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How to Make a Sami Reindeer Bracelet

Saami Reindeer Leather Bracelets

One of the traditional Saami duodji crafts is leathermaking. I thought I would give it a try. I started with something simple by purchasing a Sami bracelet kit from a Sami supplier in Sweden TNKReativt.

Sami reindeer bracelet kit
The bracelet kit includes a piece of reindeer leather, tin thread, artificial sinew, clear nylon thread, sewing thread, a sewing needle, a leather needle and a reindeer antler button.

Weave the Braid
The kit includes enough tin thread to make a six strand braid.
Cut the tin thread into 3 equal lengths and fold these in half to create 6 strands.
I use a foam felting mat to work on.
Pin the folded end of the tin thread onto the foam mat.
Separate the 6 strands into 3 strands of 2 threads each.
Work a 3 strand braid along the length of the thread.
I pin the braid onto the foam about every inch or so, to hold it in place as I am braiding.

When you have finished braiding, secure the ends by tying a short piece of sinew around the ends. The sinew that is supplied is a short length, but this can be separated into several strands. Use a small strand to tie the tin braid.

Hand Stitch Braid to Leather Strip

To adjust the bracelet to the correct size, measure around your wrist. Add 1 cm to this measurement. Cut the length of reindeer leather to this size.

On the back side of the leather strip, measure and mark a cutting line 1.5 cm from the end of both ends.

Fold the leather strip in half and carefully cut a small slit into the leather, the width of the woven tin braiding.

Place the woven braid on the right side of the leather strip and slip the ends of the braid into the slits that you have cut.

Using the regular sewing needle that came with the kit and the nylon thread, stitch the braid onto the leather strip.
(The instructions that came with the kit, suggest using glue to attach the braid to the leather, but I do not recomment this) Hand stitching will make a better bracelet.

Attach Braided Loop to Leather Bracelet

The bracelet kit includes a short piece of leather strip and some imitation sinew. Split the sinew into a narrower thread and twist the sinew around the leather strip. The sinew will give the leather a bit of extra strength in the loop.

Thread the leather strip and sinew through the loop at the end of the tin braid. Then twist the leather strip and sinew together tightly and ply them together to make a spun thread. Tie the ends with the remaining sinew.


Thread the leather sewing needle with the end of the sinew and stitch the 2 ends of the leather braid together forming a loop. Sew this securely.

Trim the cut ends of the tin braid to 1 cm. Sew these end together with a bit of sinew.

Finishing
Using the leather needle, thread it with the polyester thread that came with the kit.
At the back of the bracelet, fold the ends of the leather together and neatly stitch them together.

Sew the reindeeer antler button to the other end of the bracelet.

Saami Reindeer Bracelet

Additional Tools

Once you have made your first Saami bracelet you might decide that you like working with leather, as I did. To make life easier, you will need to purchase a few extra tools.
1) A good lamp with a magnifying glass. Once I bought one, I don’t know how I managed without it. The hand can do what the eyes can see.
Mighty Bright LED Floor Light and Magnifier

2) Extra Leather Sewing Needles
It’s helpful to have a few different sizes on hand.
Leather Hand Needles-Assorted 3/Pkg

3) A good sewing thimble.
I like the Clover ones as I find them quite comfortable to wear.
Clover 6026 Medium Protect and Grip Thimble

4) Synthetic Sinew
Use synthetic sinew for stitching leather pieces together. Sinew comes in different colours, but I find the natural one is suitable for most uses.
Natural Simulated Sinew

5) Jewellery Making Pliers
Use for tin embroidery to pinch tin thread into shape before stitching.
ToolUSA Jeweler’s Complete 6-Piece Precision Plier Set

6) Good quality sewing thread.
The polyester threads are good but I prefer to use silk thread. I find it has less tendency to shred while stitching.
Original Guetermann Silk Sewing Thread; 110 yards/100 meters, Color 000 (black)

More Saami Crafts

How to weave with a Beaivi double hole heddle.
How to Make a Tin Embroidery Key Chain
Saami Art of Tin Thread Spinning

Saami Beaivi Loom Weaving Workshops

Beginner Saami Pickup Band Weaving Learn the basics of how to weave pickup using a Beaivi double hole rigid heddle loom.
Warp a Beaivi Loom Workshop Learn how to warp a Beaivi loom and how to weave pickup patterns.

Saami Reindeer Leather Purse

Reindeer Leather Purse
Saami Reindeer Leather Purse on Etsy

Saami Music – Itunes

Binna Banna – Kikki Aikio
Áphi (Wide As Oceans) – Sofia Jannok
Ulda – Ulla Pirttijärvi & Ulda
The Kautokeino Rebellion (Music from the Movie) – Herman Rundberg, Mari Boine & Svein Schultz
Beaivi, Áhcázan (The Sun, My Father) – Nils-Aslak Valkeapää

What is Sami Duodji

Sami Duodji is all traditional handicraft that is made by the Saami people. The crafts are both artistic and have a functional purpose such as tools, clothing, knives, cups, bags, hats, belts, laces. These items have been made by hand for many centuries and were used in everyday Sami life.
Recently there has been a growing interest in Sami crafts throughout the world. I think it is wonderful that other crafts people are learning about traditional Sami style handicrafts and techniques.

