Tag Archives: Finland

Paivatar: blpaivatar

Paivatar – Finland – Goddess of Spinning, Weaving and the Sun

Goddesses

She was called ‘competent maid’ or ‘resplendent of the shaft-bow of the sky.’ The
spinning sun virgin who wove daylight from a rainbow arch.

Paivatar
A
batten, a heddle and a golden shuttle are her symbols. Spinning and weaving were
predominant activities, as every garment was spun by hand. Imagine how many hours it
took to spin enough thread to string a loom to weave a sail for an oceangoing boat!

Kalevala

Chapter 41

Tuo Kuutar, korea impi, neiti Päivätär pätevä

pitelivät pirtojansa, niisiänsä nostelivat,

kultakangasta kutoivat, hope’ista helskyttivät,

äärellä punaisen pilven, pitkän kaaren kannikalla.

Kunpa saivat kuullaksensa tuon sorean soiton äänen,

jo pääsi piosta pirta, suistui sukkula käestä,

katkesihe kultarihmat, helkähti hopeaniiet.


The worthy maid Paivatar
were holding their reeds

raising their heddles

weaving golden stuff

and jingling silver

on the rim of the red cloud

upon the long rainbow’s end;

when they got to hear

the sound of that fine music

the reed slipped out of their grasp

the shuttle dropped from their hand

the golden threads snapped

and the silver heddles clinked.

Translated by Keith Bosley

The Kalevala, Ch. 41

Oxford University Press, 1989


Open the best chest

slam the bright lid back:

inside are six golden belts

and seven blue skirts

all woven by Moon-daughter

finished off by Paivatar (Sun-daughter).

‘Long since, when I was a maid

and lived as a lass, I went

for berries in the forest

raspberries under the slope.

I heard Moon-daughter weaving

Paivatar (Sun-daughter) spinning

beside blue backwoods

at the edge of a sweet grove.

Translated by Keith Bosley

The Kalevala, Ch. 4

Oxford University Press, 1989

More:

Kalevala

More passages from the Finnish epic, Kalevala.

Mythology

Kalevala Books

The Kalevala: Or Poems of the Kaleva District
Kalevala translation by Professor Francis Peabody Magoun
UK:Kalevala

The Key to the Kalevala
UK:Key to the Kalevala

The Songs of Power: A Finnish Tale of Magic, Retold from the Kalevala (Ancient Fantasy)
For ages 10 and up: songs of the many adventures of favorite heroes: the mighty, magical men and women of ancient days.
UK:Songs of Power

Women of the Kalevala
Voices of the women of the Kalevala clamor to be heard. Wives, sisters, and daughters have their own stories, often more poignant than those of the men.
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ANTIQUE Reed Company Little Dandy Loom -  Weaving Rug Loom

$500.00 (0 Bids)
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Electric bobbin winder, weaving loom

$148.00
End Date: Thursday Sep-5-2019 20:50:51 PDT
Buy It Now for only: $148.00
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KINGFISHER II TAPESTRY LOOM

$215.00
End Date: Tuesday Sep-10-2019 6:25:50 PDT
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Textile Postage Stamps Finland: stamps-finland

Weavers shuttle
weavers shuttle stamp
1985 – Fabric

2000 – Ryijy
rya stamp
2000 – Linen weaving
linen weaving stamp

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ANTIQUE SPINNING WHEEL / WALNUT / 33” HIGH

$179.95
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Buy It Now for only: $179.95
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Charkha book style spinning wheel

$130.00
End Date: Tuesday Sep-3-2019 18:56:25 PDT
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Karelian Crafts

Karelian Basketry
Birchbark basket weaving.

Leno Lace Pickup
A special type of lace pickup weave technique.

Blue Skirts, Golden Belts

Ancient Land of Karelians
One of the traditional crafts of Karelia was splinter or birchbark weaving.

Heikinpaiva 2002
The craft of birchbark weaving is taught at the Finnish Festival in Michigan.

Karelian Crafts
Karelian weaving, pickup, open-work lace, birchbark weaving and other traditional crafts.

Karelia Books

Norwegian Mittens and Gloves: Over 25 Classic Designs for Warm Fingers and Stylish Hands
Presenting a beautiful selection of 29 classic figurative concepts. In addition to several animal motifs, the compilation also charts figure and border patterns,

AMBUSH
mbush takes place in the first days of WWII in Russia Karelia by the Finnish border.

