep farm today, hoping to purchase some coloured fleece. Sadly, although the fleece were in reasonable condition, they were not of a fine enough quality for hand spinning yarns suitable for knitting clothing. It would be good fleece for rug yarns however. I considered purchasing the lot and sending it to a local mill to be cleaned and carded. I could use it for weaving rugs, but this isn’t the current quest, so decided I would leave this for another day.

The farmer admitted that he was primarily concerned with breeding sheep for food production rather than for the wool. He shears his sheep and sends it off to the wool marketing board where it is graded and sent to mills for processing into yarn but he doesn’t know what type of yarn is produced. I think if we as hand spinners wish to keep this craft alive and want to support good quality local wool production, we have to become more demanding and ask farmers to also consider breeding sheep for wool and not only for meat.

I thought that I would set up a Facebook page to document the places I go, the farmers I meet and also have a daily record that shows what I have carded, spun, and dyed today.
I hope that you will enjoy following along and that it will inspire you to get spinning!
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Paivatar Yarn Page on Facebook

And you can find some of my handspun items for sale on
Paivatar Shop on Etsy
and also on
Paivatar Shop on Folksy

Campaign for Wool

Live Naturally and Choose Wool
HRH the Prince of Wales speaks about the decline of the British wool trade.

Hand Spinning Books

Spinning and Dyeing Yarn: The Home Spinners Guide to Creating Traditional and Art Yarns
Yarn Works: How to Spin, Dye, and Knit Your Own Yarn
The Practical Spinner’s Guide – Rare Luxury Fibers

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NEWCOMB WEAVERS DELIGHT WEAVING LOOM/ DAVENPORT IOWA

$600.00 (0 Bids)
End Date: Saturday Sep-21-2019 16:00:21 PDT
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Erica 25" Rigid Heddle Frame Weaving Loom Vintage Wood Frame Northfield

$100.00
End Date: Sunday Oct-13-2019 10:09:51 PDT
Buy It Now for only: $100.00
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Handmade Adjustable Floor Rag Rug Twining Loom

$102.50 (29 Bids)
End Date: Wednesday Sep-18-2019 18:26:09 PDT
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Schacht Wheel for sale

My Beautiful & Gently Used Schacht LadyBug Spinning Wheel w/attached lazy kate

I have a beautiful Schacht LadyBug Spinning wheel with the attached tensioned lazy kate.

Unfortunately, due to my own disability, I can no longer treadle with my left foot.

I would like to sell this beautiful Spinning Wheel so that I can purchase a reasonably priced electric spinning wheel, which will only need one foot to stop and start it-much like a sewing machine.
This spinning wheel is now sold
My digital camera is acting up, and in the repair shop, so I will download stock pictures of my wheel and please know that it doesn’t have a mark on it, I will send all the original paper work and items that came with it.

Also with this wheel I will send 8 ounces/1 half pound of fiber.
Either undyed Merino, or a package of the Ashland Bay Multi-Colored Merino Top – Primrose.

Primrose is a lovely light blue with streaks of pink, yellow, white and other colors running through it.

I’ve spun up a pound of this colorway and it makes a beautiful soft and lofty yarn.
I’ve also spun it and then plied it with any of the colors that are in it and it makes a wonderful colored yarn either way.
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I am going to ask $675.00 for this wheel & the shipping is on me, in other words included in that price.
I will be donating some of the proceeds of this sale to the Young Writer’s Project, as that is only fair when we are able to post these free ads.

I think this is a fair price, especially considering that I am willing to cover the shipping costs to anywhere in the Continental United States and Canada.

I can accept payments through PayPal.

I would be willing to accept personal checks, but please understand that I would have to wait until the check clears, which is 14 days at my financial institution, prior to shipping out the wheel and other items.

Feel free to contact me through this site, or through my own email pas3 at verizon dot net

Thank you so much for your consideration.

Andrea Germann-
Please just call me Anne
Reading PA

Schacht spinning wheel
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How to Spin Yarn

The Spinner’s Book of Yarn Designs: Techniques for Creating 80 Yarns
Teach Yourself Visually Handspinning (Teach Yourself Visually Consumer)
Spin Art: Mastering the Craft of Spinning Textured Yarn

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Ashford Joy Portable Spinning Wheel with Carrying Case and Paperwork

$201.50 (49 Bids)
End Date: Friday Sep-20-2019 12:06:52 PDT
Bid now | Add to watch list

Ashford Traveler spinning wheel, double treadle/single drive, lacquer finish

$650.00
End Date: Tuesday Oct-15-2019 17:57:07 PDT
Buy It Now for only: $650.00
Buy It Now | Add to watch list

ANTIQUE SPINNING WHEEL / WALNUT / 33” HIGH

$159.95
End Date: Monday Oct-7-2019 17:09:43 PDT
Buy It Now for only: $159.95
Buy It Now | Add to watch list

