Tag Archives: Beaivi loom

Grene Braided Edge Finish

Grene rugs and blankets were a traditional style of blanket woven by the Saami on warp weighted looms. They were made of hand spun wool. The top edge of the blanket had a braid that was woven using a Saami weaving reed. The weft threads of the braid were the ends of the lengths of warp threads. This braided edge helped to provide the correct sett to the weaving and created a firm and stable border which was then tied to the top beam of the warp weighted loom.

Grene Blanket Edge
Grene Blanket Edge

I recently worked on a commission to weave a Grene veving style Saami blanket. Since I don’t own a warp-weighted loom I had to figure out how to weave such an edge onto the blanket. Some years ago when I was visiting a textile museum in Finland, I saw a demonstration of Karelian tablet weaving. Textile fragments from Viking age gravesites have been found that feature card woven edges on aprons, and clothing edges. I thought that this method of weaving the braid after the yardage has been woven would work. Rather than using tablet weaving I wove the braid with my Beaivi weaving reed.
Card Woven Braid Edging
Blue Skirts and Golden Belts

[sc name=”adsense-in-ad”]

Grene Veving

Grene Veving, Rátno goddin or branch weaving has been part of the Saami culture since 600 AD. The warp-weighted weaving loom was easily constructed and portable as it was comprised of a few logs or branches that could be easily set up and moved. Grene blankets and rugs were woven with linen and wool yarns. The wool was hand spun and patterns were generally woven weft faced in a twill fashion. The warp yarns were tighly spun as singles yarn. The weft was more loosely spun singles yarn, spun in the opposite direction. To create a dense weave that would withstand the weather, the weft was firmly beaten so the warp didn’t show, except at the fringed bottom of the blanket. The wools were mainly of natural white and grey colours and decorative striped patterns were woven into the design. Because dyes were a scarce resource, these dyed yarns were mainly used in the reed woven borders that trimmed the rugs.
Grene blankets and rugs had many uses such as bed blankets, sled coverings, and tent covers. Because they were woven of wool, the fabric was was both insulating and water resistant. Grena fabric became valuable tender and the local Saami could not afford to make Grene fabric soley for their own use. The blankets were woven for payment of taxes and also sold mainly to Norwegians and others in order to purchase other supplies and goods that were needed.
Greneveving is still being woven today and can be purchased from the online store at Manndalen Husflid.

Grene weaving – Wikipedia
Manndalsgrene – Rátnu
Grene Veving – Centre of Northern PeoplesThis website shows some wonderful videos of how the Saami braided edge is woven as the warp is being wound and how the blanket is woven on the branch loom. Well worth the time to view.
I would like to give thanks to Rita Lindvall, Museum Director for her assistance in my research on this subject. Samtidsmuseum- Senter for nordlige folk/
Contemporary museum- Senter of nothern people

Grene Blanket with Saami Braid Woven Edge

My version of a Grene style blanket. I wove this on my +100 year old Snickeri loom. The warp was mill spun wool. For the weft I used hand spun natural white and grey Blue Faced Leicester wools and wove this blanket in twill weave.
I threaded my Beaivi double hole weaving reed with dyed yarns in traditional Saami colours (Red, Yellow, Green, Blue, Black) As I was going to weave only a simple ground weave and not add a supplementary warp pattern, I used only the bottom set of holes and the slots. I left the top row of holes unthreaded. You can use a standard single hole weaving reed for this type of braid.

I tied the warp ends to the top beam of my double beam loom and wound the warp around the beam. You can of course tie the warp ends to just about anything – a clamp on the edge of a table, or any post that is of the correct height.
When I cut the blanket warp off the loom, I left about 5 inches of unwoven warp at the end of the blanket. This may vary depending on how wide you want the woven braid to be. I moved a table close to the warp and laid the blanket onto the table.

Grene Braid Warp
Grene Braid Warp

Using the same wool yarn as I used for the blanket, I first wove a few inches of plain weave for the braid, until I got the tension correct for the width of braid.
Using a large paper clip, I fastened the end of the woven braid onto a cutting mat or art board to help hold it securely while I weave. I placed the woven blanket close to the edge of the braid and fastened it in place with a few large paperclips clipped to the cutting mat.

