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Tying Warp onto Front Beam - 10 Steps on How to Warp a Loom - All Fiber Arts



10 Steps to Warping a Loom - How to tie the warp to the front beam.


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Tying the Warp to the Loom

When the warp has been evenly wound on to the back beam, you are almost ready to weave. All that remains is tying on to the front apron rod and checking your tension.

The warp threads are tied to the front apron rod in about 1 inch sections. Bring the bout of threads over the rod, split the bundle in two, and tie a single overhand knot and tighten the tension. Repeat this all the way across the warp threads.

Once all the threads have been tied, run your hand lightly across the threads. You should be able to feel for loose spots - if any of the threads have an uneven tension. Again tighten all the threads, adjusting any that are loose.


Once you feel that the tension is even, then tie a second overhand knot on each thread to secure them in place.

The next step is to go under your loom and tie the pedals according to the tieup plan in your draft.


Then release the brake and advance the warp forward so that the rod is over the breast beam. Put the brake back on, and tighten the tension on your loom. You are ready to weave!

Using a contrasting weft color, weave a header - a couple of inches of both tabby and your pattern. Check for crossed threads and errors in threading. If there are any, you will have to untie those threads, make the necessary threading corrections, and retie.


Congratulations! You are done and your warp is ready to go! Happy weaving!

Return to:

10 Steps to Warping

Part 1: The Project
Part 2: The Sett
Part 3: The Reed
Part 4: Calculate Yarn
Part 5: Warping Board
Part 6: Warp Chains
Part 7: Sley Reed
Part 8: Thread Heddles
Part 9: Wind Warp
Part 10: Tie Warp to Loom

Related Resources:

Table of Setts
An expanded list of setts for various yarns.

How to Tie a Warp


Handweaving Books

Weaving for Beginners: An Illustrated Guide (Peggy Osterkamp's New Guide to Weaving Series) Provides beginners with the information they need to weave in a clear and enjoyable step-by-step way. UK: Weaving for Beginners
The Handweaver's Pattern Directory Introduction to the tools, equipment, fibers, and yarns used with four-shaft looms, this reference features patterns for 600 different weaves, including twill, zigzag, diamond, herringbone, and block UK: Handweavers Pattern Directory
The Weaver's Book of 8-Shaft Patterns A thousand different patterns on more than 25 weave structures. UK: 8 Shaft Patterns
The Weaver's Companion (The Companion Series) Information on looms, yarn, methods of warping, drafting, troubleshooting, planning, and fabric finishing. UK: Weavers Companion
A Handweaver's Pattern Book A collection of 377 patterns for four-harness weaving, organized in groups of similar designs. This is one of the first weaving books I bought and it is still one of my favourites. UK: Handweavers Pattern Book
The Magic of Handweaving About the art of hand weaving, including the history and heritage of this timeless art, how looms work, what tools and equipment to use, the basics of good technique. UK: Magic of Handweaving
The Big Book of Weaving: Handweaving in the Swedish Tradition: Techniques, Patterns, Designs and Materials This book covers basic subjects such as warping a loom and making bobbins of weft, as well as more elaborate, highly decorative projects: baby blankets, shawls, table cloths, and linen hand towels. UK: Big Book of Weaving
The Treasure Chest of Swedish Weaving Complete pattern drafts for rugs, curtain, table cloths, towels, bedspreads. UK: Treasure Chest of Swedish Weaving
Hand Weaving Patterns From Finland UK: Handweaving Patterns from Finland
Keep Me Warm One Night: Early Handweaving in Eastern Canada Coverlets & other items, including clothing, primarily of the 19th Century. UK: Keep Me Warm
Manual Of Swedish Handweaving A comprehensive book on handweaving in general which draws on the Swedish handweaving tradition, looms, charts, diagrams, weave composition patterns, technical drawings. UK: Manual Of Swedish Handweaving
Swedish Handweaving 180 handweaving patterns for pillows, curtains, blankets, rugs: 4 harness twills, honeycomb, lace, rosepath, extended point twills, damask. UK: Swedish Handweaving
The Weaver's Book: Fundamentals of Handweaving UK: Fundamentals of Handweaving
Key to Weaving: A Textbook of Hand-Weaving Techniques and Pattern Drafts for the Beginning Weaver A definitive guide to handloom weaving: step-by-step instructions, intricacies of color, fiber and how to use them effectively. UK: Key to Weaving
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The Weaver's Idea Book: Creative Cloth on a Rigid Heddle Loom Techniques include leno, Brooks bouquet, soumak, and embroidery on fabric. UK: Weavers Idea Book
Collapse Weave: Creating Three-Dimensional Cloth Collapse cloth when removed from the loom and washed, takes on an entirely different appearance as the threads draw up and create puckers. UK: Collapse Weave
The Weaver's Studio: Doubleweave How to weave a tube, and a tube within a tube. UK: Doubleweave
Hands on Rigid Heddle Weaving Wonderful projects and plain-weave variations, this user-friendly guide covers choosing, setting up, and weaving on a rigid heddle loom. UK: Hands on Rigid Heddle
The Woven Bag: 30+ Projects from Small Looms (Writers Digest Guides) Each bag is created using small looms, such as potholder looms, frame looms and knotted mesh looms. UK: The Woven Bag