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Wool spinning: blclipart9

Wool Airing on Line Before Spinning

Digital ID: Digital ID: fsa 8c27610

Photographer: John Collier
1942


Wool drying
 

Woman Running Spinning Wheel

Digital ID: Digital ID: Digital ID: fsa 8c51650

1935

Photographer: Ben Shahn

 

Woman spinning

Icelandic Wheel

A lesson in spinning.
Digital ID: Digital ID: ndfahult c206

Detroit Publishing Co. 1910

Icelandic spinning wheel

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More Clipart

Page 1: Drop Spindles, buttons

Page 2: Dye vats, Mechanical looms

Page 3: Clipart- Silk Moths

Page 4: Clipart -Yarn balls, cotton bolls

Page 5: Clipart -Tapestry weavers

Page 6: Clipart – WPA posters

Page 7: Clipart – Weaver at a loom

Page 8: Clipart – Weaving room, Distaff Wheel

Page 9: Clipart – Icelandic Spinning Wheel

Page 10: Clipart – Silk Reeling, Cotton Gin

Page 11: Clipart – Flax Retting

Page 12: Clipart – Lowell Mill Girls

Page 13: Clipart – Salish Woman – Emily Carr

Page 14: Clipart – Backstrap Loom

Page 15: Clipart – Spanish Woman Carding Wool

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Spinning Wheels: blclipart8

Mrs. Ole Neste with her Spinning Wheels

Digital ID: ndfahult c399
1940

Spinning wheels

Weaving Room at Cotton Mill
Digital ID: fsa 8b37024
1939
Photographer: Lee Russell.

Weaving room

Distaff Spinning Wheel

Distaff wheel

Reference:
Textiles, Westminster Series
A. Barker, Constable & Company, London 1910

American Memory Collections
A comprehensive database of sound and image files.

American Memory and Copyright
Lists information about the rights of use of American Memory collection materials.

Dalecarian Mother

Portrait of A Woman
Maarten van Heemskerck
Maarten van Heemskerck
1529
Rijksmuseum

More Clipart

Page 1: Drop Spindles, buttons

Page 2: Dye vats, Mechanical looms

Page 3: Clipart- Silk Moths

Page 4: Clipart -Yarn balls, cotton bolls

Page 5: Clipart -Tapestry weavers

Page 6: Clipart – WPA posters

Page 7: Clipart – Weaver at a loom

Page 8: Clipart – Weaving room, Distaff Wheel

Page 9: Clipart – Icelandic Spinning Wheel

Page 10: Clipart – Silk Reeling, Cotton Gin

Page 11: Clipart – Flax Retting

Page 12: Clipart – Lowell Mill Girls

Page 13: Clipart – Salish Woman – Emily Carr

Page 14: Clipart – Backstrap Loom

Page 15: Clipart – Spanish Woman Carding Wool

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Nettle Yarn

Function with Beauty
by John Dunsmore
http://resurgence.gn.apc.org/articles/dunsmore.htm
The fibre from the Nettle plant has been used as clothing in many cultures. In Nepal, the Himalayan giant nettle was processed and used for both fine clothing and for sailcloth. The fibre from the inner part of the plant was removed. The bark is stripped and can be used for basketry. To soften the fibre, the inner bark was simmered overnight in a solution of water and wood ash. The fibre is then beaten and rubbed with oil to make it easier to separate and tease for spinning. The fibre is dried in the sun and handspun with a hand spindle.
http://resurgence.gn.apc.org/articles/dunsmore.htm

Nettle Cultivation
An exploratory study was done by FAIR-CT98 to reintroduce the cultivation of stinging nettle Urtica Dioica. The nettles are planted on trial fields of 10 hectares and the fibres will be spun into yarn and woven into fabrics to determine different applications.

Grado Zero Espace is researching the use of nettle as an environmentally friendly alternative textile. Nettle yarn was used in WW1 and WW2 as a substitute for cotton yarns. Stinging nettle has a hollow core making it a natural insulation. For warmer winter garments the yarn is spun with less twist so the hollow fibre can remain open. For summer wear the fibres are more tightly twisted, reducing the insulation . Nettles were also used as a natural dye. The leaves produce a green and the roots were boiled with salt or alum to yield a yellow dye.

Barhka Textiles
Village women knit wild nettle yarn into scarves.

The Wild Swan
“Look at the nettle that I hold in my hand! Around the cave where you are sleeping grow many of them; only those nettles, or the ones found in churchyards may you use. You must pick them, even though they blister and burn your hands; then you must stamp on them with your bare feet until they become like flax. And from that you must twine thread with which to knit eleven shirts with long sleeves. If you cast one of these shirts over each of the eleven swans, the spell will be broken…”
Hans Christian Anderson

Spinning Nettles – You Tube

From Sting to Spin

Gillian Edom writes about the historic use of nettles.

