Warp-weighted looms have been found dating back to 5500 BC. The loom consists of a heavy frame with a roller beam on the top. The warp is attached to the top beam and the tension is held by weights at the bottom. The weaver usually stands and weaves from the top towards the bottom. The weft is beaten upwards.
Warp-weighted looms have been used since Egyptian times and have been used until this century in Iceland, Norway and Lapland.
Build a Warp Weighted Loom
Here are some instructions for making your own warp-weighted loom.
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Viking Warp-weighted Loom – You Tube
Woven into the Earth: Textile finds in Norse Greenland (None)
The dramatic story of Norlund’s excavation in the context of other Norse textile finds in Greenland.
UK: Woven into the Earth