How to Thread Heddles -Step 8: How to Warp a Loom

When all of the warp ends have been sleyed through the reed, I move to the back of the loom.
To make it easier to reach the heddles, the back beam on most looms can be removed or moved
forward. I tape a copy of the threading draft to the loom for reference as I thread the

thread loom
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I thread starting from the right hand side of the loom and work to the left. Following the draft,
I select the next 4 heddles in the pattern sequence and move them to the right. I then reach
through the heddles and select the next 4 threads from the back of the reed. To keep the threads
in order, I slip them through the four fingers of my left hand and hold them under tension (to
the left of the 4 selected heddles). The threading hook is held in my right hand. Slip the threading hook through the first heddle in the pattern sequence and pick up the
rightmost thread of your left hand and draw it through the heddle. Move the threading hook
into the next heddle of the pattern sequence, pick up the next rightmost thread of your left
hand, and draw through the heddle eye. Repeat for the remaining 2 threads in your left hand.

Select the next 4 heddles of the pattern sequence and move them to the right. Pick up the next
4 threads from the reed and repeat.
twill draft

After each pattern group, I double check the threading, trying to catch any threading errors I
might have made. As some yarns can be quite slippery, I also tie each group of ends that have
been threaded with an overhand knot.

tie warp
Once all the ends have been threaded, they are then tied to the apron rod of the back beam.
Pick up a group of threads (about 1 inch) and slip them over the back rod. Split the bundle in
two and bring the ends under and back up. Tie a knot and secure it with another
tie warp to loom

Step 1. Choose your project and yarns.

Step 2. Determine the sett of your cloth, or how many threads per inch the fabric will be.

Step 3. Choose the correct Reed

Step 4. Calculate the Yarn requirements.

Step 5. Wind the Warp using a warping board or warping mill.

Step 6. Remove the warp chains and place them on the loom.

Step 7. Sley the Reed.

Step 8. Thread the heddles, following the draft plan.

Step 9. Wind the warp onto the back beam

Step 10. Tie the warp ends to the front beam.

Congratulations! Now you a ready to Weave!

Handweaving Books

The Big Book of Weaving: Handweaving in the Swedish Tradition: Techniques, Patterns, Designs and Materials
This book covers basic subjects such as warping a loom and making bobbins of weft, as well as more elaborate, highly decorative projects: baby blankets, shawls, table cloths, and linen hand towels.
UK: Big Book of Weaving

The Treasure Chest of Swedish Weaving
Complete pattern drafts for rugs, curtain, table cloths, towels, bedspreads.
UK: Treasure Chest of Swedish Weaving

Hand Weaving Patterns From Finland
UK: Handweaving Patterns from Finland

Weaving Made Easy: 17 Projects Using a Simple Loom
The small, portable rigid heddle loom can be used to easily produce loose, drape-friendly fabric as well as dense, sturdy material.
UK: Weaving Made Easy

..more Handweaving books..

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Weaving Looms – EBay Watch


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Jamieson's Chunky 100% Pure Shetland Wool Tweed Yarn 100g Skein Knit Crochet FS

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This page last edited on July 20, 2013


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