Beginner Weaving – Threading Heddles

Threading the Heddles, part of a 10 Step series of articles on how to warp your loom

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10 Steps to Warping – Step 8
When all of the warp ends have been sleyed through the reed, I move to the back of the loom.
To make it easier to reach the heddles, the back beam on most looms can be removed or moved
forward. I tape a copy of the threading draft to the loom for reference as I thread the
heddles.

thread loom

I thread starting from the right hand side of the loom and work to the left. Following the draft,
I select the next 4 heddles in the pattern sequence and move them to the right. I then reach
through the heddles and select the next 4 threads from the back of the reed. To keep the threads
in order, I slip them through the four fingers of my left hand and hold them under tension (to
the left of the 4 selected heddles). The threading hook is held in my right hand. Slip the threading hook through the first heddle in the pattern sequence and pick up the
rightmost thread of your left hand and draw it through the heddle. Move the threading hook
into the next heddle of the pattern sequence, pick up the next rightmost thread of your left
hand, and draw through the heddle eye. Repeat for the remaining 2 threads in your left hand.

Select the next 4 heddles of the pattern sequence and move them to the right. Pick up the next
4 threads from the reed and repeat.
twill draft

After each pattern group, I double check the threading, trying to catch any threading errors I
might have made. As some yarns can be quite slippery, I also tie each group of ends that have
been threaded with an overhand knot.

tie warp
Once all the ends have been threaded, they are then tied to the apron rod of the back beam.
Pick up a group of threads (about 1 inch) and slip them over the back rod. Split the bundle in
two and bring the ends under and back up. Tie a knot and secure it with another
knot.
tie warp to loom
10 Steps to Warping

Step 1. Choose your project and yarns.

Step 2. Determine the sett of your cloth, or how many threads per inch the fabric will be.

Step 3. Choose the correct Reed

Step 4. Calculate the Yarn requirements.

Step 5. Wind the Warp using a warping board or warping mill.

Step 6. Remove the warp chains and place them on the loom.

Step 7. Sley the Reed.

Step 8. Thread the heddles, following the draft plan.

Step 9. Wind the warp onto the back beam

Step 10. Tie the warp ends to the front beam.

Congratulations! Now you a ready to Weave!

Hand Weaving Books
Weaving on a Little Loom (Everything you need to know to get started with weaving, includes 5 simple projects

The Key to Weaving: A Textbook of Hand Weaving for the Beginning Weaver
The Weaver’s Companion (The Companion Series)
Learning to Weave
The Big Book of Weaving: Handweaving in the Swedish Tradition: Techniques, Patterns, Designs and Materials
The Handweaver’s Pattern Directory
A Weaver’s Book of 8-Shaft Patterns: From the Friends of Handwoven
Krokbragd: How to Design & Weave
Doubleweave: On Four to Eight Shafts
Double Weave: Theory and Practice<
Magic of Doubleweave: The Best of Weaver’s (Best of Weaver’s series)
Weaving In the Arts: Widening the Learning Circle
DIY Woven Art: Inspiration and Instruction for Handmade Wall Hangings, Rugs, Pillows and More!
>On the Loom: A Modern Weaver’s Guide

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Author: Paivi Suomi

I've had an interest in weaving, looms, yarns and textiles since I was a small child. I learned to knit, crochet, sew, do needlepoint at my mother's knee. My grandmother was a Saami from northern Norway. I am very interested in studying more about tradtional Saami and Finnish style weaving and handicrafts. Paivi Suomi