Tag Archives: 2 hole rigid heddle

How to Warp a Saami Rigid Heddle: warpreed

To put a warp onto a Beaivi Sami weaving loom is a fairly simple process. I use my warping board that is attached to the back of my loom to measure the warp – similar to preparing a warp for any other loom. While I am measuring the warp, I thread the Beaivi loom at the same time. I thread 2 warp ends through each slot of the Beaivi weaving reed as I am warping. I found that the drilled holes are too small to thread easily without using a needle for threading, so I will transfer the warp threads to the holes after I have measured the warp.

Beaivi loom

After I have threaded all the ground warp threads through the slots according to the drafting plan, I then thread the thicker pattern warp threads, also threading them through the slots.

I carefully remove the warp from the warping board, creating a warp chain as I am removing it – again similar to the warping process for the regular loom.

I don’t use a weaving frame, inkle loom or a box loom for this type of weaving. I find it simpler (and more portable) to tie one end of the warp to the back of a chair or onto one of the pegs of my warping board. The other end – that you weave from – can be tied to your waist, similar to weaving on a backstrap loom. Instead of tying the warp to my waist, I use a small art board and paperclip the other end to the edge of the art board. The art board then sits on my lap as I work, and I also have a suface that I can attach the weaving pattern to. I find this system to be much easier on my back than trying to adjust the warp tension with my waist.

When I first received my Beaivi loom, I found that some of the small drilled holes were a bit tight to fit a threading needle through. I loosened the holes by wiggling the end of the needle in the hole for a bit.

thread Beaivi loom

I place the warp chain and reed onto the art board and cut one end of the warp.
I now transfer one of the ground warp threads that are currently in the slots into the bottom row of holes. Using a large tapestry needle I then transfer one of the ground warp threads from each slot into the adjacent bottom hole. So that the ground warp threads are now threaded with 1 warp thread in a slot alternating with the next ground warp thread in the bottom hole. I tie a knot at the end of the warp to secure all the warp threads in place.
Using the threading needle, then I thread the thicker pattern threads into the correct top row of holes. And tie a knot at the end of these warp threads to secure them.

I then clip all of the warp ends to the edge of the art board using a large paperclip.
I tie the other warp end to a peg on my warping board and adjust the tension. And begin to weave.

I begin by weaving a few inches without picking up any of the pattern threads. I let these remain on top. I find that this makes it easier to get the correct tension for the tabby ground weave, before I start to weave the pattern into the design. The weft should be pulled quite tightly so that the tabby ground is sett quite closely resulting in a firm weave. This will allow the pattern warp to float above the ground weave.

Beaivi 2 Hole Rigid Heddle Loom
How to weave pickup with the Sami style 2 hole weaving reed.

Saami weaving loom

Beaivi:

      Wikipedia
    Beaivi (or Päivi in Finnish) is the Sami name for the Sun or Sun deity. In Sami myth, she travels with her daughter Beaivi-nieida through the sky in an enclosure covered by reindeer bones, bringing green plants back to the winter earth for the reindeer to eat. She was also called upon to restore the mental health of those who went insane because of the continual darkness of the long winter.

Sami Weaving

Sami Rigid Heddle Weaving
Beaivi Rigid Heddle Loom
Sami Weaving Drafts
Rigid Heddle Pickup
2 Hole Weaving Reed
Double Slot Weaving Reed

Sue Foulkes has written a few books about Sami band weaving and using a Sunna heddle.

Band Weaving
Simple finger-woven bands, soda-straw loom bands,hungarian-loom bands,twining-loom bands,rigid-heddle bands,band weaving on the american inkle loom,card-woven bands andweaving variations for special effects.

Inkle Weaving
Inkle weaving basics, how to get started and more.

Band. Vävda Band, Brickband, Flätade Band Och Pinnband Av Ull, Lin Och Bomull / Weaving Bands: Woven Bands / Table Bands / Plaited Bands / Insertion Bands [
Woven Bands – in Swedish.

Väva I Bandgrind

The Weaver’s Inkle Pattern Directory: 400 Warp-Faced Weaves
An overview of inkle weaving’s history and traditions, instructions for loom set-up and simple techniques and 400 woven patterns.

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Double Slot Weaving Reed

Sami double slot weaving reed

I found this Sami weaving reed in a small craft shop in Sweden. It is used to weave traditional Sami style belts and bands. The reed is similar to a standard rigid heddle but has an extra set of slots that are designed to carry the pattern warp. The regular holes and slots carry the background warp threads. The background warp weaves a basket weave pattern and the pattern threads float on top of the warp threads.

