Beginner Weaving – Reed

How to choose the correct reed for your sett., part of a 10 Step series of articles on warping your loom

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10 Steps to Warping – Step 3
A reed is usually made of metal and sits in the beater. It looks much like a comb with small teeth.It’s purpose is to keep the warp threads spread across the web, at an even distance, and is used to beat the weft threads into place while weaving.

bamboo weaving reed

Reeds come in several standard sizes such as 6, 8, 10 or 12 epi. Metric size reeds are also popular. This table gives some of the more common Inch and Metric size reeds.

Dents per Inch Dents per Centimetre
4 1.5
5 2
6 2.5
8 3
10 4
12 5
15 6
18 7
20 8

Once you have decided on the sett of your project, you will need to choose an appropriate reed. Choose the reed that best distributes your yarn to the appropriate sett.

For example, if your sett is 8 epi then use an 8 dent reed, threading one end into each dent. If your sett is 20 epi, choose a 10 dent reed, threading 2 ends into each dent. If you do not have a selection of reeds to choose from, try to space your yarn evenly in the reed that you have, by doubling up ends into the same dent if necessary.

10 Steps to Warping
reed

Step 1. Choose your project and yarns.

Step 2. Determine the sett of your cloth, or how many threads per inch the fabric will be.
Step 3. Choose the correct Reed

Step 4. Calculate the Yarn requirements.

Step 5. Wind the Warp using a warping board or warping mill.

Step 6. Remove the warp chains and place them on the loom.

Step 7. Sley the Reed.

Step 8. Thread the heddles, following the draft plan.

Step 9. Wind the warp onto the back beam

Step 10. Tie the warp ends to the front beam.

Congratulations! Now you a ready to Weave!

Hand Weaving Books
Weaving on a Little Loom (Everything you need to know to get started with weaving, includes 5 simple projects

The Key to Weaving: A Textbook of Hand Weaving for the Beginning Weaver
The Weaver’s Companion (The Companion Series)
Learning to Weave
The Big Book of Weaving: Handweaving in the Swedish Tradition: Techniques, Patterns, Designs and Materials
The Handweaver’s Pattern Directory
A Weaver’s Book of 8-Shaft Patterns: From the Friends of Handwoven
Krokbragd: How to Design & Weave
Doubleweave: On Four to Eight Shafts
Double Weave: Theory and Practice<
Magic of Doubleweave: The Best of Weaver’s (Best of Weaver’s series)
Weaving In the Arts: Widening the Learning Circle
DIY Woven Art: Inspiration and Instruction for Handmade Wall Hangings, Rugs, Pillows and More!
>On the Loom: A Modern Weaver’s Guide


Author: Paivi Suomi

I've had an interest in weaving, looms, yarns and textiles since I was a small child. I learned to knit, crochet, sew, do needlepoint at my mother's knee. My grandmother was a Saami from northern Norway. I am very interested in studying more about tradtional Saami and Finnish style weaving and handicrafts. Paivi Suomi