STEP 1

I opened the next shed of the braid. Using the cut end of the warp threads I picked up the first 3 warp ends from the blanket.

Grene Braid Weaving
Grene Braid Weaving Step 1

(You will need to experiment to see what is the correct number of warp threads to pick up to fit the sett of your woven piece. For this blanket I picked up 3 warp threads)

STEP 2
I passed these through the open shed to the left, to weave these through braid warp.
I changed sheds and pulled snugly on the 3 warp threads to pull the braid close to the edge of the blanket warp.

Grene Braid Weaving Step 2
Grene Braid Weaving Step 2

STEP 3

Holding the warp edges firmly to the edge of the blanket, I then wrapped and passed 2 of these warp threads back through the open warp (to the Right).

(I left the third warp thread on the left side of the braid so that I can sew this in later to help further secure the edge of the braid and to fix any possible skips etc. Thought you can weave this through at the same time if you wish)

Grene Braid Weaving Step 3
Grene Braid Weaving Step 3

STEP 4
I then picked up 3 new warp threads from the blanket edge and passed these through the same open shed (to the Left)
Then I changed sheds, tightened the warp ends and beat the weft into place with my fingers.

Grene Blanket Braid Weaving
Grene Blanket Braid Weaving Step 4

Continue weaving the rest of the braid to the blanket repeating the steps above.

  • Pickup up 3 warp ends
  • (To the Left) Weave these through the open shed.
  • Change shed and pull the warp ends to adjust the tension.
  • Drop one of the warp ends and weave the 2 remaining warp ends through the open shed. (to the Right)
  • Pick up 3 new warp ends from the blanket and weave these through the same open shed (to the Left)
  • Change shed and adjust tension.
  • Weave to the end of the blanket, and then using the same type of yarn as the blanket warp, weave another 2 of inches of braid.
    Cut the warp ends and sew the braid end to finish.

    Grene Blanket Braid
    Grene Blanket Braid

    FINISHING
    Trim off the woven edges of the warp close to the edge of the braid. Using a sewing needle weave the remaining warp ends (from the outside Left edge of the blanket back through the woven braid to further secure the braid to the blanket.

    How to Weave A Grene Saami Band onto a Woven Blanket Video

    Saami Band Weaving


    Double Hole Weaving Reed
    Beaivi Weaving Loom
    Stoorstalka – Beaivi Loom

    Saami Band Weaving Workshops

    Beginner Saami Pickup Band Weaving Learn the basics of how to weave pickup using a Beaivi double hole rigid heddle loom.
    Warp a Beaivi Loom Workshop Learn how to warp a Beaivi loom and how to weave pickup patterns.

    A5 Felt Journal Saami Laavu
    A5 Felt Journal Saami Laavu
    Sami Laavu A5 Felted Journal Cover on Etsy
    Paivatar Yarn on Etsy
    [sc name=”medianet300x250″]

    Saami Band Weaving Books

    Band Weaving
    Simple finger-woven bands, soda-straw loom bands,hungarian-loom bands,twining-loom bands,rigid-heddle bands,band weaving on the american inkle loom,card-woven bands andweaving variations for special effects.

    Inkle Weaving
    Inkle weaving basics, how to get started and more.

    Band. Vävda Band, Brickband, Flätade Band Och Pinnband Av Ull, Lin Och Bomull / Weaving Bands: Woven Bands / Table Bands / Plaited Bands / Insertion Bands [
    Woven Bands – in Swedish.

    Väva I Bandgrind

    The Weaver’s Inkle Pattern Directory: 400 Warp-Faced Weaves
    An overview of inkle weaving’s history and traditions, instructions for loom set-up and simple techniques and 400 woven patterns.