Sami Rigid Heddle Band Weaving
Sami Rigid Heddle Band Weaving

As I was researching about how to weave pickup with this loom, it was recommended that the warp should be attached to a weaving belt tied around your waist (similar to a backstrap loom) or to a ‘weaving board’ where the front and back of the warp are tied to pegs attached to a long wooden board. Since I don’t have a handy DIY guy who could make such a weaving board for me, I found an art board at The Coln Gallery, my local art shop that I thought would work instead. I attached the front of the warp to the bottom edge of the board with a large paper clip. And I tied the back end of the warp to the warping board that is attached to my loom. As I weave, I advance the warp and tighten the tension on the paper clip. This method seems to work quite well.

Sami Band Weaving
Sami Band Weaving

When you raise or lower this weaving reed, the background warp threads lift or lower, creating a shed for weaving. The pattern warp threads remain in the center of the shed.
This makes it quite easy to pick up the pattern threads that you wish to raise according to the pattern.
So that I don’t get mixed up about when to raise or lower the reed, when I throw the shuttle from the left, I raise the reed. When I throw the shuttle from the right, I drop or lower the reed.
The weaving draft can be read from the top down or from the bottom up, according to your preference.

Sami Band Weaving
Sami Band Weaving

Weaving from the Left
Raise the reed. This raises the group of warp threads and creates a shed.
Pick up the pattern threads from the middle of the warp, according to the draft plan.
Hold these pattern threads up along with the warp threads that have been raised.

Throw the shuttle from the left to the right and gently pull the weft thread to adjust the tension.

Weaving from the Right
Allow the reed to drop, lowering the warp threads and raising the alternate warp threads.
Pick up the next row of pattern threads,.
In this example I have lifted #2,#6,#10 pattern threads along with the raised background warp threads.

Sami Band Weaving
Sami Band Weaving

Then beat the previous weft row into place using your finger and adjust the tension for an even beat.

Throw the shuttle from the right to the left and pull the weft thread into place, adjusting the tension.

Sami Band Weaving
Sami Band Weaving
Sami Band Weaving
Sami Band Weaving

In this example, throwing the shuttle from the left, I have raised pattern threads #1, #3, #9, #11

Sami Band Loom
Sami Band Loom

Felting and Finishing

When you weave this belt, the weave structure will be quite loose, similar to when you are weaving a wool blanket or other item. After weaving, it is best to lightly felt it, so that the weave structure will come together. The weave pattern has long floats. Once it has been felted these floats will work their way into the cloth.
I felted this belt by handwashing it quite vigorously in the sink – with a bit of dish soap and hot water. And rinsed in cold water to help shock the wool and make the felting process go more quickly.

Sami Band Woven Belt
Sami Band Woven Belt

More about Sami Band Weaving

Rigid Heddle Pickup Patterns

Saami Bandweaving

Saami Double Hole Looms

Sami Weaving Drafts

How to Warp a Sami Loom

How to Weave on a Beaivi Sami loom

Stoorstalka Weaving Reeds
A traditional Sami weaving reed made of modern materials. Stoorstalka now makes several designs of Sami Weaving reeds: standard, double slot ‘Sunna’ and double hole ‘Beaivi’ – and also a new Sami style weaving shuttle ‘Gehpa’. Wonderful!

You can now purchase them in my PaivatarYarn Etsy Shop

Beaivi Style Sami Weaving Reed
Beaivi Style Sami Weaving Reed

Wooden Weaving Shuttels
Wooden Weaving Shuttels


Background of the modern Sami Weaving Loom

Why not a good old loom made of reindeer horn?

2 Hole Weaving Reed
My New Weaving Loom.

Michael Williams Woodworking
A place to buy handmade wooden weaving reeds, shuttles and other weaving tools

Sami Weaving Books

Sue Foulkes has written a few books about Sami band weaving and using a Sunna heddle.

Saami Music – Itunes

Binna Banna – Kikki Aikio
Áphi (Wide As Oceans) – Sofia Jannok
Ulda – Ulla Pirttijärvi & Ulda
The Kautokeino Rebellion (Music from the Movie) – Herman Rundberg, Mari Boine & Svein Schultz
Beaivi, Áhcázan (The Sun, My Father) – Nils-Aslak Valkeapää

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