Amazon.co.uk Widgets  
Craftori

Band Weaving of Finland and Sweden

I have woven on large multishaft looms for many years, but have not had the chance to study the smaller versions of our weaving craft in much detail until now. Currently my big loom is tied up with another rya rug that will take several weeks to complete. I thought that I would explore the world of smaller, more portable weaving structures.

The weaving of narrow belts or braids has been popular in many countries for centuries. Different parts of Finland and Scandinavia were known for using different weave structures, patterns and colours. The belts were twined or were woven using cards (lautanauha) or a narrow reed (pirtanauha).

Reed Weaving

Double Hole Rigid Heddle Weaving
Another popular belt weaving technique was to use a small weaving reed. The reeds were similar to those we now use on a rigid heddle loom. Some also had an extra hole or slot for the pattern threads.
The reeds were often made by a groom for a gift for his bride. The reeds were carved of reindeer bone or wood.

The woven belts had many uses. They were worn as decoration around the waist, around socks to hold them up, as hair ties, or as decoration around the neck and sleeves of garments.
In Finland it was often customary for the bride to weave several belts and to wear them as part of her wedding costume. After the wedding, she would give these belts as gifts to members of the wedding party, or to other family members.

As I work my way through this study of traditional band weaving, I will post patterns and the finished products of what I have been weaving. I hope that you will find this useful and that it may also lead you on to new discoveries.

Card or Tablet Weaving

FI – Lautanauha
There are many wonderful resources and instructions on how to do tablet weaving available, so I won’t go into details here.
The pattern shown is read from the top to the bottom, and left to right, with 1 line representing the threading for each card. The S or Z marking denotes whether the yarn is threaded from the left (S) or from the right (Z). Remember to thread all the yarns on the same card from the same direction, or you won’t be able to turn the card.

The pattern is woven by turning all of the cards 1/4 turn clockwise (away from you). Throw the weft thread through the shed, Turn the card another quarter turn clockwise. Repeat until you have made 4 turns of the cards.
Continue to weave the pattern repeats.

As you continue to weave and turn the cards in the same direction, eventually the warp yarns at the back of the cards will get twisted and you won’t be able to weave any further. At this point, you will need to change the direction of the turning of the cards. i.e. Turn the cards anti-clockwise (towards) from you.
You can also vary the pattern by alternating the card turns clockwise/anticlockwise more often, creating a mirror image of the design.

Card Weaving Pattern No. 73


My first card weaving project was woven using Finnish seine twine cotton yarn. I used a 3 yard warp length, and wove the weft using the same weight of yarn.
If you would like to weave a thicker and wider belt, then you can use a heavier weight of yarn, in wool, cotton or whatever yarns you may have on hand.

Warp: Cotton Seine Twine – 3 yards
6 ply Kalalanka, 30 Tex x6
No. Ends: 32
Yellow: 8
Red: 24
Weft: Cotton Seine Twine – Red

card weaving pattern

Finnish card woven belt
[pinit count=”horizontal” url=”http://www.allfiberarts.com/2011/aa101111.htm” image_url=”http://www.allfiberarts.com/library/graphics/tablet/belt73.jpg” description=”tablet woven belt “]

card weaving belt

Look for some of my handwoven products in my Etsy shop.

Tablet Woven Belt Pattern #74
My second card woven belt.

Card Weaving Books

Nauhoja
A book on weaving Finnish belts and bands by Viivi Merisalo with weaving patterns for weaving with cards or a heddle.

Band
A wonderful book by Liv Trotzig on Swedish handwoven textile bands with patterns and colorful images showing how to weave with cards, hedddles and band looms.

Card Weaving Books and Supplies

Handmade Wooden Cards and Reeds
A place to shop for handmade wooden cards, reeds and shuttles.

Card Weaving Cards-25/Pkg
A set of 25 weaving cards for tablet weaving.

Card Weaving
From the basics of card weaving to more advanced techniques.

The Techniques of Tablet Weaving
Peter Collingwood’s historical documentation of tablet weaving.

Tablet Weaving

 

3x Pendant Style Stitch Row Numbers Counter Weaving Knitting Craft Needlecraft

3x Pendant Style Stitch Row Numbers Counter Weaving Knitting Craft Needlecraft
Current price:
$7.51
Ends in:
0d 11h 7m
3x Pendant Style Stitch Row Numbers Counter Weaving Knitting Craft Needlecraft
Seller: eBay

400 LOT How to Sew Glass Pottery Knitting Quilting Crochet Weaving Patterns Art!

400 LOT How to Sew Glass Pottery Knitting Quilting Crochet Weaving Patterns Art!
Current price:
$9.95
Type:
Auction
No. of bids so far:
0
Ends in:
0d 17h 24m
400 LOT How to Sew Glass Pottery Knitting Quilting Crochet Weaving Patterns Art!
Seller: eBay

Christmas Craft Sewing Doilie Crochet Quilting Patterns Scrapbook Glass Painting

Christmas Craft Sewing Doilie Crochet Quilting Patterns Scrapbook Glass Painting
Current price:
$9.99
Type:
Auction
No. of bids so far:
0
Ends in:
0d 17h 24m
Christmas Craft Sewing Doilie Crochet Quilting Patterns Scrapbook Glass Painting
Seller: eBay

Wholesale 10000 x Rainbow Colourful Rubber Loom Bands Bracelet DIY Making Kit

Wholesale 10000 x Rainbow Colourful Rubber Loom Bands Bracelet DIY Making Kit
Current price:
$25.99
Type:
Auction
No. of bids so far:
1
Ends in:
0d 18h 41m
Wholesale 10000 x Rainbow Colourful Rubber Loom Bands Bracelet DIY Making Kit
Seller: eBay
 

Comments are closed.

This page last edited on October 4, 2013

by

Creative Commons License
All Fiber Arts by Paivi Suomi is licensed under a
Creative Commons Attribution-NonCommercial-NoDerivs 3.0 Unported License.
Share

Facebook

Join our new Facebook Group
AllFiberArts Facebook Group
  • Felted Fanny Pack (Coupeville, WA)
    Bags are always challenging in design and also in the skill level required for felting. They have to have enough pockets, the right closures, the right size, the right depth, the seamless strap etc. Design...
  • Build and Upholster an Ottoman with Kim Anthony (Key West, FL)
    Footstools are not just functional and full of personality; they're also the perfect intro to furniture design! Assemble and paint a wooden base, top it with cushions and custom-fitted upholstery, and...
  • New Techniques for Screen Printing (Bulverde, TX)
    Bring your laptop loaded with your favorite photo manipulation software and you're ready to go! In this one-day seminar we'll walk you through the steps to preparing your personal images for screening...
  • Puppet-Making and Pageantry (Philadelphia, PA)
    Have fun in this dynamic overview of the ancient, community-based art of large-scale puppet-making. Each student will build a basic large-scale backpack-type puppet with moving parts, designed to be worn...
The Fast Lane for your mobile visitors - Get WPtouch Pro today.