    [sc name=”medianet300x250″]

    Weavette Looms Buxton Brook Complete Small Loom Kit

    $100.00 (1 Bid)
    End Date: Tuesday Nov-26-2019 12:58:01 PST
    Bid now | Add to watch list

    Kromski Rigid Heddle Loom 24 Inch

    $325.00
    End Date: Tuesday Dec-17-2019 6:40:13 PST
    Buy It Now for only: $325.00
    Buy It Now | Add to watch list

    Vintage Little Loomhouse 4 Harness Weaving Loom & 4 Treadle Table Stand BIN

    $245.00
    End Date: Monday Dec-9-2019 17:36:28 PST
    Buy It Now for only: $245.00
    Buy It Now | Add to watch list

    [sc name=”Amazon-Bottom”]

    Rigid Heddle Band Weaving: Beaivi video

    Here is a YouTube video demonstrating how to weave using the Beaivi weaving loom – A Sami-style 2 hole rigid heddle.

    This Sami loom can be purchased from Stoorstalka.

    Weaving Draft
    The weaving draft for this Sami band:

    A pickup weaving pattern for a Sami 2 Hole Rigid Heddle loom, worked over 9 pattern threads.

        Please note:

     

      The pattern draft has been turned on its side so that it fits better on the page.

    2hrh-weavingdraft

    To read the draft, the background pattern threads are threaded alternately through the bottom set of holes and the slots.
    e.g. in this pattern starting from the right side, there are 2 green threads, 4 white, 2 red, 2 blue, 4 red and so on. Thread the first green yarn through the first slot on the right, the next green through the bottom hole, the next white through the following slot, next white through the next bottom hole etc. Continue following the pattern and warp the loom across.

    Once you have completed threading the background threads, then thread the white pattern threads (9) centering them into the middle of the warp and thread them through the top holes.

    Beaivi:

        Wikipedia
      Beaivi (or Päivi in Finnish) is the Sami name for the Sun or Sun deity. In Sami myth, she travels with her daughter Beaivi-nieida through the sky in an enclosure covered by reindeer bones, bringing green plants back to the winter earth for the reindeer to eat. She was also called upon to restore the mental health of those who went insane because of the continual darkness of the long winter.


    Sami Band Weaving
    How to warp the Saami Beaivi Loom

    Sami 2 Hole Weaving Reed

    My Saami Heritage

    Sami Gallery
    A wonderful gallery of Inari Sami Duodji

    Saami Beaivi Loom Weaving Workshops

    Beginner Saami Pickup Band Weaving Learn the basics of how to weave pickup using a Beaivi double hole rigid heddle loom.

    Beavi 2 Hole Weaving Reed
    Beavi 2 Hole Weaving Reed

    You can now purchase these Sami band weaving reeds through my Etsy shop.

    Ravelry Discussion

    Looms To Go Discussion Group

    Band Weaving Books
    Weaving Patterned Bands: How to Create and Design with 5, 7, and 9 Pattern Threads
    Norwegian Pick-Up Bandweaving
    Weaving Bands: Woven bands / Table Bands / Plaited Bands / Insertion Bands

    [sc name=”medianet300x250″]

    Saami Band Weaving Drafts: samidrafts

    These Sami style weaving drafts can be woven using a single or double hole rigid heddle loom. The band weaving patterns are woven using a pickup technique over a tabby ground warp.

    Sami Band Weaving
    Sami Band Weaving

    Rigid Heddle Pickup Patterns

    Band Weaving Patterns

    Sami Band Weaving
    Sami Band Weaving
    Threading a Sami Band Weaving Reed
    Threading a Sami Band Weaving Reed

    How to Warp a Double Hole Weaving Reed

    More about Weaving with Sami Style weaving reeds
    Beaivi Weaving Loom
    How to weave with a 2 hole rigid heddle loom.

    How to Weave with a Beavi Weaving Reed

    How to weave pickup on a band loom
    Sami Pickup Weaving Patterns
    Saami Beaivi Loom Weaving Workshops
    Beginner Saami Pickup Band Weaving Learn the basics of how to weave pickup using a Beaivi double hole rigid heddle loom.
    Warp a Beaivi Loom Workshop Learn how to warp a Beaivi loom and how to weave pickup patterns.