In the early 1970’s, the Sami organized their cottage industry into Sami Duodji craft organizations whose purpose is to promote Sami handicrafts and provide an advocacy and monitoring role in quality control, training and professional development. The organizations help to ensure raw materials and supplies for makers and producers, and promote the protection and legal knowledge on a non-profit basis. Also the organizations help to foster contacts with government entities and organizations in the Nordic countries.

Members of the Sami Duodji association use a Duodji mark that identifies the products as made by authentic Sami people. The Duodji mark is administered by different organizations.
In Finland, Sami Duodji Finland
In Norway “Sámiid Duodji”
In Sweden, “Riksorganisationen Same Ätnam2
In Russia, “CEPES Sam Arts and Crafts Association”

To be a member of the Sami Duodji organization the person must have previous handicraft training and experience.
The Sámi means a person who considers himself a Sámi, and
– Who has learned the Sami language as their first language, or the father, mother, grandmother, or grandfather has learned Sami as their first language, or
– Whose parents meet at least one of these Sami mentioned conditions

Sami Duodji Trademark

The purpose of the Sami Duodji trademark :
– The mark is a trademark of Sámi handicraft
– Indicates the buyers that the manufacturer of the goods is the Sami
– To protect Sami handicraft quality
– To be a sign that the Sámi handicraft is a living tradition.
The products must be developed in a traditional way or use traditional materials.
Products that are intended for souvenirs and have no traditional or functional use, do not use Sámi Duodji trademark.

Please help support the Sami Duodji craft industry by purchasing products made by Saami people or purchasing materials for your crafts from Sami suppliers.

As my father was a Saami, born in Kola and lived in Petsamo throughout most of his childhood, I consider myself also to be Saami. My grandmother earned her living by herding reindeer and making handicrafts. She traveled to Norway during the summer months to sell her crafted items. Therefore I have a strong interest in learning more about the Saami duodji crafts of my ancestors. As I pursue this area of study, I will be posting articles on my explorations.

Saami Handicrafts

Saami Double Slot Weaving Reed
Beaivi – How to Weave on a Double Hole Sami Heddle

Saami Beaivi Loom Weaving Workshops

Beginner Saami Pickup Band Weaving Learn the basics of how to weave pickup using a Beaivi double hole rigid heddle loom.
Warp a Beaivi Loom Workshop Learn how to warp a Beaivi loom and how to weave pickup patterns.

Saami Music – Itunes

Binna Banna – Kikki Aikio
Áphi (Wide As Oceans) – Sofia Jannok
Ulda – Ulla Pirttijärvi & Ulda
The Kautokeino Rebellion (Music from the Movie) – Herman Rundberg, Mari Boine & Svein Schultz
Beaivi, Áhcázan (The Sun, My Father) – Nils-Aslak Valkeapää

Nilus Tapestry Loom for Sale

Used Tapestry Loom for Sale:
Upright tapestry loom – Made by Nilus Leclerc of Quebec, Canada. Model: Tissart. two Harnesses – two Treadle 60 inch weaving width .

This model was discontinued several years ago so they are hard to find now. Drawing and parts list can be found on the Leclerc website at http://www.leclerclooms.com/draw_inst/da_tissart.PDF

The loom is in great, but used condition. It comes with one 60″ reed and the original Leclerc Manual. There is no bench. The loom is currently assembled and located in Lemont, IL (Chicago area) Would prefer pick up as shipping would be very expensive.

Price $800

Please contact Betty Kirk for more information.
Email:
bbkirk at sbcglobal.net

Nilus tapestry loom

 

 

AVL Full Frame Dobby Loom

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Beka Loom Stand For SG Series 20 & 24

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Beka Fold & Go Rigid Heddle Loom 20"

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$269.99
Ends in:
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Leclerc Nilus Loom for Sale

For sale: 36″ LeClerk Nilus Rising Shed
4 harness, 3 reeds (6 dents, 10 dents & 12 dents).
Warping board, raddle, yarn winder
Shuttles (4 boat shuttles, 3 flat & 1 rag). Assorted bobbins.

$600 cash, pickup only by appointment.
Nanaimo BC.