A Year In South Karelia
This is a book for anyone who has ever wondered what it’s like to live in Finland. Topics include language, cultural differences, holidays, music, sport, food, and the people, places and things that make them all possible. This is also a book for any Finn who ever wondered how the world sees them, their country and their culture.
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ANTIQUE Reed Company Little Dandy Loom -  Weaving Rug Loom

$500.00 (0 Bids)
End Date: Sunday Aug-25-2019 11:13:25 PDT
Bid now | Add to watch list

Electric bobbin winder, weaving loom

$148.00
End Date: Thursday Sep-5-2019 20:50:51 PDT
Buy It Now for only: $148.00
Buy It Now | Add to watch list

KINGFISHER II TAPESTRY LOOM

$215.00
End Date: Tuesday Sep-10-2019 6:25:50 PDT
Buy It Now for only: $215.00
Buy It Now | Add to watch list

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Fiber Crafts Finland: fiber-finland

Many of these websites on Finland’s crafts are in Finnish. Some also have English webpages.

Kangas Aitta

Lankatalo
Finnish cotton and linen yarns.

Lankamaailma
A lovely yarn shop in Helsinki.

Joenlanka
Another Finnish shop selling cotton, linen and other weaving yarns.
Lankatavaratalo
And another Finnish yarn shop.

The Polar People
Go on a crafters holiday to Lapland and learn feltmaking.

Suomen Taitoverkko
A marketplace for Finnish crafts.

Taito Group
Taito Group produces a wonderful craft magazine featuring weaving, knitting, papermaking and other fibre crafts.

Taito Pirkanmaa
Finnish arts, crafts and yarnshop.

Friends of Finnish Handicraft

Craft Museum of Finland

Yarn Shops

Sweden Yarn Shops
Iceland Yarn Shops
Finland Yarn Shops
Yarn Shops

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History of the Rya Rug

A Rya tapestry is similar in nature to a knotted Persian carpet. It is
comprised of woven rows of weft alternating with rows of knotted yarn. The rya knots are similar to a Ghiordes knot in Persian carpets but are spaced farther apart than those in a Persian carpet and are much larger and longer.

Ghiordes Knot
Ghiordes Knot

In Norway, ryas have been found dating back to the early 1400’s. They were used as bed coverings, the knotted side being closest to the body providing warmth. In the castles in Sweden, they were used as bedding throughout the 16th
century. The ryas at this time were mainly of solid colours, natural white, grey, black and yellow. In the 17th Century, the rya was no longer considered bedding for the upper nobility, though the servants and lower class still used ryas.

Rya Rug - Nordic Bakery
Rya Rug – Nordic Bakery

In Finland, the rya developed further with the use of colour and pattern. Decorative ryas date back to the 1700’s. When a young couple married, the rya was used as a prayer rug during the wedding ceremony. The bridal couple would kneel on the rya as they exchanged their wedding vows. The colourful tapestry was then displayed in their home as a reminder of their wedding day and became a family heirloom to be passed on to future generations.

The rya in Finland was larger, made of 1 or 2 pieces, sewn together. Not everyone was a rya weaver as it took skill,
strength and a large loom to weave the heavy tapestry. There were rya weavers, who travelled throughout the villages and towns with their looms. As wedding day plans arose, a rya was commissioned to celebrate the coming event.

Rya designs were usually colourful geometric shapes and florals and quite often had images of the boy and girl to be wed. Also a Tree of Life image signifying the family heritage. The Rya was also dated with the year of the marriage. Different regions of Finland had unique designs and colours specific to the area using the local plants for dyes.

Ryas are still made today, using both traditional and more modern designs. In Finland, schools have rya competitions with children designing their own rya. Ryas can also be sewn onto a prewoven backing.

3 To 150 Rya Rug
3 To 150 Rya Rug

I often get asked: How do you tie a rya knot on the loom? Here’s how.

Rya Rugs
Some links to rya tapestries follow:

Rya Ikkuna 64
Ikkuna 64

Ikkuna 2015 Rya Rug
Ikkuna 2015 Rya Rug

Rya Rug Tapestry Books

Hand-made C.U.M. Rya Rugs

Techniques of Rya Knotting

Hooked rugs & ryas;: Designing patterns and applying techniques