>
KeepsakeQuilting

Weaving on the Atayal Loom PART 3

As the weaving progresses, the weaver slides the finished cloth
around the cloth beam at her waist to the under side of the warp loop and
continues working with new, unwoven warp exposed on the upper surface.
When all or most of the circular warp has been woven she will have a large
tube of cloth which can be cut across the last of the unwoven warp, taken
off the loom and opened out to make a flat piece of cloth. Most of the
clothing of the-Atayal is made by wrapping, folding or tucking flat pieces
of cloth or by making smaller tubes of cloth and then sewing the tubes
together into simple garrnents. The woven cloth is seldom cut to shape
and tailored to fit the body. For weavers who are familiar with weaving
terminology, I should point out that this black and white pattern woven
on one heddle rod plus a second shed created with a shed sword/beater.
The simple cloth produced is similar to the patterns typically woven on
the inkle loom.

By using a thin stick to pick up selected individual warps and
inserting an additional colored weft thread the Atayal weaver can make
beautiful and intricate (although time consuming) patterns such as the
one shown below.

Atayal diamond pattern made by picking up individual warps and inserting

additional colored weft thread.


Antique Ramie Textile, The Sung ye Musem of Formosan Aborigines, Taipei

The lines and broken bands of black and white remind the Atayal
of the tattooed patterns they once wore on their faces diagonally part
way across their cheeks. I was told that these tattooed patterns were marks
of beauty, and identified the wearer as a member of a particular tribal group. Apparently
they functioned as a kind of “passport” as people moved in and out of their
own tribe’s territory. In former days many of these groups were head hunters
an you’d want to be sure to be able to identify yourself quickly!

I was told a lovely story by an Atayal weaver acquaintance. She
said that long ago her people believed when a member of their tribe died
the person’s tattoo was also the “passport” which allowed him or her to
cross “the Rainbow Bridge” to where deceased friends and relatives await
the soul on the other side!
“Ancestors”

Photo taken during the period of Japanese occupation of Taiwan

* For more information about Taiwan aboriginal culture and history contact

Ms. Yi-Ting Cheng at the Sung ye Museum of Formosan Aborigines 282, Chihshan
Rd., Sec. 2, Taipei, Taiwan

** Kathleen Forance Johnson is a weaver and art educator, and has recently
returned to Washington D.C. after living in Taiwan for three years where
her husband was Director of the American Institute in Taiwan (formerly
called the USA EMBASSY). She is a member of the Waterford Weavers Guild.

Kathleen

kdnjohnson at starpower.net

Part 1, Part 2, Part 3

Weaving Books: Ethnic Textiles

Master Weaver from Ghana

Navajo Weaving in the Late Twentieth Century: Kin, Community, and Collectors

Textile Art of Japan

SWEDISH TEXTILE ART: Traditional Marriage Weavings from Scania (The Nasser D. Khalili Collection of Swedish Textile Art)

EBay Watch – Weaving Looms

 

Ebay Finds

Lakeshore MY FIRST WEAVING LOOM Chenille Yarn Headband Fashion Bag Scarf Ages 6+ - Current price: $19.99

Kids DIY Handbags Handmade Sewing Craft Kids Cartoon Toys Gifts - Current price: $2.12

- Current price: $18.00

10pcs Styrofoam New Foam Snowman Craft Balls Sphere 10cm Christmas Modelling - Current price: $7.90

Pink Blue Wide Afghan Loom Knitting Board Tool With 3 Projects For Sweater Socks - Current price: $17.99

Comments are closed.

This page last edited on June 16, 2015

by


All Fiber Arts by Paivi Suomi is licensed under a
Creative Commons Attribution-NonCommercial-NoDerivs 3.0 Unported License.

Advertisements

This website contains affiliate links and I will be compensated if you make a purchase after clicking on the links. This helps to cover the costs of keeping this website alive. Thank you for your support.
  • Women’s Woven Voices (Antigua & Atitlan, Guatemala)
    Artist and author of “The Spiral of Creativity,” Brecia is a passionate champion of creativity and fiber artist extraordinaire. Brecia has spent years indulging her free spirit and unquenchable appetite...
  • Coiled Basketry Weaving with Linda Conroy (Prairie du Sac, WI)
    Coiled Basketry: Pine Needles, Sweet Grass and Broom Corn. In this class, students will learn to make a coiled basket using various materials. Explore the creative possibilities of this ancient art form...
  • Scarf with Pine Needles (Coupeville, WA)
    Pine-Needle technique is the unique technique of wet felt making. I was inspired by the pine needles spread on the snow one winter morning. Pine Needles is lacy fine felt, it is very soft and delicate...
  • Joomchi (Coupeville, WA)
    Learn the ancient Korean technique of joomchi or felted paper. In this context the word ‘felted’ means that this method of fusing papers uses some of the same hand tools and styles of manipulation that...