Please contact Liz for more information
Email:
Lizmlaw at gmail.com

 

<img src=”http://www.allfiberarts.com/library/graphics/used/36leclercNilus600.jpg” width=”600″ height=”450″ alt=”Leclerc Nilus loom” />

 

 

Weaver's Journal 29 Ethnic Weaving Aklae Ikat Damask Doubleweave Dyes Magazine

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VINTAGE LOOM, BLUE NOSE RUG HOOKER, VINTAGE, US PATENT NOV. 1926

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Cra-Z-Loom Large Deluxe Ultimate Collector Case with 1800 Rubber Bands (2000p...

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AVL Full Frame Dobby Loom

AVL Full Frame Dobby Loom
Current price:
$2,250.00
No. of bids so far:
0
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Harrisville Loom for Sale

For Sale: An older model 36 inch Harrisville Loom
4 Harness
Direct Simple Tie-ups
Folding loom
Asking price: $800
Buyer must pick-up or arrange for shipping.

Please contact:
Rita Kauneckas for more information.

Email:
rita914 at earthlink.net

Harrisville 36 loom
Harrisville 36 loom

 

 

AVL Full Frame Dobby Loom

AVL Full Frame Dobby Loom
Current price:
$2,250.00
No. of bids so far:
0
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Seller: eBay

AVL 48" 16 Harness Loom with Compu-Dobby

Current price:
$2,500.00
No. of bids so far:
0
Ends in:
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Seller: eBay

Beka Loom Stand For SG Series 20 & 24

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Current price:
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Ends in:
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<div>Beka Loom Stand For SG Series 20 & 24</div>
Seller: eBay

Beka Fold & Go Rigid Heddle Loom 20"

Current price:
$269.99
Ends in:
0d 3h 5m
Seller: eBay
 

How Much Does Wool Shrink

A common question that felters have is how much does wool shrink when felting. It can depend on a lot of factors such as the type and fineness of the wool, what direction you have laid the fibres, what direction you roll the wool while felting, what temperature of water you used, etc. The best way to find out is to do a sample before you begin your project.
In this example, I have used both 21 micron and 18 micron merino wool tops. I started by laying out 2 sets of 12 inch x 12 inch squares. I wanted to see if the direction of the wool layout made a difference in the amount of shrinkage.
For each sample I laid out 3 layers of merino wool.
Felt Sample 1 – Landscape
For the sample on the Left (Blue) I first laid out a thin layer of wool, laying the fibre from left to right (Landscape)
The second layer was in the opposite direction: Top to Bottom (Portrait)
The third layer was again in Landscape (Left to Right)
So in this sample there were more layers of wool in Landscape direction, wool laying across the fabric.
Felt Sample 2 – Portrait
In the second sample on the Right (Red) I laid the fibres in the opposite direction, having 2 layers laying up and down (Portrait) and 1 in Landscape.
First layer: Up and Down (Portrait)
Second layer: Left to Right (Landscape)
Third layer: Up and Down (Portrait)

felt sample

I rolled and felted both samples at the same time so each had the same amount of felting. I rolled the samples in bubble wrap about 10 times, then opened the package, turned each sample 1/4 turn to the right and rolled again another 10 times. I repeated the rolling and turning of the samples until they felted.

The Result
Both samples felted and shrunk the same amounts, but in different directions. The wool shrunk more in the direction of the fibre.
i.e. wool that was laid side to side, shrunk more in that direction.
wool that was laid up and down, shrunk more in that direction.
I think this could be because when wool has been processed into roving, it has been stretched into a smoother and longer length. When the wool felts it regains some of its natural crimp and it shortens back to its original state.

felt sample

Fibre Direction Starting Size Felted Size % Shrinkage
Landscape Width 12″ 7″ ~ 40%
Landscape Length 12″ 9.5″ ~ 20%
Portrait Width 12″ 9.5 ~ 20%
Portrait Length 12″ 7″ ~ 40%

More About Making Felt

Felting with a Washboard
Felt Art: Painting with Wool
Felt a Cat Bed
Felt a Necklace

 

Harrisville 2 Felted Felt Wool Flower Poppy and Gold Sunflower Craft Kit

Harrisville 2 Felted Felt Wool Flower Poppy and Gold Sunflower Craft Kit
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Harrisville 3 Felted Felt Wool Flower Poppy Iris and Gold Sunflower Craft Kit

Harrisville 3 Felted Felt Wool Flower Poppy Iris and Gold Sunflower Craft Kit
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Harrisville 2 Felted Felt Wool Flower Iris and Gold Sunflower Craft Kit

Harrisville 2 Felted Felt Wool Flower Iris and Gold Sunflower Craft Kit
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Harrisville 2 Felted Felt Wool Flower Iris and Gold Sunflower Craft Kit
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STITCHERY SET WOOL FELT KIT, Pattern Sold Separate From Bareroots Patterns NEW
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STITCHERY SET WOOL FELT KIT, Pattern Sold Separate From Bareroots Patterns NEW
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Felt Art: Painting with Wool

Over the past several months I have turned my attention from my loom and spinning wheel to the world of feltmaking. Needle felting, wet felting, making decorations, felting hats, bags and other smaller items. In April I had the opportunity to book a place in our local art gallery for a 2 week spot in August. I was very fortunate as usually there is a waiting list that is a year+ long.

