When your newly woven yardage is taken off the loom, the process is not yet complete. Mistakes and broken ends must be corrected. After removing the yardage from the loom, I replace any broken warp ends. Using the same yarn as was used in the warp, I measure a replacement yarn the length of the finished warp. I tie this new thread to one end of the broken thread. Gently pulling on the broken end, the new replacement thread is pulled through the entire length of warp.
Skips are repaired by tying a contrasting colour of thread to the thread that needs correcting. Pull gently on this thread up to the place where the skip is. Then untie the warp thread from the contrasting colour. Using a darning needle, weave the warp thread through fixing the skip. Then retie the warp thread to the contrast thread and gently pull the warp thread back into place.
If this is yardage that will later be sewn, I zigzag stitch the edges to prevent fraying before fulling. If this is for a blanket, I finish the edges by twisting. Using a fringe twister can make this tedious process and easier one. Yardage must go through a process called fulling, that opens the fibers and changes the interwoven threads into fabric.
Different fulling techniques are used for different fibers. Laura Fry specializes in wet finishing and offers workshops about weave structures, warp and weft effects, and how shrinkage and take up differences affect the finished cloth.
Have you woven a wool blanket and aren’t sure how to finish it? The process for fulling yardage or wool blankets is described.
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