How to Make Felt

Instructions for How To Make Felt

Last Updated on

Felt is made of layers of wool that have been compressed through heat and friction. Here is how to make handmade felt.
Difficulty Level:
Easy
Time Required
3 hours
Here’s How:

  1. You will need a flat surface to work on, where it doesn’t matter if it gets wet. (outside, floor, countertop or large table) Place a large towel onto the flat surface, and cover it with a straw beach mat.
  2. Pull the clean wool roving into short sections, x-about 4 – 6 inches in length, depending on the length of the wool staple.
  3. Place these wool pieces evenly across the beach mat. Lay them all in one direction,(vertically) overlapping each piece slightly, until the beach mat is fully covered, creating a 24″ square.
  4. Sprinkle the layer lightly with laundry soap. Place a second layer of wool pieces over the first layer, horizontally, and sprinkle on a bit more laundry soap.
  5. Repeat the layers of wool again, until the batt measures x-about 1.5 – 2 inches in height. Make sure each layer alternates in direction, vertically/horizontally.
  6. The top layer can be decorative, using different coloured wools.
  7. Fold the remaining length of beach mat over the wool batt, and roll up the beach mat.
  8. Fill your bathtub with x-about 1 – 2 inches of hot tap water. Place the rolled beach mat into the bathtub and roll the mat back and forth, working your hands evenly across the mat.
  9. Keep the mat rolling in the hot water for x-about 3 – 4 minutes. It is friction that causes the wool to felt.
  10. Remove the mat from the bathtub and place it on the towel. Carefully unroll the mat, and turn the felt 1/4 turn. The felt is quite fragile at this point, so be gentle.
  11. Reroll the mat and put it back into the bathtub. If the water has cooled, drain the tub and add more hot water. Roll the mat again for x-about 3 – 4 minutes.
  12. Turn the felt another 3 times, and reroll for x-about 5 minutes between each turn.
  13. Test the felt by rubbing it with your finger. The fibres shouldn’t move and the felt should be quite thick. If it is still soft, turn it again and keep rolling it in the hot water.
  14. Remove the felt from the beach mat and rinse in cool water.
  15. Roll the felt in a towel, place it on the floor and stomp on it, to remove the excess water. Lay flat to dry.

Tips:

  1. You should have at least 4 layers of wool, criss-crossed. For thicker felt, use more layers.
  2. As you are placing the layers of wool, make sure that they are even – no holes.
  3. You can make felt outside, in the summer. A child’s swimming pool works great. You just need a hot water source.
  4. The felt can be cut and sewn into a wide variety of projects, hats, bags, vests, Christmas decorations.
  5. While the felt is wet, it can also be shaped by placing over a mold and letting it dry.

handmade felt
How To
How Long does it take to knit
How to Make an Alum Mordant
How to Mordant Cotton and Linen Yarns
How to Sew Handwoven Fabric
How to Spin a Cabled Yarn
How to Make a Tin Mordant
How to Make a Twisted Fringe
How to Use a Corker
How to Wash Fleece
How to Felt
How to Use a McMorran Balance

Feltmaking
Feltmaking (The Art of Crafts )
Feltmaking and Wool Magic: Contemporary Techniques and Beautiful Projects
Scandinavian-Style Feltmaking: A Three-Dimensional Approach to Hats, Boots, Mittens, and Other Useful Objects
First Time Felting: The Absolute Beginner’s Guide – Learn By Doing * Step-by-Step Basics + Projects

Uniquely Felt
Felting Fabulous Flowers: 30 stunning designs

Banana Roving Fibre Top Vegan Spinning Needle Felting Doll Hair 25 gr White

£4.00
End Date: Friday Jun-12-2020 8:54:35 BST
Buy It Now for only: £4.00
Buy It Now | Add to watch list

Dyed Flax Combed Top Roving fibre 25 Grams Purple Lilac Vegan Spin Needle Felt

£4.00
End Date: Monday Jul-6-2020 13:08:27 BST
Buy It Now for only: £4.00
Buy It Now | Add to watch list

Hemp Roving Fibre Top Vegan Spinning Needle Felting Doll Hair 25 gr Bleached

£4.00
End Date: Wednesday Jul-1-2020 18:19:37 BST
Buy It Now for only: £4.00
Buy It Now | Add to watch list

Bamboo Roving Fibre Top Vegan Spinning Needle Felting Doll Hair 25 gr Purple

£4.00
End Date: Wednesday Jul-1-2020 2:09:22 BST
Buy It Now for only: £4.00
Buy It Now | Add to watch list

Soya Soybean Spinning Fibre Combed Roving Top 25 grams Beige

£4.00
End Date: Wednesday Jun-10-2020 10:28:10 BST
Buy It Now for only: £4.00
Buy It Now | Add to watch list

Author: Paivi Suomi

I've had an interest in weaving, looms, yarns and textiles since I was a small child. I learned to knit, crochet, sew, do needlepoint at my mother's knee. My grandmother was a Saami from northern Norway. I am very interested in studying more about tradtional Saami and Finnish style weaving and handicrafts. Paivi Suomi