    Stoorstalka Weaving Reeds
    A traditional Sami weaving reed made of modern materials. Stoorstalka now makes several designs of Sami Weaving reeds: standard, double slot ‘Sunna’ and double hole ‘Beaivi’ – and also a new Sami style weaving shuttle ‘Gehpa’. Wonderful!

    You can now purchase them in my PaivatarYarn Etsy Shop

    Beaivi Style Sami Weaving Reed
    Beaivi Style Sami Weaving Reed
    Wooden Weaving Shuttels
    Wooden Weaving Shuttels

    My Saami Heritage

    Saami Music – Itunes

    Binna Banna – Kikki Aikio
    Áphi (Wide As Oceans) – Sofia Jannok
    Ulda – Ulla Pirttijärvi & Ulda
    The Kautokeino Rebellion (Music from the Movie) – Herman Rundberg, Mari Boine & Svein Schultz
    Beaivi, Áhcázan (The Sun, My Father) – Nils-Aslak Valkeapää

    Sami Band Weaving Books

    Sue Foulkes has written a few books about Sami band weaving and using a Sunna heddle.
    [sc name=”medianet300x250″]
    Band Weaving Books
    Weaving Patterned Bands: How to Create and Design with 5, 7, and 9 Pattern Threads
    Norwegian Pick-Up Bandweaving
    Handwoven Tape: Understanding and Weaving Early American and Contemporary Tape
    Band Weaving: The Techniques, Looms, and Uses for Woven Bands
    Weaving Bands: Woven bands / Table Bands / Plaited Bands / Insertion Bands

    [sc name=”Amazon-Bottom”]

    How to Warp a Saami Rigid Heddle: warpreed

    To put a warp onto a Beaivi Sami weaving loom is a fairly simple process. I use my warping board that is attached to the back of my loom to measure the warp – similar to preparing a warp for any other loom. While I am measuring the warp, I thread the Beaivi loom at the same time. I thread 2 warp ends through each slot of the Beaivi weaving reed as I am warping. I found that the drilled holes are too small to thread easily without using a needle for threading, so I will transfer the warp threads to the holes after I have measured the warp.

    Beaivi loom

    After I have threaded all the ground warp threads through the slots according to the drafting plan, I then thread the thicker pattern warp threads, also threading them through the slots.

    I carefully remove the warp from the warping board, creating a warp chain as I am removing it – again similar to the warping process for the regular loom.

    I don’t use a weaving frame, inkle loom or a box loom for this type of weaving. I find it simpler (and more portable) to tie one end of the warp to the back of a chair or onto one of the pegs of my warping board. The other end – that you weave from – can be tied to your waist, similar to weaving on a backstrap loom. Instead of tying the warp to my waist, I use a small art board and paperclip the other end to the edge of the art board. The art board then sits on my lap as I work, and I also have a suface that I can attach the weaving pattern to. I find this system to be much easier on my back than trying to adjust the warp tension with my waist.

    When I first received my Beaivi loom, I found that some of the small drilled holes were a bit tight to fit a threading needle through. I loosened the holes by wiggling the end of the needle in the hole for a bit.

    thread Beaivi loom

    I place the warp chain and reed onto the art board and cut one end of the warp.
    I now transfer one of the ground warp threads that are currently in the slots into the bottom row of holes. Using a large tapestry needle I then transfer one of the ground warp threads from each slot into the adjacent bottom hole. So that the ground warp threads are now threaded with 1 warp thread in a slot alternating with the next ground warp thread in the bottom hole. I tie a knot at the end of the warp to secure all the warp threads in place.
    Using the threading needle, then I thread the thicker pattern threads into the correct top row of holes. And tie a knot at the end of these warp threads to secure them.

    I then clip all of the warp ends to the edge of the art board using a large paperclip.
    I tie the other warp end to a peg on my warping board and adjust the tension. And begin to weave.