Since I was now committed to this big project I went to work. My kitchen table was taken over with wool, soap, bubble wrap, bamboo mats. If I had known how long this project would take, I probably wouldn’t have taken it on. Felting is a very physical activity and hard work. Adding up my time, I think I have put in +400 hours so far. But I have thoroughly enjoyed myself and am starting to think what will I do next?

Painting with Wool

felting poppies

felt poppies

Here is a preview of the felting show.
Oxmarket Gallery – Painting with Wool

Some of my felt art works are now available at Saatchi Art.

 

Sorry, no items were found to display. That could mean that these items are currently not available or that there is a temporary problem.

You could try checking later, or go and search eBay directly.

Another thing you could try is to search Amazon.com.

Wet Felting with a Washboard

The old fashioned wash board is quickly becoming my most used felting tool. I use it for the final fulling process when wet felting. What it does is it straightens out the top layer of wool and smooths it out creating a harder surface of felted wool.
When wool hasn’t been felted enough it starts to pill as the fibers continue to move around in the felted wool, break and rise to the surface. Fulling your felt sufficiently prevents this from occuring.
I had a bag that I felted recently. I was a bit impatient and didn’t felt it completely. Soon my lovely bag started to get little wool balls rising to the surface.

I decided to give it the washboard treatment to see if I could stop the pilling. I pulled off the little wool balls from the surface of the bag. Then I filled the kitchen sink with warm soapy water and gave the bag a quick and gentle wash. I refilled the sink with more soapy water and put the bag back into the water. I squeezed out most of the water and took the bag to the wash board.

washboard felting


When you are felting with the washboard do not rub the wool back and forth against the washboard as this can break the fibers. What you should do instead is gently roll it up the length of the washboard using the pressure of your fingers to press down as you roll.
I started by working from the top of the bag. Because the bag is a round shape I worked my way around the bag in circles from the top of the bag to the bottom. Using both hands, I placed the tips of my fingers on edge of the rolled wool.
Using both hands (Picture shows only one hand as I was clicking the photos with my right hand) gently press down on the rolled edge and push up the bag with your fingers until the bag rolls up to your palm.

Keep rolling until you have reached the top of the wash board. Lift the bag and move it back to the bottom of the washboard and continue working your way around the bag.

Move your finger tips back to the edge of the roll and push up again.

After a few rolls your fingers will become more sensitive to what is happening to the wool. You will feel it compressing as the air bubbles are being pressed out of the wool. The wool will shrink in the direction that you are rolling.

This picture shows the partially fulled bag. You will notice that the top part of the bag where I have rolled has shrunk considerably.

It took a few times of working my way around the bag to get it fulled to a smooth and even consistency.
I am using a glass washboard. I think a metal one would work equally well . I cut the legs off the bottom of the wash board so that I could sit it flat on the table and be able to pull it close to me as I sit as I found that the legs were getting in the way as I was working.

Sami Felt Art

Sami Felt Art

Etsy: Sami Felt Art – The Sun

 

Harrisville 2 Felted Felt Wool Flower Poppy and Gold Sunflower Craft Kit

Harrisville 2 Felted Felt Wool Flower Poppy and Gold Sunflower Craft Kit
Current price:
$32.99
Ends in:
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Harrisville 2 Felted Felt Wool Flower Poppy and Gold Sunflower Craft Kit
Seller: eBay

Harrisville 3 Felted Felt Wool Flower Poppy Iris and Gold Sunflower Craft Kit

Harrisville 3 Felted Felt Wool Flower Poppy Iris and Gold Sunflower Craft Kit
Current price:
$48.99
Ends in:
0d 0h 33m
Harrisville 3 Felted Felt Wool Flower Poppy Iris and Gold Sunflower Craft Kit
Seller: eBay

Harrisville 2 Felted Felt Wool Flower Iris and Gold Sunflower Craft Kit

Harrisville 2 Felted Felt Wool Flower Iris and Gold Sunflower Craft Kit
Current price:
$32.99
Ends in:
0d 0h 33m
Harrisville 2 Felted Felt Wool Flower Iris and Gold Sunflower Craft Kit
Seller: eBay

STITCHERY SET WOOL FELT KIT, Pattern Sold Separate From Bareroots Patterns NEW

STITCHERY SET WOOL FELT KIT, Pattern Sold Separate From Bareroots Patterns NEW
Current price:
$20.99
Ends in:
0d 0h 33m
STITCHERY SET WOOL FELT KIT, Pattern Sold Separate From Bareroots Patterns NEW
Seller: eBay
 

This page last edited on July 14, 2014

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