Linen Weaving

Linen from flax seed to woven cloth Learn about flax cultivation, processing and spinning, natural and synthetic dyeing, and weaving and finishing linen cloth. UK: Linen from flax seed..
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Reflections From A Flaxen Past : For Love of Lithuanian Weaving Flax tools and faces from archival photographs; textile images and patterns. UK: Reflections from a Flaxen Past

Rug Weaving Books

Making Rag Rugs: 15 Step-by-Step Projects Step-by-step instructions for 15 rugs that are hooked, prodded, clipped, or braided. UK: Making Rag Rugs
The Rag Rug Handbook Rag rugs from basic information to drafts for 20 traditional two- and four-shaft patterns. UK:Rag Rug Handbook
The Braided Rug Book: Creating Your Own American Folk Art The classic guide to an enduring American craft - Beginners will learn about wools and other materials, how to care for finished rugs, and how to recognize a quality rug. UK: Braided Rug Book
Twined Rag Rugs: Tradition in the Making Twining done with rag strips is an effective technique for making sturdy objects like rugs, bath mats, baskets, and bags. UK: Twined Rag Rugs

Weaving Videos

Warping the Loom Back to Front - A DVD Workshop with Peggy Osterkamp This workshop thoroughly explores the process of dressing a loom by yourself, from back to front. UK: Warping the Loom

Silk Textile Books

The Silk Weavers of Kyoto: Family and Work in a Changing Traditional Industry The makers of obi, the elegant and costly sash worn over kimono in Japan, belong to an endangered species. Tamara Hareven integrates historical research with intensive life history interviews to reveal the relationships among family, work, and community in this highly specialized occupation. UK: Silk Weavers of Kyoto
Silk Paper: A Guide To Making It And Using It In Textile Art the basic methods for creating silk paper in step-by-step detail to create flat and 3D designs, from framed pieces to jewelry. UK: Silk Paper
The Book of Silk Following the Silk Road from China and Japan through Asia into Europe, the story is as variegated as the rich colors, weaves, and embroideries that were used for the ceremonial or everyday accoutrements of the wealthy and powerful. UK:Book of Silk

Weaving and Dye Books

Woven Shibori (The Weaver's Studio series) Unlike traditional shibori, which uses stitches placed by needle on commercial cloth in the dyeing process, the "stitches" used in this new process are woven directly into the cloth, thus becoming part of the cloth's construction. UK: Woven Shibori

Weaving Books: Kindle

Small Loom & Freeform Weaving Kindle version Included are 30 small weaving projects, some of which can easily be completed in an evening or weekend. UK: Small Loom and Freeform Weaving
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