    I begin by weaving a few inches without picking up any of the pattern threads. I let these remain on top. I find that this makes it easier to get the correct tension for the tabby ground weave, before I start to weave the pattern into the design. The weft should be pulled quite tightly so that the tabby ground is sett quite closely resulting in a firm weave. This will allow the pattern warp to float above the ground weave.

    Beaivi 2 Hole Rigid Heddle Loom
    How to weave pickup with the Sami style 2 hole weaving reed.

    Saami weaving loom

    Beaivi:

        Wikipedia
      Beaivi (or Päivi in Finnish) is the Sami name for the Sun or Sun deity. In Sami myth, she travels with her daughter Beaivi-nieida through the sky in an enclosure covered by reindeer bones, bringing green plants back to the winter earth for the reindeer to eat. She was also called upon to restore the mental health of those who went insane because of the continual darkness of the long winter.

    Sami Weaving

    Sami Rigid Heddle Weaving
    Beaivi Rigid Heddle Loom
    Sami Weaving Drafts
    Rigid Heddle Pickup
    2 Hole Weaving Reed
    Double Slot Weaving Reed

    Sue Foulkes has written a few books about Sami band weaving and using a Sunna heddle.

    Band Weaving
    Simple finger-woven bands, soda-straw loom bands,hungarian-loom bands,twining-loom bands,rigid-heddle bands,band weaving on the american inkle loom,card-woven bands andweaving variations for special effects.

    Inkle Weaving
    Inkle weaving basics, how to get started and more.

    Band. Vävda Band, Brickband, Flätade Band Och Pinnband Av Ull, Lin Och Bomull / Weaving Bands: Woven Bands / Table Bands / Plaited Bands / Insertion Bands [
    Woven Bands – in Swedish.

    Väva I Bandgrind

    The Weaver’s Inkle Pattern Directory: 400 Warp-Faced Weaves
    An overview of inkle weaving’s history and traditions, instructions for loom set-up and simple techniques and 400 woven patterns.

    [sc name=”medianet300x250″]
    [sc name=”Amazon-Bottom”]

    Rigid Heddle Pickup Pattern: rhpickup68

    Quite a simple design but effective. This narrow band has been woven using my new Sami 2 hole rigid heddle loom (2HRH – The Beaivi Loom).

    Isin Sami hat

    The ground warp is threaded through the bottom row of holes and slots – alternating between hole and slot for each warp thread.
    The ground warp is 12/2 worsted spun wool.
    Warp length: 4 yards
    White 12/2 wool: 12 ends
    Blue 12/2 wool: 38 ends
    Green 12/2 wool: 4 ends
    Red 12/2 wool: 4 ends
    Yellow 12/2 wool: 4 ends
    Total: 62 ends
    Thread the warp ends following the weaving draft below.

    The pattern warp is woven using 7 warp ends of 6/2 worsted spun white wool that are threaded in the second (top) row of holes on the weaving reed.

    The weft is woven with blue 12/2 worsted wool yarn. The pattern is picked up following the pattern draft.

    I am weaving this with a slightly loose tension because I will be felting it afterwards.
    I am planning to use it as a border for a handspun/handknit sweater that I am making.

    Sami Weaving

    Sami Rigid Heddle Weaving
    Beaivi Rigid Heddle Loom
    Sami Weaving Drafts
    Rigid Heddle Pickup
    Double Slot Weaving Reed
    2 Hole rigid heddle weaving reed.
    How to weave using a Sami style 2 hole Beaivi weaving reed.
    How to warp a Beaivi 2 hole weaving reed.
    My Saami Heritage

    Saami Weaving Books

    Sue Foulkes has written a few books about Sami band weaving.

    Band Weaving Books

    Norwegian Pick-Up Bandweaving
    Band. Vävda Band, Brickband, Flätade Band Och Pinnband Av Ull, Lin Och Bomull / Weaving Bands: Woven Bands / Table Bands / Plaited Bands / Insertion Bands [
    The Weaver’s Inkle Pattern Directory: 400 Warp-Faced Weaves

    [sc name=”medianet300x250″]
    [sc name=”Amazon-Bottom”]