Exotic Yarns
Salish Blankets
Wooly Dogs
Spider Silk
Ramie
Norse Yarn

Yarn Spinning Books

The Practical Spinner’s Guide – Cotton, Flax, Hemp (Practical Spinner’s Guides)

Hand Spun: New Spins on Traditional Techniques

The Fleece & Fiber Sourcebook: More Than 200 Fibers, from Animal to Spun Yarn

Dog Hair Spinning: aa030102

Handspun dog hair or chiengora. Did you know you can spin pet hair?

Wolf Tales, Wolf Yarn, How to turn wolf fur into wolf yarn

Subarctic Spinners

Kenai Peninsula Online clarifies that the dog fur ban doesn’t apply to to hair that is brushed or shed, only to the pelts of the animals.

Woolly Dogs

Custom Dog Hair Spinning
Have your pet’s hair hand-spun into a beautiful yarn, then made into a loving keepsake.

Chiengora Fibers

Hand spun Dog and Cat Fur

How to Wash Dog Hair before Spinning – You Tube

Handspinning Books

The Whole Craft of Spinning: From the Raw Material to the Finished Yarn
Everything you need to know from set-up to finished product in order to create distinctive yarns for use in knitting, weaving, crocheting, needlepoint, embroidery, and macrame.
UK: Whole Craft of Spinning

The Knitter’s Book of Wool: The Ultimate Guide to Understanding, Using, and Loving this Most Fabulous Fiber
The vast world of sheep and their wool into the language and context of knitting.
UK: Knitters Book of Wool

..more Handspinning books

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How Long to Knit a Sweater

I often get asked “How long does it take to make a sweater?” That’s a complex question as we know. How long is a piece of string? It depends on a lot of factors. How big is the sweater, how complex is the pattern, what type of yarn are you using? How good is your knitting?
As I’ve been designing my latest handknit sweaters and jumpers, I have been considering this question a lot, so that I can price my work accordingly.
How Long Does it Take to Spin Yarn

Kromski Spinning Wheel
Kromski Spinning Wheel

How long it takes to handspin yarn depends on a lot of factors. How fine is the yarn that you are spinning? Finer yarn takes longer to spin. What type of fiber are you spinning? Some fibers are more difficult to spin and take longer. Are you also plying the yarn? How energetic are you today? Is your foot pedalling fast or slow? Handspinning is a physical activity, so how you are feeling affects the amount and type of yarn you can spin.

On a good day, I can spin a bobbin full of yarn in an hour – so about 100 grams. I also like to ply my yarns as it gives them a balanced and well finished look. Plying a bobbin takes about another half an hour.
An average sweater, depending on the size, uses approx 700 grams – 1000 grams of yarn. So to spin enough yarn to knit a sweater would take about 10-15 hours to spin, in the weight that I use for my handknits.

If the handspun yarn is also dyed, this is done after the yarn has been spun. I use natural and organic dyes with my yarns so this can be a long dye process depending on the dye that is used. The dyebath often has to be made the day before. The yarn is then mordanted and put into the dyebath. The dye process can take several hours. The dyed yarn is then removed from the dyebath, rinsed and allowed to dry.

How Long Does it Take to Knit a Jumper

Knitting
Knitting

Knitting depends on the skill of the knitter, the size of the sweater, and the complexity of the design. I have been knitting for a number of years, so I consider myself to be a fairly fast knitter. I usually knit in the evenings while watching TV, as I don’t need to concentrate a lot on the work. And I can watch TV without feeling guilty.

For an average cardigan with a simple design it takes me about 4-6 hours to knit the back of the sweater, about 3-4 hours to knit each sleeve and about 2-3 hours for each front piece.
How Long Does it Take to Weave

Sami Band Weaving
Sami Band Weaving

For my latest sweater, I am also adding a Sami style woven band as a trim. The band is handwoven on a Sami style weaving reed. Each row of the pattern is handpicked and woven according to the drafting plan. It takes a lot of concentration to pickup the correct threads and to weave with even tension. Again, how long this takes depends on the pattern width and the complexity of the design. For a simple design, I can weave about 25-30 cm per hour.

Isin Hand Knit Sweater
Isin Hand Knit Sweater

Sweater Finishing
When all the pieces have been knit, the work is not complete yet. The secret to a well made handknit is in the finishing. All the pieces must be carefully pressed and blocked. They are then handsewn together. And the edges, trims and buttons are then sewn on. Finishing can take up to another day to complete.

As you can see, making a jumper from scratch is a long and complex process. Surely we could invent a machine to do this faster for us… But then it wouldn’t be handmade, now would it?
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Knitting Patterns

750 Knitting Stitches: The Ultimate Knit Stitch Bible
The Knitter’s Book of Knowledge: A Complete Guide to Essential Knitting Techniques
The Knitter’s Book of Knowledge: A Complete Guide to Essential Knitting Techniques
Knitting For Beginners: The A-Z Guide to Have You Knitting in 3 Days (Includes 15 Knitting Patterns) (Knitting Patterns in Black&White)

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